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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2018-05-18 01:53:53 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001191
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01191
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDeoxyuridine triphosphate
DescriptionDeoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP) is a deoxynucleotide triphosphate (dNTP) that is chemically similar to uridine triphosphate (UTP) except that it has a deoxyribose sugar instead of a ribose sugar. DNA synthesis requires the availability of deoxynucleotide triphosphates (dTTP, dATP, dGTP, dCTP), whereas RNA synthesis requires the availability of nucleotide triphosphates (NTPs) such as TTP, ATP, GTP, and UTP. The conversion of nucleotide triphosphates (NTPs) into dNTPs can only be done in the diphosphate form. Typically, an NTP has one phosphate removed to become an NDP. This is then converted into a dNDP by an enzyme called ribonucleotide reductase and followed by the re-addition of phosphate to give a dNTP. dUTP is a substrate for several enzymes, including inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase, deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase (mitochondrial), uridine-cytidine kinase 1, nucleoside diphosphate kinase 3, nucleoside diphosphate kinase B, nucleoside diphosphate kinase 6, nucleoside diphosphate kinase (mitochondrial), nucleoside diphosphate kinase homolog 5, nucleoside diphosphate kinase A, and nucleoside diphosphate kinase 7. While UTP is routinely incorporated into RNA, dUTP is not normally incorporated into DNA. Instead, if dUTP is misincorporated into DNA, it can cause DNA damage. Therefore, dUTP can be considered as a teratogen or a mutagen. The extent of DNA damage caused by dUTP is highly dependent on the levels of the dUTP pyrophosphatase (dUTPase) and uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), which limits the intracellular accumulation of dUTP. Additionally, loss of viability following thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition occurs as a consequence of the accumulation of dUTP in some cell lines and subsequent misincorporation of uracil into DNA (PMID: 11487279 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2'-Deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphateChEBI
2'-Deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphoric acidGenerator
Deoxyuridine triphosphoric acidGenerator
2'-Deoxyuridine-5'-triphosphorateHMDB
2'-Deoxyuridine-5'-triphosphoric acidHMDB
2'-Deoxyuridine-5'-triphosphoric acid = dUTPHMDB
Deoxy-UTPHMDB
Deoxyuridine-5'-triphosphateHMDB
dUTPHMDB
Chemical FormulaC9H15N2O14P3
Average Molecular Weight468.1417
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight467.973612734
IUPAC Name({[({[(2R,3S,5R)-5-(2,4-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3-hydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)phosphonic acid
Traditional NamedUTP
CAS Registry Number1173-82-6
SMILES
O[C@H]1C[C@@H](O[C@@H]1COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=CC(=O)NC1=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H15N2O14P3/c12-5-3-8(11-2-1-7(13)10-9(11)14)23-6(5)4-22-27(18,19)25-28(20,21)24-26(15,16)17/h1-2,5-6,8,12H,3-4H2,(H,18,19)(H,20,21)(H,10,13,14)(H2,15,16,17)/t5-,6+,8+/m0/s1
InChI KeyAHCYMLUZIRLXAA-SHYZEUOFSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates. These are pyrimidine nucleotides with a triphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety lacking a hydroxyl group at position 2.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPyrimidine nucleotides
Sub ClassPyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides
Direct ParentPyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate
  • Pyrimidone
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydroxypyrimidine
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility8.63 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.12ALOGPS
logP-2.5ChemAxon
logS-1.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.9ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area238.69 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity83.67 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability34.62 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a4j-8963100000-15f9b7594aa45581dcc0View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05be-9551020000-12e307f13199997c5947View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-9dfd5f9811270d9aaab8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-3911000000-b480c4f463f71544be8fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-5900000000-2ba3b00121251c9adda0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-01b9-3120900000-dedbedae66448a647f3bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-057u-9430100000-0b81cc8084e6bd0f3088View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-056r-9510000000-a72cd2e823cab077b0e1View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
Biospecimen Locations
  • Prostate Tissue
Tissue Location
  • Epidermis
  • Muscle
  • Prostate
  • Spleen
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
Prostate TissueDetected and Quantified0.5 (0.0-1.0) umol/g tissueAdult (>18 years old)Both
Prostate cancer
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Prostate cancer
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. doi: 10.1038/nature07762. [PubMed:19212411 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022478
KNApSAcK IDC00019636
Chemspider ID58580
KEGG Compound IDC00460
BioCyc IDDUTP
BiGG ID35037
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6069
PubChem Compound65070
PDB IDDUT
ChEBI ID17625
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. doi: 10.1038/nature07762. [PubMed:19212411 ]
  2. Lee AY, Youm YH, Kim NH, Yang H, Choi WI: Keratinocytes in the depigmented epidermis of vitiligo are more vulnerable to trauma (suction) than keratinocytes in the normally pigmented epidermis, resulting in their apoptosis. Br J Dermatol. 2004 Nov;151(5):995-1003. [PubMed:15541077 ]
  3. Oosterhuis GJ, Mulder AB, Kalsbeek-Batenburg E, Lambalk CB, Schoemaker J, Vermes I: Measuring apoptosis in human spermatozoa: a biological assay for semen quality? Fertil Steril. 2000 Aug;74(2):245-50. [PubMed:10927039 ]
