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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2019-07-25 18:11:57 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000299
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00299
Metabolite Identification
Common NameXanthosine
DescriptionBiological Source: Xanthosine is produced by guanine-free mutants of bacteria e.g. Bacillus subtilis, Aerobacter aerogenes. Also reported from seeds of Trifolium alexandrinum Physical Description: Prismatic cryst. (H2O) (Chemnetbase) The deamination product of guanosine. Xanthosine monophosphate is an intermediate in purine metabolism, formed from IMP, and forming GMP.(Wikipedia). Xanthylic acid can be used in quantitative measurements of the Inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase enzyme activities in purine metabolism, as recommended to ensure optimal thiopurine therapy for children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). (PMID: 16725387 ).
Structure
Data?1563860642
Synonyms
ValueSource
9-beta-D-Ribofuranosyl-3,9-dihydro-1H-purine-2,6-dioneChEBI
9-beta-D-RibofuranosylxanthineChEBI
Xanthine 9-beta-D-ribofuranosideChEBI
Xanthine ribosideChEBI
9-b-D-Ribofuranosyl-3,9-dihydro-1H-purine-2,6-dioneGenerator
9-Β-D-ribofuranosyl-3,9-dihydro-1H-purine-2,6-dioneGenerator
9-b-D-RibofuranosylxanthineGenerator
9-Β-D-ribofuranosylxanthineGenerator
Xanthine 9-b-D-ribofuranosideGenerator
Xanthine 9-β-D-ribofuranosideGenerator
3,9-Dihydro-9-b-D-ribofuranosyl-1H-purine-2,6-dioneHMDB
3,9-Dihydro-9-beta-delta-ribofuranosyl-1H-purine-2,6-dioneHMDB
3,9-Dihydro-9-D-ribofuranosyl-1H-purine-2,6-dioneHMDB
3,9-Dihydro-9-delta-ribofuranosyl-1H-purine-2,6-dioneHMDB
9-beta-delta-RibofuranosylxanthineHMDB
9-D-RibofuranosylxanthineHMDB
9-delta-RibofuranosylxanthineHMDB
9 beta-D-RibofuranosylxanthineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H12N4O6
Average Molecular Weight284.2255
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight284.075684136
IUPAC Name9-[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-9H-purine-2,6-diol
Traditional Name9-[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]purine-2,6-diol
CAS Registry Number146-80-5
SMILES
OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1O)N1C=NC2=C1N=C(O)N=C2O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H12N4O6/c15-1-3-5(16)6(17)9(20-3)14-2-11-4-7(14)12-10(19)13-8(4)18/h2-3,5-6,9,15-17H,1H2,(H2,12,13,18,19)/t3-,5-,6-,9-/m1/s1
InChI KeyUBORTCNDUKBEOP-UUOKFMHZSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine nucleosides. Purine nucleosides are compounds comprising a purine base attached to a ribosyl or deoxyribosyl moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleosides
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentPurine nucleosides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine nucleoside
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Xanthine
  • 6-oxopurine
  • Purinone
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Alkaloid or derivatives
  • Pyrimidone
  • Pyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Azole
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Lactam
  • Urea
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility27.8 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.6ALOGPS
logP-1.2ChemAxon
logS-1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.33ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)0.078ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area153.98 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity62.4 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability25.55 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0032-0963000000-08e48347b76242e521e6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0032-0963000000-08e48347b76242e521e6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05fu-9250000000-9694fd3e1c7370e27866JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (5 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0059-2110049000-cbeec0d3159947f31d5fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-0900000000-e3e76f5bf26f34680c35JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-7900000000-6e1f70509da5adf99678JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4r-9500000000-3cce63949eec45fa9204JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0udi-0910000000-b2c7e01e9105bba310aaJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0udi-0910000000-e6e1d21c0d22b3ad2821JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0udi-0910000000-b2c7e01e9105bba310aaJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0udi-0910000000-e6e1d21c0d22b3ad2821JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0940000000-2394018b58d040767e06JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-fec1dd4fe1f5f7e56482JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0f79-1900000000-850759ea222062877fa9JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0f8c-1590000000-4fdccf755ee2b8b75ac6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0f6x-6910000000-308e886a8ecec5d8cd09JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9500000000-af861bef2f6b2f10296cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified5.08 +/- 0.30 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0842 +/- 0.0451 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (6 - 18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.59 +/- 0.36 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.340 +/- 0.221 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Uremia
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Metastatic melanoma
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Colorectal cancer
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (6 - 18 years old)Not SpecifiedCrohns disease details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (6 - 18 years old)Not SpecifiedUlcerative colitis details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (6 - 18 years old)Not SpecifiedUnclassified IBD details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.99 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothBreast tumour details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Uremia
