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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2013-02-09 00:07:50 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00061
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01468
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAdenosine 3',5'-diphosphate
DescriptionAdenosine 3', 5'-diphosphate or PAP is a nucleotide that is closely related to ADP. It has two phosphate groups attached to the 5' and 3' positions of the pentose sugar ribose (instead of pyrophosphoric acid at the 5' position, as found in ADP), and the nucleobase adenine. PAP is converted to PAPS by Sulfotransferase and then back to PAP after the sulfotransferase reaction. Sulfotransferase (STs) catalyze the transfer reaction of the sulfate group from the ubiquitous donor 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to an acceptor group of numerous substrates. This reaction, often referred to as sulfuryl transfer, sulfation, or sulfonation, is widely observed from bacteria to humans and plays a key role in various biological processes such as cell communication, growth and development, and defense. PAP also appears to a role in bipolar depression. Phosphatases converting 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate (PAP) into adenosine 5'-phosphate are of fundamental importance in living cells as the accumulation of PAP is toxic to several cellular systems. These enzymes are lithium-sensitive and we have characterized a human PAP phosphatase as a potential target of lithium therapy.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. 3'-Phosphoryl-AMP
  2. 3,5-ADP
  3. 3,5-Diphosphoadenosine
  4. 3-Phosphoadenosine 5-phosphate
  5. 5-(Dihydrogen phosphate) 3-Adenylate
  6. 5-(Dihydrogen phosphate)3'-Adenylic acid
  7. Adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate
  8. Adenosine 3,5-bis
  9. Adenosine 3,5-bisphosphate
Chemical FormulaC10H15N5O10P2
Average Molecular Weight427.2011
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight427.029414749
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number1053-73-2
SMILES
NC1=NC=NC2=C1N=CN2[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](OP(O)(O)=O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H15N5O10P2/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-6(16)7(25-27(20,21)22)4(24-10)1-23-26(17,18)19/h2-4,6-7,10,16H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13)(H2,17,18,19)(H2,20,21,22)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyWHTCPDAXWFLDIH-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, Nucleotides, and Analogues
ClassPurine Nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine Ribonucleotides
Other Descriptors
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
  • adenosine bisphosphate(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • 1 Phosphoribosyl Imidazole
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Imidazole
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide Phosphate
  • N Glycosyl Compound
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Oxolane
  • Pentose Monosaccharide
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Purine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
Direct ParentPurine Ribonucleoside 3',5'-Bisphosphates
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Androgen and estrogen metabolism
  • Component of Chondroitin / Heparan sulfate biosynthesis
  • Component of Glycosphingolipid metabolism
  • Component of Sulfur metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Golgi apparatus
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility614.5 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.33ALOGPS
logP-1.6ALOGPS
logP-6.1ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.71ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.92ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area232.6 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity84.94 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability34.31 Å3ChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra1D NMR2D NMR
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Golgi apparatus
Biofluid Locations
  • Cellular Cytoplasm
Tissue Location
  • Brain
  • Liver
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Sulfate/Sulfite MetabolismSMP00041map00920
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
Cellular CytoplasmDetected and Quantified137 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021887
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID140102
KEGG Compound IDC00054
BioCyc ID3-5-ADP
BiGG ID33684
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00061
Metagene LinkHMDB00061
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound159296
PDB IDA3P
ChEBI ID17985
References
Synthesis ReferenceTsunako, Mitsutomo; Kotone, Akira. Preparation of nucleoside-2',5'- and 3',5'-diphosphoric acids. Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho (1991), 13 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Gasmi L, McLennan AG: The mouse Nudt7 gene encodes a peroxisomal nudix hydrolase specific for coenzyme A and its derivatives. Biochem J. 2001 Jul 1;357(Pt 1):33-8. Pubmed: 11415433
  2. Lewis AJ, Otake Y, Walle UK, Walle T: Sulphonation of N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene by human dehydroepiandrosterone sulphotransferase. Xenobiotica. 2000 Mar;30(3):253-61. Pubmed: 10752640
  3. Leonidas DD, Chavali GB, Oikonomakos NG, Chrysina ED, Kosmopoulou MN, Vlassi M, Frankling C, Acharya KR: High-resolution crystal structures of ribonuclease A complexed with adenylic and uridylic nucleotide inhibitors. Implications for structure-based design of ribonucleolytic inhibitors. Protein Sci. 2003 Nov;12(11):2559-74. Pubmed: 14573867
  4. Turner NA, Moake JL, McIntire LV: Blockade of adenosine diphosphate receptors P2Y(12) and P2Y(1) is required to inhibit platelet aggregation in whole blood under flow. Blood. 2001 Dec 1;98(12):3340-5. Pubmed: 11719372
  5. Traut TW: Physiological concentrations of purines and pyrimidines. Mol Cell Biochem. 1994 Nov 9;140(1):1-22. Pubmed: 7877593
  6. Russo N, Acharya KR, Vallee BL, Shapiro R: A combined kinetic and modeling study of the catalytic center subsites of human angiogenin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Jan 23;93(2):804-8. Pubmed: 8570639

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Involved primarily in ATP hydrolysis at the plasma membrane. Plays a role in regulating pyrophosphate levels, and functions in bone mineralization and soft tissue calcification. In vitro, has a broad specificity, hydrolyzing other nucleoside 5' triphosphates such as GTP, CTP, TTP and UTP to their corresponding monophosphates with release of pyrophosphate and diadenosine polyphosphates, and also 3',5'-cAMP to AMP. May also be involved in the regulation of the availability of nucleotide sugars in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi, and the regulation of purinergic signaling. Appears to modulate insulin sensitivity.
Gene Name:
ENPP1
Uniprot ID:
P22413
Molecular weight:
104923.58
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Water → Oat gum + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cleaves a variety of phosphodiester and phosphosulfate bonds including deoxynucleotides, nucleotide sugars, and NAD (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ENPP3
Uniprot ID:
O14638
Molecular weight:
100123.54
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Water → Oat gum + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Can also sulfate Gal residues in desulfated dermatan sulfate. Preferentially sulfates in GlcA->GalNAc unit than in IdoA->GalNAc unit. Does not form 4, 6-di-O-sulfated GalNAc when chondroitin sulfate C is used as an acceptor.
Gene Name:
CHST11
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPF2
Molecular weight:
41002.97
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + chondroitin 4'-sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 4-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the transfer of sulfate to position 6 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Can also sulfate Gal residues of keratan sulfate, another glycosaminoglycan, and the Gal residues in sialyl N-acetyllactosamine (sialyl LacNAc) oligosaccharides. May play a role in the maintenance of naive T-lymphocytes in the spleen.
Gene Name:
CHST3
Uniprot ID:
Q7LGC8
Molecular weight:
54705.5
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 6'-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Transfers sulfate to the C4 hydroxyl of beta1,4-linked GalNAc that is substituted with a beta-linked glucuronic acid at the C-3 hydroxyl. No activity toward dermatan.
Gene Name:
CHST13
Uniprot ID:
Q8NET6
Molecular weight:
38919.34
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + chondroitin 4'-sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 4-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin and desulfated dermatan sulfate. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Activity toward partially desulfated dermatan sulfate is however lower. Does not form 4, 6-di-O-sulfated GalNAc when chondroitin sulfate C is used as an acceptor.
Gene Name:
CHST12
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRB3
Molecular weight:
48413.945
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + chondroitin 4'-sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 4-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in galactosylceramide sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the sulfation of membrane glycolipids. Seems to prefer beta-glycosides at the non-reducing termini of sugar chains attached to a lipid moiety. Catalyzes the synthesis of galactosylceramide sulfate (sulfatide), a major lipid component of the myelin sheath and of monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol sulfate (seminolipid), present in spermatocytes (By similarity). Also acts on lactosylceramide, galactosyl 1-alkyl-2-sn-glycerol and galactosyl diacylglycerol (in vitro).
Gene Name:
GAL3ST1
Uniprot ID:
Q99999
Molecular weight:
48763.63
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + a galactosylceramide → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + a galactosylceramidesulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Galactosylceramide → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Sulfatidedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Digalactosylceramide → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Digalactosylceramidesulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to an N-unsubstituted glucosamine linked to a 2-O-sulfo iduronic acid unit on heparan sulfate. Catalyzes the O-sulfation of glucosamine in IdoUA2S-GlcNS and also in IdoUA2S-GlcNH2. The substrate-specific O-sulfation generates an enzyme-modified heparan sulfate which acts as a binding receptor to Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) and permits its entry. Unlike 3-OST-1, does not convert non-anticoagulant heparan sulfate to anticoagulant heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS3ST3B1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y662
Molecular weight:
43323.605
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to an N-unsubstituted glucosamine linked to a 2-O-sulfo iduronic acid unit on heparan sulfate. Catalyzes the O-sulfation of glucosamine in IdoUA2S-GlcNS and also in IdoUA2S-GlcNH2. The substrate-specific O-sulfation generates an enzyme-modified heparan sulfate which acts as a binding receptor to Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) and permits its entry. Unlike 3-OST-1, does not convert non-anticoagulant heparan sulfate to anticoagulant heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS3ST3A1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y663
Molecular weight:
44899.155
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of catecholamines, phenolic drugs and neurotransmitters. Has also estrogen sulfotransferase activity. responsible for the sulfonation and activation of minoxidil. Is Mediates the metabolic activation of carcinogenic N-hydroxyarylamines to DNA binding products and could so participate as modulating factor of cancer risk.
