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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:36 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 05:45:18 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002096
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02096
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Indolebutyric acid
Description3-Indolebutyric acid, also known as indolebutyrate or 1H-indole-3-butanoate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 3-alkylindoles. 3-alkylindoles are compounds containing an indole moiety that carries an alkyl chain at the 3-position. 3-Indolebutyric acid is a drug. 3-Indolebutyric acid is a weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). Outside of the human body, 3-indolebutyric acid has been detected, but not quantified in, a few different foods, such as common pea, corns, and potato. This could make 3-indolebutyric acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Micropropagation of plants is the process of using small samples of plants called explants and causing them to undergo growth of differentiated or undifferentiated cells. The effect of IBA is in concurrence with other studies where IBA is the most commonly used auxin for root formation. Indole-3-butyric acid (1H-indole-3-butanoic acid, IBA) is a white to light-yellow crystalline solid, with the molecular formula C12H13NO2. The process of callus to root formation is called indirect organogenesis whereas if roots are formed from the explant directly it is called direct organogenesis. This alcohol solution is then diluted with distilled water to the desired concentration. This chemical may also be extracted from any of the Salix (Willow) genus.
Structure
Data?1563860718
Synonyms
ValueSource
1H-Indole-3-butanoic acidChEBI
3-Indolyl-gamma-butyric acidChEBI
4-(indol-3-yl)Butyric acidChEBI
4-indol-3-Ylbutyric acidChEBI
IBAChEBI
Indole-3-butanoic acidChEBI
Indolebutyric acidChEBI
SeradixChEBI
Indole-3-butyric acidKegg
1H-Indole-3-butanoateGenerator
3-Indolyl-g-butyrateGenerator
3-Indolyl-g-butyric acidGenerator
3-Indolyl-gamma-butyrateGenerator
3-Indolyl-γ-butyrateGenerator
3-Indolyl-γ-butyric acidGenerator
4-(indol-3-yl)ButyrateGenerator
4-indol-3-YlbutyrateGenerator
Indole-3-butanoateGenerator
IndolebutyrateGenerator
Indole-3-butyrateGenerator
3-IndolebutyrateGenerator
1H-Indole-3-butyrateHMDB
1H-Indole-3-butyric acidHMDB
3-Indole butyrateHMDB
3-Indole butyric acidHMDB
3-Indolylbutyric acidHMDB
3-IodolebutyrateHMDB
4-(1H-indol-3-yl)-ButyrateHMDB
4-(1H-indol-3-yl)-Butyric acidHMDB
4-(1H-indol-3-yl)ButanoateHMDB
4-(1H-indol-3-yl)Butanoic acidHMDB
4-(3-1H-Indolyl)butyrateHMDB
4-(3-1H-Indolyl)butyric acidHMDB
4-(3-Indole)-butyrateHMDB
4-(3-Indole)-butyric acidHMDB
4-(3-Indolyl)butyrateHMDB
4-(3-Indolyl)butyric acidHMDB
4-(Indolyl)- butyrateHMDB
4-(Indolyl)- butyric acidHMDB
4-indol-3-Ylbutyric-acidHMDB
b-IndolebutyrateHMDB
b-Indolebutyric acidHMDB
beta-IndolebutyrateHMDB
beta-Indolebutyric acidHMDB
Indole 3-butyrateHMDB
Indole 3-butyric acidHMDB
Indole-3 butyrateHMDB
Indole-3 butyric acidHMDB
Indole-3-butrylateHMDB
Indole-3-butrylic acidHMDB
Indolyl-3-butyrateHMDB
Indolyl-3-butyric acidHMDB
Indolebutyric acid, monosodium saltHMDB
Indolebutyric acid, monoammonium saltHMDB
Indolebutyric acid, monopotassium saltHMDB
3-INDOLEBUTYRIC ACIDChEBI
Chemical FormulaC12H13NO2
Average Molecular Weight203.2371
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight203.094628665
IUPAC Name4-(1H-indol-3-yl)butanoic acid
Traditional Name3-indolebutyric acid
CAS Registry Number133-32-4
SMILES
OC(=O)CCCC1=CNC2=C1C=CC=C2
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C12H13NO2/c14-12(15)7-3-4-9-8-13-11-6-2-1-5-10(9)11/h1-2,5-6,8,13H,3-4,7H2,(H,14,15)
InChI KeyJTEDVYBZBROSJT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 3-alkylindoles. 3-alkylindoles are compounds containing an indole moiety that carries an alkyl chain at the 3-position.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassIndoles and derivatives
Sub ClassIndoles
Direct Parent3-alkylindoles
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 3-alkylindole
  • Substituted pyrrole
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyrrole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Azacycle
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point124.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.25 mg/mL at 20 °CNot Available
LogP2.30HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.36 g/LALOGPS
logP2.38ALOGPS
logP2.6ChemAxon
logS-2.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.86ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area53.09 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity57.65 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability22.03 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-000x-0910000000-7c2b4d74ecedb117caf3JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-0udi-0391000000-c62444bc1faa5f67d652JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-0920000000-a53e6a97ea38d50751b7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-000x-0910000000-7c2b4d74ecedb117caf3JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0udi-0391000000-c62444bc1faa5f67d652JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-005c-2900000000-6403d086e6b2ec4ac0d3JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05j0-7920000000-fc57e474504223a4e838JSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0f79-0970000000-7543d99fe8a1f2b0de25JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00lu-0900000000-b46d8f64c372b7348dbdJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00lu-2900000000-ccb02800c683b0a921eeJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-68) , Positivesplash10-001i-0920000000-a53e6a97ea38d50751b7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-d6f784c6fec287fbd7c4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0590000000-22d2baa6bbf6262cb3cfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-014i-1900000000-21352951c1447c77df39JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-014i-2900000000-184013bb3b879000bdf1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-014i-2900000000-cd1951f573aa0d883a8cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0f79-1930000000-d04d53f6788d45ef881fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-002u-2900000000-e52b6e60b86d650a9c2eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-0032-8900000000-f17437c2c96f7f7f4ed2JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-017j-9500000000-8e79159a3b4ebf3488d8JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-014i-5900000000-afb8479ad9268699e823JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0udi-0090000000-d6f784c6fec287fbd7c4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0udi-0590000000-22d2baa6bbf6262cb3cfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014i-1900000000-21352951c1447c77df39JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014i-2900000000-184013bb3b879000bdf1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014i-2900000000-cd1951f573aa0d883a8cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udr-0960000000-cbabcf60da67d36a7a52JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0pbl-2910000000-66aadf35b92473e5d20eJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-5900000000-3eb3c75b1c9c299f55b5JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0290000000-534678e83a3a049ca362JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0zfr-1890000000-baeca4f8b84a743b76a0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9700000000-72990cf325b9dadb784aJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Locations
  • Nerve Cells
  • Platelet
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Schizophrenia
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Schizophrenia
  1. Cai HL, Li HD, Yan XZ, Sun B, Zhang Q, Yan M, Zhang WY, Jiang P, Zhu RH, Liu YP, Fang PF, Xu P, Yuan HY, Zhang XH, Hu L, Yang W, Ye HS: Metabolomic analysis of biochemical changes in the plasma and urine of first-episode neuroleptic-naive schizophrenia patients after treatment with risperidone. J Proteome Res. 2012 Aug 3;11(8):4338-50. doi: 10.1021/pr300459d. Epub 2012 Jul 26. [PubMed:22800120 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDDB02740
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB001404
KNApSAcK IDC00000116
Chemspider ID8298
KEGG Compound IDC11284
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkIndole-3-butyric_acid
METLIN ID6485
PubChem Compound8617
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID33070
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferencePolaczkowa, W.; Porowska, N. 3-Indolebutyric acid. Przemysl Chemiczny (1950), 6 340-3.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Merle M, Gilbert A, Fredenucci JF, Petry D, Foliguet B, Mosnier M: Experimental and clinical study of the effect of naftidrofuryl on the recovery from peripheral nerve lesions. Microsurgery. 1994;15(3):179-86. [PubMed:8015423 ]
  2. Hirsch JL, Bensoussan JJ, Mosnier M, Lehert P: [Evaluation of the efficacy and tolerance of naftidrofuryl in patients presenting with exertional angina. Multicenter double-blind versus placebo study]. Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris). 1999 Feb;48(2):137-45. [PubMed:12555338 ]
  3. Meininger V, Chaineau E, Soudiere B: [Effect of naftidrofuryl (LS129) on axonal growth]. Rev Neurol (Paris). 1994;150(2):115-22. [PubMed:7863151 ]
  4. Tonelli D, Gattavecchia E, Gandolfi M: Thin-layer chromatographic determination of indolic tryptophan metabolites in human urine using Sep-Pak C18 extraction. J Chromatogr. 1982 Sep 10;231(2):283-9. [PubMed:7130309 ]
  5. Marklova E, Albahri Z, Nozickova M: HPLC profiling of Trp-related metabolites in humans. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003;527:739-44. [PubMed:15206797 ]
  6. Eguchi K, Kamimura S, Yonezawa M, Mitsui Y, Mizutani Y, Kudo T: [Tryptophan and its metabolite concentrations in human plasma during the perinatal period]. Nihon Sanka Fujinka Gakkai Zasshi. 1992 Jun;44(6):663-8. [PubMed:1506727 ]
  7. Silverstein MN, Wakim KG, Bahn RC: The influence of tryptophan metabolites on tissue uptake of glucose. Metabolism. 1967 May;16(5):410-2. [PubMed:6025019 ]
  8. Lombard GL, Dowell VR Jr: Comparison of three reagents for detecting indole production by anaerobic bacteria in microtest systems. J Clin Microbiol. 1983 Sep;18(3):609-13. [PubMed:6630445 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Beta-2-microglobulin is the beta-chain of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules
Gene Name:
B2M
Uniprot ID:
P61769
Molecular weight:
13715.0
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235 ]