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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 05:44:48 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001227
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01227
Metabolite Identification
Common Name5-Thymidylic acid
Description5-Thymidylic acid is a thymine nucleotide. Also known as thymidine monophosphate, and abbreviated TMP, is a nucleotide that is found in DNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside thymidine. TMP consists of a phosphate group, esterified to the the pentose sugar deoxyribose moiety, and the nucleobase thymine. In mammalian cells, thymidine deprivation induces chromosome aberrations such as chromatid breaks, chromatid interchanges, and chromosome fragmentation. (PMID 3888175 ).
Structure
Data?1563860688
Synonyms
ValueSource
(DT)1ChEBI
5'-Thymidylic acidChEBI
5'-TMPChEBI
5-Methyl-dUMPChEBI
Deoxyribosylthymine monophosphateChEBI
Ribothymidine 5'-monophosphateChEBI
Thymidine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphate)ChEBI
Thymidine 5'-phosphateChEBI
Thymidine 5'-phosphoric acidChEBI
Thymidine monophosphateChEBI
Thymidine-5'-monophosphoric acidChEBI
THYMIDINE-5'-phosphATEChEBI
ThymidylateChEBI
Thymidylic acidChEBI
TMPChEBI
Deoxythymidine 5'-phosphateKegg
Deoxythymidylic acidKegg
5'-ThymidylateGenerator
Deoxyribosylthymine monophosphoric acidGenerator
Ribothymidine 5'-monophosphoric acidGenerator
Thymidine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphoric acid)Generator
Thymidine monophosphoric acidGenerator
Thymidine-5'-monophosphateGenerator
THYMIDINE-5'-phosphoric acidGenerator
Deoxythymidine 5'-phosphoric acidGenerator
DeoxythymidylateGenerator
5-ThymidylateGenerator
2'-Deoxythymidine 5'-monophosphateHMDB
5'-dTMPHMDB
Deoxy TMPHMDB
Deoxythymidine 5'-monophosphateHMDB
Deoxythymidine monophosphateHMDB
DeoxythymydilateHMDB
Deoxythymydilic acidHMDB
dTMPHMDB
Thymidine 5'-monophosphateHMDB
Thymidine 5'-phosphorateHMDB
Thymidine 5'MPHMDB
Thymidine mononucleotideHMDB
Thymidine phosphateHMDB
Thymidine-5'-monophosphorateHMDB
Thymidylic acidsHMDB
Acids, thymidylicHMDB
Acid, thymidylicHMDB
monoPhosphate, thymidineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H15N2O8P
Average Molecular Weight322.2085
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight322.056601978
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,5R)-3-hydroxy-5-(5-methyl-2,4-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidin-1-yl)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Namethymidylate
CAS Registry Number365-07-1
SMILES
CC1=CN([C@H]2C[C@H](O)[C@@H](COP(O)(O)=O)O2)C(=O)NC1=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H15N2O8P/c1-5-3-12(10(15)11-9(5)14)8-2-6(13)7(20-8)4-19-21(16,17)18/h3,6-8,13H,2,4H2,1H3,(H,11,14,15)(H2,16,17,18)/t6-,7+,8+/m0/s1
InChI KeyGYOZYWVXFNDGLU-XLPZGREQSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside monophosphates. These are pyrimidine nucleotides with a monophosphate group linked to the ribose moiety lacking a hydroxyl group at position 2.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPyrimidine nucleotides
Sub ClassPyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides
Direct ParentPyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside monophosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pyrimidone
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Lactam
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Urea
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility6.78 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.4ALOGPS
logP-1.2ChemAxon
logS-1.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.23ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area145.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity66.28 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability27.46 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-01u0-0961000000-4380a23f8bec3c2dd015JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-03k9-0940000000-6238904f1b1f293aaf3aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-01u0-0961000000-4380a23f8bec3c2dd015JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-03k9-0940000000-6238904f1b1f293aaf3aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9500000000-ca4d82d816839360b115JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9621000000-1a0c588cd8f192b77565JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9110000000-a45c0d5a58cdb0e5fee4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9000000000-624fe22ca203d0e6430eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9000000000-0c23943cc868acaaeda4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-004i-9703000000-452b674ca61adb40209bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-004i-9703000000-452b674ca61adb40209bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004i-0900000000-b932c025cbc139ba930bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-004i-4900000000-ae144ce0df705b85f237JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-004i-5900000000-9f2e5ba96fb24ff28b7fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-9766000000-855dcb81a8d160218e77JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9200000000-f9116de370dd3211ece6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-0953b010bfa0e123afa7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
  • Lysosome
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
Tissue Locations
  • Fibroblasts
