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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2013-06-12 18:02:53 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00045
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAdenosine monophosphate
DescriptionAdenosine monophosphate, also known as 5'-adenylic acid and abbreviated AMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside adenosine. AMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine. AMP can be produced during ATP synthesis by the enzyme adenylate kinase. AMP has recently been approved as a 'Bitter Blocker' additive to foodstuffs. When AMP is added to bitter foods or foods with a bitter aftertaste it makes them seem 'sweeter'. This potentially makes lower calorie food products more palatable.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 5'-Adenosine monophosphate
  2. 5'-Adenylate
  3. 5'-Adenylic acid
  4. 5'-AMP
  5. Adenosine 5'-monophosphate
  6. Adenosine 5'-phosphate
  7. Adenosine 5'-phosphorate
  8. Adenosine 5'-phosphoric acid
  9. Adenosine phosphate
  10. Adenosine-5'-monophosphorate
  11. Adenosine-5'-monophosphoric acid
  12. Adenosine-5-monophosphorate
  13. Adenosine-5-monophosphoric acid
  14. Adenosine-monophosphate
  15. Adenosine-phosphate
  16. Adenovite
  17. Adenylate
  18. Adenylic acid
  19. AMP
  20. Cardiomone
  21. Lycedan
  22. Muscle adenylate
  23. Muscle adenylic acid
  24. My-B-Den
  25. My-beta-Den
  26. Phosaden
  27. Phosphaden
  28. Phosphentaside
Chemical FormulaC10H14N5O7P
Average Molecular Weight347.2212
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight347.063084339
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number61-19-8
SMILES
NC1=NC=NC2=C1N=CN2[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H14N5O7P/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(22-10)1-21-23(18,19)20/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyUDMBCSSLTHHNCD-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, Nucleotides, and Analogues
ClassPurine Nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine Ribonucleotides
Other Descriptors
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
  • Ribonucleotides(KEGG)
  • adenosine 5'-phosphate(ChEBI)
  • purine ribonucleoside 5'-monophosphate(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • 1,2 Diol
  • 1 Phosphoribosyl Imidazole
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Imidazole
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide Phosphate
  • N Glycosyl Compound
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Oxolane
  • Pentose Monosaccharide
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Purine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
Direct ParentPurine Ribonucleoside Monophosphates
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Alanine and aspartate metabolism
  • Component of Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
  • Component of Arginine and proline metabolism
  • Component of Biotin metabolism
  • Component of Fatty acid metabolism
  • Component of Glutamate metabolism
  • Component of Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
  • Component of Histidine metabolism
  • Component of Lysine biosynthesis
  • Component of Methionine metabolism
  • Component of Nitrogen metabolism
  • Component of Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
  • Component of Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Component of Propanoate metabolism
  • Component of Purine metabolism
  • Component of Pyrimidine metabolism
  • Component of Pyruvate metabolism
  • Component of Selenoamino acid metabolism
  • Component of Sulfur metabolism
  • Component of Thiamine metabolism
  • Component of Tryptophan metabolism
  • Component of Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
  • Waste products
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Lysosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
  • Peroxisome
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point195 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility10 mg/mL at 20 °CBEILSTEIN
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
water solubility3.31 g/LALOGPS
logP-3.1ALOGPS
logP-4.8ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic)1.23ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic)4.97ChemAxon
physiological charge-2ChemAxon
hydrogen acceptor count10ChemAxon
hydrogen donor count5ChemAxon
polar surface area186.07ChemAxon
rotatable bond count4ChemAxon
refractivity74.07ChemAxon
polarizability29.65ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraGC-MSLC-MS1D NMR2D NMR
