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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 05:44:56 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001368
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01368
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Mercaptopyruvic acid
Description3-Mercaptopyruvic acid, also known as 3-mercapto-2-oxopropanoate or beta-thiopyruvate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha-keto acids and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing an aldehyde substituted with a keto group on the adjacent carbon. 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid is an intermediate in cysteine metabolism. 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Within humans, 3-mercaptopyruvic acid participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, 3-mercaptopyruvic acid and cyanide can be converted into pyruvic acid and thiocyanate; which is mediated by the enzyme 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase. In addition, 3-mercaptopyruvic acid can be biosynthesized from 3-mercaptolactic acid; which is mediated by the enzyme L-lactate dehydrogenase. It has been studied as a potential treatment for cyanide poisoning, but its half-life is too short for it to be clinically effective. In humans, 3-mercaptopyruvic acid is involved in cystinosis, ocular nonnephropathic. Outside of the human body, 3-mercaptopyruvic acid has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as lima beans, spinachs, shallots, mexican groundcherries, and white lupines. This could make 3-mercaptopyruvic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Instead, prodrugs, such as sulfanegen, are being evaluated to compensate for the short half-life of 3-mercaptopyruvic acid.
Structure
Data?1563860696
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-Mercapto-2-oxopropanoic acidChEBI
3-MercaptopyruvateChEBI
MercaptopyruvateChEBI
3-Mercapto-2-oxopropanoateGenerator
Mercaptopyruvic acidGenerator
3-Mercapto-pyruvateHMDB
3-Mercapto-pyruvic acidHMDB
beta-3-Mercapto-2-oxo-propanoateHMDB
beta-3-Mercapto-2-oxo-propanoic acidHMDB
beta-MercaptopyruvateHMDB
beta-Mercaptopyruvic acidHMDB
beta-ThiopyruvateHMDB
beta-Thiopyruvic acidHMDB
ThiopyruvateHMDB
3-Mercaptopyruvate monosodium saltHMDB
Chemical FormulaC3H4O3S
Average Molecular Weight120.127
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight119.988114684
IUPAC Name2-oxo-3-sulfanylpropanoic acid
Traditional Nameβ-mercaptopyruvic acid
CAS Registry Number2464-23-5
SMILES
OC(=O)C(=O)CS
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C3H4O3S/c4-2(1-7)3(5)6/h7H,1H2,(H,5,6)
InChI KeyOJOLFAIGOXZBCI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha-keto acids and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing an aldehyde substituted with a keto group on the adjacent carbon.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassKeto acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAlpha-keto acids and derivatives
Direct ParentAlpha-keto acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-keto acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Alkylthiol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility9.09 g/LALOGPS
logP0.15ALOGPS
logP0.29ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.91ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-9.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area54.37 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity25.82 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability10.15 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-b81f8808977132c3a8acSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9300000000-5100fd5cbb3bf9df1e75Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-003r-9200000000-f1e0c53958ad51dc0068Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-001j-9000000000-60f6deb41f42078dd60cSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-001i-9000000000-5dc69d3b59bd15290aefSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0fk9-2900000000-0da521157f8235fe7758Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0fk9-7900000000-8c127be0565b54938cd2Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0ab9-9000000000-d4a8d07d451ba309b2e2Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-1900000000-849e74ceb9308736ba6dSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0gb9-2900000000-5a713232367a68a966a0Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0fk9-9300000000-564344466a63b943c6daSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen Locations
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0400-0.310 umol/mmol creatinineNot SpecifiedBothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected and Quantified0.72 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleBeta-mercaptolactate-cysteine Disulfiduria details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Beta-mercaptolactate-cysteine Disulfiduria
  1. Hannestad U, Martensson J, Sjodahl R, Sorbo B: 3-mercaptolactate cysteine disulfiduria: biochemical studies on affected and unaffected members of a family. Biochem Med. 1981 Aug;26(1):106-14. [PubMed:6945862 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 249650 (Beta-mercaptolactate-cysteine Disulfiduria)
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021862
KNApSAcK IDC00007464
Chemspider ID96
KEGG Compound IDC00957
BioCyc ID3-MERCAPTO-PYRUVATE
BiGG ID36476
Wikipedia Link3-Mercaptopyruvic_acid
METLIN ID6195
PubChem Compound98
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16208
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups
Specific function:
Plays a key role in amino acid metabolism (By similarity).