  1. Vanholder R, De Smet R, Glorieux G, Argiles A, Baurmeister U, Brunet P, Clark W, Cohen G, De Deyn PP, Deppisch R, Descamps-Latscha B, Henle T, Jorres A, Lemke HD, Massy ZA, Passlick-Deetjen J, Rodriguez M, Stegmayr B, Stenvinkel P, Tetta C, Wanner C, Zidek W: Review on uremic toxins: classification, concentration, and interindividual variability. Kidney Int. 2003 May;63(5):1934-43. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00924.x. [PubMed:12675874 ]
Crohn's disease
  1. Kolho KL, Pessia A, Jaakkola T, de Vos WM, Velagapudi V: Faecal and Serum Metabolomics in Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease. J Crohns Colitis. 2017 Mar 1;11(3):321-334. doi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjw158. [PubMed:27609529 ]
Ulcerative colitis
  1. Kolho KL, Pessia A, Jaakkola T, de Vos WM, Velagapudi V: Faecal and Serum Metabolomics in Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease. J Crohns Colitis. 2017 Mar 1;11(3):321-334. doi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjw158. [PubMed:27609529 ]
Metastatic melanoma
  1. Frankel AE, Coughlin LA, Kim J, Froehlich TW, Xie Y, Frenkel EP, Koh AY: Metagenomic Shotgun Sequencing and Unbiased Metabolomic Profiling Identify Specific Human Gut Microbiota and Metabolites Associated with Immune Checkpoint Therapy Efficacy in Melanoma Patients. Neoplasia. 2017 Oct;19(10):848-855. doi: 10.1016/j.neo.2017.08.004. Epub 2017 Sep 15. [PubMed:28923537 ]
Colorectal cancer
  1. Goedert JJ, Sampson JN, Moore SC, Xiao Q, Xiong X, Hayes RB, Ahn J, Shi J, Sinha R: Fecal metabolomics: assay performance and association with colorectal cancer. Carcinogenesis. 2014 Sep;35(9):2089-96. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgu131. Epub 2014 Jul 18. [PubMed:25037050 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB001604
KNApSAcK IDC00007222
Chemspider ID58484
KEGG Compound IDC01762
BioCyc IDXANTHOSINE
BiGG ID38352
Wikipedia LinkXanthosine
METLIN ID3408
PubChem Compound64959
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID18107
References
Synthesis ReferenceEnei, Hitoshi; Sato, Katsuaki; Hirose, Yoshio. Xanthosine production by fermentation. Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho (1975), 3 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Marti R, Nishigaki Y, Hirano M: Elevated plasma deoxyuridine in patients with thymidine phosphorylase deficiency. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 28;303(1):14-8. [PubMed:12646159 ]
  2. Dudley E, Lemiere F, Van Dongen W, Tuytten R, El-Sharkawi S, Brenton AG, Esmans EL, Newton RP: Analysis of urinary nucleosides. IV. Identification of urinary purine nucleosides by liquid chromatography/electrospray mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2004;18(22):2730-8. [PubMed:15499664 ]
  3. Liebich HM, Di Stefano C, Wixforth A, Schmid HR: Quantitation of urinary nucleosides by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr A. 1997 Feb 28;763(1-2):193-7. [PubMed:9129323 ]
  4. Khalil PN, Erb N, Khalil MN, Escherich G, Janka-Schaub GE: Validation and application of a high-performance liquid chromatographic-based assay for determination of the inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase activity in erythrocytes. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2006 Sep 14;842(1):1-7. Epub 2006 May 24. [PubMed:16725387 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes extracellular nucleotides into membrane permeable nucleosides.
Gene Name:
NT5E
Uniprot ID:
P21589
Molecular weight:
57948.125
Reactions
Xanthylic acid + Water → Xanthosine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides. Helps to regulate adenosine levels (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NT5C1B
Uniprot ID:
Q96P26
Molecular weight:
68803.055
Reactions
Xanthylic acid + Water → Xanthosine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides and has a broad substrate specificity. Helps to regulate adenosine levels in heart during ischemia and hypoxia.
Gene Name:
NT5C1A
Uniprot ID:
Q9BXI3
Molecular weight:
41020.145
Reactions
Xanthylic acid + Water → Xanthosine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides, with a preference for dUMP and dTMP, intermediate activity towards dGMP, and low activity towards dCMP and dAMP.
Gene Name:
NT5C
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCD5
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Xanthylic acid + Water → Xanthosine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates specifically the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides, and so protects mitochondrial DNA replication from excess dTTP. Has only marginal activity towards dIMP and dGMP.
Gene Name:
NT5M
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPB1
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Xanthylic acid + Water → Xanthosine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Pyrophosphatase that hydrolyzes the non-canonical purine nucleotides inosine triphosphate (ITP), deoxyinosine triphosphate (dITP) as well as 2'-deoxy-N-6-hydroxylaminopurine triposphate (dHAPTP) and xanthosine 5'-triphosphate (XTP) to their respective monophosphate derivatives. The enzyme does not distinguish between the deoxy- and ribose forms. Probably excludes non-canonical purines from RNA and DNA precursor pools, thus preventing their incorporation into RNA and DNA and avoiding chromosomal lesions.
Gene Name:
ITPA
Uniprot ID:
Q9BY32
Molecular weight:
16833.23
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Can act both as nucleotidase and as phosphotransferase.
Gene Name:
NT5C3
Uniprot ID:
Q9H0P0
Molecular weight:
33914.91
Reactions
Xanthylic acid + Water → Xanthosine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in 5'-nucleotidase activity
Specific function:
May have a critical role in the maintenance of a constant composition of intracellular purine/pyrimidine nucleotides in cooperation with other nucleotidases. Preferentially hydrolyzes inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) and other purine nucleotides.
Gene Name:
NT5C2
Uniprot ID:
P49902
Molecular weight:
64969.2
Reactions
Xanthylic acid + Water → Xanthosine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in purine-nucleoside phosphorylase activity
Specific function:
The purine nucleoside phosphorylases catalyze the phosphorolytic breakdown of the N-glycosidic bond in the beta-(deoxy)ribonucleoside molecules, with the formation of the corresponding free purine bases and pentose-1-phosphate.
Gene Name:
PNP
Uniprot ID:
P00491
Molecular weight:
32117.69
Reactions
Xanthosine + Phosphate → Xanthine + Ribose 1-phosphatedetails