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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 05:44:42 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001066
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01066
Metabolite Identification
Common NameS-Lactoylglutathione
DescriptionS-Lactoylglutathione belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentoses. These are monosaccharides in which the carbohydrate moiety contains five carbon atoms. S-Lactoylglutathione is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). Another enzyme, glyoxalase I, synthesizes this compound by converting methylglyoxal and reduced glutathione to S-lactoylglutathione. S-Lactoylglutathione exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Within humans, S-lactoylglutathione participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, S-lactoylglutathione can be converted into glutathione and D-lactic acid through the action of the enzyme hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase, mitochondrial. In addition, S-lactoylglutathione can be converted into glutathione and pyruvaldehyde through its interaction with the enzyme lactoylglutathione lyase. S-Lactoylglutathione is a substrate of lactoylglutathione lyase in pyruvate metabolism (KEGG). In humans, S-lactoylglutathione is involved in the metabolic disorder called the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex deficiency pathway. Outside of the human body, S-lactoylglutathione has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as green beans, broccoli, watercress, corns, and yellow zucchinis. This could make S-lactoylglutathione a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. S-lactoylglutathione has also been shown to modulate microtubule assembly. S-S-Lactoylglutathione can be hydrolysed by thiolesterases to reduced glutathione and D-lactate but also converted to N-D-lactoylcysteinylglycine and N-D-lactoylcysteine by gamma-glutamyl transferase and dipeptidase.
Structure
Data?1563860682
Synonyms
ValueSource
S-D-LactoylglutathioneChEBI
(R)-S-LactoylglutathioneHMDB
D-LactoylglutathioneHMDB
delta-LactoylglutathioneHMDB
N-(N-L-gamma-Glutamyl-S-(2-hydroxy-1-oxopropyl)-L-cysteinyl)-glycineHMDB
S-D-Lactoyl-glutathioneHMDB
S-delta-Lactoyl-glutathioneHMDB
S-delta-LactoylglutathioneHMDB
S-Lactate glutathioneHMDB
S-LactateglutathioneHMDB
S-Lactoyl-glutathioneHMDB
S-LactylglutathioneHMDB
S-[(2R)-2-Hydroxypropanoyl]-gamma-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC13H21N3O8S
Average Molecular Weight379.386
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight379.104935353
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-amino-4-{[(1R)-1-[(carboxymethyl)carbamoyl]-2-{[(2R)-2-hydroxypropanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl]carbamoyl}butanoic acid
Traditional NameS-lactoylglutathione
CAS Registry Number25138-66-3
SMILES
C[C@@H](O)C(=O)SC[C@H](NC(=O)CC[C@H](N)C(O)=O)C(=O)NCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C13H21N3O8S/c1-6(17)13(24)25-5-8(11(21)15-4-10(19)20)16-9(18)3-2-7(14)12(22)23/h6-8,17H,2-5,14H2,1H3,(H,15,21)(H,16,18)(H,19,20)(H,22,23)/t6-,7+,8+/m1/s1
InChI KeyVDYDCVUWILIYQF-CSMHCCOUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentoses. These are monosaccharides in which the carbohydrate moiety contains five carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentPentoses
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hemiacetal
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Dialkylthioether
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility7.55 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.9ALOGPS
logP-5.4ChemAxon
logS-1.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.74ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.31ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area196.12 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity84.78 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability36.01 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-022d-9025000000-e8442b76e42e68182070JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0f8c-6700390000-be9c9075535b7b68d56cJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-004i-0109000000-a34d20761c4d6bee6ff4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-05dj-0769000000-125dd04c3309557ca71dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-02f1-2930000000-bab00ec3c9a62c353d98JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-004l-2900000000-ed3b919674c5534985e4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-005c-9800000000-c037ad2006918e401b23JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-004i-1935000000-5775999bbe10e3b4c9dbJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-001i-0019000000-99436ad12d519791de4eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-001j-3693000000-a466eff4cff41d7086c7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0032-1930000000-18d451bef69e367a6364JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-003s-8900000000-15e831c7f610fbcdf31cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-003r-9300000000-c6405af72f8eaaf2cb11JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , positivesplash10-001i-0290000000-ef71ecf2559bf8a8090dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-001i-9873000000-760e0e4073de1137832eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01q9-1149000000-62e5724126eead68b1ccJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-003r-6494000000-e3b7d776638d1bad4552JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0fba-3970000000-ead14f990fca59e626edJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a70-0059000000-93c2a2c66ec470d5e065JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00di-5398000000-b0a25646cfd9bdbb68e1JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00di-9200000000-d10281b62f65d09c7238JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022405
KNApSAcK IDC00019550
Chemspider ID389032
KEGG Compound IDC03451
BioCyc IDS-LACTOYL-GLUTATHIONE
BiGG ID41876
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID5979
PubChem Compound440018
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15694
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceLiu, Yan; Hama, Hideki; Fujita, Yasuya; Kondo, Akihiko; Inoue, Yoshiharu; Kimura, Akira; Fukuda H. Production of S-lactoylglutathione by high activity whole cell biocatalysts prepared by permeabilization of recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae with alcohols. Biotechnol Bioeng. 1999 Jul 5;64(1):54-60.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Edwards LG, Adesida A, Thornalley PJ: Inhibition of human leukaemia 60 cell growth by S-D-lactoylglutathione in vitro. Mediation by metabolism to N-D-lactoylcysteine and induction of apoptosis. Leuk Res. 1996 Jan;20(1):17-26. [PubMed:8632674 ]
  2. Thornalley PJ: Advances in glyoxalase research. Glyoxalase expression in malignancy, anti-proliferative effects of methylglyoxal, glyoxalase I inhibitor diesters and S-D-lactoylglutathione, and methylglyoxal-modified protein binding and endocytosis by the advanced glycation endproduct receptor. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 1995 Aug;20(1-2):99-128. [PubMed:7576201 ]
  3. Irsch T, Krauth-Siegel RL: Glyoxalase II of African trypanosomes is trypanothione-dependent. J Biol Chem. 2004 May 21;279(21):22209-17. Epub 2004 Feb 19. [PubMed:14976196 ]
  4. Gillespie E: Concanavalin A increases glyoxalase enzyme activities in polymorphonuclear leukocytes and lymphocytes. J Immunol. 1978 Sep;121(3):923-5. [PubMed:690442 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in lactoylglutathione lyase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of hemimercaptal, formed from methylglyoxal and glutathione, to S-lactoylglutathione. Involved in the regulation of TNF-induced transcriptional activity of NF-kappa-B.
Gene Name:
GLO1
Uniprot ID:
Q04760
Molecular weight:
20777.515
Reactions
S-Lactoylglutathione → Glutathione + Pyruvaldehydedetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Thiolesterase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of S-D-lactoyl-glutathione to form glutathione and D-lactic acid.
Gene Name:
HAGH
Uniprot ID:
Q16775
Molecular weight:
28859.855
Reactions
S-Lactoylglutathione + Water → Glutathione + D-Lactic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolase acting on ester bonds (Potential).
Gene Name:
HAGHL
Uniprot ID:
Q6PII5
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
S-Lactoylglutathione + Water → Glutathione + D-Lactic aciddetails