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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2018-05-20 02:22:01 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001341
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01341
Metabolite Identification
Common NameADP
DescriptionAdenosine diphosphate, abbreviated ADP, is a nucleotide. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleotide adenine. ADP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine. ADP is the product of ATP dephosphorylation by ATPases. ADP is converted back to ATP by ATP synthases.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5'-Adenylphosphoric acidChEBI
Adenosine 5'-diphosphateChEBI
ADENOSINE-5'-diphosphATEChEBI
H3ADPChEBI
5'-AdenylphosphateGenerator
Adenosine 5'-diphosphoric acidGenerator
ADENOSINE-5'-diphosphoric acidGenerator
AdenosindiphosphorsaeureHMDB
Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphateHMDB
Adenosine diphosphateHMDB
Adenosine pyrophosphateHMDB
Adenosine-5-diphosphateHMDB
Adenosine-diphosphateHMDB
5'-Pyrophosphate, adenosineMeSH
Adenosine 5' pyrophosphateMeSH
Diphosphate, adenosineMeSH
Magnesium ADPMeSH
MgADPMeSH
Pyrophosphate, adenosineMeSH
ADP, MagnesiumMeSH
Chemical FormulaC10H15N5O10P2
Average Molecular Weight427.2011
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight427.029414749
IUPAC Name[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameadenosine-diphosphate
CAS Registry Number58-64-0
SMILES
NC1=NC=NC2=C1N=CN2[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H15N5O10P2/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(24-10)1-23-27(21,22)25-26(18,19)20/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H,21,22)(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyXTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside diphosphates. These are purine ribobucleotides with diphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPurine ribonucleoside diphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Imidolactam
  • Pyrimidine
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Imidazole
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.27 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.6ALOGPS
logP-5.3ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.77ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.99ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area232.6 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity84.94 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability34.24 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-004i-5931200000-d741fb674f63c06ad31cView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-004j-9814310000-161f4ca9b901a0d2af95View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004i-0301900000-f65eba52a00479514d8eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-0900000000-cdad0c415295c75e0b67View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-1900000000-1f27fdf6dbd77cbe927dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0102981000-79c6771fae3255f75825View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0209000000-24c7ad0d0646786963beView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0009000000-d266bbe08f0bcb8102b4View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-001i-0000090000-8a788ef5a2c7ccc534e1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-004i-6900600000-fe2194fd2a27df917e5bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , negativesplash10-004i-0209000000-24c7ad0d0646786963beView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-004i-6900600000-fe2194fd2a27df917e5bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-002k-0809500000-7fdcfab442e6730d4feaView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-000b-0809400000-73322c322a5e1ac31635View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-000b-0809200000-2c8f8cd308e88cb92e57View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-0911300000-0b0c309b755e7b5adfdbView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-1d631dbd3ed3927f1194View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-0e5039d8b3a6bd79b7d6View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0059-0900700000-ae031f4329b6e38885e8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-3900000000-4c42d87cdde0e1918071View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9200000000-3eb64003e08db733f0e2View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Peroxisome
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Cellular Cytoplasm
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified160.0 +/- 14.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Cellular CytoplasmDetected and Quantified270 (150-390) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified1.90 +/- 0.025 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.0257 +/- 0.0618 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.169 +/- 0.234 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.207 +/- 0.324 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.23 +/- 0.13 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.39 +/- 0.16 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.298 +/- 0.316 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.26 +/- 0.19 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.317 +/- 0.491 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.387 +/- 0.462 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.433 +/- 0.363 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified2.654 +/- 2.236 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.8 (1.0-3.4) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified1.10 +/- 0.60 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothRachialgia details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified0.91 +/- 0.46 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothSubarachnoid hemorrhage details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified0.63 +/- 0.37 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothEpilepsy details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified1.86 +/- 1.67 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Stroke
details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified1.62 +/- 0.96 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNeuroinfection details
UrineDetected and Quantified3.242 +/- 1.657 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. [PubMed:15993662 ]
Epilepsy
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. [PubMed:15993662 ]
Neuroinfection
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. [PubMed:15993662 ]
Rachialgia
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. [PubMed:15993662 ]
Stroke
  1. Czarnecka J, Cieslak M, Michal K: Application of solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography to qualitative and quantitative analysis of nucleotides and nucleosides in human cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2005 Aug 5;822(1-2):85-90. [PubMed:15993662 ]
Eosinophilic esophagitis
  1. (). Mordechai, Hien, and David S. Wishart. .
