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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-13 02:07:06 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00085
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDeoxyguanosine
DescriptionDeoxyguanosine is a nucleoside consisting of the base guanine and the sugar deoxyribose. It is like guanosine, but with one oxygen atom removed. It is a nucleoside component of DNA. Deoxyguanosine can be converted to 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) due to hydroxyl radical attack at the C8 of guanine. 8-OHdG is a sensitive marker of the DNA damage This damage, if left unrepaired, has been proposed to contribute to mutagenicity and cancer promotion.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-amino-9-(2-Deoxy-9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-olChEBI
9-(2-Deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-guanineChEBI
DeoxyguanosineChEBI
dGChEBI
Guanine deoxy nucleosideChEBI
2-amino-9-(2-Deoxy-9-b-D-ribofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-olGenerator
2-amino-9-(2-Deoxy-9-β-D-ribofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-olGenerator
9-(2-Deoxy-b-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-guanineGenerator
9-(2-Deoxy-β-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-guanineGenerator
2'-Deoxy-guanosineHMDB
2-DeoxyguanosineHMDB
9-(2-Deoxy-b-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)guanineHMDB
9-(2-Deoxy-beta-delta-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-guanineHMDB
9-(2-Deoxy-beta-delta-erythro-pentofuranosyl)guanineHMDB
DesoxyguanosineHMDB
Guanine deoxyribosideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H13N5O4
Average Molecular Weight267.2413
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight267.096753929
IUPAC Name2-amino-9-[(2R,4S,5R)-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-6,9-dihydro-1H-purin-6-one
Traditional Name2-deoxyguanosine
CAS Registry Number961-07-9
SMILES
NC1=NC2=C(N=CN2[C@H]2C[C@H](O)[C@@H](CO)O2)C(=O)N1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H13N5O4/c11-10-13-8-7(9(18)14-10)12-3-15(8)6-1-4(17)5(2-16)19-6/h3-6,16-17H,1-2H2,(H3,11,13,14,18)/t4-,5+,6+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=YKBGVTZYEHREMT-KVQBGUIXSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine 3'-deoxyribonucleosides. These are compounds consisting of a purine linked to a ribose which lacks a hydroxyl group at position 3.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleosides
Sub ClassPurine 3'-deoxyribonucleosides
Direct ParentPurine 3'-deoxyribonucleosides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine 3'-deoxyribonucleoside
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Hydroxypyrimidine
  • Pyrimidine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Purine metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Lysosome
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point300 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-1.30BALZARINI,JM ET AL. (1989)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility11.5 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.8ALOGPS
logP-1.8ChemAxon
logS-1.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)10.16ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)1.83ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area134.99 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity63.11 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability25.22 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)splash10-001j-0891000000-3d776d25cb03b01b9339View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-0f8a-2960000000-dfb317b7b1eb025d909eView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (5 TMS)splash10-0udi-2913000000-1b2f5de9c93a151947ecView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-0900000000-1ff2faf768c32875ae94View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-0900000000-6ecd3556539c87465829View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0f89-2900000000-3c7a46a8b1ebc3478b0eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-0090000000-d7b5f1fd49de4c188c2bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-066r-1290000000-f1789943f3a3aa93bf11View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0pb9-1960000000-cae86b9369b467a619acView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-2930000000-59733590e9e1f1f9e3abView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0a59-3900000000-63f2d871818a0f9ea2c4View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0490000000-a0d35f9580527e157997View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0940000000-501ccdb19ac1399ea47dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-0pb9-2900000000-3c8141b790d1e751030cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-0k96-6900000000-218b8cf773fa785dd6fcView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-0006-9700000000-16fac3cb96899ba7c58cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-c020044f3d53ad944e38View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-09d1a1821d4e622a1f9aView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Lysosome
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency (APRT)SMP00535Not Available
Adenosine Deaminase DeficiencySMP00144Not Available
Adenylosuccinate Lyase DeficiencySMP00167Not Available
AICA-RibosiduriaSMP00168Not Available
Azathioprine PathwaySMP00427Not Available
