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Record Information
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:42 UTC
Update Date2019-01-11 19:17:26 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03224
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDeoxyribose
DescriptionDeoxyribose is an aldopentose, a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group. It is derived from the pentose sugar ribose by the replacement of the hydroxyl group at the 2 position with hydrogen, leading to the net loss of an oxygen atom, and has chemical formula C5H10O4. In deoxyribose, the carbon furthest from the attached carbon is stripped of the oxygen atom in what would be a hydroxyl group in ribose. The common base adenine (a purine derivative) coupled to deoxyribose is called deoxyadenosine. The 5-triphosphate derivative of adenosine, commonly called adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is an important energy transport molecule in cells. -- Wikipedia.
Chemical FormulaC5H10O4
Average Molecular Weight134.1305
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight134.057908808
IUPAC Name(2S,4R,5S)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-2,4-diol
Traditional Name2-deoxyribose
CAS Registry Number533-67-5
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentoses. These are monosaccharides in which the carbohydrate moiety contains five carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentPentoses
Alternative Parents
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hemiacetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available


Biological location:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting Point91 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility1050 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.36ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area69.92 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity28.45 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability12.67 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-052f-9100000000-8265d06b93bc980794aaView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0f79-7492000000-9d5168c6f14abe682d00View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00kr-1900000000-90110d36692d2fa02034View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-014r-5900000000-a2fc5c56decd9a9dd270View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-059b-9000000000-af78f6c0618e210b1719View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-2900000000-3fa7ba0b3105a4089704View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-067r-9500000000-3672c628038bf5b3bdc5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-9000000000-a63ae9417695ec37c8acView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
Tissue Locations
  • Fibroblasts
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothColorectal Cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Colorectal cancer
  1. Brown DG, Rao S, Weir TL, O'Malia J, Bazan M, Brown RJ, Ryan EP: Metabolomics and metabolic pathway networks from human colorectal cancers, adjacent mucosa, and stool. Cancer Metab. 2016 Jun 6;4:11. doi: 10.1186/s40170-016-0151-y. eCollection 2016. [PubMed:27275383 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB023126
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17216222
KEGG Compound IDC01801
BioCyc IDCPD-7298
BiGG ID38440
Wikipedia LinkDeoxyribose
PubChem Compound22833604
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28816
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Formichi P, Radi E, Battisti C, Tarquini E, Leonini A, Di Stefano A, Federico A: Human fibroblasts undergo oxidative stress-induced apoptosis without internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. J Cell Physiol. 2006 Aug;208(2):289-97. [PubMed:16646085 ]
  2. Lapenna D, Ciofani G, Festi D, Neri M, Pierdomenico SD, Giamberardino MA, Cuccurullo F: Antioxidant properties of ursodeoxycholic acid. Biochem Pharmacol. 2002 Dec 1;64(11):1661-7. [PubMed:12429355 ]
  3. Gutteridge JM, Quinlan GJ: Antioxidant protection against organic and inorganic oxygen radicals by normal human plasma: the important primary role for iron-binding and iron-oxidising proteins. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Feb 13;1156(2):144-50. [PubMed:8427873 ]
  4. Truscott RJ, Halpern B, Hammond J, Hunt S, Cotton RG, Haan EA, Danks DM: Abnormal deoxyribose metabolites in the urine of a child with a possible new inborn error of metabolism. Biomed Mass Spectrom. 1979 Oct;6(10):453-9. [PubMed:526564 ]
  5. Gutteridge JM, Quinlan GJ: Antioxidant protection against organic and inorganic oxygen radicals by normal human plasma: the important primary role for iron-binding and iron-oxidising proteins. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Oct 20;1159(3):248-54. [PubMed:1327159 ]
  6. Chappel A, Scholem RD, Brown GK, Truscott RM, Cotton RG, Haan EA, Danks DM: Deoxyribose-5-phosphate aldolase deficiency--a harmless inborn error of metabolism. J Inherit Metab Dis. 1983;6(3):105-7. [PubMed:6422138 ]


General function:
Involved in ribokinase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Deoxyribose 5-monophosphate + ADP → Deoxyribose + Adenosine triphosphatedetails