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Lysosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
  • Peroxisome
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Cellular Cytoplasm
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Ammonia RecyclingSMP00009map00910
Ethanol DegradationSMP00449Not Available
Glycine and Serine MetabolismSMP00004map00260
Histidine MetabolismSMP00044map00340
Mitochondrial Beta-Oxidation of Long Chain Saturated Fatty AcidsSMP00482Not Available
Mitochondrial Beta-Oxidation of Medium Chain Saturated Fatty AcidsSMP00481Not Available
Mitochondrial Beta-Oxidation of Short Chain Saturated Fatty AcidsSMP00480Not Available
Purine MetabolismSMP00050map00230
Transcription/TranslationSMP00019Not Available
Urea CycleSMP00059map00330
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified5.1+/- 1.3 uMAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified51.0 (10.0-92.0) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified14.0 +/- 3.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified6.2 +/- 3.1 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
Cellular CytoplasmDetected and Quantified80.0 (71.0-89.0) uMChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal details
Cellular CytoplasmDetected and Quantified23 uMChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified< 0.2 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00485
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021806
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5858
KEGG Compound IDC00020
BioCyc IDAMP
BiGG ID33534
Wikipedia LinkAdenosine monophosphate
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00045
Metagene LinkHMDB00045
METLIN ID5111
PubChem Compound6083
PDB IDA
ChEBI ID16027
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Eells JT, Spector R: Purine and pyrimidine base and nucleoside concentrations in human cerebrospinal fluid and plasma. Neurochem Res. 1983 Nov;8(11):1451-7. Pubmed: 6656991
  2. Nakayama Y, Kinoshita A, Tomita M: Dynamic simulation of red blood cell metabolism and its application to the analysis of a pathological condition. Theor Biol Med Model. 2005 May 9;2(1):18. Pubmed: 15882454
  3. BISHOP C, RANKINE DM, TALBOTT JH: The nucleotides in normal human blood. J Biol Chem. 1959 May;234(5):1233-7. Pubmed: 13654353
  4. Lin CY, Ishida M: Elevation of cAMP levels in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with neonatal meningitis. Pediatrics. 1983 Jun;71(6):932-4. Pubmed: 6304612
  5. Pagani R, Tabucchi A, Carlucci F, Leoncini R, Consolmagno E, Molinelli M, Valerio P: Some aspects of purine nucleotide metabolism in human lymphocytes before and after infection with HIV-1 virus: nucleotide content. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1991;309B:43-6. Pubmed: 1781403
  6. Drezner MK, Neelon FA, Curtis HB, Lebovitz HE: Renal cyclic adenosine monophosphate: an accurate index of parathyroid function. Metabolism. 1976 Oct;25(10):1103-12. Pubmed: 184364
  7. Aschenbach WG, Sakamoto K, Goodyear LJ: 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, metabolism and exercise. Sports Med. 2004;34(2):91-103. Pubmed: 14965188
  8. Subramanian GM, Cronin PW, Poley G, Weinstein A, Stoughton SM, Zhong J, Ou Y, Zmuda JF, Osborn BL, Freimuth WW: A phase 1 study of PAmAb, a fully human monoclonal antibody against Bacillus anthracis protective antigen, in healthy volunteers. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Jul 1;41(1):12-20. Epub 2005 May 24. Pubmed: 15937757
  9. Aurbach GD: Genetic disorders involving parathyroid hormone and calcitonin. Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1971 May;7(6):48-54. Pubmed: 4155962
  10. Post RM, Cramer H, Goodwin FK: Cyclic AMP in cerebrospinal fluid of manic and depressive patients. Psychol Med. 1977 Nov;7(4):599-605. Pubmed: 201957

Only showing the first 50 proteins. There are 269 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes extracellular nucleotides into membrane permeable nucleosides.
Gene Name:
NT5E
Uniprot ID:
P21589
Molecular weight:
57948.125
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides. Helps to regulate adenosine levels (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NT5C1B
Uniprot ID:
Q96P26
Molecular weight:
68803.055
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides and has a broad substrate specificity. Helps to regulate adenosine levels in heart during ischemia and hypoxia.
Gene Name:
NT5C1A
Uniprot ID:
Q9BXI3
Molecular weight:
41020.145
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides, with a preference for dUMP and dTMP, intermediate activity towards dGMP, and low activity towards dCMP and dAMP.
