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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-12-23 02:53:07 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001134
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01134
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePhosphoadenosine phosphosulfate
Description3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate. Key intermediate in the formation by living cells of sulfate esters of phenols, alcohols, steroids, sulfated polysaccharides, and simple esters, such as choline sulfate. It is formed from sulfate ion and ATP in a two-step process. This compound also is an important step in the process of sulfur fixation in plants and microorganisms.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfateChEBI
3'-Phosphoadenylyl sulfateChEBI
PAPSChEBI
3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfuric acidGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulphateGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulphuric acidGenerator
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfuric acidGenerator
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulphateGenerator
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulphuric acidGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenylyl sulfuric acidGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenylyl sulphateGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenylyl sulphuric acidGenerator
3'-phospho-5'-Adenylyl sulfateHMDB
3'-phospho-5'-Adenylyl sulphateHMDB
3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfateHMDB
3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulphateHMDB
3'-Phosphoadenylyl-sulfateHMDB
3'-Phosphoadenylyl-sulphateHMDB
5-Phosphoadenosine 3-phosphosulfateHMDB
5-Phosphoadenosine 3-phosphosulphateHMDB
Adenosine 3' phosphate 5' phosphosulfateMeSH
Adenosine-3'-phosphate-5'-phosphosulfateMeSH
Phosphosulfate, phosphoadenosineMeSH
Chemical FormulaC10H15N5O13P2S
Average Molecular Weight507.264
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight506.986229305
IUPAC Name[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]sulfonic acid
Traditional Name3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate
CAS Registry Number482-67-7
SMILES
NC1=NC=NC2=C1N=CN2[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OS(O)(=O)=O)[C@@H](OP(O)(O)=O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H15N5O13P2S/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-6(16)7(27-29(17,18)19)4(26-10)1-25-30(20,21)28-31(22,23)24/h2-4,6-7,10,16H,1H2,(H,20,21)(H2,11,12,13)(H2,17,18,19)(H,22,23,24)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyGACDQMDRPRGCTN-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphates. These are purine ribobucleotides with one phosphate group attached to 3' and 5' hydroxyl groups of the ribose moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPurine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Organic sulfuric acid or derivatives
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Amine
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Androgen and estrogen metabolism
  • Component of Chondroitin / Heparan sulfate biosynthesis
  • Component of Glycosphingolipid metabolism
  • Component of Sulfur metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Golgi apparatus
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility5.05 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.65ALOGPS
logP-7.1ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-2.1ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.94ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count14ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area275.97 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity94.93 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability39.36 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-8930200000-a2821e129c20bee87c33View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9441110000-619798b0c3242743c13aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-2901410000-afa8a71104e69c842868View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900200000-8f9317ccb6340a4317c4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-e2c92e775605a11d728eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a7i-4900240000-500302d146b6d356a0b8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0059-5900100000-07e0047589df3afabbbdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9500000000-517ff9b08c8f8999b922View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Golgi apparatus
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Platelet
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
17-Beta Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase III DeficiencyPw000059Pw000059 greyscalePw000059 simpleNot Available
Acetaminophen Metabolism PathwayPw000616Pw000616 greyscalePw000616 simpleNot Available
Androgen and Estrogen MetabolismPw000045Pw000045 greyscalePw000045 simpleMap00150
Aromatase deficiencyPw000541Pw000541 greyscalePw000541 simpleNot Available
Estrone MetabolismPw031778Pw031778 greyscalePw031778 simpleNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022445
KNApSAcK IDC00007446
Chemspider ID9799
KEGG Compound IDC00053
BioCyc IDPAPS
BiGG ID33679
Wikipedia Link3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate
METLIN ID6028
PubChem Compound10214
PDB IDPPS
ChEBI ID17980
References
Synthesis ReferenceLin, Chun-Hung; Shen, Gwo-Jenn; Garcia-Junceda, Eduardo; Wong, Chi-Huey. Enzymic Synthesis and Regeneration of 3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-Phosphosulfate (PAPS) for Regioselective Sulfation of Oligosaccharides. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1995),
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Emmi L, Bergamini C, Spinelli A, Liotta F, Marchione T, Caldini A, Fanelli A, De Cristofaro MT, Dal Pozzo G: Possible pathogenetic role of activated platelets in the primary antiphospholipid syndrome involving the central nervous system. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997 Aug 14;823:188-200. [PubMed:9292045 ]
  2. Fanelli A, Bergamini C, Rapi S, Caldini A, Spinelli A, Buggiani A, Emmi L: Flow cytometric detection of circulating activated platelets in primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Correlation with thrombocytopenia and anticardiolipin antibodies. Lupus. 1997;6(3):261-7. [PubMed:9104734 ]
  3. Joseph JE, Harrison P, Mackie IJ, Isenberg DA, Machin SJ: Increased circulating platelet-leucocyte complexes and platelet activation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Br J Haematol. 2001 Nov;115(2):451-9. [PubMed:11703349 ]
  4. Suarez IM, Diaz RA, Aguayo Canela D, Pujol de la Llave E: Correction of severe thrombocytopenia with chloroquine in the primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Lupus. 1996 Feb;5(1):81-3. [PubMed:8646233 ]
  5. Khoo BY, Sit KH, Wong KP: Does PAPS generation determine the overall sulfate conjugation in human platelets? Life Sci. 1988;42(23):2389-95. [PubMed:3131608 ]
  6. Wong KP, Khoo BY, Sit KH: Biosynthesis of PAPS in vitro by human liver. Measurement by two independent assay procedures. Biochem Pharmacol. 1991 Jan 1;41(1):63-9. [PubMed:1846073 ]
  7. Cappiello M, Franchi M, Rane A, Pacifici GM: Sulphotransferase and its substrate: adenosine-3'-phosphate-5'-phosphosulphate in human fetal liver and placenta. Dev Pharmacol Ther. 1990;14(1):62-5. [PubMed:2311482 ]
  8. Cappiello M, Franchi M, Giuliani L, Pacifici GM: Distribution of 2-naphthol sulphotransferase and its endogenous substrate adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulphate in human tissues. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1989;37(3):317-20. [PubMed:2612547 ]
  9. Carlier M, Squifflet JP, Pirson Y, Gribomont B, Alexandre GP: Maximal hydration during anesthesia increases pulmonary arterial pressures and improves early function of human renal transplants. Transplantation. 1982 Oct;34(4):201-4. [PubMed:6755828 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 42 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Involved primarily in ATP hydrolysis at the plasma membrane. Plays a role in regulating pyrophosphate levels, and functions in bone mineralization and soft tissue calcification. In vitro, has a broad specificity, hydrolyzing other nucleoside 5' triphosphates such as GTP, CTP, TTP and UTP to their corresponding monophosphates with release of pyrophosphate and diadenosine polyphosphates, and also 3',5'-cAMP to AMP. May also be involved in the regulation of the availability of nucleotide sugars in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi, and the regulation of purinergic signaling. Appears to modulate insulin sensitivity.
