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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2018-05-20 10:21:13 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000876
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0014315
  • HMDB00876
  • HMDB14315
Metabolite Identification
Common NameVitamin D3
DescriptionVitamin D3, also called cholecalciferol, is one of the forms of vitamin D. Vitamin D3 is a steroid hormone that has long been known for its important role in regulating body levels of calcium and phosphorus, in mineralization of bone, and for the assimilation of Vitamin A. It is structurally similar to steroids such as testosterone, cholesterol, and cortisol (although vitamin D3, itself, is a secosteroid). Vitamin D3 is a derivative of 7-dehydroxycholesterol formed by ultraviolet rays breaking the C9-C10 bond. It differs from ergocalciferol in having a single bond between C22 and C23 and lacking a methyl group at C24. Vitamin D3 can also come from dietary sources, such as beef liver, cheese, egg yolks, and fatty fish (PubChem). The first step involved in the activation of vitamin D3 is a 25-hydroxylation catalyzed by 25-hydroxylase in the liver and then by other enzymes. The mitochondrial sterol 27-hydroxylase catalyzes the first reaction in the oxidation of the side chain of sterol intermediates. The active form of vitamin D3 (calcitriol) binds to intracellular receptors that then function as transcription factors to modulate gene expression. Like the receptors for other steroid hormones and thyroid hormones, the vitamin D receptor has hormone-binding and DNA-binding domains. The vitamin D receptor forms a complex with another intracellular receptor, the retinoid-X receptor, and that heterodimer is what binds to DNA. In most cases studied, the effect is to activate transcription, but situations are also known in which vitamin D suppresses transcription. Calcitriol increases the serum calcium concentrations by (1) increasing GI absorption of phosphorus and calcium, (2) increasing osteoclastic resorption, and (3) increasing distal renal tubular reabsorption of calcium. Calcitriol appears to promote intestinal absorption of calcium through binding to the vitamin D receptor in the mucosal cytoplasm of the intestine. Subsequently, calcium is absorbed through the formation of a calcium-binding protein.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+)-Vitamin D3ChEBI
(1S,3Z)-3-[(2E)-2-[(1R,3AR,7as)-7a-methyl-1-[(2R)-6-methylheptan-2-yl]-2,3,3a,5,6,7-hexahydro-1H-inden-4-ylidene]ethylidene]-4-methylidene-cyclohexan-1-olChEBI
(3beta,5Z,7E)-9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-3-olChEBI
(5Z,7E)-(3S)-9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-3-olChEBI
Activated 7-dehydrocholesterolChEBI
CCChEBI
CholecalciferolChEBI
ColecalciferolChEBI
Delta-DChEBI
Oleovitamin D3ChEBI
CalciolKegg
7-DEHYDROCHOLESTEROLChEMBL
ACTIVATEDChEMBL
VITAMIN DChEMBL
DihydrocholesterolChEMBL
Vitamin D 3ChEMBL
(3b,5Z,7E)-9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-3-olGenerator
(3Β,5Z,7E)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-3-olGenerator
δ-DGenerator
(3 beta,5Z,7E)-9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-3-olHMDB
CholecalciferolsHMDB
Vitamin D3ChEBI
Chemical FormulaC27H44O
Average Molecular Weight384.6377
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight384.33921603
IUPAC Name(1S,3Z)-3-{2-[(1R,3aS,4E,7aR)-7a-methyl-1-[(2R)-6-methylheptan-2-yl]-octahydro-1H-inden-4-ylidene]ethylidene}-4-methylidenecyclohexan-1-ol
Traditional Namevitamin D3
CAS Registry Number67-97-0
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(CC[C@@]2([H])\C(CCC[C@]12C)=C\C=C1\C[C@@H](O)CCC1=C)[C@H](C)CCCC(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H44O/c1-19(2)8-6-9-21(4)25-15-16-26-22(10-7-17-27(25,26)5)12-13-23-18-24(28)14-11-20(23)3/h12-13,19,21,24-26,28H,3,6-11,14-18H2,1-2,4-5H3/b22-12+,23-13-/t21-,24+,25-,26+,27-/m1/s1
InChI KeyQYSXJUFSXHHAJI-YRZJJWOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as vitamin d and derivatives. These are compounds containing a secosteroid backbone, usually secoergostane or secocholestane.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassVitamin D and derivatives
Direct ParentVitamin D and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Triterpenoid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point84.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00038 g/LALOGPS
logP7.98ALOGPS
logP7.13ChemAxon
