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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2013-05-29 19:23:42 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00015
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCortexolone
DescriptionCortexolone is the precursor of cortisol. Accumulation of Cortexolone can happen in a defect known as congenital adrenal hyperplasia, which is due to 11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency, resulting in androgen excess, virilization, and hypertension. (PMID: 2022736 ) A 17-hydroxycorticosteroid with glucocorticoid and anti-inflammatory activities. (PubChem).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 11-Deoxy-17-hydroxy-Corticosterone
  2. 11-Deoxy-17-hydroxycorticosterone
  3. 11-Deoxy-Cortisol
  4. 11-Deoxycortisol
  5. 11-Deoxyhydrocortisone
  6. 11-Desoxy-17-hydroxycorticosterone
  7. 11-Desoxycortisol
  8. 11-Desoxyhydrocortisone
  9. 11-Dioxy-Cortisol
  10. 11-Dioxycortisol
  11. 17,21-Dihydroxy-4-pregnene-3,20-dione
  12. 17,21-Dihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione
  13. 17,21-Dihydroxyprogesterone
  14. 17-Hydroxy-11-deoxycorticosterone
  15. 17alpha-Hydroxycortexone
  16. 20-Dione 17,21-Dihydroxypregn-4-ene-3
  17. 4-Pregnene-17alpha,21-diol-3,20-dione
  18. Cortodoxone
  19. Reichstein S
  20. Reichstein'S compound S
  21. Reichstein'S substance S
Chemical FormulaC21H30O4
Average Molecular Weight346.4605
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight346.214409448
IUPAC Name(2R,10R,14R,15S)-14-hydroxy-14-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-6-en-5-one
Traditional IUPAC Name(2R,10R,14R,15S)-14-hydroxy-14-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadec-6-en-5-one
CAS Registry Number152-58-9
SMILES
[H]C12CC[C@](O)(C(=O)CO)[C@@]1(C)CCC1([H])[C@@]2([H])CCC2=CC(=O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H30O4/c1-19-8-5-14(23)11-13(19)3-4-15-16(19)6-9-20(2)17(15)7-10-21(20,25)18(24)12-22/h11,15-17,22,25H,3-10,12H2,1-2H3/t15-,16?,17?,19+,20+,21+/m1/s1
InChI KeyWHBHBVVOGNECLV-HMGFGKNBSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassLipids
ClassSteroids and Steroid Derivatives
Sub ClassGluco/mineralocorticoids, Progestogins and Derivatives
Other Descriptors
  • Aliphatic Homopolycyclic Compounds
Substituents
  • 17 Hydroxy Steroid
  • 20 Keto Steroid
  • 3 Keto Steroid
  • Alpha Ketoaldehyde
  • Cyclic Alcohol
  • Cyclohexane
  • Cyclohexene
  • Decaline
  • Ketone
  • Primary Alcohol
  • Tertiary Alcohol
Direct ParentGluco/mineralocorticoids, Progestogins and Derivatives
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
  • Mitochondria
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point215 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP3.08SANGSTER (1994)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.025 g/LALOGPS
logP2.79ALOGPS
logP2.58ChemAxon
logS-4.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity95.81ChemAxon
Polarizability38.78ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
  • Mitochondria
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
SteroidogenesisSMP00130map00140
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0039 +/- 0.0004 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.017-178.9 umol/mmol creatinineNewborn (0-30 days old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.02 (0.0091-0.032) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021872
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC05488
BioCyc ID11-DEOXY-CORTISOL
BiGG ID45914
Wikipedia LinkCortexolone
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00015
Metagene LinkHMDB00015
METLIN ID5088
PubChem Compound53477676
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceLuu, Duc Huy. New method for the synthesis of Reichstein's compound S from pregnene. Tap Chi Duoc Hoc (2002), (9), 23-25.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. White PC, Dupont J, New MI, Leiberman E, Hochberg Z, Rosler A: A mutation in CYP11B1 (Arg-448----His) associated with steroid 11 beta-hydroxylase deficiency in Jews of Moroccan origin. J Clin Invest. 1991 May;87(5):1664-7. Pubmed: 2022736
  2. White PC, Tusie-Luna MT, New MI, Speiser PW: Mutations in steroid 21-hydroxylase (CYP21). Hum Mutat. 1994;3(4):373-8. Pubmed: 8081391