Gene Name:
ENPP1
Uniprot ID:
P22413
Molecular weight:
104923.58
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Water → Oat gum + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cleaves a variety of phosphodiester and phosphosulfate bonds including deoxynucleotides, nucleotide sugars, and NAD (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ENPP3
Uniprot ID:
O14638
Molecular weight:
100123.54
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Water → Oat gum + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Can also sulfate Gal residues in desulfated dermatan sulfate. Preferentially sulfates in GlcA->GalNAc unit than in IdoA->GalNAc unit. Does not form 4, 6-di-O-sulfated GalNAc when chondroitin sulfate C is used as an acceptor.
Gene Name:
CHST11
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPF2
Molecular weight:
41002.97
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + chondroitin 4'-sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 4-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the transfer of sulfate to position 6 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Can also sulfate Gal residues of keratan sulfate, another glycosaminoglycan, and the Gal residues in sialyl N-acetyllactosamine (sialyl LacNAc) oligosaccharides. May play a role in the maintenance of naive T-lymphocytes in the spleen.
Gene Name:
CHST3
Uniprot ID:
Q7LGC8
Molecular weight:
54705.5
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 6'-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Transfers sulfate to the C4 hydroxyl of beta1,4-linked GalNAc that is substituted with a beta-linked glucuronic acid at the C-3 hydroxyl. No activity toward dermatan.
Gene Name:
CHST13
Uniprot ID:
Q8NET6
Molecular weight:
38919.34
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + chondroitin 4'-sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 4-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin and desulfated dermatan sulfate. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Activity toward partially desulfated dermatan sulfate is however lower. Does not form 4, 6-di-O-sulfated GalNAc when chondroitin sulfate C is used as an acceptor.
Gene Name:
CHST12
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRB3
Molecular weight:
48413.945
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + chondroitin 4'-sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 4-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in galactosylceramide sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the sulfation of membrane glycolipids. Seems to prefer beta-glycosides at the non-reducing termini of sugar chains attached to a lipid moiety. Catalyzes the synthesis of galactosylceramide sulfate (sulfatide), a major lipid component of the myelin sheath and of monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol sulfate (seminolipid), present in spermatocytes (By similarity). Also acts on lactosylceramide, galactosyl 1-alkyl-2-sn-glycerol and galactosyl diacylglycerol (in vitro).
Gene Name:
GAL3ST1
Uniprot ID:
Q99999
Molecular weight:
48763.63
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + a galactosylceramide → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + a galactosylceramidesulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Galactosylceramide → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Sulfatidedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Digalactosylceramide → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Digalactosylceramidesulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to an N-unsubstituted glucosamine linked to a 2-O-sulfo iduronic acid unit on heparan sulfate. Catalyzes the O-sulfation of glucosamine in IdoUA2S-GlcNS and also in IdoUA2S-GlcNH2. The substrate-specific O-sulfation generates an enzyme-modified heparan sulfate which acts as a binding receptor to Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) and permits its entry. Unlike 3-OST-1, does not convert non-anticoagulant heparan sulfate to anticoagulant heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS3ST3B1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y662
Molecular weight:
43323.605
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to an N-unsubstituted glucosamine linked to a 2-O-sulfo iduronic acid unit on heparan sulfate. Catalyzes the O-sulfation of glucosamine in IdoUA2S-GlcNS and also in IdoUA2S-GlcNH2. The substrate-specific O-sulfation generates an enzyme-modified heparan sulfate which acts as a binding receptor to Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) and permits its entry. Unlike 3-OST-1, does not convert non-anticoagulant heparan sulfate to anticoagulant heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS3ST3A1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y663
Molecular weight:
44899.155
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of catecholamines, phenolic drugs and neurotransmitters. Has also estrogen sulfotransferase activity. responsible for the sulfonation and activation of minoxidil. Is Mediates the metabolic activation of carcinogenic N-hydroxyarylamines to DNA binding products and could so participate as modulating factor of cancer risk.
Gene Name:
SULT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P50225
Molecular weight:
34165.13
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + a phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + an aryl sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Phenol sulphatedetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 42 proteins in total.