Gene Name:
NT5C
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCD5
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Required for the phosphorylation of the deoxyribonucleosides deoxycytidine (dC), deoxyguanosine (dG) and deoxyadenosine (dA). Has broad substrate specificity, and does not display selectivity based on the chirality of the substrate. It is also an essential enzyme for the phosphorylation of numerous nucleoside analogs widely employed as antiviral and chemotherapeutic agents.
Gene Name:
DCK
Uniprot ID:
P27707
Molecular weight:
30518.315
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Adenosine → ADP + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates specifically the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides, and so protects mitochondrial DNA replication from excess dTTP. Has only marginal activity towards dIMP and dGMP.
Gene Name:
NT5M
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPB1
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Water → Adenosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in acetate-CoA ligase activity
Specific function:
Activates acetate so that it can be used for lipid synthesis or for energy generation.
Gene Name:
ACSS2
Uniprot ID:
Q9NR19
Molecular weight:
78579.11
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Acetic acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Acetyl-CoAdetails
Acetyl adenylate + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Acetyl-CoAdetails
Propinol adenylate + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Propionyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in acetate-CoA ligase activity
Specific function:
Important for maintaining normal body temperature during fasting and for energy homeostasis. Essential for energy expenditure under ketogenic conditions (By similarity). Converts acetate to acetyl-CoA so that it can be used for oxidation through the tricarboxylic cycle to produce ATP and CO(2).
Gene Name:
ACSS1
Uniprot ID:
Q9NUB1
Molecular weight:
74625.88
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Acetic acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Acetyl-CoAdetails
Acetyl adenylate + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Acetyl-CoAdetails
Propinol adenylate + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Propionyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
In the nervous system, could hydrolyze ATP and other nucleotides to regulate purinergic neurotransmission. Could also be implicated in the prevention of platelet aggregation by hydrolyzing platelet-activating ADP to AMP. Hydrolyzes ATP and ADP equally well.
Gene Name:
ENTPD1
Uniprot ID:
P49961
Molecular weight:
58706.0
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
ADP + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent nucleotidase with a preference for UDP. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP > GDP > UTP > GTP. Has very low activity towards ADP and even lower activity towards ATP. Does not hydrolyze AMP and GMP. Involved in proteoglycan synthesis.
Gene Name:
CANT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WVQ1
Molecular weight:
44839.24
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Has a threefold preference for the hydrolysis of ATP over ADP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD3
Uniprot ID:
O75355
Molecular weight:
59104.76
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
ADP + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in arylesterase activity
Specific function:
Has low activity towards the organophosphate paraxon and aromatic carboxylic acid esters. Rapidly hydrolyzes lactones such as statin prodrugs (e.g. lovastatin). Hydrolyzes aromatic lactones and 5- or 6-member ring lactones with aliphatic substituents but not simple lactones or those with polar substituents.
Gene Name:
PON3
Uniprot ID:
Q15166
Molecular weight:
39607.185
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Involved primarily in ATP hydrolysis at the plasma membrane. Plays a role in regulating pyrophosphate levels, and functions in bone mineralization and soft tissue calcification. In vitro, has a broad specificity, hydrolyzing other nucleoside 5' triphosphates such as GTP, CTP, TTP and UTP to their corresponding monophosphates with release of pyrophosphate and diadenosine polyphosphates, and also 3',5'-cAMP to AMP. May also be involved in the regulation of the availability of nucleotide sugars in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi, and the regulation of purinergic signaling. Appears to modulate insulin sensitivity.