Gout or Kelley-Seegmiller SyndromeSMP00365Not Available
Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome (LNS)SMP00364Not Available
Mercaptopurine PathwaySMP00428Not Available
Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeSMP00536Not Available
Molybdenum Cofactor DeficiencySMP00203Not Available
Myoadenylate deaminase deficiencySMP00537Not Available
Purine MetabolismSMP00050map00230
Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase DeficiencySMP00210Not Available
Thioguanine PathwaySMP00430Not Available
Xanthine Dehydrogenase Deficiency (Xanthinuria)SMP00220Not Available
Xanthinuria type ISMP00512Not Available
Xanthinuria type IISMP00513Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.00 (0.00-2.00) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0-5 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 18 years old)Both
Normal
    • BC Children's Hos...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified<1.0 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified11.0 (2.0-20.0) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothPurine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) deficiency details
UrineDetected and Quantified177.0-322.0 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedPurine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) deficiency details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency
  1. Gandhi V, Kilpatrick JM, Plunkett W, Ayres M, Harman L, Du M, Bantia S, Davisson J, Wierda WG, Faderl S, Kantarjian H, Thomas D: A proof-of-principle pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and clinical study with purine nucleoside phosphorylase inhibitor immucillin-H (BCX-1777, forodesine). Blood. 2005 Dec 15;106(13):4253-60. Epub 2005 Aug 30. [16131572 ]
  2. Wevers RA, Engelke UF, Moolenaar SH, Brautigam C, de Jong JG, Duran R, de Abreu RA, van Gennip AH: 1H-NMR spectroscopy of body fluids: inborn errors of purine and pyrimidine metabolism. Clin Chem. 1999 Apr;45(4):539-48. [10102915 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 164050 (Purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency )
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012064
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID163230
KEGG Compound IDC00330
BioCyc IDDEOXYGUANOSINE
BiGG ID34637
Wikipedia LinkDeoxyguanosine
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00085
Metagene LinkHMDB00085
METLIN ID3395
PubChem Compound187790
PDB IDGNG
ChEBI ID17172
References
Synthesis ReferenceNoguchi, Toshitada; Hamamoto, Tomoki; Okuyama, Kiyoshi; Shibuya, Susumu. Process for producing 2'-deoxyguanosine. PCT Int. Appl. (2003), 31 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Gao K, Henning SM, Niu Y, Youssefian AA, Seeram NP, Xu A, Heber D: The citrus flavonoid naringenin stimulates DNA repair in prostate cancer cells. J Nutr Biochem. 2006 Feb;17(2):89-95. Epub 2005 Jun 20. [16111881 ]
  2. Podmore K, Farmer PB, Herbert KE, Jones GD, Martin EA: 32P-postlabelling approaches for the detection of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine-3'-monophosphate in DNA. Mutat Res. 1997 Aug 1;378(1-2):139-49. [9288892 ]
  3. Shibata T, Iio K, Kawai Y, Shibata N, Kawaguchi M, Toi S, Kobayashi M, Kobayashi M, Yamamoto K, Uchida K: Identification of a lipid peroxidation product as a potential trigger of the p53 pathway. J Biol Chem. 2006 Jan 13;281(2):1196-204. Epub 2005 Oct 26. [16251187 ]
  4. Gackowski D, Ciecierski M, Jawien A, Olinski R: Background level of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine in lymphocyte DNA does not correlate with the concentration of antioxidant vitamins in blood plasma. Acta Biochim Pol. 2001;48(2):535-9. [11732622 ]
  5. Takamura-Enya T, Watanabe M, Totsuka Y, Kanazawa T, Matsushima-Hibiya Y, Koyama K, Sugimura T, Wakabayashi K: Mono(ADP-ribosyl)ation of 2'-deoxyguanosine residue in DNA by an apoptosis-inducing protein, pierisin-1, from cabbage butterfly. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Oct 23;98(22):12414-9. Epub 2001 Oct 9. [11592983 ]
  6. Palozza P, Serini S, Di Nicuolo F, Boninsegna A, Torsello A, Maggiano N, Ranelletti FO, Wolf FI, Calviello G, Cittadini A: beta-Carotene exacerbates DNA oxidative damage and modifies p53-related pathways of cell proliferation and apoptosis in cultured cells exposed to tobacco smoke condensate. Carcinogenesis. 2004 Aug;25(8):1315-25. Epub 2004 Apr 8. [15073048 ]
  7. Zaidi SN, Laidlaw I, Howell A, Potten CS, Cooper DP, O'Connor PJ: Normal human breast xenografts activate N-nitrosodimethylamine: identification of potential target cells for an environmental nitrosamine. Br J Cancer. 1992 Jul;66(1):79-83. [1637681 ]
  8. Gackowski D, Banaszkiewicz Z, Rozalski R, Jawien A, Olinski R: Persistent oxidative stress in colorectal carcinoma patients. Int J Cancer. 2002 Oct 1;101(4):395-7. [12209966 ]
  9. Araki S, Hayashi M, Tamagawa K, Saito M, Kato S, Komori T, Sakakihara Y, Mizutani T, Oda M: Neuropathological analysis in spinal muscular atrophy type II. Acta Neuropathol (Berl). 2003 Nov;106(5):441-8. Epub 2003 Jul 25. [12898156 ]
  10. Kato I, Ren J, Heilbrun LK, Djuric Z: Intra- and inter-individual variability in measurements of biomarkers for oxidative damage in vivo: Nutrition and Breast Health Study. Biomarkers. 2006 Mar-Apr;11(2):143-52. [16766390 ]
  11. Izzedine H, Launay-Vacher V, Aymard G, Legrand M, Deray G: Pharmacokinetics of abacavir in HIV-1-infected patients with impaired renal function. Nephron. 2001 Sep;89(1):62-7. [11528234 ]
  12. Wevers RA, Engelke UF, Moolenaar SH, Brautigam C, de Jong JG, Duran R, de Abreu RA, van Gennip AH: 1H-NMR spectroscopy of body fluids: inborn errors of purine and pyrimidine metabolism. Clin Chem. 1999 Apr;45(4):539-48. [10102915 ]
  13. Bowen P, Chen L, Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis M, Duncan C, Sharifi R, Ghosh L, Kim HS, Christov-Tzelkov K, van Breemen R: Tomato sauce supplementation and prostate cancer: lycopene accumulation and modulation of biomarkers of carcinogenesis. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2002 Nov;227(10):886-93. [12424330 ]
  14. Staal GE, Stoop JW, Zegers BJ, Siegenbeek van Heukelom LH, van der Vlist MJ, Wadman SK, Martin DW: Erythrocyte metabolism in purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency after enzyme replacement therapy by infusion of erythrocytes. J Clin Invest. 1980 Jan;65(1):103-8. [6765955 ]
  15. Blair IA: Lipid hydroperoxide-mediated DNA damage. Exp Gerontol. 2001 Sep;36(9):1473-81. [11525870 ]
  16. Schramm VL: Development of transition state analogues of purine nucleoside phosphorylase as anti-T-cell agents. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Jul 18;1587(2-3):107-17. [12084452 ]
  17. Schilderman PA, Rhijnsburger E, Zwingmann I, Kleinjans JC: Induction of oxidative DNA damages and enhancement of cell proliferation in human lymphocytes in vitro by butylated hydroxyanisole. Carcinogenesis. 1995 Mar;16(3):507-12. [7697806 ]
  18. Kaneko T, Tahara S: Formation of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine in the DNA of human diploid fibroblasts by treatment with linoleic acid hydroperoxide and ferric ion. Lipids. 2000 Sep;35(9):961-5. [11026616 ]
  19. Hou SM, Nori P, Fang JL, Vaca CE: Methylglyoxal induces hprt mutation and DNA adducts in human T-lymphocytes in vitro. Environ Mol Mutagen. 1995;26(4):286-91. [8575417 ]
  20. Bialkowski K, Kowara R, Windorbska W, Olinski R: 8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine level in lymphocytes DNA of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Cancer Lett. 1996 Jan 19;99(1):93-7. [8564935 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes extracellular nucleotides into membrane permeable nucleosides.
Gene Name:
NT5E
Uniprot ID:
P21589
Molecular weight:
57948.125
Reactions
2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate + Water → Deoxyguanosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides. Helps to regulate adenosine levels (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NT5C1B
Uniprot ID:
Q96P26
Molecular weight:
68803.055
Reactions
2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate + Water → Deoxyguanosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides and has a broad substrate specificity. Helps to regulate adenosine levels in heart during ischemia and hypoxia.
Gene Name:
NT5C1A
Uniprot ID:
Q9BXI3
Molecular weight:
41020.145
Reactions
2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate + Water → Deoxyguanosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of deoxyribonucleotides, with a preference for dUMP and dTMP, intermediate activity towards dGMP, and low activity towards dCMP and dAMP.
Gene Name:
NT5C
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCD5
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate + Water → Deoxyguanosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Dephosphorylates specifically the 5' and 2'(3')-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides, and so protects mitochondrial DNA replication from excess dTTP. Has only marginal activity towards dIMP and dGMP.
Gene Name:
NT5M
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPB1
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate + Water → Deoxyguanosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Required for the phosphorylation of several deoxyribonucleosides and certain nucleoside analogs widely employed as antiviral and chemotherapeutic agents.
Gene Name:
DGUOK
Uniprot ID:
Q16854
Molecular weight:
32055.53
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Deoxyguanosine → ADP + 2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Can act both as nucleotidase and as phosphotransferase.
Gene Name:
NT5C3
Uniprot ID:
Q9H0P0
Molecular weight:
33914.91
Reactions
2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate + Water → Deoxyguanosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in 5'-nucleotidase activity
Specific function:
May have a critical role in the maintenance of a constant composition of intracellular purine/pyrimidine nucleotides in cooperation with other nucleotidases. Preferentially hydrolyzes inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) and other purine nucleotides.
Gene Name:
NT5C2
Uniprot ID:
P49902
Molecular weight:
64969.2
Reactions
2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate + Water → Deoxyguanosine + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in purine-nucleoside phosphorylase activity
Specific function:
The purine nucleoside phosphorylases catalyze the phosphorolytic breakdown of the N-glycosidic bond in the beta-(deoxy)ribonucleoside molecules, with the formation of the corresponding free purine bases and pentose-1-phosphate.
Gene Name:
PNP
Uniprot ID:
P00491
Molecular weight:
32117.69
Reactions
Deoxyguanosine + Phosphoric acid → Guanine + Deoxyribose 1-phosphatedetails