Gene Name:
SULT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P50225
Molecular weight:
34165.13
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + a phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + an aryl sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Phenol sulphatedetails
General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Converts adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS) and 3'(2')-phosphoadenosine 5'- phosphate (PAP) to AMP. Has 1000-fold lower activity towards inositol 1,4-bisphosphate (Ins(1,4)P2) and inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4)P3), but does not hydrolyze Ins(1)P, Ins(3,4)P2, Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 or InsP6.
Gene Name:
BPNT1
Uniprot ID:
O95861
Molecular weight:
33392.035
Reactions
Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to position 3 of glucosamine residues in heparan. Catalyzes the rate limiting step in the biosynthesis of heparan sulfate (HSact). This modification is a crucial step in the biosynthesis of anticoagulant heparan sulfate as it completes the structure of the antithrombin pentasaccharide binding site.
Gene Name:
HS3ST1
Uniprot ID:
O14792
Molecular weight:
35772.77
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of estradiol and estrone. May play a role in the regulation of estrogen receptor activity by metabolizing free estradiol. Maximally sulfates beta-estradiol and estrone at concentrations of 20 nM. Also sulfates dehydroepiandrosterone, pregnenolone, ethinylestradiol, equalenin, diethylstilbesterol and 1-naphthol, at significantly higher concentrations; however, cortisol, testosterone and dopamine are not sulfated.
Gene Name:
SULT1E1
Uniprot ID:
P49888
Molecular weight:
35126.185
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Estrone → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Estrone sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfonation of steroids and bile acids in the liver and adrenal glands.
Gene Name:
SULT2A1
Uniprot ID:
Q06520
Molecular weight:
33779.57
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Lithocholic acid glycine conjugate → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Sulfolithocholylglycinedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Lithocholyltaurine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Taurolithocholic acid 3-sulfatedetails
7-Hydroxymethyl-12-methylbenz[a]anthracene + Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate → 7-Hydroxymethyl-12-methylbenz[a]anthracene sulfate + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the transfer of sulfate to position 6 of galactose (Gal) residues of keratan. Has a preference for sulfating keratan sulfate, but it also transfers sulfate to the unsulfated polymer. The sulfotransferase activity on sialyl LacNAc structures is much higher than the corresponding desialylated substrate, and only internal Gal residues are sulfated. May function in the sulfation of sialyl N-acetyllactosamine oligosaccharide chains attached to glycoproteins. Participates in biosynthesis of selectin ligands. Selectin ligands are present in high endothelial cells (HEVs) and play a central role in lymphocyte homing at sites of inflammation.
Gene Name:
CHST1
Uniprot ID:
O43916
Molecular weight:
46714.21
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Keratan → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Keratandetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to an N-unsubstituted glucosamine linked to a 2-O-sulfo iduronic acid unit on heparan sulfate. Unlike 3-OST-1, does not convert non-anticoagulant heparan sulfate to anticoagulant heparan sulfate (By similarity).
Gene Name:
HS3ST4
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y661
Molecular weight:
49798.645
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of catecholamines, phenolic drugs and neurotransmitters. Is also responsible for the sulfonation and activation of minoxidil. Mediates the metabolic activation of carcinogenic N-hydroxyarylamines to DNA binding products and could so participate as modulating factor of cancer risk.
Gene Name:
SULT1A2
Uniprot ID:
P50226
Molecular weight:
34310.43
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + a phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + an aryl sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Phenol sulphatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to position 3 of glucosamine residues in heparan. Catalyzes the rate limiting step in the biosynthesis of heparan sulfate (HSact). This modification is a crucial step in the biosynthesis of anticoagulant heparan sulfate as it completes the structure of the antithrombin pentasaccharide binding site. Also generates GlcUA-GlcNS or IdoUA-GlcNS and IdoUA2S-GlcNH2. The substrate-specific O-sulfation generates an enzyme-modified heparan sulfate which acts as a binding receptor to Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) and permits its entry.