logS-6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.38ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity123.22 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability49.63 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0aou-3029000000-1950c74de34369a70400View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-002f-9207800000-c6f808a014153de38d58View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014r-0129000000-80de8aabbfb587d8f7b9View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0abi-2595000000-1f5db35cc732efef5e27View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0pb9-7195000000-b742ddd81b2f98395fabView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-0009000000-70f22151bd69b3307086View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-0009000000-7ff3c3cf4e98856a166bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-014i-1249000000-8756607b9fd7d6008ac9View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Saliva
Tissue Locations
  • Fibroblasts
  • Gonads
  • Intestine
  • Keratinocyte
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Liver Parathyroid Gland
  • Placenta
  • Prostate
  • Skin
  • Spleen
  • Stratum Corneum
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0060 +/- 0.0042 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0681 +/- 0.01880 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.049-0.078 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.006 +/- 0.003 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Zerihun T. Dame, ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0052 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
27-hydroxylase deficiency
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0037 +/- 0.0016 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothAnephrism details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Anephric patients
  1. Shepard RM, Horst RL, Hamstra AJ, DeLuca HF: Determination of vitamin D and its metabolites in plasma from normal and anephric man. Biochem J. 1979 Jul 15;182(1):55-69. [PubMed:227368 ]
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis
  1. Agrawal NK, Garg S: Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis: a rare disorder with a rare presentation. BMJ Case Rep. 2012 Sep 21;2012. pii: bcr-2012-006202. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2012-006202. [PubMed:23001091 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 213700 (Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis)
DrugBank IDDB00169
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021586
KNApSAcK IDC00041217
Chemspider ID4444353
KEGG Compound IDC05443
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID2288999
Wikipedia LinkCholecalciferol
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5280795
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28940
References
Synthesis ReferenceNemoto, Hideo; Kurobe, Hiroshi; Fukumoto, Keiichiro; Kametani, Tetsuji. A modified synthesis of the (+)-8a-phenylsulfonyl-des-AB-cholestane via an intramolecular nucleophilic attack to epoxide - a total synthesis of vitamin D3. Heterocycles (1985), 23(3),
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Flanagan JN, Young MV, Persons KS, Wang L, Mathieu JS, Whitlatch LW, Holick MF, Chen TC: Vitamin D metabolism in human prostate cells: implications for prostate cancer chemoprevention by vitamin D. Anticancer Res. 2006 Jul-Aug;26(4A):2567-72. [PubMed:16886665 ]
  2. Rautureau M, Rambaud JC: Aqueous solubilisation of vitamin D3 in normal man. Gut. 1981 May;22(5):393-7. [PubMed:6265326 ]
  3. Shepard RM, Horst RL, Hamstra AJ, DeLuca HF: Determination of vitamin D and its metabolites in plasma from normal and anephric man. Biochem J. 1979 Jul 15;182(1):55-69. [PubMed:227368 ]
  4. Osborne JE, Hutchinson PE: Vitamin D and systemic cancer: is this relevant to malignant melanoma? Br J Dermatol. 2002 Aug;147(2):197-213. [PubMed:12174089 ]
  5. Haddad JG, Jennings AS, Aw TC: Vitamin D uptake and metabolism by perfused rat liver: influences of carrier proteins. Endocrinology. 1988 Jul;123(1):498-504. [PubMed:2838261 ]
  6. Kida K, Goodman DS: Studies on the transport of vitamin D and of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in human plasma. J Lipid Res. 1976 Sep;17(5):485-90. [PubMed:184223 ]
  7. Lips P: Vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism in the elderly: consequences for bone loss and fractures and therapeutic implications. Endocr Rev. 2001 Aug;22(4):477-501. [PubMed:11493580 ]
  8. Svendsen ML, Daneels G, Geysen J, Binderup L, Kragballe K: Proliferation and differentiation of cultured human keratinocytes is modulated by 1,25(OH)2D3 and synthetic vitamin D3 analogues in a cell density-, calcium- and serum-dependent manner. Pharmacol Toxicol. 1997 Jan;80(1):49-56. [PubMed:9148283 ]