  3. Curnow KM, Tusie-Luna MT, Pascoe L, Natarajan R, Gu JL, Nadler JL, White PC: The product of the CYP11B2 gene is required for aldosterone biosynthesis in the human adrenal cortex. Mol Endocrinol. 1991 Oct;5(10):1513-22. Pubmed: 1775135
  4. Mellon SH, Miller WL: Extraadrenal steroid 21-hydroxylation is not mediated by P450c21. J Clin Invest. 1989 Nov;84(5):1497-502. Pubmed: 2808702
  5. Homma K, Hasegawa T, Masumoto M, Takeshita E, Watanabe K, Chiba H, Kurosawa T, Takahashi T, Matsuo N: Reference values for urinary steroids in Japanese newborn infants: gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in selected ion monitoring. Endocr J. 2003 Dec;50(6):783-92. Pubmed: 14709852
  6. Trakakis E, Laggas D, Salamalekis E, Creatsas G: 21-Hydroxylase deficiency: from molecular genetics to clinical presentation. J Endocrinol Invest. 2005 Feb;28(2):187-92. Pubmed: 15887869
  7. Krone N, Riepe FG, Gotze D, Korsch E, Rister M, Commentz J, Partsch CJ, Grotzinger J, Peter M, Sippell WG: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11-hydroxylase deficiency: functional characterization of two novel point mutations and a three-base pair deletion in the CYP11B1 gene. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jun;90(6):3724-30. Epub 2005 Mar 8. Pubmed: 15755848
  8. Adinoff B, Krebaum SR, Chandler PA, Ye W, Brown MB, Williams MJ: Dissection of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis pathology in 1-month-abstinent alcohol-dependent men, part 1: adrenocortical and pituitary glucocorticoid responsiveness. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Apr;29(4):517-27. Pubmed: 15834216
  9. Brown JR, Cavanaugh AH, Farnsworth WE: A simple radioimmunoassay for plasma cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol (17, 21-dihydroxy-4-pregnene-3, 20-dione). Steroids. 1976 Oct;28(4):487-98. Pubmed: 1034356
  10. den Brinker M, Joosten KF, Liem O, de Jong FH, Hop WC, Hazelzet JA, van Dijk M, Hokken-Koelega AC: Adrenal insufficiency in meningococcal sepsis: bioavailable cortisol levels and impact of interleukin-6 levels and intubation with etomidate on adrenal function and mortality. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Sep;90(9):5110-7. Epub 2005 Jun 28. Pubmed: 15985474
  11. Lee HH, Won GS, Chao HT, Lee YJ, Chung BC: Novel missense mutations, GCC [Ala306]- > GTC [Val] and ACG [Thr318]- > CCG [Pro], in the CYP11B1 gene cause steroid 11beta-hydroxylase deficiency in the Chinese. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2005 Apr;62(4):418-22. Pubmed: 15807871
  12. Zachmann M, Tassinari D, Prader A: Clinical and biochemical variability of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11 beta-hydroxylase deficiency. A study of 25 patients. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1983 Feb;56(2):222-9. Pubmed: 6296182
  13. Bradshaw KD, Milewich L, Mason JI, Parker CR Jr, MacDonald PC, Carr BR: Steroid secretory characteristics of a virilizing adrenal adenoma in a woman. J Endocrinol. 1994 Feb;140(2):297-307. Pubmed: 8169562
  14. Bureik M, Bruck N, Hubel K, Bernhardt R: The human mineralocorticoid receptor only partially differentiates between different ligands after expression in fission yeast. FEMS Yeast Res. 2005 Apr;5(6-7):627-33. Pubmed: 15780662
  15. Dragan CA, Zearo S, Hannemann F, Bernhardt R, Bureik M: Efficient conversion of 11-deoxycortisol to cortisol (hydrocortisone) by recombinant fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. FEMS Yeast Res. 2005 Apr;5(6-7):621-5. Pubmed: 15780661
  16. Sakamoto N, Matsukura S, Tsuboi S, Tokumiya T, Imura H: Radioimmunoassay for 11-deoxycortisol using iodine-labeled tracer. Endocrinol Jpn. 1976 Aug;23(4):359-63. Pubmed: 1024042
  17. Tjeerdsma G, Sluiter WJ, Hew JM, Molenaar WM, de Lange WE, Dullaart RP: Hyperprolactinaemia is associated with a higher prevalence of pituitary-adrenal dysfunction in non-functioning pituitary macroadenoma. Eur J Endocrinol. 1996 Sep;135(3):299-308. Pubmed: 8890720
  18. Hughes IA, Arisaka O, Perry LA, Honour JW: Early diagnosis of 11 beta-hydroxylase deficiency in two siblings confirmed by analysis of a novel steroid metabolite in newborn urine. Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1986 Mar;111(3):349-54. Pubmed: 3515819

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Has steroid 11-beta-hydroxylase activity. In addition to this activity, the 18 or 19-hydroxylation of steroids and the aromatization of androstendione to estrone have also been ascribed to cytochrome P450 XIB.