Gene Name:
ENPP1
Uniprot ID:
P22413
Molecular weight:
104923.58
Reactions
NAD + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + beta-nicotinamide D-ribonucleotidedetails
FAD + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Flavin Mononucleotidedetails
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotidedetails
Dephospho-CoA + Water → Pantetheine 4'-phosphate + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cleaves a variety of phosphodiester and phosphosulfate bonds including deoxynucleotides, nucleotide sugars, and NAD (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ENPP3
Uniprot ID:
O14638
Molecular weight:
100123.54
Reactions
NAD + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + beta-nicotinamide D-ribonucleotidedetails
FAD + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Flavin Mononucleotidedetails
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + nicotinate beta-D-ribonucleotidedetails
Dephospho-CoA + Water → Pantetheine 4'-phosphate + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
FARSA
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y285
Molecular weight:
57563.225
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Phenylalanine + tRNA(Phe) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-phenylalanyl-tRNA(Phe)details
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Phenylalanine + tRNA(Phe) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-Phenylalanyl-tRNA(Phe)details
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes direct attachment of p-Tyr (Tyr) to tRNAPhe. Permits also, with a lower efficiency, the attachment of m-Tyr to tRNAPhe, thereby opening the way for delivery of the misacylated tRNA to the ribosome and incorporation of ROS-damaged amino acid into proteins.
Gene Name:
FARS2
Uniprot ID:
O95363
Molecular weight:
52356.21
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Phenylalanine + tRNA(Phe) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-phenylalanyl-tRNA(Phe)details
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Phenylalanine + tRNA(Phe) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-Phenylalanyl-tRNA(Phe)details
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Multifunctional enzyme mediating important protective effects. Metabolizes betaine aldehyde to betaine, an important cellular osmolyte and methyl donor. Protects cells from oxidative stress by metabolizing a number of lipid peroxidation-derived aldehydes. Involved in lysine catabolism.
Gene Name:
ALDH7A1
Uniprot ID:
P49419
Molecular weight:
58486.74
Reactions
L-2-Aminoadipate adenylate + Holo-Lys2 → alpha-Aminoadipoyl-S-acyl enzyme + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Converts adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS) and 3'(2')-phosphoadenosine 5'- phosphate (PAP) to AMP. Has 1000-fold lower activity towards inositol 1,4-bisphosphate (Ins(1,4)P2) and inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4)P3), but does not hydrolyze Ins(1)P, Ins(3,4)P2, Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 or InsP6.
Gene Name:
BPNT1
Uniprot ID:
O95861
Molecular weight:
33392.035
Reactions
Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor
Specific function:
Catalyzes the phosphorylation of D-glucose to D-glucose 6-phosphate using ADP as the phosphate donor. GDP and CDP can replace ADP, but with reduced efficiency (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ADPGK
Uniprot ID:
Q9BRR6
Molecular weight:
53960.185
Reactions
ADP + D-Glucose → Adenosine monophosphate + Glucose 6-phosphatedetails
Alpha-D-Glucose + ADP → Glucose 6-phosphate + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
Beta-D-Glucose + ADP → Beta-D-Glucose 6-phosphate + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in phosphorylase activity
Specific function:
Phosphorylase is an important allosteric enzyme in carbohydrate metabolism. Enzymes from different sources differ in their regulatory mechanisms and in their natural substrates. However, all known phosphorylases share catalytic and structural properties.
Gene Name:
PYGL
Uniprot ID:
P06737
Molecular weight:
93133.25
General function:
Involved in phosphorylase activity
Specific function:
Phosphorylase is an important allosteric enzyme in carbohydrate metabolism. Enzymes from different sources differ in their regulatory mechanisms and in their natural substrates. However, all known phosphorylases share catalytic and structural properties.
Gene Name:
PYGM
Uniprot ID:
P11217
Molecular weight:
87316.355
General function:
Involved in phosphorylase activity
Specific function:
Phosphorylase is an important allosteric enzyme in carbohydrate metabolism. Enzymes from different sources differ in their regulatory mechanisms and in their natural substrates. However, all known phosphorylases share catalytic and structural properties.
Gene Name:
PYGB
Uniprot ID:
P11216
Molecular weight:
96695.18
General function:
Involved in adenine phosphoribosyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes a salvage reaction resulting in the formation of AMP, that is energically less costly than de novo synthesis.
Gene Name:
APRT
Uniprot ID:
P07741
Molecular weight:
19607.535
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate → Adenine + Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Converts guanine to guanosine monophosphate, and hypoxanthine to inosine monophosphate. Transfers the 5-phosphoribosyl group from 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate onto the purine. Plays a central role in the generation of purine nucleotides through the purine salvage pathway.