  9. Yetgin S, Yalcin SS: The effect of vitamin D3 on CD34 progenitor cells in vitamin D deficiency rickets. Turk J Pediatr. 2004 Apr-Jun;46(2):164-6. [PubMed:15214747 ]
  10. Astecker N, Reddy GS, Herzig G, Vorisek G, Schuster I: 1alpha,25-Dihydroxy-3-epi-vitamin D3 a physiological metabolite of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3: its production and metabolism in primary human keratinocytes. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2000 Dec 22;170(1-2):91-101. [PubMed:11162893 ]
  11. Murao N, Ohishi N, Nabuchi Y, Ishigai M, Kawanishi T, Aso Y: The determination of 2beta-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-1alpha,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 (ED-71) in human serum by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Sep 5;823(2):61-8. Epub 2004 Nov 19. [PubMed:16102526 ]
  12. Lippens S, Kockx M, Denecker G, Knaapen M, Verheyen A, Christiaen R, Tschachler E, Vandenabeele P, Declercq W: Vitamin D3 induces caspase-14 expression in psoriatic lesions and enhances caspase-14 processing in organotypic skin cultures. Am J Pathol. 2004 Sep;165(3):833-41. [PubMed:15331408 ]
  13. Bjorkhem I, Holmberg I, Kristiansen T, Pedersen JI: Assay of 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 by isotope dilution--mass fragmentography. Clin Chem. 1979 Apr;25(4):584-8. [PubMed:466767 ]
  14. Matsuoka LY, McConnachie P, Wortsman J, Holick MF: Immunological responses to ultraviolet light B radiation in Black individuals. Life Sci. 1999;64(17):1563-9. [PubMed:10353621 ]
  15. Zimber A, Chedeville A, Abita JP, Barbu V, Gespach C: Functional interactions between bile acids, all-trans retinoic acid, and 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 on monocytic differentiation and myeloblastin gene down-regulation in HL60 and THP-1 human leukemia cells. Cancer Res. 2000 Feb 1;60(3):672-8. [PubMed:10676652 ]
  16. Baggio B, Budakovic A, Nassuato MA, Vezzoli G, Manzato E, Luisetto G, Zaninotto M: Plasma phospholipid arachidonic acid content and calcium metabolism in idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis. Kidney Int. 2000 Sep;58(3):1278-84. [PubMed:10972691 ]
  17. MacLaughlin J, Holick MF: Aging decreases the capacity of human skin to produce vitamin D3. J Clin Invest. 1985 Oct;76(4):1536-8. [PubMed:2997282 ]
  18. Lee YF, Young WJ, Lin WJ, Shyr CR, Chang C: Differential regulation of direct repeat 3 vitamin D3 and direct repeat 4 thyroid hormone signaling pathways by the human TR4 orphan receptor. J Biol Chem. 1999 Jun 4;274(23):16198-205. [PubMed:10347174 ]
  19. Okano T, Kuroda E, Nakao H, Kodama S, Matsuo T, Nakamichi Y, Nakajima K, Hirao N, Kobayashi T: Lack of evidence for existence of vitamin D and 25-hydroxyvitamin D sulfates in human breast and cow's milk. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1986 Oct;32(5):449-62. [PubMed:3494111 ]
  20. Mata-Granados JM, Caballo-Lopez A, Luque de Castro MD, Quesada JM: Automated method for the determination of vitamin D3 hydroxymetabolites in serum. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2003 Sep;377(2):287-92. Epub 2003 Jul 9. [PubMed:12955389 ]
  21. Armas LA, Hollis BW, Heaney RP: Vitamin D2 is much less effective than vitamin D3 in humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Nov;89(11):5387-91. [PubMed:15531486 ]
  22. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  23. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  24. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  25. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  26. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 17 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transcription coactivator activity
Specific function:
Nuclear receptor coactivator that directly binds nuclear receptors and stimulates the transcriptional activities in a hormone-dependent fashion. Plays a central role in creating a multisubunit coactivator complex, which probably acts via remodeling of chromatin. Involved in the coactivation of different nuclear receptors, such as for steroids (GR and ER), retinoids (RARs and RXRs), thyroid hormone (TRs), vitamin D3 (VDR) and prostanoids (PPARs). Displays histone acetyltransferase activity. Also involved in the coactivation of the NF-kappa-B pathway via its interaction with the NFKB1 subunit. Interacts with PSMB9.
Gene Name:
NCOA3
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y6Q9
Molecular weight:
154399.59
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the side-chain cleavage reaction of cholesterol to pregnenolone.
