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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-12 23:36:48 UTC
Update Date2017-12-20 20:22:13 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0003553
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03553
Metabolite Identification
Common NameStachyose
DescriptionStachyose is a tetrasaccharide consisting of two D-galactose units, one D-glucose unit, and one D-fructose unit sequentially linked. Stachyose is a normal human metabolite present in human milk and is naturally found in many vegetables (e.g. green beans, soybeans and other beans) and plants. The glycosylation of serum transferrin from galactosemic patients with a deficiency of galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (EC 2. 7.7 12) is abnormal but becomes normal after treatment with a galactose-free diet. Adhering to a galactose-free diet by strictly avoiding dairy products and known hidden sources of galactose does not completely normalize galactose-1-phosphate (gal-1-P) in erythrocytes from patients with galactosemia, since galactose released from stachyose may be absorbed and contribute to elevated gal-1-P values in erythrocytes of galactosemic patients. (PMID: 7671975 , 9499382 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-alpha-D-galp-(1->6)-alpha-D-GLCP-(12)-beta-D-frufChEBI
O-alpha-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-beta-D-fructofuranosideChEBI
a-D-Galp-(1->6)-a-D-galp-(1->6)-a-D-GLCP-(12)-b-D-frufGenerator
α-D-galp-(1->6)-α-D-galp-(1->6)-α-D-GLCP-(12)-β-D-frufGenerator
O-a-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-a-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-a-D-galactopyranosyl-b-D-fructofuranosideGenerator
O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-β-D-fructofuranosideGenerator
beta-D-Fructofuranosyl O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)-O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)-alpha-D-glucopyranosideHMDB
D-StachyoseHMDB
Stachyose tetrahydrateMeSH
Stachyose hydrateMeSH
Chemical FormulaC24H42O21
Average Molecular Weight666.5777
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight666.221858406
IUPAC Name(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-{[(2S,3S,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]oxy}-6-({[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-({[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}methyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}methyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol
Traditional Namestachyose
CAS Registry Number470-55-3
SMILES
OC[C@H]1O[C@@](CO)(O[C@H]2O[C@H](CO[C@H]3O[C@H](CO[C@H]4O[C@H](CO)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]3O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]2O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C24H42O21/c25-1-6-10(28)14(32)17(35)21(41-6)39-3-8-11(29)15(33)18(36)22(42-8)40-4-9-12(30)16(34)19(37)23(43-9)45-24(5-27)20(38)13(31)7(2-26)44-24/h6-23,25-38H,1-5H2/t6-,7-,8-,9-,10+,11+,12-,13-,14+,15+,16+,17-,18-,19-,20+,21+,22+,23-,24+/m1/s1
InChI KeyUQZIYBXSHAGNOE-XNSRJBNMSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as oligosaccharides. These are carbohydrates made up of 3 to 10 monosaccharide units linked to each other through glycosidic bonds.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentOligosaccharides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Oligosaccharide
  • C-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Ketal
  • Oxane
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Acetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Alcohol
  • Primary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility411 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.9ALOGPS
logP-8.1ChemAxon
logS-0.21ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.63ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count21ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count14ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area347.83 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count11ChemAxon
Refractivity133.6 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability61.58 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0k9b-5402129000-61642294535e87144940View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-014i-0000009000-d94a236a9a5a6bd5c972View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-017i-1828209000-9199e7c55d37d011eac1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-7912000000-8a80b033b9a4ea01bc8eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01q9-0900000000-9a4d05616e9796aaf3a5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03ei-0902200000-8724dec2357b4a940fedView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03dl-8900000000-8bb4399ade337d2bf2e0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-2900001000-02f4bb852a9d5309ddf5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-01t9-1900000000-0f98c8c4de6b8e4eea1eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-002e-5910000000-10e95551d72e06a4af9bView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue Locations
  • Prostate
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012320
KNApSAcK IDC00001150
Chemspider ID388624
KEGG Compound IDC01613
BioCyc IDCPD-170
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkStachyose
METLIN ID6951
PubChem Compound439531
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17164
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. doi: 10.1038/nature07762. [PubMed:19212411 ]
  2. Sandrin MS, Vaughan HA, Dabkowski PL, McKenzie IF: Anti-pig IgM antibodies in human serum react predominantly with Gal(alpha 1-3)Gal epitopes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Dec 1;90(23):11391-5. [PubMed:7504304 ]
  3. Wiesmann UN, Rose-Beutler B, Schluchter R: Leguminosae in the diet: the raffinose-stachyose question. Eur J Pediatr. 1995;154(7 Suppl 2):S93-6. [PubMed:7671975 ]
  4. Charlwood J, Clayton P, Keir G, Mian N, Winchester B: Defective galactosylation of serum transferrin in galactosemia. Glycobiology. 1998 Apr;8(4):351-7. [PubMed:9499382 ]
  5. (). Lewis blood groups of breastfeeding women tested serologically and by chromatographic analysis of human milk oligosaccharides. Thurl, S., Henker, J., Siegel, M., Tovar, K., Sawatzki, G. Milchwissenschaft (1998), 53(3), 127-129. Publisher: VV-GmbH Volkswirtschaftlicher Verlag, CODEN: MILCAD ISSN: 0026-3788. .

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GLA
Uniprot ID:
P06280
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Stachyose + Water → Raffinose + Beta-D-Galactosedetails