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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2008-09-16 13:20:18 UTC
Update Date2018-05-19 21:50:27 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0010404
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB10404
Metabolite Identification
Common NameLysoPC(22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z))
DescriptionLysoPC(22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)) is a lysophospholipid (LyP). It is a monoglycerophospholipid in which a phosphorylcholine moiety occupies a glycerol substitution site. Lysophosphatidylcholines can have different combinations of fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation attached at the C-1 (sn-1) position. Fatty acids containing 16, 18 and 20 carbons are the most common. LysoPC(22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)), in particular, consists of one chain of docosahexaenoic acid at the C-1 position. The docosahexaenoic acid moiety is derived from fish oils. Lysophosphatidylcholine is found in small amounts in most tissues. It is formed by hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine by the enzyme phospholipase A2, as part of the de-acylation/re-acylation cycle that controls its overall molecular species composition. It can also be formed inadvertently during extraction of lipids from tissues if the phospholipase is activated by careless handling. In blood plasma significant amounts of lysophosphatidylcholine are formed by a specific enzyme system, lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), which is secreted from the liver. The enzyme catalyzes the transfer of the fatty acids of position sn-2 of phosphatidylcholine to the free cholesterol in plasma, with formation of cholesterol esters and lysophosphatidylcholine. Lysophospholipids have a role in lipid signaling by acting on lysophospholipid receptors (LPL-R). LPL-R's are members of the G protein-coupled receptor family of integral membrane proteins.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-Docosahexaenoyl-glycero-3-phosphocholineChEBI
LPC 22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)/0:0ChEBI
LPC(22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)/0:0)ChEBI
lyso(22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)/0:0)ChEBI
LysoPC 22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)/0:0ChEBI
Lysophosphatidylcholine(22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)/0:0)ChEBI
LPC(22:6)HMDB
LPC(22:6/0:0)HMDB
LPC(22:6n3/0:0)HMDB
LPC(22:6W3/0:0)HMDB
LyPC(22:6)HMDB
LyPC(22:6/0:0)HMDB
LyPC(22:6n3/0:0)HMDB
LyPC(22:6W3/0:0)HMDB
LysoPC(22:6)HMDB
LysoPC(22:6/0:0)HMDB
LysoPC(22:6n3/0:0)HMDB
LysoPC(22:6W3/0:0)HMDB
Lysophosphatidylcholine(22:6)HMDB
Lysophosphatidylcholine(22:6/0:0)HMDB
Lysophosphatidylcholine(22:6n3/0:0)HMDB
Lysophosphatidylcholine(22:6W3/0:0)HMDB
1-(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z-docosahexaenoyl)-glycero-3-phosphocholineLipid Annotator
LysoPC(22:6(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z))Lipid Annotator
Chemical FormulaC30H50NO7P
Average Molecular Weight567.6943
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight567.332489471
IUPAC Name(2-{[(2R)-3-[(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)-docosa-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaenoyloxy]-2-hydroxypropyl phosphono]oxy}ethyl)trimethylazanium
Traditional Name(2-{[(2R)-3-[(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)-docosa-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaenoyloxy]-2-hydroxypropyl phosphono]oxy}ethyl)trimethylazanium
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CC\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/CCC(=O)OC[C@@H](O)COP([O-])(=O)OCC[N+](C)(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C30H50NO7P/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24-30(33)36-27-29(32)28-38-39(34,35)37-26-25-31(2,3)4/h6-7,9-10,12-13,15-16,18-19,21-22,29,32H,5,8,11,14,17,20,23-28H2,1-4H3/b7-6-,10-9-,13-12-,16-15-,19-18-,22-21-/t29-/m1/s1
InChI KeyLSOWKZULVQWMLY-APPDJCNMSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholines. These are glycerophosphocholines in which the glycerol is esterified with a fatty acid at O-1 position, and linked at position 3 to a phosphocholine.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphocholines
Direct Parent1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine
  • Phosphocholine
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty acyl
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic salt
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Organoleptic effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00025 g/LALOGPS
logP2.53ALOGPS
logP1.69ChemAxon
logS-6.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.86ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area105.12 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count24ChemAxon
Refractivity176.58 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability62.45 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0230-9433002000-b5fd41e28ea4799a79c2View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Locations
  • All Tissues
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified2.780 +/- 0.294 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB027555
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID8590975
KEGG Compound IDC04230
BioCyc ID PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound10415542
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID73873
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 25 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Selectively hydrolyzes arachidonyl phospholipids in the sn-2 position releasing arachidonic acid. Together with its lysophospholipid activity, it is implicated in the initiation of the inflammatory response.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4A
Uniprot ID:
P47712
Molecular weight:
85210.19
General function:
Involved in sugar binding
Specific function:
May have both lysophospholipase and carbohydrate-binding activities.