Gene Name:
HPRT1
Uniprot ID:
P00492
Molecular weight:
24579.155
Reactions
Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate → Adenine + Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in biotin-[acetyl-CoA-carboxylase] ligase activity
Specific function:
Post-translational modification of specific protein by attachment of biotin. Acts on various carboxylases such as acetyl-CoA-carboxylase, pyruvate carboxylase, propionyl CoA carboxylase, and 3-methylcrotonyl CoA carboxylase.
Gene Name:
HLCS
Uniprot ID:
P50747
Molecular weight:
80759.345
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Biotin + apo-[methylmalonyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxytransferase] → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + [methylmalonyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxytransferase]details
Adenosine triphosphate + Biotin + apo-[propionyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)] → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + [propionyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)]details
Adenosine triphosphate + Biotin + apo-[3-methylcrotonoyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)] → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + [3-methylcrotonoyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)]details
Adenosine triphosphate + Biotin + apo-[acetyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)] → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + [acetyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming)]details
Biotinyl-5'-AMP + Apo-[carboxylase] → Adenosine monophosphate + Holo-[carboxylase]details
General function:
Involved in RNA binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
FARSB
Uniprot ID:
Q9NSD9
Molecular weight:
66114.93
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Phenylalanine + tRNA(Phe) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-phenylalanyl-tRNA(Phe)details
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Phenylalanine + tRNA(Phe) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-Phenylalanyl-tRNA(Phe)details
General function:
Involved in acid-amino acid ligase activity
Specific function:
Accepts ubiquitin from the E1 complex and catalyzes its covalent attachment to other proteins. In association with the E3 enzyme BRE1 (RNF20 and/or RNF40), it plays a role in transcription regulation by catalyzing the monoubiquitination of histone H2B at 'Lys-120' to form H2BK120ub1. H2BK120ub1 gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation, elongation by RNA polymerase II, telomeric silencing, and is also a prerequisite for H3K4me and H3K79me formation. In vitro catalyzes 'Lys-11', as well as 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitination. Required for postreplication repair of UV-damaged DNA.
Gene Name:
UBE2A
Uniprot ID:
P49459
Molecular weight:
17315.265
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + ubiquitin + protein lysine → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + protein N-ubiquityllysinedetails
General function:
Involved in 3',5'-cyclic-nucleotide phosphodiesterase activity
Specific function:
Participates in processes of transmission and amplification of the visual signal. cGMP-PDEs are the effector molecules in G-protein-mediated phototransduction in vertebrate rods and cones.
Gene Name:
PDE6H
Uniprot ID:
Q13956
Molecular weight:
9074.36
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible transfer of the terminal phosphate group between ATP and AMP. Small ubiquitous enzyme involved in energy metabolism and nucleotide synthesis that is essential for maintenance and cell growth.
Gene Name:
AK1
Uniprot ID:
P00568
Molecular weight:
21634.725
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Adenosine monophosphate → ADPdetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Accepts the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8 from the UBA3-NAE1 E1 complex and catalyzes its covalent attachment to other proteins. The specific interaction with the E3 ubiquitin ligase RBX1, but not RBX2, suggests that the RBX1-UBE2M complex neddylates specific target proteins, such as CUL1, CUL2, CUL3 and CUL4. Involved in cell proliferation.
Gene Name:
UBE2M
Uniprot ID:
P61081
Molecular weight:
20899.8
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + NEDD8 + protein lysine → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + protein N-NEDD8yllysinedetails
General function:
Involved in acid-amino acid ligase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the covalent attachment of ubiquitin or ISG15 to other proteins. Functions in the E6/E6-AP-induced ubiquitination of p53/TP53. Promotes ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of FLT3.
Gene Name:
UBE2L6
Uniprot ID:
O14933
Molecular weight:
17768.52
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + ubiquitin + protein lysine → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + protein N-ubiquityllysinedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the attachment of glycine to tRNA(Gly). Is also able produce diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A), a universal pleiotropic signaling molecule needed for cell regulation pathways, by direct condensation of 2 ATPs.
