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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 05:44:30 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000807
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00807
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Phosphoglyceric acid
Description3-Phosphoglyceric acid (3PG) is a 3-carbon molecule that is a metabolic intermediate in both glycolysis and the Calvin cycle. This chemical is often termed PGA when referring to the Calvin cycle. In the Calvin cycle, two glycerate 3-phosphate molecules are reduced to form two molecules of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GALP) (Wikipedia).
Structure
Data?1563860670
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-(Dihydrogen phosphate)glycerateChEBI
3-(Dihydrogen phosphate)glyceric acidChEBI
3-PhosphoglycerateChEBI
DL-Glycerate 3-phosphateChEBI
Glycerate 3-phosphateChEBI
Glycerate 3-phosphatesChEBI
Glyceric acid 3-phosphateChEBI
3-(Dihydrogen phosphoric acid)glyceric acidGenerator
DL-Glyceric acid 3-phosphoric acidGenerator
Glyceric acid 3-phosphoric acidGenerator
Glyceric acid 3-phosphatesGenerator
3-GlycerophosphorateHMDB
3-Glycerophosphoric acidHMDB
3-p-D-GlycerateHMDB
3-p-GlycerateHMDB
3-PGHMDB
3-PGAHMDB
3-Phospho-(R)-glycerateHMDB
3-Phospho-D-glycerateHMDB
3-Phospho-glycerateHMDB
3-Phospho-glyceric acidHMDB
D-(-)-3-Phosphoglyceric acidHMDB
D-Glycerate 3-phosphateHMDB
G3PHMDB
Glycerate-3-pHMDB
PhosphoglycerateHMDB
3-Phosphoglycerate, trisodium saltHMDB
3-Phosphoglycerate, (R)-isomerHMDB
3-Phosphoglycerate, monosodium saltHMDB
Chemical FormulaC3H7O7P
Average Molecular Weight186.0572
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight185.99293909
IUPAC Name2-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acid
Traditional Namephosphoglycerate
CAS Registry Number820-11-1
SMILES
OC(COP(O)(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H7O7P/c4-2(3(5)6)1-10-11(7,8)9/h2,4H,1H2,(H,5,6)(H2,7,8,9)
InChI KeyOSJPPGNTCRNQQC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glyceric_acid
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility21 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.3ALOGPS
logP-1.6ChemAxon
logS-0.95ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area124.29 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity31.26 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.29 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-0974000000-41479250991be9cc1e07JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-0974000000-41479250991be9cc1e07JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9200000000-2d6f0050126bbc72d771JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00fu-9081000000-487a9a33cdad68046ff3JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-002k-9300000000-4fafb3c93719c5a41327JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-004j-9000000000-c6bb9644e70a338c03beJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-004i-9000000000-9d164579c98406ad7c88JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-cea59554251398a27835JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-8a976aaa2f56f074d975JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-0a5c-9500000000-4bd264fcf029200c55c6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-001i-9100000000-1a020681f04042ff6966JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-cea59554251398a27835JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-8a976aaa2f56f074d975JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0a5c-9600000000-4bd264fcf029200c55c6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-001i-9100000000-1a020681f04042ff6966JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0005-8900000000-bd4e0c8adef56968d87aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00kr-3900000000-9d9dc94243143123d53bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00kv-8900000000-b21c05dfded763ce62a0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-c460ca316484eef90129JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-003r-5900000000-653e5055531f19df4952JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-15195031d70847a75881JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-59550676899d259aeab5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Cellular Cytoplasm
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Locations
  • Prostate
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified58.2 +/- 14.4 uMNewborn (0-30 days old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified47.2 +/- 7.4 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Cellular CytoplasmDetected and Quantified45 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
SalivaDetected and Quantified6.34 +/- 3.26 uMAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
SalivaDetected and Quantified6.07 +/- 3.08 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleAlzheimer's disease details
SalivaDetected and Quantified7.73 +/- 6.31 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleFrontotemporal lobe dementia details
SalivaDetected and Quantified8.40 +/- 9.51 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothLewy body disease details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Bladder cancer
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Alzheimer's disease
  1. Tsuruoka M, Hara J, Hirayama A, Sugimoto M, Soga T, Shankle WR, Tomita M: Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry-based metabolome analysis of serum and saliva from neurodegenerative dementia patients. Electrophoresis. 2013 Oct;34(19):2865-72. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300019. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:23857558 ]
Frontotemporal dementia
  1. Tsuruoka M, Hara J, Hirayama A, Sugimoto M, Soga T, Shankle WR, Tomita M: Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry-based metabolome analysis of serum and saliva from neurodegenerative dementia patients. Electrophoresis. 2013 Oct;34(19):2865-72. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300019. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:23857558 ]
Lewy body disease
  1. Tsuruoka M, Hara J, Hirayama A, Sugimoto M, Soga T, Shankle WR, Tomita M: Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry-based metabolome analysis of serum and saliva from neurodegenerative dementia patients. Electrophoresis. 2013 Oct;34(19):2865-72. doi: 10.1002/elps.201300019. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:23857558 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022255
