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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2018-05-20 20:22:12 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000026
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00026
Metabolite Identification
Common NameUreidopropionic acid
DescriptionUreidopropionic acid is an intermediate in the metabolism of uracil. More specifically it is a breakdown product of dihydrouracil and is produced by the enzyme dihydropyrimidase. It is further decomposed to beta-alanine via the enzyme beta-ureidopropionase. Ureidopropionic acid is essentially a urea derivative of beta-alanine. High levels of Ureidopropionic acid are found in individuals with beta-ureidopropionase (UP) deficiency [PMID: 11675655 ]. Enzyme deficiencies in pyrimidine metabolism are associated with a risk for severe toxicity against the antineoplastic agent 5-fluorouracil.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-[(Aminocarbonyl)amino]propanoic acidChEBI
3-UreidopropanoateChEBI
3-Ureidopropanoic acidChEBI
3-UreidopropionateChEBI
3-Ureidopropionic acidChEBI
beta-Ureidopropionic acidChEBI
N-(AMINOCARBONYL)-BETA-alanineChEBI
Ureidopropanoic acidChEBI
3-[(Aminocarbonyl)amino]propanoateGenerator
UreidopropionateGenerator
b-UreidopropionateGenerator
b-Ureidopropionic acidGenerator
beta-UreidopropionateGenerator
β-ureidopropionateGenerator
β-ureidopropionic acidGenerator
N-(AMINOCARBONYL)-b-alanineGenerator
N-(AMINOCARBONYL)-β-alanineGenerator
UreidopropanoateGenerator
3-(carbamoylamino)PropanoateHMDB
3-(carbamoylamino)Propanoic acidHMDB
3-ureido-PropionateHMDB
Carbamoyl-b-ala-OHHMDB
Carbamoyl-beta-ala-OHHMDB
N-(Aminocarbonyl)-'b-alanineHMDB
N-Carbamoyl-b-alanineHMDB
N-Carbamoyl-beta-alanineHMDB
N-Carbamyl-b-alanineHMDB
N-Carbamyl-beta-alanineHMDB
Ion(-1) OF N-carbamoyl-beta-alanineMeSH
Chemical FormulaC4H8N2O3
Average Molecular Weight132.1179
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight132.053492132
IUPAC Name3-(carbamoylamino)propanoic acid
Traditional Nameureidopropionic acid
CAS Registry Number462-88-4
SMILES
NC(=O)NCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H8N2O3/c5-4(9)6-2-1-3(7)8/h1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H3,5,6,9)
InChI KeyJSJWCHRYRHKBBW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as ureas. These are compounds containing two amine groups joined by a carbonyl (C=O) functional group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassOrganic carbonic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassUreas
Direct ParentUreas
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Urea
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point170 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility20.9 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility52.7 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.98ALOGPS
logP-1.4ChemAxon
logS-0.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.23ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area92.42 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity28.82 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability12.07 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-002f-3910000000-bbd51b3bb30ff8d230d3View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-00n0-5900000000-00dc280a63401c96ec2aView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0udi-2930000000-fcdce5cf4a20023c403aView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-0hr0-2900000000-8a898fc59206b3f30a13View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-002f-3910000000-bbd51b3bb30ff8d230d3View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00n0-5900000000-00dc280a63401c96ec2aView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0udi-2930000000-fcdce5cf4a20023c403aView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0hr0-2900000000-8a898fc59206b3f30a13View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0udj-1910000000-83ab1eb4328f8caae993View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0v01-0900000000-aeacd84d8e0e91418232View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-006x-9000000000-f7cdf5fc49adf0b5e726View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dr-9300000000-7b12845cd5bc4d02874cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00r6-9500000000-7ea8c95e3dc6296a07e9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00di-9100000000-7b61b087fbf6c821bdd0View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0596-9200000000-79dfb7a1a6838745e178View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-014l-8900000000-9bfe2297b9071d10d7e5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01b9-7900000000-684d9877d084bfc7c955View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00dl-9100000000-0b6f9ea311703e9ecf13View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00b9-9000000000-1cb23a8265b882313309View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001c-9300000000-2cec50bd5b226a288c82View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000f-9100000000-63ecd2f9ef02c677503dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-396bc860a5f8f06ff7c5View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot Available
Normal
    details
    Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified0.0 - 0.5 uMChildren (1-13 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
    FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified2.23 (1.48 - 2.81) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified2.09 (1.23–4.80) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified0.88 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
    Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified0.5 (0.0-1.0) uMChildren (1-13 years old)BothDihydropyrimidinase deficiency details
    FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
    Colorectal cancer
    details
    FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothColorectal Cancer details
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease References
    Colorectal cancer
    1. Brown DG, Rao S, Weir TL, O'Malia J, Bazan M, Brown RJ, Ryan EP: Metabolomics and metabolic pathway networks from human colorectal cancers, adjacent mucosa, and stool. Cancer Metab. 2016 Jun 6;4:11. doi: 10.1186/s40170-016-0151-y. eCollection 2016. [PubMed:27275383 ]
    2. Goedert JJ, Sampson JN, Moore SC, Xiao Q, Xiong X, Hayes RB, Ahn J, Shi J, Sinha R: Fecal metabolomics: assay performance and association with colorectal cancer. Carcinogenesis. 2014 Sep;35(9):2089-96. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgu131. Epub 2014 Jul 18. [PubMed:25037050 ]
    Dihydropyrimidinase deficiency
    1. van Kuilenburg AB, Meijer J, Dobritzsch D, Meinsma R, Duran M, Lohkamp B, Zoetekouw L, Abeling NG, van Tinteren HL, Bosch AM: Clinical, biochemical and genetic findings in two siblings with a dihydropyrimidinase deficiency. Mol Genet Metab. 2007 Jun;91(2):157-64. Epub 2007 Mar 26. [PubMed:17383919 ]
    Associated OMIM IDs
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
    FoodDB IDFDB021879
    KNApSAcK IDNot Available
    Chemspider ID109
    KEGG Compound IDC02642
    BioCyc ID3-UREIDO-PROPIONATE
    BiGG ID40270
    Wikipedia Link3-Ureidopropionic_acid
    METLIN ID5097
    PubChem Compound111
    PDB IDURP
    ChEBI ID18261
    References
    Synthesis Referencew-Ureido carboxylic acids. (1962), 3 pp. GB 913713 19621228 CAN 58:72975 AN 1963:72975
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
    General References
    1. Moolenaar SH, Gohlich-Ratmann G, Engelke UF, Spraul M, Humpfer E, Dvortsak P, Voit T, Hoffmann GF, Brautigam C, van Kuilenburg AB, van Gennip A, Vreken P, Wevers RA: beta-Ureidopropionase deficiency: a novel inborn error of metabolism discovered using NMR spectroscopy on urine. Magn Reson Med. 2001 Nov;46(5):1014-7. [PubMed:11675655 ]
    2. Sparidans RW, Bosch TM, Jorger M, Schellens JH, Beijnen JH: Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric assay for the analysis of uracil, 5,6-dihydrouracil and beta-ureidopropionic acid in urine for the measurement of the activities of the pyrimidine catabolic enzymes. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2006 Jul 24;839(1-2):45-53. Epub 2006 Feb 28. [PubMed:16513432 ]
    3. Ito S, Kawamura T, Inada M, Inoue Y, Hirao Y, Koga T, Kunizaki J, Shimizu T, Sato H: Physiologically based pharmacokinetic modelling of the three-step metabolism of pyrimidine using C-uracil as an in vivo probe. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Dec;60(6):584-93. [PubMed:16305582 ]
    4. Hofmann U, Schwab M, Seefried S, Marx C, Zanger UM, Eichelbaum M, Murdter TE: Sensitive method for the quantification of urinary pyrimidine metabolites in healthy adults by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jul 5;791(1-2):371-80. [PubMed:12798197 ]
    5. Malet-Martino MC, Armand JP, Lopez A, Bernadou J, Beteille JP, Bon M, Martino R: Evidence for the importance of 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine catabolism in humans from 19F nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry. Cancer Res. 1986 Apr;46(4 Pt 2):2105-12. [PubMed:2936452 ]
    6. Desmoulin F, Gilard V, Malet-Martino M, Martino R: Metabolism of capecitabine, an oral fluorouracil prodrug: (19)F NMR studies in animal models and human urine. Drug Metab Dispos. 2002 Nov;30(11):1221-9. [PubMed:12386128 ]

    Enzymes

    General function:
    Involved in hydrolase activity
    Specific function:
    Catalyzes the second step of the reductive pyrimidine degradation, the reversible hydrolytic ring opening of dihydropyrimidines. Can catalyze the ring opening of 5,6-dihydrouracil to N-carbamyl-alanine and of 5,6-dihydrothymine to N-carbamyl-amino isobutyrate.
    Gene Name:
    DPYS
    Uniprot ID:
    Q14117
    Molecular weight:
    56629.36
    Reactions
    Dihydrouracil + Water → Ureidopropionic aciddetails
    General function:
    Involved in hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds
    Specific function:
    Converts N-carbamyl-beta-aminoisobutyric acid and N-carbamyl-beta-alanine to, respectively, beta-aminoisobutyric acid and beta-alanine, ammonia and carbon dioxide.
    Gene Name:
    UPB1
    Uniprot ID:
    Q9UBR1
    Molecular weight:
    43165.705
    Reactions
    Ureidopropionic acid + Water → beta-Alanine + CO(2) + Ammoniadetails
    Ureidopropionic acid + Water → beta-Alanine + Carbon dioxide + Ammoniadetails
    References
    1. Moolenaar SH, Gohlich-Ratmann G, Engelke UF, Spraul M, Humpfer E, Dvortsak P, Voit T, Hoffmann GF, Brautigam C, van Kuilenburg AB, van Gennip A, Vreken P, Wevers RA: beta-Ureidopropionase deficiency: a novel inborn error of metabolism discovered using NMR spectroscopy on urine. Magn Reson Med. 2001 Nov;46(5):1014-7. [PubMed:11675655 ]
    General function:
    Involved in hydrolase activity
    Specific function:
    Necessary for signaling by class 3 semaphorins and subsequent remodeling of the cytoskeleton. Plays a role in axon guidance, neuronal growth cone collapse and cell migration
    Gene Name:
    DPYSL3
    Uniprot ID:
    Q14195
    Molecular weight:
    61962.8
    General function:
    Nucleotide transport and metabolism
    Specific function:
    Necessary for signaling by class 3 semaphorins and subsequent remodeling of the cytoskeleton. Plays a role in axon guidance, neuronal growth cone collapse and cell migration
    Gene Name:
    DPYSL2
    Uniprot ID:
    Q16555
    Molecular weight:
    62293.1