Gene Name:
HS3ST5
Uniprot ID:
Q8IZT8
Molecular weight:
40407.865
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to an N-unsubstituted glucosamine linked to a 2-O-sulfo iduronic acid unit on heparan sulfate. Catalyzes the O-sulfation of glucosamine in GlcA2S-GlcNS. Unlike 3-OST-1, does not convert non-anticoagulant heparan sulfate to anticoagulant heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS3ST2
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y278
Molecular weight:
41500.57
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the O-sulfation of tyrosine residues within acidic motifs of polypeptides.
Gene Name:
TPST2
Uniprot ID:
O60704
Molecular weight:
41911.47
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + protein tyrosine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + protein tyrosine-O-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of many hormones, neurotransmitters, drugs and xenobiotic compounds. Sulfonation increases the water solubility of most compounds, and therefore their renal excretion, but it can also result in bioactivation to form active metabolites. Sulfates hydroxysteroids like DHEA. Isoform 1 preferentially sulfonates cholesterol, and isoform 2 avidly sulfonates pregnenolone but not cholesterol.
Gene Name:
SULT2B1
Uniprot ID:
O00204
Molecular weight:
39598.595
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + an alcohol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + an alkyl sulfatedetails
Alcohol + Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate → Alkyl sulfate + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Dehydroepiandrosterone → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfatedetails
Cholesterol + Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate → Cholesterol sulfate + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
Pregnenolone + Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate → 3beta-Hydroxypregn-5-en-20-one sulfate + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of phenolic monoamines (neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin) and phenolic and catechol drugs.
Gene Name:
SULT1A3
Uniprot ID:
P50224
Molecular weight:
34195.96
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + a phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + an aryl sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Phenol sulphatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the transfer of sulfate to position 6 of non-reducing N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues. Preferentially acts on mannose-linked GlcNAc. Also able to catalyze the transfer of sulfate to position 6 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Also acts on core 2 mucin-type oligosaccharide and N-acetyllactosamine oligomer with a lower efficiency. Has weak or no activity toward keratan sulfate and oligosaccharides containing the Galbeta1-4GlcNAc. Catalyzes 6-O-sulfation of beta-benzyl GlcNAc but not alpha- or beta-benzyl GalNAc.
Gene Name:
CHST7
Uniprot ID:
Q9NS84
Molecular weight:
54265.635
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 6'-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of dermatan sulfate. Plays a pivotal role in the formation of 4-0-sulfated IdoA blocks in dermatan sulfate. Transfers sulfate to the C-4 hydroxyl of beta1,4-linked GalNAc that is substituted with an alpha-linked iduronic acid (IdoUA) at the C-3 hydroxyl. Transfers sulfate more efficiently to GalNAc residues in -IdoUA-GalNAc-IdoUA- than in -GlcUA-GalNAc-GlcUA-sequences. Has preference for partially desulfated dermatan sulfate. Addition of sulfate to GalNAc may occur immediately after epimerization of GlcUA to IdoUA. GlcUA to IdoUA. Appears to have an important role in the formation of the cerbellar neural network during postnatal brain development.
Gene Name:
CHST14
Uniprot ID:
Q8NCH0
Molecular weight:
42996.535
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [dermatan]-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [dermatan]- 4-O-sulfo-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
6-O-sulfation enzyme which catalyzes the transfer of sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to position 6 of the N-sulfoglucosamine residue (GlcNS) of heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS6ST1
Uniprot ID:
O60243
Molecular weight:
48225.71
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 6-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
6-O-sulfation enzyme which catalyzes the transfer of sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to position 6 of the N-sulfoglucosamine residue (GlcNS) of heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS6ST2
Uniprot ID:
Q96MM7
Molecular weight:
73389.99
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 6-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
6-O-sulfation enzyme which catalyzes the transfer of sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to position 6 of the N-sulfoglucosamine residue (GlcNS) of heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS6ST3
Uniprot ID:
Q8IZP7
Molecular weight:
54843.27
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 6-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that transfers sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to the C-6 hydroxyl group of the GalNAc 4-sulfate residue of chondroitin sulfate A and forms chondroitin sulfate E containing GlcA-GalNAc(4,6-SO(4)) repeating units. It also transfers sulfate to a unique non-reducing terminal sequence, GalNAc(4SO4)-GlcA(2SO4)-GalNAc(6SO4), to yield a highly sulfated structure similar to the structure found in thrombomodulin chondroitin sulfate. May also act as a B-cell receptor involved in BCR ligation-mediated early activation that mediate regulatory signals key to B-cell development and/or regulation of B-cell-specific RAG expression; however such results are unclear in vivo.
Gene Name:
CHST15
Uniprot ID:
Q7LFX5
Molecular weight:
64925.66
Reactions
3-phospho-5-adenylyl sulfate + [dermatan]-4-O-sulfo-N-acetylgalactosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [dermatan]-4,6-di-O-sulfo-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminedetails
3-phospho-5-adenylyl sulfate + [chondroitin]-4-O-sulfo-N-acetylgalactosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [chondroitin]-4,6-di-O-sulfo-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminedetails
General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
May play a role in the formation of skeletal elements derived through endochondral ossification, possibly by clearing adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate produced by Golgi sulfotransferases during glycosaminoglycan sulfation (By similarity).
Gene Name:
IMPAD1
Uniprot ID:
Q9NX62
Molecular weight:
38681.15
Reactions
Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Water → Adenosine monophosphate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
TPST1
Uniprot ID:
A4D2M0
Molecular weight:
42188.1
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the post-translational modification of target proteins by phosphopantetheine. Can transfer the 4'-phosphopantetheine moiety from coenzyme A to a serine residue of a broad range of acceptors, such as the acyl carrier domain of FASN.
Gene Name:
AASDHPPT
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRN7
Molecular weight:
35775.64
Reactions
CoA-[4'-phosphopantetheine] + apo-[acyl-carrier-protein] → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + holo-[acyl-carrier-protein]details
Coenzyme A + Apo-[acyl-carrier-protein] → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Acyl-carrier proteindetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to heparan sulfate. The substrate-specific O-sulfation generates an enzyme-modified heparan sulfate which acts as a binding receptor to Herpes Simplex Virus-1 (HSV-1) and permits its entry. Unlike 3-OST-1, does not convert non-anticoagulant heparan sulfate to anticoagulant heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS3ST6
Uniprot ID:
Q96QI5
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Essential bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both the N-deacetylation and the N-sulfation of glucosamine (GlcNAc) of the glycosaminoglycan in heparan sulfate. Modifies the GlcNAc-GlcA disaccharide repeating sugar backbone to make N-sulfated heparosan, a prerequisite substrate for later modifications in heparin biosynthesis. Plays a role in determining the extent and pattern of sulfation of heparan sulfate. Compared to other NDST enzymes, its presence is absolutely required. Participates in biosynthesis of heparan sulfate that can ultimately serve as L-selectin ligands, thereby playing a role in inflammatory response.
Gene Name:
NDST1
Uniprot ID:
P52848
Molecular weight:
100867.015
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-N-sulfoglucosaminedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Essential bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both the N-deacetylation and the N-sulfation of glucosamine (GlcNAc) of the glycosaminoglycan in heparan sulfate. Modifies the GlcNAc-GlcA disaccharide repeating sugar backbone to make N-sulfated heparosan, a prerequisite substrate for later modifications in heparin biosynthesis. Plays a role in determining the extent and pattern of sulfation of heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
NDST2
Uniprot ID:
P52849
Molecular weight:
100873.72
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-N-sulfoglucosaminedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Essential bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both the N-deacetylation and the N-sulfation of glucosamine (GlcNAc) of the glycosaminoglycan in heparan sulfate. Modifies the GlcNAc-GlcA disaccharide repeating sugar backbone to make N-sulfated heparosan, a prerequisite substrate for later modifications in heparin biosynthesis. Has high deacetylase activity but low sulfotransferase activity.
Gene Name:
NDST3
Uniprot ID:
O95803
Molecular weight:
100901.23
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-N-sulfoglucosaminedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Essential bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both the N-deacetylation and the N-sulfation of glucosamine (GlcNAc) of the glycosaminoglycan in heparan sulfate. Modifies the GlcNAc-GlcA disaccharide repeating sugar backbone to make N-sulfated heparosan, a prerequisite substrate for later modifications in heparin biosynthesis. Has low deacetylase activity but high sulfotransferase activity (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NDST4
Uniprot ID:
Q9H3R1
Molecular weight:
100714.905
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-N-sulfoglucosaminedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor and has low sulphotransferase activity towards various substrates with alcohol groups (in vitro). May catalyze the sulfate conjugation of xenobiotic compounds and endogenous substrates.
Gene Name:
SULT1C3
Uniprot ID:
Q6IMI6
Molecular weight:
35888.345
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + an alcohol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + an alkyl sulfatedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of thyroxine. Involved in the metabolism of thyroxine (By similarity).
Gene Name:
SULT6B1
Uniprot ID:
Q6IMI4
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Thyroxine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + thyroxine-sulfatedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Catalyzes the O-sulfation of tyrosine residues within acidic motifs of polypeptides.
Gene Name:
TPST1
Uniprot ID:
O60507
Molecular weight:
42188.075
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + protein tyrosine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + protein tyrosine-O-sulfatedetails