Gene Name:
GOT1
Uniprot ID:
P17174
Molecular weight:
46247.14
Reactions
L-Cysteine + Oxoglutaric acid → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + DL-Glutamatedetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring nitrogenous groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the irreversible transamination of the L-tryptophan metabolite L-kynurenine to form kynurenic acid (KA). Plays a key role in amino acid metabolism. Important for metabolite exchange between mitochondria and cytosol. Facilitates cellular uptake of long-chain free fatty acids.
Gene Name:
GOT2
Uniprot ID:
P00505
Molecular weight:
47517.285
Reactions
L-Cysteine + Oxoglutaric acid → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + DL-Glutamatedetails
General function:
Involved in pyridoxal phosphate binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the last step in the trans-sulfuration pathway from methionine to cysteine. Has broad substrate specificity. Converts cystathionine to cysteine, ammonia and 2-oxobutanoate. Converts two cysteine molecules to lanthionine and hydrogen sulfide. Can also accept homocysteine as substrate. Specificity depends on the levels of the endogenous substrates. Generates the endogenous signaling molecule hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and so contributes to the regulation of blood pressure. Acts as a cysteine-protein sulfhydrase by mediating sulfhydration of target proteins: sulfhydration consists of converting -SH groups into -SSH on specific cysteine residues of target proteins such as GAPDH, PTPN1 and NF-kappa-B subunit RELA, thereby regulating their function.
Gene Name:
CTH
Uniprot ID:
P32929
Molecular weight:
41259.91
General function:
Involved in thiosulfate sulfurtransferase activity
Specific function:
Transfer of a sulfur ion to cyanide or to other thiol compounds. Also has weak rhodanese activity. May have a role in cyanide degradation or in thiosulfate biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
MPST
Uniprot ID:
P25325
Molecular weight:
33178.15
Reactions
3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + Hydrogen cyanide → Pyruvic acid + Thiocyanatedetails
3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + Sulfite → Thiosulfate + Pyruvic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Displays an lactate dehydrogenase activity. Significantly increases the transcriptional activity of JUN, when overexpressed.
Gene Name:
LDHAL6A
Uniprot ID:
Q6ZMR3
Molecular weight:
36507.015
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in thiosulfate sulfurtransferase activity
Specific function:
Formation of iron-sulfur complexes, cyanide detoxification or modification of sulfur-containing enzymes. Other thiol compounds, besides cyanide, can act as sulfur ion acceptors. Also has weak mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MST) activity (By similarity). Together with MRPL18, acts as a mitochondrial import factor for the cytosolic 5S rRNA. Only the nascent unfolded cytoplasmic form is able to bind to the 5S rRNA.
Gene Name:
TST
Uniprot ID:
Q16762
Molecular weight:
33428.69
Reactions
3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + Sulfite → Thiosulfate + Pyruvic aciddetails
Hydrogen cyanide + 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid → Thiocyanate + Pyruvic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
LDHB
Uniprot ID:
P07195
Molecular weight:
36638.225
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Possible role in sperm motility.
Gene Name:
LDHC
Uniprot ID:
P07864
Molecular weight:
36310.965
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
LDHA
Uniprot ID:
P00338
Molecular weight:
30204.975
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
LDHAL6B
Uniprot ID:
Q9BYZ2
Molecular weight:
41942.53
Reactions
3-Mercaptolactic acid + NAD → 3-Mercaptopyruvic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails