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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-08-14 18:03:00 UTC
Update Date2017-09-14 01:24:30 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0006889
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB06889
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA
Description3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA is an intermediate in bile acid synthesis. Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in bile of mammals. The distinction between different bile acids is minute, depends only on presence or absence of hydroxyl groups on positions 3, 7, and 12. Bile acids are physiological detergents that facilitate excretion, absorption, and transport of fats and sterols in the intestine and liver. Bile acids are also steroidal amphipathic molecules derived from the catabolism of cholesterol. They modulate bile flow and lipid secretion, are essential for the absorption of dietary fats and vitamins, and have been implicated in the regulation of all the key enzymes involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids recirculate through the liver, bile ducts, small intestine and portal vein to form an enterohepatic circuit. They exist as anions at physiological pH and, consequently, require a carrier for transport across the membranes of the enterohepatic tissues. The unique detergent properties of bile acids are essential for the digestion and intestinal absorption of hydrophobic nutrients. Bile acids have potent toxic properties (e.g., membrane disruption) and there are a plethora of mechanisms to limit their accumulation in blood and tissues. (PMID: 11316487 , 16037564 , 12576301 , 11907135 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(24E)-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-Trihydroxy-5-beta-cholest-24-enoyl-CoAHMDB
(24E)-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-Trihydroxy-5-beta-cholest-24-enoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl CoAHMDB
3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl coenzyme AHMDB
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl CoAHMDB
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl coenzyme AHMDB
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-CoAHMDB
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Trihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC48H78N7O20P3S
Average Molecular Weight1198.154
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1197.423518197
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-({2-[(2-{[(2E)-2-methyl-6-[(5R,7S,9R,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]hept-2-enoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-({2-[(2-{[(2E)-2-methyl-6-[(5R,7S,9R,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]hept-2-enoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)propoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CC(CC\C=C(/C)C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N)C1CCC2C3[C@H](O)C[C@]4([H])C[C@H](O)CCC4(C)C3C[C@H](O)C12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C48H78N7O20P3S/c1-25(29-10-11-30-36-31(20-34(58)48(29,30)6)47(5)14-12-28(56)18-27(47)19-32(36)57)8-7-9-26(2)45(63)79-17-16-50-35(59)13-15-51-43(62)40(61)46(3,4)22-72-78(69,70)75-77(67,68)71-21-33-39(74-76(64,65)66)38(60)44(73-33)55-24-54-37-41(49)52-23-53-42(37)55/h9,23-25,27-34,36,38-40,44,56-58,60-61H,7-8,10-22H2,1-6H3,(H,50,59)(H,51,62)(H,67,68)(H,69,70)(H2,49,52,53)(H2,64,65,66)/b26-9+/t25?,27-,28+,29?,30?,31?,32+,33+,34-,36?,38+,39+,40?,44+,47?,48?/m0/s1
InChI KeyQVDPWQVOSKJUES-WYOYJMLVSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to an acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentAcyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Steroidal glycoside
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Trihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Cholane-skeleton
  • Bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • 12-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • Steroid
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Imidolactam
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Polyol
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.52 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.22ALOGPS
logP-2.8ChemAxon
logS-3.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count20ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count12ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area424.32 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count25ChemAxon
Refractivity285.01 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability118.38 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
27-Hydroxylase DeficiencyPw000697Pw000697 greyscalePw000697 simpleNot Available
Bile Acid BiosynthesisPw000145Pw000145 greyscalePw000145 simpleMap00120
Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX)Pw000196Pw000196 greyscalePw000196 simpleNot Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IIPw000192Pw000192 greyscalePw000192 simpleNot Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IIIPw000193Pw000193 greyscalePw000193 simpleNot Available
Displaying entries 1 - 5 of 7 in total
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024136
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4444355
KEGG Compound IDC05460
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID45854
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0006889
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5280797
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27505
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. St-Pierre MV, Kullak-Ublick GA, Hagenbuch B, Meier PJ: Transport of bile acids in hepatic and non-hepatic tissues. J Exp Biol. 2001 May;204(Pt 10):1673-86. [PubMed:11316487 ]
  2. Claudel T, Staels B, Kuipers F: The Farnesoid X receptor: a molecular link between bile acid and lipid and glucose metabolism. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Oct;25(10):2020-30. Epub 2005 Jul 21. [PubMed:16037564 ]
  3. Chiang JY: Bile acid regulation of hepatic physiology: III. Bile acids and nuclear receptors. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):G349-56. [PubMed:12576301 ]
  4. Davis RA, Miyake JH, Hui TY, Spann NJ: Regulation of cholesterol-7alpha-hydroxylase: BAREly missing a SHP. J Lipid Res. 2002 Apr;43(4):533-43. [PubMed:11907135 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and tri-hydroxycholestanoic acids.
Gene Name:
ACOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q99424
Molecular weight:
76826.14
Reactions
(25S)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-Trihydroxy-5beta-cholestan-26-oyl-CoA + Acceptor → 3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA + Reduced acceptordetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme acting on the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids. Catalyzes the formation of 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediates from both straight-chain and 2-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids.
Gene Name:
HSD17B4
Uniprot ID:
P51659
Molecular weight:
79685.715
Reactions
3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA → 3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA + Waterdetails