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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:10 UTC
Update Date2019-01-11 19:17:13 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002783
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02783
Metabolite Identification
Common NameSennoside B
DescriptionSennoside B is an anthranoid. Anthranoid derivatives are used all over the world as a treatment for constipation. These compounds are present in several drugs of plant origin, especially as O- or C-glycosides. Besides featuring different substituents, the aglycone might consist of an anthraquinone, an anthrone or a dianthrone. So far, detailed information concerning their metabolism and pharmacokinetic characteristics is available only in a few cases. The best characterized compounds are sennoside, a dianthrone O-glycoside present in senna leaves and senna pods, and its aglycone (rhein anthrone). After oral administration, sennoside is degraded only in the lower parts of the gastrointestinal tract, releasing its active metabolite rhein anthrone. (PMID: 8234447 ).
Structure
Data?1547234233
Synonyms
ValueSource
(-)-(9R,9's)-5,5'-Bis(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-9,9'-bianthracene-2,2'-dicarboxylic acidChEBI
(-)-(9R,9's)-5,5'-Bis(b-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-9,9'-bianthracene-2,2'-dicarboxylateGenerator
(-)-(9R,9's)-5,5'-Bis(b-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-9,9'-bianthracene-2,2'-dicarboxylic acidGenerator
(-)-(9R,9's)-5,5'-Bis(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-9,9'-bianthracene-2,2'-dicarboxylateGenerator
(-)-(9R,9's)-5,5'-Bis(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-9,9'-bianthracene-2,2'-dicarboxylateGenerator
(-)-(9R,9's)-5,5'-Bis(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-9,9'-bianthracene-2,2'-dicarboxylic acidGenerator
5,5'-Bis(b-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-[9,9'-bianthracene]-2,2'-dicarboxylic acidHMDB
5,5'-Bis(b-delta-glucopyranosyloxy)-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-[9,9'-bianthracene]-2,2'-dicarboxylic acidHMDB
5,5'-Bis(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-[9,9'-bianthracene]-2,2'-dicarboxylic acidHMDB
5,5'-Bis(beta-delta-glucopyranosyloxy)-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-[9,9'-bianthracene]-2,2'-dicarboxylic acidHMDB
Sennoside b (6ci,7ci,8ci)HMDB
ND 10HMDB
Sennoside a and bHMDB
Sennoside a and b, calcium saltHMDB
PursennidHMDB
SennosideHMDB
Sennoside aHMDB
ND-10HMDB
SenokotHMDB
Sennoside a, calcium salt (1:1)HMDB
Sennoside b, calcium saltHMDB
Sennoside a, calcium saltHMDB
(9,9'-Bianthracene)-2,2'-dicarboxylic acid, 5,5'-bis(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-, calcium salt (1:1)MeSH
Sennoside a calcium and sennoside b calciumMeSH
Sennoside b calciumMeSH
Sennosides a and bMeSH
Sennosides a and b acidsMeSH
(9,9'-Bianthracene)-2,2'-dicarboxylic acid, 5,5'-bis(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo-, (9R,9's)-, calcium saltMeSH
Sennoside a calciumMeSH
(9R,9's)-5,5'-Bis(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo(9,9'-bianthracene)-2,2'-dicarboxylic acidMeSH
(9R,9R)-5,5-Bis(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-9,9,10,10-tetrahydro-4,4-dihydroxy-10,10-dioxo(9,9-bianthracene)-2,2-dicarboxylic acidMeSH
(R*,r*)-5,5'-bis(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-4,4'-dihydroxy-10,10'-dioxo(9,9'-bianthracene)-2,2'-dicarboxylic acidMeSH
Sennoside a+b calciumMeSH
Sennosides sennoside bMeSH
Sennosides sennoside aMeSH
Chemical FormulaC42H38O20
Average Molecular Weight862.7391
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight862.195643656
IUPAC Name(9S)-9-[(9R)-2-carboxy-4-hydroxy-10-oxo-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-9,10-dihydroanthracen-9-yl]-4-hydroxy-10-oxo-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-9,10-dihydroanthracene-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Namesennoside B
CAS Registry Number128-57-4
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(C2=C(C(O[C@@H]3O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]3O)=CC=C2)C(=O)C2=C1C=C(C=C2O)C(O)=O)[C@]1([H])C2=C(C(O[C@@H]3O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]3O)=CC=C2)C(=O)C2=C1C=C(C=C2O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C42H38O20/c43-11-23-31(47)35(51)37(53)41(61-23)59-21-5-1-3-15-25(17-7-13(39(55)56)9-19(45)27(17)33(49)29(15)21)26-16-4-2-6-22(60-42-38(54)36(52)32(48)24(12-44)62-42)30(16)34(50)28-18(26)8-14(40(57)58)10-20(28)46/h1-10,23-26,31-32,35-38,41-48,51-54H,11-12H2,(H,55,56)(H,57,58)/t23-,24-,25-,26+,31-,32-,35+,36+,37-,38-,41-,42-/m1/s1
InChI KeyIPQVTOJGNYVQEO-AIFLABODSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as anthracenecarboxylic acids. These are organic compounds containing a carboxylic acid group attached to an anthracene ring system.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassAnthracenes
Sub ClassAnthracenecarboxylic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentAnthracenecarboxylic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Anthracene carboxylic acid
  • Phenolic glycoside
  • 2-naphthalenecarboxylic acid
  • 2-naphthalenecarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Aryl ketone
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Monosaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Vinylogous acid
  • Ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Acetal
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-0.686Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.75 g/LALOGPS
logP0.94ALOGPS
logP1.19ChemAxon
logS-3.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.23ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count20ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count12ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area347.96 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity205.44 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability81.89 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings8ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0il1-0100016390-ffd89cff08870550be99JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0f80-0110069220-c490eb043c6b21c70985JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2310096210-083f5093912cdaf42f36JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0100004290-85efa2f58c44068dc93eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-1200019130-c2fa3c58f6f5a1d0f7fcJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-000i-4200095000-65baf0c0ecdf9aaaeddfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB002468
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID82569
KEGG Compound IDC13526
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID2406
PubChem Compound91440
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID34975
References
Synthesis ReferenceOgawa, Shntaro; Yoshida, Akiyoshi; Kato, Reiko. Purification of sennosides. Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho (1977), 3 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. de Witte P: Metabolism and pharmacokinetics of anthranoids. Pharmacology. 1993 Oct;47 Suppl 1:86-97. [PubMed:8234447 ]