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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-12-21 19:59:49 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000045
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00045
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAdenosine monophosphate
DescriptionAdenosine monophosphate, also known as 5'-adenylic acid and abbreviated AMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside adenosine. AMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine. AMP can be produced during ATP synthesis by the enzyme adenylate kinase. AMP has recently been approved as a 'Bitter Blocker' additive to foodstuffs. When AMP is added to bitter foods or foods with a bitter aftertaste it makes them seem 'sweeter'. This potentially makes lower calorie food products more palatable.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5'-Adenosine monophosphateChEBI
5'-Adenylic acidChEBI
5'-AMPChEBI
5'-O-PhosphonoadenosineChEBI
Adenosine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphate)ChEBI
Adenosine 5'-monophosphateChEBI
Adenosine 5'-phosphateChEBI
Adenosine phosphateChEBI
Adenosine-5'-monophosphoric acidChEBI
Adenosine-5'pChEBI
Adenosini phosphasChEBI
AdenylateChEBI
Adenylic acidChEBI
Ado5'pChEBI
fosfato De adenosinaChEBI
pAChEBI
PAdoChEBI
Phosphate d'adenosineChEBI
5'-Adenosine monophosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine monophosphoric acidGenerator
5'-AdenylateGenerator
Adenosine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphoric acid)Generator
Adenosine 5'-monophosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine 5'-phosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine phosphoric acidGenerator
Adenosine-5'-monophosphateGenerator
Phosphoric acid d'adenosineGenerator
Adenosine 5'-phosphorateHMDB
Adenosine-5'-monophosphorateHMDB
Adenosine-5-monophosphorateHMDB
Adenosine-5-monophosphoric acidHMDB
Adenosine-monophosphateHMDB
Adenosine-phosphateHMDB
AdenoviteHMDB
AMPHMDB
CardiomoneHMDB
LycedanHMDB
Muscle adenylateHMDB
Muscle adenylic acidHMDB
My-b-denHMDB
My-beta-denHMDB
PhosadenHMDB
PhosphadenHMDB
PhosphentasideHMDB
5'-Phosphate, adenosineMeSH
Acid, 2'-adenylicMeSH
2'-Adenylic acidMeSH
Adenosine 3' phosphateMeSH
Disodium, adenosine phosphateMeSH
Phosphate dipotassium, adenosineMeSH
Adenosine 2'-phosphateMeSH
Adenosine 5' phosphateMeSH
Adenosine phosphate dipotassiumMeSH
Dipotassium, adenosine phosphateMeSH
2' Adenylic acidMeSH
5' Adenylic acidMeSH
Acid, 5'-adenylicMeSH
Adenosine 3'-phosphateMeSH
Monophosphate, 2'-adenosineMeSH
Phosphate disodium, adenosineMeSH
2' Adenosine monophosphateMeSH
2'-AMPMeSH
2'-Adenosine monophosphateMeSH
Adenosine 2' phosphateMeSH
Adenosine phosphate disodiumMeSH
Chemical FormulaC10H14N5O7P
Average Molecular Weight347.2212
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight347.063084339
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Nameadenylate
CAS Registry Number61-19-8
SMILES
NC1=C2N=CN([C@@H]3O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]3O)C2=NC=N1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H14N5O7P/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(22-10)1-21-23(18,19)20/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyUDMBCSSLTHHNCD-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside monophosphates. These are nucleotides consisting of a purine base linked to a ribose to which one monophosphate group is attached.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPurine ribonucleoside monophosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

Disposition

Biological location:

  Subcellular:

  Cell and elements:

  Biofluid and excreta:

  Tissue and substructures:

Source:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

  Pharmaceutical industry:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point195 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility10 mg/mL at 20 °CBEILSTEIN
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.31 g/LALOGPS
logP-3.1ALOGPS
logP-4.8ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.23ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.97ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area186.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity74.07 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability30 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (5 TMS)splash10-014i-0974000000-7ce25c09f93913b81e9bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-014i-0975000000-8175538459abaf92d36fView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-0974000000-7ce25c09f93913b81e9bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-0975000000-8175538459abaf92d36fView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-002b-9713000000-019182f931e395f479cdView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0gl0-4942400000-fb8ced86745a4de1b047View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-052b-0209001000-f6c3cf706bb3b839d180View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-053s-0395300000-e2a342872025e6e960aeView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-2b9fb262817de641a5cdView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-053r-0007920000-ee7bab39079e225a1b07View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-0109000000-52331e416cbdd8218b97View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-014i-3900000000-ddc799b6e2bb5d5ac9a6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-68d6660e0cfbfb8f02adView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-27f73c3a0a9566986a0eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-03dm-0007009001-639c5cafae90b10dfc5fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-03di-0290000000-e0b5612abd24736e70daView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0a4i-0039210000-3e5b716531d739ca25d9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0002-0009000000-9232b7438abb1f6256b6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0007-2109007000-3e1cf347bd9e054b9368View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0006-0002009000-b840e6edcca65562937bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-03di-0190000000-948ec97ae442eda212cbView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0002-0009000000-bd1c10704f289141803aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-0002-0109000000-433eab5bd833cd92f290View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) 30V, Positivesplash10-000b-0709000000-fa268a51905a453bc6f5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-002b-9104000000-bc358c1d8c03290fc49dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-0913000000-52bfdec6ec6f2f9422f4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-9bf867ba72f77732e0ceView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-fab6495d31eac8de123cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0032-6709000000-fd9ea223f556b17d2d3aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0059-8900000000-3937203187746280b10aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9200000000-5947ff2a364087cb0e38View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Lysosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
  • Peroxisome
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Cellular Cytoplasm
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Glutamate MetabolismPw000003Pw000003 greyscalePw000003 simpleMap00250
Glutaric Aciduria Type IPw000107Pw000107 greyscalePw000107 simpleNot Available
Glycine N-methyltransferase DeficiencyPw000103Pw000103 greyscalePw000103 simpleNot Available
Glycine and Serine MetabolismPw000157Pw000157 greyscalePw000157 simpleMap00260
Gout or Kelley-Seegmiller SyndromePw000077Pw000077 greyscalePw000077 simpleNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified5.1+/- 1.3 uMAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified51.0 (10.0-92.0) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified14.0 +/- 3.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified6.2 +/- 3.1 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
Cellular CytoplasmDetected and Quantified80.0 (71.0-89.0) uMChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal details
Cellular CytoplasmDetected and Quantified23 uMChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified< 0.2 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (6 - 18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.793 +/- 0.705 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified3.70 +/- 3.32 uMAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.912 +/- 0.994 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.04 +/- 1.08 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.19 +/- 2.66 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.51 +/- 1.44 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.60 +/- 1.12 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.124 +/- 0.284 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.30 +/- 0.14 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Zerihun T. Dame, ...
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.99 +/- 0.16 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.24 +/- 0.33 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.10 +/- 0.29 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.321 +/- 0.506 uMAdult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (6 - 18 years old)Not SpecifiedCrohns disease details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (6 - 18 years old)Not SpecifiedUlcerative colitis details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (6 - 18 years old)Not SpecifiedUnclassified IBD details
SalivaDetected and Quantified1.39 +/- 1.25 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleAlzheimer's disease details
SalivaDetected and Quantified3.72 +/- 4.53 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleFrontotemporal lobe dementia details
SalivaDetected and Quantified4.12 +/- 6.43 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothLewy body disease details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00131