Gene Name:
CYP11B1
Uniprot ID:
P15538
Molecular weight:
57572.44
Reactions
Cortexolone + Reduced ferredoxin + Oxygen → Hydrocortisone + Oxidized ferredoxin + Waterdetails
References
  1. Curnow KM, Tusie-Luna MT, Pascoe L, Natarajan R, Gu JL, Nadler JL, White PC: The product of the CYP11B2 gene is required for aldosterone biosynthesis in the human adrenal cortex. Mol Endocrinol. 1991 Oct;5(10):1513-22. Pubmed: 1775135
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Receptor for both mineralocorticoids (MC) such as aldosterone and glucocorticoids (GC) such as corticosterone or cortisol. Binds to mineralocorticoid response elements (MRE) and transactivates target genes. The effect of MC is to increase ion and water transport and thus raise extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure and lower potassium levels
Gene Name:
NR3C2
Uniprot ID:
P08235
Molecular weight:
107066.6
General function:
Involved in 3-beta-hydroxy-delta5-steroid dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
3-beta-HSD is a bifunctional enzyme, that catalyzes the oxidative conversion of Delta(5)-ene-3-beta-hydroxy steroid, and the oxidative conversion of ketosteroids. The 3-beta-HSD enzymatic system plays a crucial role in the biosynthesis of all classes of hormonal steroids. Efficiently catalyzes the transformation of pregnenolone to progesterone, 17-alpha-hydroxypregnenolone to 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, DHEA to 4-androstenedione, dihydrotestosterone to 5-alpha-androstane-3 beta,17 beta-diol, dehydroepiandrosterone to androstenedione and 5-alpha-androstan-3 beta,17 beta-diol to 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone.
Gene Name:
HSD3B1
Uniprot ID:
P14060
Molecular weight:
42251.25
Reactions
Cortexolone + Hydrogen Ion + NADH → 17a,21-Dihydroxypreg-nenolone + NADdetails
General function:
Involved in 3-beta-hydroxy-delta5-steroid dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
3-beta-HSD is a bifunctional enzyme, that catalyzes the oxidative conversion of Delta(5)-ene-3-beta-hydroxy steroid, and the oxidative conversion of ketosteroids. The 3-beta-HSD enzymatic system plays a crucial role in the biosynthesis of all classes of hormonal steroids.
Gene Name:
HSD3B2
Uniprot ID:
P26439
Molecular weight:
42051.845
Reactions
Cortexolone + Hydrogen Ion + NADH → 17a,21-Dihydroxypreg-nenolone + NADdetails
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Preferentially catalyzes the conversion of 11-deoxycorticosterone to aldosterone via corticosterone and 18-hydroxycorticosterone.
Gene Name:
CYP11B2
Uniprot ID:
P19099
Molecular weight:
57559.62
Reactions
Cortexolone + Reduced ferredoxin + Oxygen → Hydrocortisone + Oxidized ferredoxin + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
P450-CYP21B
Uniprot ID:
Q16874
Molecular weight:
56000.9
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
CYP21A2
Uniprot ID:
Q08AG9
Molecular weight:
55972.9
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Specifically catalyzes the 21-hydroxylation of steroids. Required for the adrenal synthesis of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids.
Gene Name:
CYP21A2
Uniprot ID:
P08686
Molecular weight:
56000.94
Reactions
17-Hydroxyprogesterone + Reduced acceptor + Oxygen → Cortexolone + Acceptor + Waterdetails