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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 01:24:14 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001290
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01290
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGlutaconyl-CoA
DescriptionGlutaconyl-CoA, also known as glutaconyl-1-CoA or pent-2-enoyl-CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 2-enoyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to a 2-enoyl chain. Glutaconyl-CoA is slightly soluble (in water) and an extremely strong acidic compound (based on its pKa). Glutaconyl-CoA has been primarily detected in urine. Within the cell, glutaconyl-CoA is primarily located in the cytoplasm.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Glutaconyl-1-CoAHMDB
Glutaconyl-1-coenzyme AHMDB
Glutaconyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Pent-2-enoyl-CoAHMDB
Pent-2-enoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC26H40N7O19P3S
Average Molecular Weight879.618
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight879.131252359
IUPAC Name5-{[2-(3-{3-[({[({[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)methyl]-2-hydroxy-3-methylbutanamido}propanamido)ethyl]sulfanyl}-5-oxopent-3-enoic acid
Traditional Nameglutaconyl-coa
CAS Registry Number6712-05-6
SMILES
CC(C)(COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OCC1OC(C(O)C1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N)C(O)C(=O)NCCC(=O)NCCSC(=O)C=CCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H40N7O19P3S/c1-26(2,21(39)24(40)29-7-6-15(34)28-8-9-56-17(37)5-3-4-16(35)36)11-49-55(46,47)52-54(44,45)48-10-14-20(51-53(41,42)43)19(38)25(50-14)33-13-32-18-22(27)30-12-31-23(18)33/h3,5,12-14,19-21,25,38-39H,4,6-11H2,1-2H3,(H,28,34)(H,29,40)(H,35,36)(H,44,45)(H,46,47)(H2,27,30,31)(H2,41,42,43)
InChI KeyURTLOTISFJPPOU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 2-enoyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to a 2-enoyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct Parent2-enoyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Imidolactam
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Pyrimidine
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azole
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxamide group
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Primary amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.24 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.35ALOGPS
logP-6.5ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count19ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area400.93 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count23ChemAxon
Refractivity188.8 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability78.42 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912000130-bad2528f55845486ec97View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0913000000-f1770c613e8d38445e6cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1901000000-24705b108f44454f66abView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-02e9-2911030450-5345dae7983df2f713f0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-4910010000-f867f63c8922e78ed5e0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a7i-4900100000-bb243f20c4fb43f224d4View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022535
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID10739300
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDGLUTACONYL-COA
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6136
PubChem Compound5462199
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Lehnert W, Sass JO: Glutaconyl-CoA is the main toxic agent in glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (glutaric aciduria type I). Med Hypotheses. 2005;65(2):330-3. [PubMed:15922108 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 112 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in valine and pyrimidine metabolism. Binds fatty acyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ALDH6A1
Uniprot ID:
Q02252
Molecular weight:
57839.31
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADL
Uniprot ID:
P28330
Molecular weight:
47655.275
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADS
Uniprot ID:
P16219
Molecular weight:
44296.705
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16.
Gene Name:
ACADM
Uniprot ID:
P11310
Molecular weight:
46587.98
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the desaturation of acyl-CoAs to 2-trans-enoyl-CoAs. Isoform 1 shows highest activity against medium-chain fatty acyl-CoAs and activity decreases with increasing chain length. Isoform 2 is active against a much broader range of substrates and shows activity towards very long-chain acyl-CoAs. Isoform 2 is twice as active as isoform 1 against 16-hydroxy-palmitoyl-CoA and is 25% more active against 1,16-hexadecanodioyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ACOX1
Uniprot ID:
Q15067
Molecular weight:
70135.205
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and tri-hydroxycholestanoic acids.
Gene Name:
ACOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q99424
Molecular weight:
76826.14
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
IVD
Uniprot ID:
P26440
Molecular weight:
43055.325

Transporters

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in translocation of long-chain fatty acids (LFCA) across the plasma membrane. The LFCA import appears to be hormone-regulated in a tissue-specific manner. In adipocytes, but not myocytes, insulin induces a rapid translocation of FATP1 from intracellular compartments to the plasma membrane, paralleled by increased LFCA uptake. May act directly as a bona fide transporter, or alternatively, in a cytoplasmic or membrane- associated multimeric protein complex to trap and draw fatty acids towards accumulation. Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LFCA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis. May be involved in regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Has acyl-CoA ligase activity for long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
SLC27A1
Uniprot ID:
Q6PCB7
Molecular weight:
71107.5

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 112 proteins in total.