Gene Name:
GARS
Uniprot ID:
P41250
Molecular weight:
83164.83
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycine + tRNA(Gly) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + glycyl-tRNA(Gly)details
Adenosine triphosphate + Glycine + tRNA(Gly) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Glycyl-tRNA(Gly)details
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the synthesis of phosphoribosylpyrophosphate (PRPP) that is essential for nucleotide synthesis.
Gene Name:
PRPS1L1
Uniprot ID:
P21108
Molecular weight:
34838.915
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + D-Ribose 5-phosphate → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the attachment of the cognate amino acid to the corresponding tRNA in a two-step reaction: the amino acid is first activated by ATP to form a covalent intermediate with AMP and is then transferred to the acceptor end of the cognate tRNA. Component of the GAIT (gamma interferon-activated inhibitor of translation) complex which mediates interferon-gamma-induced transcript-selective translation inhibition in inflammation processes. Upon interferon-gamma activation and subsequent phosphorylation dissociates from the multisynthetase complex and assembles into the GAIT complex which binds to stem loop-containing GAIT elements in the 3'-UTR of diverse inflammatory mRNAs (such as ceruplasmin) and suppresses their translation.
Gene Name:
EPRS
Uniprot ID:
P07814
Molecular weight:
170589.705
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Glutamic acid + tRNA(Glu) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-glutamyl-tRNA(Glu)details
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Proline + tRNA(Pro) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-prolyl-tRNA(Pro)details
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Proline + tRNA(Pro) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-Prolyl-tRNA(Pro)details
tRNA(Glu) + L-Glutamic acid + Adenosine triphosphate → L-Glutamyl-tRNA(Glu) + Pyrophosphate + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Activation of long-chain fatty acids for both synthesis of cellular lipids, and degradation via beta-oxidation. Preferentially uses arachidonate and eicosapentaenoate as substrates.
Gene Name:
ACSL4
Uniprot ID:
O60488
Molecular weight:
74435.495
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + a long-chain fatty acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + an acyl-CoAdetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Palmitic acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + hexadecanoyl-CoA + Pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase with a dual-specificity for the second messengers cAMP and cGMP, which are key regulators of many important physiological processes. Has a higher affinity for cGMP than for cAMP.
Gene Name:
PDE1A
Uniprot ID:
P54750
Molecular weight:
61251.38
Reactions
Cyclic AMP + Water → Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in acid-amino acid ligase activity
Specific function:
Accepts ubiquitin from the E1 complex and catalyzes its covalent attachment to other proteins. In vitro catalyzes 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitination. Mediates the selective degradation of short-lived and abnormal proteins. Functions in the E6/E6-AP-induced ubiquitination of p53/TP53. Mediates ubiquitination of PEX5 and auto-ubiquitination of STUB1, TRAF6 and TRIM63/MURF1. Ubiquitinates STUB1-associated HSP90AB1 in vitro. Lacks inherent specificity for any particular lysine residue of ubiquitin. Essential for viral activation of IRF3. Mediates polyubiquitination of CYP3A4.
Gene Name:
UBE2D1
Uniprot ID:
P51668
Molecular weight:
16601.86
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + ubiquitin + protein lysine → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + protein N-ubiquityllysinedetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
AK3
Uniprot ID:
Q9UIJ7
Molecular weight:
21013.93
Reactions
NTP + Adenosine monophosphate → NDP + ADPdetails
Uridine triphosphate + Adenosine monophosphate → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + ADPdetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Isoform 1, isoform 2 and T1-TrpRS have aminoacylation activity while T2-TrpRS lacks it. Isoform 2, T1-TrpRS and T2-TrpRS possess angiostatic activity whereas isoform 1 lacks it. T2-TrpRS inhibits fluid shear stress-activated responses of endothelial cells. Regulates ERK, Akt, and eNOS activation pathways that are associated with angiogenesis, cytoskeletal reorganization and shear stress-responsive gene expression.
