You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-12 20:14:08 UTC
Update Date2019-01-11 19:17:33 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03404
Metabolite Identification
Common NameChitosan
DescriptionDeacetylated CHITIN, a linear polysaccharide of deacetylated beta-1,4-D-glucosamine. It is used in HYDROGEL and to treat WOUNDS. Chitosan can also be used in water processing engineering as a part of a filtration process. Chitosan causes the fine sediment particles to bind together and is subsequently removed with the sediment during sand filtration. Chitosan also removes phosphorous, heavy minerals, and oils from the water. Chitosan is an important additive in the filtration process. Sand filtration apparently can remove up to 50% of the turbidity alone while the Chitosan with sand filtration removes up to 99% turbidity. Chitosan is a linear polysaccharide composed of randomly distributed beta(1->4)-linked D-glucosamine (deacetylated unit) and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (acetylated unit). It has a number of commercial amd possible biomedical uses.
Chitopearl 3510HMDB
Chitopearl BC 3000HMDB
Chitopearl BCW 2500HMDB
Chitopearl BCW 3000HMDB
Chitopearl BCW 3500HMDB
Chitopearl BCW 3505HMDB
Chitopearl BCW 3507HMDB
Flonac CHMDB
Flonac NHMDB
Kimitsu chitosan FHMDB
Kimitsu chitosan F 2HMDB
Kimitsu chitosan HHMDB
Kimitsu chitosan LHMDB
Kimitsu chitosan mHMDB
Kytex mHMDB
Sea cure FHMDB
Sea cure plusHMDB
Chemical FormulaC56H103N9O39
Average Molecular Weight1526.4539
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1525.635314599
IUPAC Namemethyl N-[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-amino-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-amino-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-amino-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-amino-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-amino-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-amino-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-2-{[(2R,3S,4R,5R,6S)-5-amino-6-{[(2R,3S,4R,5R,6R)-5-amino-4,6-dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]carbamate
Traditional Namechitosan
CAS Registry Number9012-76-4
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as oligosaccharides. These are carbohydrates made up of 3 to 10 monosaccharide units linked to each other through glycosidic bonds.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentOligosaccharides
Alternative Parents
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Aminoglycoside core
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Amino saccharide
  • Oxane
  • Methylcarbamate
  • Carbamic acid ester
  • 1,2-aminoalcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hemiacetal
  • Carbonic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary alcohol
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available


Biological location:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility69.3 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.32ChemAxon
Physiological Charge8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count46ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count29ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area808 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count27ChemAxon
Refractivity321.21 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability144.58 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings9ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0101090000-0af9d88d6e547a866bbbJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0bt9-2505390220-902ec8da722e5ec5abbcJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-1606390000-b1593d4ad805f4f2e702JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0r6r-4181970430-07dfcf890d2963fd841dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-1436891112-9f1d5fc3dc6dc10242ddJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-000i-1340910000-8954a5bf7dad983817a7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue Locations
  • Bladder
  • Epidermis
  • Fibroblasts
  • Gut
  • Intestine
  • Kidney
  • Nerve Cells
  • Placenta
  • Platelet
  • Prostate
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB015634
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID64870
KEGG Compound IDC00734
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkChitosan
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound71853
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceRashad, Mona M.; Abdou, Hala M.; Mahmoud, Abeer E. Production of chitosan from Pleurotus ostreatus by solid state fermentation. AFS, Advances in Food Sciences (2007), 29(1), 21-26.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Howling GI, Dettmar PW, Goddard PA, Hampson FC, Dornish M, Wood EJ: The effect of chitin and chitosan on the proliferation of human skin fibroblasts and keratinocytes in vitro. Biomaterials. 2001 Nov;22(22):2959-66. [PubMed:11575470 ]
  2. Stone CA, Wright H, Clarke T, Powell R, Devaraj VS: Healing at skin graft donor sites dressed with chitosan. Br J Plast Surg. 2000 Oct;53(7):601-6. [PubMed:11000077 ]
  3. van der Lubben IM, Verhoef JC, Borchard G, Junginger HE: Chitosan for mucosal vaccination. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2001 Nov 5;52(2):139-44. [PubMed:11718937 ]
  4. Rosales-Cortes M, Peregrina-Sandoval J, Banuelos-Pineda J, Castellanos-Martinez EE, Gomez-Pinedo UA, Albarran-Rodriguez E: [Regeneration of the axotomised sciatic nerve in dogs using the tubulisation technique with Chitosan biomaterial preloaded with progesterone]. Rev Neurol. 2003 Jun 16-30;36(12):1137-41. [PubMed:12833231 ]
  5. Rana V, Babita K, Goyal D, Tiwary A: Sodium citrate cross-linked chitosan films: optimization as substitute for human/rat/rabbit epidermal sheets. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2004 Dec 20;8(1):10-7. [PubMed:15946593 ]
  6. Pogozheva AV, Baigarin EK, Derbeneva SA, Varsanovich EA, Miagkova MA: [The study of influence of chitosan on clinical, metabolic and immune parameters in patients with cardiovascular diseases]. Vopr Pitan. 2005;74(4):27-30. [PubMed:16265912 ]
  7. Lin CW, Lin JC: Characterization and blood coagulation evaluation of the water-soluble chitooligosaccharides prepared by a facile fractionation method. Biomacromolecules. 2003 Nov-Dec;4(6):1691-7. [PubMed:14606897 ]
  8. Drenda P, Lampe P, Gorka Z, Bursig H, Dylag S: [Evaluation of the usefulness of dressings made from chitosan and lyophilized human placenta on wound healing]. Wiad Lek. 1997;50 Suppl 1 Pt 2:252-6. [PubMed:9424883 ]
  9. Guo JX, Ping QN, Dong J, Li ZR, Li CJ: [Mechanisms of action of transportation of liposomes and chitosan-coated liposomes containing leuprolide across intestine and Caco-2 cell]. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2005 Jan;40(1):65-70. [PubMed:15881330 ]
  10. Zahorska-Markiewicz B, Krotkiewski M, Olszanecka-Glinianowicz M, Zurakowski A: [Effect of chitosan in complex management of obesity]. Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2002 Aug;13(74):129-32. [PubMed:12420344 ]
  11. Lekka M, Laidler P, Ignacak J, Labedz M, Lekki J, Struszczyk H, Stachura Z, Hrynkiewicz AZ: The effect of chitosan on stiffness and glycolytic activity of human bladder cells. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001 Aug 22;1540(2):127-36. [PubMed:11513974 ]
  12. Saintigny G, Bonnard M, Damour O, Collombel C: Reconstruction of epidermis on a chitosan cross-linked collagen-GAG lattice: effect of fibroblasts. Acta Derm Venereol. 1993 Jun;73(3):175-80. [PubMed:8105612 ]
  13. Suzuki T, Mizushima Y, Umeda T, Ohashi R: Further biocompatibility testing of silica-chitosan complex membrane in the production of tissue plasminogen activator by epithelial and fibroblast cells. J Biosci Bioeng. 1999;88(2):194-9. [PubMed:16232597 ]
  14. Gingras M, Paradis I, Berthod F: Nerve regeneration in a collagen-chitosan tissue-engineered skin transplanted on nude mice. Biomaterials. 2003 Apr;24(9):1653-61. [PubMed:12559825 ]
  15. Springate CM, Jackson JK, Gleave ME, Burt HM: Efficacy of an intratumoral controlled release formulation of clusterin antisense oligonucleotide complexed with chitosan containing paclitaxel or docetaxel in prostate cancer xenograft models. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2005 Sep;56(3):239-47. Epub 2005 Apr 30. [PubMed:15864591 ]