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021817
KNApSAcK IDC00019353
Chemspider ID5800
KEGG Compound IDC00008
BioCyc IDADP
BiGG ID33496
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6175
PubChem Compound6022
PDB IDADP
ChEBI ID16761
References
Synthesis ReferenceYamagata, Yukio. Prebiotic formation of ADP and ATP from AMP, calcium phosphates and cyanate in aqueous solution. Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere (1999), 29(5), 511-520.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Nakayama Y, Kinoshita A, Tomita M: Dynamic simulation of red blood cell metabolism and its application to the analysis of a pathological condition. Theor Biol Med Model. 2005 May 9;2:18. [PubMed:15882454 ]
  2. Cuisset T, Frere C, Quilici J, Barbou F, Morange PE, Hovasse T, Bonnet JL, Alessi MC: High post-treatment platelet reactivity identified low-responders to dual antiplatelet therapy at increased risk of recurrent cardiovascular events after stenting for acute coronary syndrome. J Thromb Haemost. 2006 Mar;4(3):542-9. Epub 2005 Dec 22. [PubMed:16371119 ]
  3. Quinton TM, Kim S, Jin J, Kunapuli SP: Lipid rafts are required in Galpha(i) signaling downstream of the P2Y12 receptor during ADP-mediated platelet activation. J Thromb Haemost. 2005 May;3(5):1036-41. [PubMed:15869601 ]
  4. Saxena R, Gupta M, Gupta S, Kannan M, Ahmed RP, Choudhry VP: Inherited heterogenous defect in platelet aggregation selectively with ADP and epinephrine--a series of 25 cases. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2005 Jul;48(3):345-8. [PubMed:16761747 ]
  5. Corsonello A, Malara A, De Domenico D, Damiano MC, Mirone S, Loddo S, Ientile R, Corica F: Effects of magnesium sulphate on leptin-dependent platelet aggregation: an ex vivo study. Magnes Res. 2005 Mar;18(1):7-11. [PubMed:15945611 ]
  6. Imura Y, Stassen JM, Bunting S, Stockmans F, Collen D: Antithrombotic properties of L-cysteine, N-(mercaptoacetyl)-D-Tyr-Arg-Gly-Asp-sulfoxide (G4120) in a hamster platelet-rich femoral vein thrombosis model. Blood. 1992 Sep 1;80(5):1247-53. [PubMed:1515641 ]
  7. Cuisset T, Frere C, Quilici J, Morange PE, Nait-Saidi L, Carvajal J, Lehmann A, Lambert M, Bonnet JL, Alessi MC: Benefit of a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel on platelet reactivity and clinical outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing coronary stenting. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Oct 3;48(7):1339-45. Epub 2006 Sep 12. [PubMed:17010792 ]
  8. Vigue C, Vigue L, Huszar G: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentrations and ATP/adenosine diphosphate ratios in human sperm of normospermic, oligospermic, and asthenospermic specimens and in their swim-up fractions: lack of correlation between ATP parameters and sperm creatine kinase concentrations. J Androl. 1992 Jul-Aug;13(4):305-11. [PubMed:1399831 ]
  9. Smith SM, Judge HM, Peters G, Storey RF: Multiple antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel are not modulated by statin type in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Platelets. 2004 Dec;15(8):465-74. [PubMed:15763887 ]
  10. Ji Q, Ghaly M, Hjemdahl P, Tornvall P, Li N: Contrast medium attenuates platelet activation and platelet-leukocyte cross-talk. Thromb Haemost. 2005 May;93(5):922-6. [PubMed:15886810 ]
  11. Morshedi M, Oehninger S, Blackmore P, Bocca S, Coddington C, Hodgen G: Investigation of some biochemical and functional effects of cryopreservation of human spermatozoa using an automated freezing-quick-thawing method. Int J Androl. 1995 Dec;18(6):279-86. [PubMed:8719843 ]
  12. Hua J, Suguro S, Iwabuchi K, Tsutsumi-Ishii Y, Sakamoto K, Nagaoka I: Glucosamine, a naturally occurring amino monosaccharide, suppresses the ADP-mediated platelet activation in humans. Inflamm Res. 2004 Dec;53(12):680-8. [PubMed:15654516 ]
  13. Shabanova EY, Mindukshev IV, Malakhovskaya EA, Vivulanets EV, Petrishchev NN, Krivchenko AI: Cooperative type of platelet hypersensitivity to ADP. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2005 Sep;140(3):282-4. [PubMed:16307036 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 788 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes specific phosphoryl transfer from ATP to UMP and CMP.
Gene Name:
CMPK1
Uniprot ID:
P30085
Molecular weight:
20180.12
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + (d)CMP → ADP + (d)CDPdetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Uridine 5'-monophosphate → ADP + Uridine 5'-diphosphatedetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Cytidine monophosphate → ADP + CDPdetails
Adenosine triphosphate + dCMP → ADP + dCDPdetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Required for the phosphorylation of the deoxyribonucleosides deoxycytidine (dC), deoxyguanosine (dG) and deoxyadenosine (dA). Has broad substrate specificity, and does not display selectivity based on the chirality of the substrate. It is also an essential enzyme for the phosphorylation of numerous nucleoside analogs widely employed as antiviral and chemotherapeutic agents.
