You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 05:44:41 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001052
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01052
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA
Description(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA is s metabolite of 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase (EC 3.1.2.4 ) during beta-alanine metabolism (KEGG 00410), propanoate metabolism (KEGG 00640), and valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation (KEGG 00280). Deficiencies of this enzyme in valine degradation can result in hypotonia, poor feeding, motor delay, and subsequent neurological regression in infancy, episodes of ketoacidosis and Leigh-like changes in the basal ganglia on a magnetic resonance imaging scan (PMID 17160907 ).
Structure
Data?1563860681
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropionyl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-methylpropionyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxy-isobutyryl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-isobutyryl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC25H42N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight853.623
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight853.151987801
IUPAC Name{[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number319440-43-2
SMILES
CC(CO)C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OCC1OC(C(O)C1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C25H42N7O18P3S/c1-13(8-33)24(38)54-7-6-27-15(34)4-5-28-22(37)19(36)25(2,3)10-47-53(44,45)50-52(42,43)46-9-14-18(49-51(39,40)41)17(35)23(48-14)32-12-31-16-20(26)29-11-30-21(16)32/h11-14,17-19,23,33,35-36H,4-10H2,1-3H3,(H,27,34)(H,28,37)(H,42,43)(H,44,45)(H2,26,29,30)(H2,39,40,41)
InChI KeyWWEOGFZEFHPUAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cholesterols and derivatives. Cholesterols and derivatives are compounds containing a 3-hydroxylated cholestane core.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassCholestane steroids
Direct ParentCholesterols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cholesterol-skeleton
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility4.14 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.56ALOGPS
logP-7ChemAxon
logS-2.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area383.86 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity183.18 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability74.9 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912000120-c718f8aabcd5b3328193JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-1913000000-86eb8b4e6cdee60b559aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2911000000-2d6f48b3506835c89ffdJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00o9-9730140560-056ac34ed9b661751c57JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-3920110010-37a68eba22e3eecc9757JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-e33bac5e5de19c7b719bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022393
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID86
KEGG Compound IDC06000
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID47176
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID453
PubChem Compound88
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28259
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceHawes, John W.; Harper, Edwin T. Synthesis of methacrylyl-CoA and (R)- and (S)-3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA. Methods in Enzymology (2000), 324(Branched-Chain Amino Acids), 73-79.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Lehnert W, Sass JO: Glutaconyl-CoA is the main toxic agent in glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (glutaric aciduria type I). Med Hypotheses. 2005;65(2):330-3. [PubMed:15922108 ]
  2. Loupatty FJ, Clayton PT, Ruiter JP, Ofman R, Ijlst L, Brown GK, Thorburn DR, Harris RA, Duran M, Desousa C, Krywawych S, Heales SJ, Wanders RJ: Mutations in the gene encoding 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase results in progressive infantile neurodegeneration. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Jan;80(1):195-9. Epub 2006 Nov 30. [PubMed:17160907 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
EHHADH
Uniprot ID:
Q08426
Molecular weight:
69153.26
Reactions
Methacrylyl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Straight-chain enoyl-CoA thioesters from C4 up to at least C16 are processed, although with decreasing catalytic rate.
Gene Name:
ECHS1
Uniprot ID:
P30084
Molecular weight:
31387.085
Reactions
Methacrylyl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional subunit.
Gene Name:
HADHA
Uniprot ID:
P40939
Molecular weight:
82998.97
Reactions
Methacrylyl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA (HIBYL-CoA), a saline catabolite. Has high activity toward isobutyryl-CoA. Could be an isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase that functions in valine catabolism. Also hydrolyzes 3-hydroxypropanoyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
HIBCH
Uniprot ID:
Q6NVY1
Molecular weight:
43481.935
Reactions
(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA + Water → Coenzyme A + (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciddetails
(S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA + Water → Coenzyme A + (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciddetails