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Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2008-08-14 18:18:11 UTC
Update Date2017-12-20 20:32:57 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB06895
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA
Description3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA is an intermediate involved in bile acid synthesis, specifically in the synthesis of chenodeoxyglycocholate. Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in bile of mammals. The distinction between different bile acids is minute, depends only on presence or absence of hydroxyl groups on positions 3, 7, and 12. Bile acids are physiological detergents that facilitate excretion, absorption, and transport of fats and sterols in the intestine and liver. Bile acids are also steroidal amphipathic molecules derived from the catabolism of cholesterol. They modulate bile flow and lipid secretion, are essential for the absorption of dietary fats and vitamins, and have been implicated in the regulation of all the key enzymes involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids recirculate through the liver, bile ducts, small intestine and portal vein to form an enterohepatic circuit. They exist as anions at physiological pH and, consequently, require a carrier for transport across the membranes of the enterohepatic tissues. The unique detergent properties of bile acids are essential for the digestion and intestinal absorption of hydrophobic nutrients. Bile acids have potent toxic properties (e.g., membrane disruption) and there are a plethora of mechanisms to limit their accumulation in blood and tissues. (PMID: 11316487 , 16037564 , 12576301 , 11907135 ).
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5beta-cholest-24-enoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC48H78N7O19P3S
Average Molecular Weight1182.155
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1181.428603575
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-2-({[({[3-({2-[(2-{[(2E)-6-[(2S,5R,7S,9R,15R)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]-2-methylhept-2-enoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropoxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)-4-hydroxyoxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-2-[({[3-({2-[(2-{[(2E)-6-[(2S,5R,7S,9R,15R)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]-2-methylhept-2-enoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)methyl]-4-hydroxyoxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to an acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentAcyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Steroidal glycoside
  • Dihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Cholane-skeleton
  • Bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • Steroid
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Fatty amide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Imidolactam
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Azole
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Oxacycle
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Azacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Primary amine
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available

Biological location:

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  Biofluid and excreta:

Route of exposure:




Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Cellular process:

    Chemical reaction:

    Biochemical process:


Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.2 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count19ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count11ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area404.09 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count25ChemAxon
Refractivity283.49 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability117.4 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900112000-3614385f2311d2073e3eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900315000-797cccaf3753018d956fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900001000-61457f78771a3bf83e48View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-01q9-2901331400-4cfedec67e85eb7be44dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-3901121010-afd20923316bb8e01988View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-5900100000-37ffc9114d81e845dfb6View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
27-Hydroxylase DeficiencyThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
Bile Acid BiosynthesisThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleMap00120
Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX)ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IIThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IIIThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024142
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4444354
KEGG Compound IDC05447
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID45830
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5280796
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27393
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. St-Pierre MV, Kullak-Ublick GA, Hagenbuch B, Meier PJ: Transport of bile acids in hepatic and non-hepatic tissues. J Exp Biol. 2001 May;204(Pt 10):1673-86. [PubMed:11316487 ]
  2. Claudel T, Staels B, Kuipers F: The Farnesoid X receptor: a molecular link between bile acid and lipid and glucose metabolism. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Oct;25(10):2020-30. Epub 2005 Jul 21. [PubMed:16037564 ]
  3. Chiang JY: Bile acid regulation of hepatic physiology: III. Bile acids and nuclear receptors. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):G349-56. [PubMed:12576301 ]
  4. Davis RA, Miyake JH, Hui TY, Spann NJ: Regulation of cholesterol-7alpha-hydroxylase: BAREly missing a SHP. J Lipid Res. 2002 Apr;43(4):533-43. [PubMed:11907135 ]


General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Oxidizes the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and tri-hydroxycholestanoic acids.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
(25S)-3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoA + Acceptor → 3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA + Reduced acceptordetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme acting on the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids. Catalyzes the formation of 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediates from both straight-chain and 2-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA + Water → 3 alpha,7 alpha,24-Trihydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Has very high activity toward isobutyryl-CoA. Is an isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase that functions in valine catabolism. Plays a role in transcriptional coactivation within the ARC complex.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight: