- HMDB0001847 (Caffeine)
- Detected but not Quantified
- Data source
- Adult (>18 years old)
With coffee consumption. No history of cancer, or colon disease (Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, familial polyposis, Gardner syndrome, or colorectal polyps). Assume they are healthy.
- Guertin KA, Loftfield E, Boca SM, Sampson JN, Moore SC, Xiao Q, Huang WY, Xiong X, Freedman ND, Cross AJ, Sinha R: Serum biomarkers of habitual coffee consumption may provide insight into the mechanism underlying the association between coffee consumption and colorectal cancer. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 May;101(5):1000-11. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.114.096099. Epub 2015 Mar 11. [PubMed:25762808 ]