Gene Name:
CLC
Uniprot ID:
Q05315
Molecular weight:
16452.785
General function:
Involved in 1-acylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransfera
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which mediates the conversion of lysophosphatidylcholine (1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine or LPC) into phosphatidylcholine (1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine or PC) (LPCAT activity). Catalyzes also the conversion of lysophosphatidylserine (1-acyl-2-hydroxy-sn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine or LPS) into phosphatidylserine (1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine or PS) (LPSAT activity). Has also weak lysophosphatidylethanolamine acyltransferase activity (LPEAT activity). Favors polyunsaturated fatty acyl-CoAs as acyl donors compared to saturated fatty acyl-CoAs. Seems to be the major enzyme contributing to LPCAT activity in the liver. Lysophospholipid acyltransferases (LPLATs) catalyze the reacylation step of the phospholipid remodeling pathway also known as the Lands cycle.
Gene Name:
LPCAT3
Uniprot ID:
Q6P1A2
Molecular weight:
56034.48
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Membrane-associated phospholipase. Exhibits a calcium-independent broad substrate specificity including phospholipase A2/lysophospholipase activity. Preferential hydrolysis at the sn-2 position of diacylphospholipids and diacyglycerol, whereas it shows no positional specificity toward triacylglycerol. Exhibits also esterase activity toward p-nitrophenyl. May act on the brush border membrane to facilitate the absorption of digested lipids (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLB1
Uniprot ID:
Q6P1J6
Molecular weight:
161711.9
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Possesses both acyltransferase and acetyltransferase activities. Activity is calcium-dependent. Involved in platelet-activating factor (PAF) biosynthesis by catalyzing the conversion of the PAF precursor, 1-O-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (lyso-PAF) into 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PAF). Also converts lyso-PAF to 1-alkyl-phosphatidylcholine (PC), a major component of cell membranes and a PAF precursor. Under resting conditions, acyltransferase activity is preferred. Upon acute inflammatory stimulus, acetyltransferase activity is enhanced and PAF synthesis increases (By similarity).
Gene Name:
LPCAT2
Uniprot ID:
Q7L5N7
Molecular weight:
60207.295
General function:
Involved in asparaginase activity
Specific function:
Exhibits lysophospholipase, transacylase, PAF acetylhydrolase and asparaginase activities.
Gene Name:
ASPG
Uniprot ID:
Q86U10
Molecular weight:
60882.4
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Possesses both acyltransferase and acetyltransferase activities. Activity is calcium-independent. Mediates the conversion of 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (LPC) into phosphatidylcholine (PC). Displays a clear preference for saturated fatty acyl-CoAs, and 1-myristoyl or 1-palmitoyl LPC as acyl donors and acceptors, respectively. May synthesize phosphatidylcholine in pulmonary surfactant, thereby playing a pivotal role in respiratory physiology.
Gene Name:
LPCAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8NF37
Molecular weight:
59150.675
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylcholine-sterol O-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Central enzyme in the extracellular metabolism of plasma lipoproteins. Synthesized mainly in the liver and secreted into plasma where it converts cholesterol and phosphatidylcholines (lecithins) to cholesteryl esters and lysophosphatidylcholines on the surface of high and low density lipoproteins (HDLs and LDLs). The cholesterol ester is then transported back to the liver. Has a preference for plasma 16:0-18:2 or 18:O-18:2 phosphatidylcholines. Also produced in the brain by primary astrocytes, and esterifies free cholesterol on nascent APOE-containing lipoproteins secreted from glia and influences cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) APOE- and APOA1 levels. Together with APOE and the cholesterol transporter ABCA1, plays a key role in the maturation of glial-derived, nascent lipoproteins. Required for remodeling high-density lipoprotein particles into their spherical forms.
Gene Name:
LCAT
Uniprot ID:
P04180
Molecular weight:
49577.545
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine is more efficiently hydrolyzed than the other phospholipids examined.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2D
Uniprot ID:
Q9UNK4
Molecular weight:
16546.1
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a preference for arachidonic-containing phospholipids.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2E
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZK7
Molecular weight:
15988.525

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 25 proteins in total.