KNApSAcK IDC00007286
Chemspider ID704
KEGG Compound IDC00597
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID34230
Wikipedia Link3-Phosphoglyceric_acid
METLIN ID150
PubChem Compound724
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17050
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceJakoby, Wm. B.; Brummond, Dewey O.; Ochoa, Severo. Formation of 3-phosphoglyceric acid by carbon dioxide fixation with spinach-leaf enzymes. Journal of Biological Chemistry (1956), 218 811-22.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Yu KT, Pendley C 2nd, Herczeg T, Pendleton RG: 2,3-Diphosphoglycerate phosphatase/synthase: a potential target for elevating the diphosphoglycerate level in human red blood cells. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1990 Jan;252(1):192-200. [PubMed:2153800 ]
  2. Uchida K, Kondoh K, Matuo Y: Recombinant M-, B- and MB-type isozymes of human phosphoglyceric acid mutase: their large-scale production and preparation of polyclonal antibodies specific to M- and B-type isozymes. Clin Chim Acta. 1995 Jun 15;237(1-2):43-58. [PubMed:7664478 ]
  3. Uchida K, Mori K, Matuo Y: [Phosphoglyceric acid mutase]. Nihon Rinsho. 1995 May;53(5):1247-52. [PubMed:7602787 ]
  4. Nakai A, Shigematsu Y, Liu YY, Kikawa Y, Sudo M: Urinary sugar phosphates and related organic acids in fructose-1,6-diphosphatase deficiency. J Inherit Metab Dis. 1993;16(2):408-14. [PubMed:8412001 ]
  5. Sayed A, Matsuyama S, Inoue K, Alsina J, Cai F, Chen J, Inouye M: ATPase and GTPase activities copurifying with GTP-binding proteins in E. coli. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2000 Jul;2(3):261-3. [PubMed:10937433 ]
  6. Grisolia S, Salinas M, Wallace R, Singh GK: Influence of size, protein concentration, protein synthesis inhibitors,and carbon on clearance of enzymes and proteins from blood. Physiol Chem Phys. 1976;8(1):37-52. [PubMed:183226 ]
  7. Mair J: Progress in myocardial damage detection: new biochemical markers for clinicians. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. 1997;34(1):1-66. [PubMed:9055056 ]
  8. Nakayama Y, Kinoshita A, Tomita M: Dynamic simulation of red blood cell metabolism and its application to the analysis of a pathological condition. Theor Biol Med Model. 2005 May 9;2:18. [PubMed:15882454 ]
  9. Glaus M, Schneider W: Iron release from transferrin induced by mixed ligand complexes of copper(II). Biol Met. 1989;2(3):185-90. [PubMed:2490073 ]
  10. Veech RL, Lawson JW, Cornell NW, Krebs HA: Cytosolic phosphorylation potential. J Biol Chem. 1979 Jul 25;254(14):6538-47. [PubMed:36399 ]
  11. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. doi: 10.1038/nature07762. [PubMed:19212411 ]
  12. (). Mayo Medical Laboratories 2005 Test Catalog. .

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 11 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Plays a major role in regulating hemoglobin oxygen affinity by controlling the levels of its allosteric effector 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate (2,3-BPG). Also exhibits mutase (EC 5.4.2.1) and phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.13) activities.
Gene Name:
BPGM
Uniprot ID:
P07738
Molecular weight:
30004.98
Reactions
2-Phospho-D-glyceric acid → 3-Phosphoglyceric aciddetails
2,3-Diphosphoglyceric acid + Water → 3-Phosphoglyceric acid + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Interconversion of 3- and 2-phosphoglycerate with 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate as the primer of the reaction. Can also catalyze the reaction of EC 5.4.2.4 (synthase) and EC 3.1.3.13 (phosphatase), but with a reduced activity.
Gene Name:
PGAM2
Uniprot ID:
P15259
Molecular weight:
28765.96
Reactions
2-Phospho-D-glyceric acid → 3-Phosphoglyceric aciddetails
2,3-Diphosphoglyceric acid + Water → 3-Phosphoglyceric acid + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PGAM4
Uniprot ID:
Q8N0Y7
Molecular weight:
28776.605
Reactions
2-Phospho-D-glyceric acid → 3-Phosphoglyceric aciddetails
2,3-Diphosphoglyceric acid + Water → 3-Phosphoglyceric acid + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Interconversion of 3- and 2-phosphoglycerate with 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate as the primer of the reaction. Can also catalyze the reaction of EC 5.4.2.4 (synthase) and EC 3.1.3.13 (phosphatase), but with a reduced activity.
Gene Name:
PGAM1
Uniprot ID:
P18669
Molecular weight:
28803.675
Reactions
2-Phospho-D-glyceric acid → 3-Phosphoglyceric aciddetails
2,3-Diphosphoglyceric acid + Water → 3-Phosphoglyceric acid + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in acylphosphatase activity
Specific function:
Its physiological role is not yet clear.
Gene Name:
ACYP2
Uniprot ID:
P14621
Molecular weight:
11139.52
Reactions
Glyceric acid 1,3-biphosphate + Water → 3-Phosphoglyceric acid + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in acylphosphatase activity
Specific function:
Its physiological role is not yet clear.
Gene Name:
ACYP1
Uniprot ID:
P07311
Molecular weight:
11260.84
Reactions
Glyceric acid 1,3-biphosphate + Water → 3-Phosphoglyceric acid + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PHGDH
Uniprot ID:
O43175
Molecular weight:
56650.03
Reactions
3-Phosphoglyceric acid + NAD → Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid + NADHdetails
3-Phosphoglyceric acid + NAD → Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Carbohydrate transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PGK2
Uniprot ID:
P07205
Molecular weight:
44795.79
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + 3-Phosphoglyceric acid → ADP + Glyceric acid 1,3-biphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in phosphoglycerate kinase activity
Specific function:
In addition to its role as a glycolytic enzyme, it seems that PGK-1 acts as a polymerase alpha cofactor protein (primer recognition protein).
Gene Name:
PGK1
Uniprot ID:
P00558
Molecular weight:
44614.36
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + 3-Phosphoglyceric acid → ADP + Glyceric acid 1,3-biphosphatedetails
General function:
Carbohydrate transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GLYCTK
Uniprot ID:
Q8IVS8
Molecular weight:
25036.865
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Glyceric acid → ADP + 3-Phosphoglyceric aciddetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 11 proteins in total.