Gene Name:
DCK
Uniprot ID:
P27707
Molecular weight:
30518.315
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Adenosine → ADP + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Deoxycytidine → ADP + dCMPdetails
General function:
Involved in ATP citrate synthase activity
Specific function:
ATP citrate-lyase is the primary enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cytosolic acetyl-CoA in many tissues. Has a central role in de novo lipid synthesis. In nervous tissue it may be involved in the biosynthesis of acetylcholine.
Gene Name:
ACLY
Uniprot ID:
P53396
Molecular weight:
120838.27
Reactions
ADP + Phosphoric acid + Acetyl-CoA + Oxalacetic acid → Adenosine triphosphate + Citric acid + Coenzyme Adetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Citric acid + Coenzyme A → ADP + Phosphoric acid + Acetyl-CoA + Oxalacetic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity
Specific function:
ACC-beta may be involved in the provision of malonyl-CoA or in the regulation of fatty acid oxidation, rather than fatty acid biosynthesis. Carries out three functions: biotin carboxyl carrier protein, biotin carboxylase and carboxyltransferase.
Gene Name:
ACACB
Uniprot ID:
O00763
Molecular weight:
276538.575
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Acetyl-CoA + Carbonic acid → ADP + Phosphoric acid + Malonyl-CoAdetails
Adenosine triphosphate + biotin-[carboxyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) → ADP + Phosphoric acid + carboxy-biotin-[carboxyl-carrier-protein]details
Adenosine triphosphate + Holo-[carboxylase] + Carbonic acid → ADP + Phosphoric acid + Carboxybiotin-carboxyl-carrier proteindetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Pyruvate carboxylase catalyzes a 2-step reaction, involving the ATP-dependent carboxylation of the covalently attached biotin in the first step and the transfer of the carboxyl group to pyruvate in the second. Catalyzes in a tissue specific manner, the initial reactions of glucose (liver, kidney) and lipid (adipose tissue, liver, brain) synthesis from pyruvate.
Gene Name:
PC
Uniprot ID:
P11498
Molecular weight:
129632.565
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Pyruvic acid + Carbonic acid → ADP + Phosphoric acid + Oxalacetic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the rate-limiting reaction in the biogenesis of long-chain fatty acids. Carries out three functions: biotin carboxyl carrier protein, biotin carboxylase and carboxyltransferase.
Gene Name:
ACACA
Uniprot ID:
Q13085
Molecular weight:
269997.01
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Acetyl-CoA + Carbonic acid → ADP + Phosphoric acid + Malonyl-CoAdetails
Adenosine triphosphate + biotin-[carboxyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) → ADP + Phosphoric acid + carboxy-biotin-[carboxyl-carrier-protein]details
Adenosine triphosphate + Holo-[carboxylase] + Carbonic acid → ADP + Phosphoric acid + Carboxybiotin-carboxyl-carrier proteindetails
General function:
Involved in thymidylate kinase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of dTMP to dTDP.
Gene Name:
DTYMK
Uniprot ID:
P23919
Molecular weight:
23819.105
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + 5-Thymidylic acid → ADP + dTDPdetails
Adenosine triphosphate + dUMP → ADP + dUDPdetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
In the nervous system, could hydrolyze ATP and other nucleotides to regulate purinergic neurotransmission. Could also be implicated in the prevention of platelet aggregation by hydrolyzing platelet-activating ADP to AMP. Hydrolyzes ATP and ADP equally well.
Gene Name:
ENTPD1
Uniprot ID:
P49961
Molecular weight:
58706.0
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Water → ADP + Phosphoric aciddetails
ADP + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent nucleotidase with a preference for UDP. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP > GDP > UTP > GTP. Has very low activity towards ADP and even lower activity towards ATP. Does not hydrolyze AMP and GMP. Involved in proteoglycan synthesis.
Gene Name:
CANT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WVQ1
Molecular weight:
44839.24
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Has a threefold preference for the hydrolysis of ATP over ADP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD3
Uniprot ID:
O75355
Molecular weight:
59104.76
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Water → ADP + Phosphoric aciddetails
ADP + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Involved in the export of copper out of the cells, such as the efflux of hepatic copper into the bile.
Gene Name:
ATP7B
Uniprot ID:
P35670
Molecular weight:
157261.34
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
May supply copper to copper-requiring proteins within the secretory pathway, when localized in the trans-Golgi network. Under conditions of elevated extracellular copper, it relocalized to the plasma membrane where it functions in the efflux of copper from cells.
Gene Name:
ATP7A
Uniprot ID:
Q04656
Molecular weight:
163372.275

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 788 proteins in total.