Gene Name:
CYP11A1
Uniprot ID:
P05108
Molecular weight:
60101.87
References
  1. Tuckey RC, Janjetovic Z, Li W, Nguyen MN, Zmijewski MA, Zjawiony J, Slominski A: Metabolism of 1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 by cytochrome P450scc to biologically active 1alpha,20-dihydroxyvitamin D3. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2008 Dec;112(4-5):213-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2008.10.005. Epub 2008 Oct 21. [PubMed:19000766 ]
  2. Tuckey RC, Nguyen MN, Slominski A: Kinetics of vitamin D3 metabolism by cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1) in phospholipid vesicles and cyclodextrin. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2008;40(11):2619-26. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2008.05.006. Epub 2008 May 20. [PubMed:18573681 ]
  3. Guryev O, Carvalho RA, Usanov S, Gilep A, Estabrook RW: A pathway for the metabolism of vitamin D3: unique hydroxylated metabolites formed during catalysis with cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Dec 9;100(25):14754-9. Epub 2003 Dec 1. [PubMed:14657394 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Schuster I: Cytochromes P450 are essential players in the vitamin D signaling system. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Jan;1814(1):186-99. doi: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2010.06.022. Epub 2010 Jul 7. [PubMed:20619365 ]
  2. Ohyama Y, Yamasaki T: Eight cytochrome P450s catalyze vitamin D metabolism. Front Biosci. 2004 Sep 1;9:3007-18. [PubMed:15353333 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenytoin, tolbutamide and losartan.
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular weight:
55627.365
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the first step in the oxidation of the side chain of sterol intermediates; the 27-hydroxylation of 5-beta-cholestane-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-triol. Has also a vitamin D3-25-hydroxylase activity.
Gene Name:
CYP27A1
Uniprot ID:
Q02318
Molecular weight:
60234.28
References
  1. Lehmann B, Tiebel O, Meurer M: Expression of vitamin D3 25-hydroxylase (CYP27) mRNA after induction by vitamin D3 or UVB radiation in keratinocytes of human skin equivalents--a preliminary study. Arch Dermatol Res. 1999 Sep;291(9):507-10. [PubMed:10541881 ]
  2. Sawada N, Sakaki T, Yoneda S, Kusudo T, Shinkyo R, Ohta M, Inouye K: Conversion of vitamin D3 to 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 by Streptomyces griseolus cytochrome P450SU-1. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Jul 16;320(1):156-64. [PubMed:15207715 ]
  3. Uchida E, Kagawa N, Sakaki T, Urushino N, Sawada N, Kamakura M, Ohta M, Kato S, Inouye K: Purification and characterization of mouse CYP27B1 overproduced by an Escherichia coli system coexpressing molecular chaperonins GroEL/ES. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Oct 15;323(2):505-11. [PubMed:15369780 ]
  4. Sakaki T, Kagawa N, Yamamoto K, Inouye K: Metabolism of vitamin D3 by cytochromes P450. Front Biosci. 2005 Jan 1;10:119-34. Print 2005 Jan 1. [PubMed:15574355 ]
  5. Tokar EJ, Webber MM: Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) inhibits growth and invasion by up-regulating nuclear receptors and 25-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) in human prostate cancer cells. Clin Exp Metastasis. 2005;22(3):275-84. [PubMed:16158255 ]
  6. Schuster I: Cytochromes P450 are essential players in the vitamin D signaling system. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Jan;1814(1):186-99. doi: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2010.06.022. Epub 2010 Jul 7. [PubMed:20619365 ]
  7. Ohyama Y, Yamasaki T: Eight cytochrome P450s catalyze vitamin D metabolism. Front Biosci. 2004 Sep 1;9:3007-18. [PubMed:15353333 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of a number of therapeutic agents such as the anticonvulsant drug S-mephenytoin, omeprazole, proguanil, certain barbiturates, diazepam, propranolol, citalopram and imipramine.
Gene Name:
CYP2C19
Uniprot ID:
P33261
Molecular weight:
55944.565
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D) to 1-alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D) plays an important role in normal bone growth, calcium metabolism, and tissue differentiation.
Gene Name:
CYP27B1
Uniprot ID:
O15528
Molecular weight:
56503.475
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID:
P10635
Molecular weight:
55768.94
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,4-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase.
Gene Name:
CYP2B6
Uniprot ID:
P20813
Molecular weight:
56277.81
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics.
Gene Name:
CYP1A1
Uniprot ID:
P04798
Molecular weight:
58164.815
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 17 proteins in total.