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021806
KNApSAcK IDC00019347
Chemspider ID5858
KEGG Compound IDC00020
BioCyc IDAMP
BiGG ID33534
Wikipedia LinkAdenylic_acid
METLIN ID5111
PubChem Compound6083
PDB IDA
ChEBI ID16027
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Eells JT, Spector R: Purine and pyrimidine base and nucleoside concentrations in human cerebrospinal fluid and plasma. Neurochem Res. 1983 Nov;8(11):1451-7. [PubMed:6656991 ]
  2. Nakayama Y, Kinoshita A, Tomita M: Dynamic simulation of red blood cell metabolism and its application to the analysis of a pathological condition. Theor Biol Med Model. 2005 May 9;2:18. [PubMed:15882454 ]
  3. BISHOP C, RANKINE DM, TALBOTT JH: The nucleotides in normal human blood. J Biol Chem. 1959 May;234(5):1233-7. [PubMed:13654353 ]
  4. Lin CY, Ishida M: Elevation of cAMP levels in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with neonatal meningitis. Pediatrics. 1983 Jun;71(6):932-4. [PubMed:6304612 ]
  5. Pagani R, Tabucchi A, Carlucci F, Leoncini R, Consolmagno E, Molinelli M, Valerio P: Some aspects of purine nucleotide metabolism in human lymphocytes before and after infection with HIV-1 virus: nucleotide content. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1991;309B:43-6. [PubMed:1781403 ]
  6. Drezner MK, Neelon FA, Curtis HB, Lebovitz HE: Renal cyclic adenosine monophosphate: an accurate index of parathyroid function. Metabolism. 1976 Oct;25(10):1103-12. [PubMed:184364 ]
  7. Aschenbach WG, Sakamoto K, Goodyear LJ: 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, metabolism and exercise. Sports Med. 2004;34(2):91-103. [PubMed:14965188 ]
  8. Subramanian GM, Cronin PW, Poley G, Weinstein A, Stoughton SM, Zhong J, Ou Y, Zmuda JF, Osborn BL, Freimuth WW: A phase 1 study of PAmAb, a fully human monoclonal antibody against Bacillus anthracis protective antigen, in healthy volunteers. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Jul 1;41(1):12-20. Epub 2005 May 24. [PubMed:15937757 ]
  9. Aurbach GD: Genetic disorders involving parathyroid hormone and calcitonin. Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1971 May;7(6):48-54. [PubMed:4155962 ]
  10. Post RM, Cramer H, Goodwin FK: Cyclic AMP in cerebrospinal fluid of manic and depressive patients. Psychol Med. 1977 Nov;7(4):599-605. [PubMed:201957 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 269 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes extracellular nucleotides into membrane permeable nucleosides.
Gene Name:
NT5E
Uniprot ID:
P21589
Molecular weight:
57948.125
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides. Helps to regulate adenosine levels (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NT5C1B
Uniprot ID:
Q96P26
Molecular weight:
68803.055
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides and has a broad substrate specificity. Helps to regulate adenosine levels in heart during ischemia and hypoxia.
Gene Name:
NT5C1A
Uniprot ID:
Q9BXI3
Molecular weight:
41020.145
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides, with a preference for dUMP and dTMP, intermediate activity towards dGMP, and low activity towards dCMP and dAMP.
Gene Name:
NT5C
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCD5
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Required for the phosphorylation of the deoxyribonucleosides deoxycytidine (dC), deoxyguanosine (dG) and deoxyadenosine (dA). Has broad substrate specificity, and does not display selectivity based on the chirality of the substrate. It is also an essential enzyme for the phosphorylation of numerous nucleoside analogs widely employed as antiviral and chemotherapeutic agents.
Gene Name:
DCK
Uniprot ID:
P27707
Molecular weight:
30518.315
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Adenosine → ADP + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates specifically the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides, and so protects mitochondrial DNA replication from excess dTTP. Has only marginal activity towards dIMP and dGMP.
Gene Name:
NT5M
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPB1
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in acetate-CoA ligase activity
Specific function:
Activates acetate so that it can be used for lipid synthesis or for energy generation.
Gene Name:
ACSS2
Uniprot ID:
Q9NR19
Molecular weight:
78579.11
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Acetic acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Acetyl-CoAdetails
Acetyl adenylate + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Acetyl-CoAdetails
Propinol adenylate + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Propionyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in acetate-CoA ligase activity
Specific function:
Important for maintaining normal body temperature during fasting and for energy homeostasis. Essential for energy expenditure under ketogenic conditions (By similarity). Converts acetate to acetyl-CoA so that it can be used for oxidation through the tricarboxylic cycle to produce ATP and CO(2).
Gene Name:
ACSS1
Uniprot ID:
Q9NUB1
Molecular weight:
74625.88
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Acetic acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Acetyl-CoAdetails
Acetyl adenylate + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Acetyl-CoAdetails
Propinol adenylate + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Propionyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
In the nervous system, could hydrolyze ATP and other nucleotides to regulate purinergic neurotransmission. Could also be implicated in the prevention of platelet aggregation by hydrolyzing platelet-activating ADP to AMP. Hydrolyzes ATP and ADP equally well.
Gene Name:
ENTPD1
Uniprot ID:
P49961
Molecular weight:
58706.0
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
ADP + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent nucleotidase with a preference for UDP. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP > GDP > UTP > GTP. Has very low activity towards ADP and even lower activity towards ATP. Does not hydrolyze AMP and GMP. Involved in proteoglycan synthesis.
Gene Name:
CANT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WVQ1
Molecular weight:
44839.24

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 269 proteins in total.