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Colorectal cancer
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothColorectal Cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Colorectal cancer
  1. Brown DG, Rao S, Weir TL, O'Malia J, Bazan M, Brown RJ, Ryan EP: Metabolomics and metabolic pathway networks from human colorectal cancers, adjacent mucosa, and stool. Cancer Metab. 2016 Jun 6;4:11. doi: 10.1186/s40170-016-0151-y. eCollection 2016. [PubMed:27275383 ]
  2. Goedert JJ, Sampson JN, Moore SC, Xiao Q, Xiong X, Hayes RB, Ahn J, Shi J, Sinha R: Fecal metabolomics: assay performance and association with colorectal cancer. Carcinogenesis. 2014 Sep;35(9):2089-96. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgu131. Epub 2014 Jul 18. [PubMed:25037050 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDDB01643
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022499
KNApSAcK IDC00019637
Chemspider ID9319
KEGG Compound IDC00364
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID34753
Wikipedia LinkThymidine_monophosphate
METLIN ID6092
PubChem Compound9700
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17013
References
Synthesis ReferenceScarano, E. Enzymic formation of thymidylic acid from 5-methyl-5'-deoxycytidylic acid. Bollettino - Societa Italiana di Biologia Sperimentale (1958), 34 945.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Gribaudo G, Riera L, Caposio P, Maley F, Landolfo S: Human cytomegalovirus requires cellular deoxycytidylate deaminase for replication in quiescent cells. J Gen Virol. 2003 Jun;84(Pt 6):1437-41. [PubMed:12771412 ]
  2. Seno T, Ayusawa D, Shimizu K, Koyama H, Takeishi K, Hori T: Thymineless death and genetic events in mammalian cells. Basic Life Sci. 1985;31:241-63. [PubMed:3888175 ]
  3. Terai C, Carson DA: Pyrimidine nucleotide and nucleic acid synthesis in human monocytes and macrophages. Exp Cell Res. 1991 Apr;193(2):375-81. [PubMed:1706277 ]
  4. Gribaudo G, Riera L, Lembo D, De Andrea M, Gariglio M, Rudge TL, Johnson LF, Landolfo S: Murine cytomegalovirus stimulates cellular thymidylate synthase gene expression in quiescent cells and requires the enzyme for replication. J Virol. 2000 Jun;74(11):4979-87. [PubMed:10799571 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 16 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes extracellular nucleotides into membrane permeable nucleosides.
Gene Name:
NT5E
Uniprot ID:
P21589
Molecular weight:
57948.125
Reactions
5-Thymidylic acid + Water → Thymidine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides. Helps to regulate adenosine levels (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NT5C1B
Uniprot ID:
Q96P26
Molecular weight:
68803.055
Reactions
5-Thymidylic acid + Water → Thymidine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides and has a broad substrate specificity. Helps to regulate adenosine levels in heart during ischemia and hypoxia.
Gene Name:
NT5C1A
Uniprot ID:
Q9BXI3
Molecular weight:
41020.145
Reactions
5-Thymidylic acid + Water → Thymidine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides, with a preference for dUMP and dTMP, intermediate activity towards dGMP, and low activity towards dCMP and dAMP.
Gene Name:
NT5C
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCD5
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
5-Thymidylic acid + Water → Thymidine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates specifically the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides, and so protects mitochondrial DNA replication from excess dTTP. Has only marginal activity towards dIMP and dGMP.
Gene Name:
NT5M
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPB1
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
5-Thymidylic acid + Water → Thymidine + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in thymidylate kinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of dTMP to dTDP.
Gene Name:
DTYMK
Uniprot ID:
P23919
Molecular weight:
23819.105
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + 5-Thymidylic acid → ADP + dTDPdetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
In the nervous system, could hydrolyze ATP and other nucleotides to regulate purinergic neurotransmission. Could also be implicated in the prevention of platelet aggregation by hydrolyzing platelet-activating ADP to AMP. Hydrolyzes ATP and ADP equally well.
Gene Name:
ENTPD1
Uniprot ID:
P49961
Molecular weight:
58706.0
Reactions
dTDP + Water → 5-Thymidylic acid + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent nucleotidase with a preference for UDP. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP > GDP > UTP > GTP. Has very low activity towards ADP and even lower activity towards ATP. Does not hydrolyze AMP and GMP. Involved in proteoglycan synthesis.
Gene Name:
CANT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WVQ1
Molecular weight:
44839.24
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Has a threefold preference for the hydrolysis of ATP over ADP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD3
Uniprot ID:
O75355
Molecular weight:
59104.76
Reactions
dTDP + Water → 5-Thymidylic acid + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Can act both as nucleotidase and as phosphotransferase.
Gene Name:
NT5C3
Uniprot ID:
Q9H0P0
Molecular weight:
33914.91
Reactions
5-Thymidylic acid + Water → Thymidine + Phosphatedetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 16 proteins in total.