Gene Name:
WARS
Uniprot ID:
P23381
Molecular weight:
53164.91
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Tryptophan + tRNA(Trp) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-tryptophyl-tRNA(Trp)details
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Tryptophan + tRNA(Trp) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-Tryptophanyl-tRNA(Trp)details
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes the second messenger cAMP, which is a key regulator of many important physiological processes. May be involved in maintaining basal levels of the cyclic nucleotide and/or in the cAMP regulation of germ cell development.
Gene Name:
PDE8A
Uniprot ID:
O60658
Molecular weight:
86047.88
Reactions
Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic phosphate + Water → Adenosine monophosphatedetails
Cyclic AMP + Water → Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase with a dual-specificity for the second messengers cAMP and cGMP, which are key regulators of many important physiological processes. Has a preference for cGMP as a substrate.
Gene Name:
PDE1B
Uniprot ID:
Q01064
Molecular weight:
61379.235
Reactions
Cyclic AMP + Water → Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Activation of long-chain fatty acids for both synthesis of cellular lipids, and degradation via beta-oxidation. Preferentially uses palmitoleate, oleate and linoleate.
Gene Name:
ACSL1
Uniprot ID:
P33121
Molecular weight:
77942.685
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + a long-chain fatty acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + an acyl-CoAdetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Palmitic acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + hexadecanoyl-CoA + Pyrophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase with a dual-specificity for the second messengers cAMP and cGMP, which are key regulators of many important physiological processes. May play a role in fat metabolism. Regulates cAMP binding of RAPGEF3. Through simultaneous binding to RAPGEF3 and PIK3R6 assembles a signaling complex in which the PI3K gamma complex is activated by RAPGEF3 and which is involved in angiogenesis.
Gene Name:
PDE3B
Uniprot ID:
Q13370
Molecular weight:
124332.145
Reactions
Cyclic AMP + Water → Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in acid-amino acid ligase activity
Specific function:
Accepts ubiquitin from the E1 complex and catalyzes its covalent attachment to other proteins. In vitro catalyzes 'Lys-48'-, as well as 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination. May be involved in degradation of muscle-specific proteins. Mediates polyubiquitination of CYP3A4.
Gene Name:
UBE2G1
Uniprot ID:
P62253
Molecular weight:
19509.035
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + ubiquitin + protein lysine → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + protein N-ubiquityllysinedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
QARS
Uniprot ID:
P47897
Molecular weight:
87797.97
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Glutamine + tRNA(Gln) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-glutaminyl-tRNA(Gln)details
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Glutamine + tRNA(Gln) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Glutaminyl-tRNAdetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
TARS
Uniprot ID:
P26639
Molecular weight:
83434.5
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Threonine + tRNA(Thr) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-threonyl-tRNA(Thr)details
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Threonine + tRNA(Thr) → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-Threonyl-tRNA(Thr)details
General function:
Involved in asparagine synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ASNS
Uniprot ID:
P08243
Molecular weight:
62167.855
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + L-Aspartic acid + L-Glutamine + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + L-Asparagine + L-Glutamic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in acid-amino acid ligase activity
Specific function:
Accepts ubiquitin from the E1 complex and catalyzes its covalent attachment to other proteins. In vitro catalyzes 'Lys-11'- and 'Lys-48'-, as well as 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination.
Gene Name:
UBE2E2
Uniprot ID:
Q96LR5
Molecular weight:
22254.87
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + ubiquitin + protein lysine → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + protein N-ubiquityllysinedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ADSL
Uniprot ID:
P30566
Molecular weight:
54888.735
Reactions
N(6)-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)AMP → Fumaric acid + Adenosine monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible transfer of the terminal phosphate group between ATP and AMP. May also be active with GTP (By similarity).
Gene Name:
AK4
Uniprot ID:
P27144
Molecular weight:
25267.83
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Adenosine monophosphate → ADPdetails

Only showing the first 50 proteins. There are 269 proteins in total.