  4. Ge YF, Huang YF, Zhang GY, Wang XH, Xu JP: Studies on apoptosis of spermatogenic cells in normal fertile men treated with supraphysiological doses of testosterone undecanoate. Asian J Androl. 1999 Sep;1(3):155-8. [PubMed:11250785 ]
  5. Gilhar A, Ullmann Y, Karry R, Shalaginov R, Assy B, Serafimovich S, Kalish RS: Ageing of human epidermis: the role of apoptosis, Fas and telomerase. Br J Dermatol. 2004 Jan;150(1):56-63. [PubMed:14746617 ]
  6. Igarashi T, Brown CR, Byrum RA, Nishimura Y, Endo Y, Plishka RJ, Buckler C, Buckler-White A, Miller G, Hirsch VM, Martin MA: Rapid and irreversible CD4+ T-cell depletion induced by the highly pathogenic simian/human immunodeficiency virus SHIV(DH12R) is systemic and synchronous. J Virol. 2002 Jan;76(1):379-91. [PubMed:11739702 ]
  7. Russell J, O'Donoghue JA, Finn R, Koziorowski J, Ruan S, Humm JL, Ling CC: Iodination of annexin V for imaging apoptosis. J Nucl Med. 2002 May;43(5):671-7. [PubMed:11994533 ]
  8. Lamperti C, Naini AB, Lucchini V, Prelle A, Bresolin N, Moggio M, Sciacco M, Kaufmann P, DiMauro S: Muscle coenzyme Q10 level in statin-related myopathy. Arch Neurol. 2005 Nov;62(11):1709-12. [PubMed:16286544 ]
  9. Webley SD, Welsh SJ, Jackman AL, Aherne GW: The ability to accumulate deoxyuridine triphosphate and cellular response to thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition. Br J Cancer. 2001 Aug 3;85(3):446-52. doi: 10.1054/bjoc.2001.1921. [PubMed:11487279 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 12 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Phosphorylates uridine and cytidine to uridine monophosphate and cytidine monophosphate. Does not phosphorylate deoxyribonucleosides or purine ribonucleosides. Can use ATP or GTP as a phosphate donor. Can also phosphorylate cytidine and uridine nucleoside analogs such as 6-azauridine, 5-fluorouridine, 4-thiouridine, 5-bromouridine, N(4)-acetylcytidine, N(4)-benzoylcytidine, 5-fluorocytidine, 2-thiocytidine, 5-methylcytidine, and N(4)-anisoylcytidine.
Gene Name:
UCK1
Uniprot ID:
Q9HA47
Molecular weight:
22760.43
Reactions
Deoxyuridine triphosphate + Uridine → dUDP + Uridine 5'-monophosphatedetails
Deoxyuridine triphosphate + Cytidine → dUDP + Cytidine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NME4
Uniprot ID:
O00746
Molecular weight:
20658.45
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + dUDP → ADP + Deoxyuridine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. Possesses nucleoside-diphosphate kinase, serine/threonine-specific protein kinase, geranyl and farnesyl pyrophosphate kinase, histidine protein kinase and 3'-5' exonuclease activities. Involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development, signal transduction, G protein-coupled receptor endocytosis, and gene expression. Required for neural development including neural patterning and cell fate determination.
Gene Name:
NME1
Uniprot ID:
P15531
Molecular weight:
17148.635
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + dUDP → ADP + Deoxyuridine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate.
Gene Name:
NME7
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y5B8
Molecular weight:
42491.365
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + dUDP → ADP + Deoxyuridine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. Negatively regulates Rho activity by interacting with AKAP13/LBC. Acts as a transcriptional activator of the MYC gene; binds DNA non-specifically (PubMed:8392752). Exhibits histidine protein kinase activity.
Gene Name:
NME2
Uniprot ID:
P22392
Molecular weight:
30136.92
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + dUDP → ADP + Deoxyuridine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate. Probably has a role in normal hematopoiesis by inhibition of granulocyte differentiation and induction of apoptosis.
Gene Name:
NME3
Uniprot ID:
Q13232
Molecular weight:
19014.85
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + dUDP → ADP + Deoxyuridine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate. Inhibitor of p53-induced apoptosis.
Gene Name:
NME6
Uniprot ID:
O75414
Molecular weight:
22002.965
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + dUDP → ADP + Deoxyuridine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Pyrophosphatase that hydrolyzes the non-canonical purine nucleotides inosine triphosphate (ITP), deoxyinosine triphosphate (dITP) as well as 2'-deoxy-N-6-hydroxylaminopurine triposphate (dHAPTP) and xanthosine 5'-triphosphate (XTP) to their respective monophosphate derivatives. The enzyme does not distinguish between the deoxy- and ribose forms. Probably excludes non-canonical purines from RNA and DNA precursor pools, thus preventing their incorporation into RNA and DNA and avoiding chromosomal lesions.
Gene Name:
ITPA
Uniprot ID:
Q9BY32
Molecular weight:
16833.23
Reactions
Deoxyuridine triphosphate + Water → dUMP + Pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is involved in nucleotide metabolism: it produces dUMP, the immediate precursor of thymidine nucleotides and it decreases the intracellular concentration of dUTP so that uracil cannot be incorporated into DNA.
Gene Name:
DUT
Uniprot ID:
P33316
Molecular weight:
26562.975
Reactions
Deoxyuridine triphosphate + Water → dUMP + Pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Phosphorylates uridine and cytidine to uridine monophosphate and cytidine monophosphate. Does not phosphorylate deoxyribonucleosides or purine ribonucleosides. Can use ATP or GTP as a phosphate donor. Can also phosphorylate cytidine and uridine nucleoside analogs such as 6-azauridine, 5-fluorouridine, 4-thiouridine, 5-bromouridine, N(4)-acetylcytidine, N(4)-benzoylcytidine, 5-fluorocytidine, 2-thiocytidine, 5-methylcytidine, and N(4)-anisoylcytidine.
Gene Name:
UCK2
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZX2
Molecular weight:
29298.92
Reactions
Deoxyuridine triphosphate + Uridine → dUDP + Uridine 5'-monophosphatedetails
Deoxyuridine triphosphate + Cytidine → dUDP + Cytidine monophosphatedetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 12 proteins in total.