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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2009-04-06 16:19:39 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 05:57:25 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0012126
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB12126
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(N-Acetylglucosaminyl)2-diphosphodolichol
Description(N-Acetylglucosaminyl)2-diphosphodolichol is a lipid-linked disaccharide that is an intermediate in dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide biosynthesis. The dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide biosynthesis pathway is of particular interest in humans, because defects in the glycosyltransferases involved lead to congenital disorders of glycosylation. The genetic analysis of this pathway in a model organism, the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has helped to elucidate the molecular basis of these disorders. Humanization of the N-glycosylation pathway in yeast may allow production of therapeutically useful glycoproteins. Humanization is necessary because N-glycosylation in yeast is of the high-mannose type, which would create a shorter glycoprotein half-life in humans. In this biosynthetic pathway, N-Acetylglucosaminyl)2-diphosphodolichol is a substrate for Chitobiosyldiphosphodolichol α-mannosyltransferase and formed from the enzymatic glycosylation of N-Acetylglucosaminyl-diphosphodolichol.
Structure
Data?1563861445
Synonyms
ValueSource
ChitobiosyldiphosphodolicholHMDB
N,N'-diacetylchitobiosyldiphosphodolicholHMDB
[N-Acetyl-b-D-glucosaminyl-(1->4)- N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl]diphosphodolicholHMDB
[N-Acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->4)- N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl]diphosphodolicholHMDB
[N-Acetyl-beta-delta-glucosaminyl-(1->4)- N-acetyl-delta-glucosaminyl]diphosphodolicholHMDB
Chemical FormulaC96H160N2O17P2
Average Molecular Weight1676.2483
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1675.119224728
IUPAC Name{[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-acetamido-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-acetamido-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}[({[(6E,10E,14E,18E,22E,26E,30E,34E,38E,42E,46E,50E,54E,58E)-3,7,11,15,19,23,27,31,35,39,43,47,51,55,59,63-hexadecamethyltetrahexaconta-6,10,14,18,22,26,30,34,38,42,46,50,54,58,62-pentadecaen-1-yl]oxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]phosphinic acid
Traditional Name[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-acetamido-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-acetamido-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy({[(6E,10E,14E,18E,22E,26E,30E,34E,38E,42E,46E,50E,54E,58E)-3,7,11,15,19,23,27,31,35,39,43,47,51,55,59,63-hexadecamethyltetrahexaconta-6,10,14,18,22,26,30,34,38,42,46,50,54,58,62-pentadecaen-1-yl]oxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)phosphinic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
OC[C@H]1O[C@@H](O[C@H]2[C@H](O)[C@@H](NC(C)=O)[C@@H](O[C@@H]2CO)OP(=O)(O)OP(=O)(O)OCCC(C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CC\C=C(/C)CCC=C(C)C)[C@H](NC(C)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C96H160N2O17P2/c1-69(2)35-20-36-70(3)37-21-38-71(4)39-22-40-72(5)41-23-42-73(6)43-24-44-74(7)45-25-46-75(8)47-26-48-76(9)49-27-50-77(10)51-28-52-78(11)53-29-54-79(12)55-30-56-80(13)57-31-58-81(14)59-32-60-82(15)61-33-62-83(16)63-34-64-84(17)65-66-110-116(106,107)115-117(108,109)114-96-90(98-86(19)102)93(105)94(88(68-100)112-96)113-95-89(97-85(18)101)92(104)91(103)87(67-99)111-95/h35,37,39,41,43,45,47,49,51,53,55,57,59,61,63,84,87-96,99-100,103-105H,20-34,36,38,40,42,44,46,48,50,52,54,56,58,60,62,64-68H2,1-19H3,(H,97,101)(H,98,102)(H,106,107)(H,108,109)/b70-37+,71-39+,72-41+,73-43+,74-45+,75-47+,76-49+,77-51+,78-53+,79-55+,80-57+,81-59+,82-61+,83-63+/t84?,87-,88-,89-,90-,91-,92-,93-,94-,95+,96+/m1/s1
InChI KeyAGKFOAYTTMSUFA-AYIKJQCISA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as polyprenyl phospho carbohydrates. These are polyprenyl phosphates with a carbohydrate moiety attached to it.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassPolyprenols
Direct ParentPolyprenyl phospho carbohydrates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Polyprenyl phospho oligosaccharide
  • Polyterpenoid
  • Polyprenyl phospho carbohydrate
  • Dolichyl diphosphate
  • Polyprenyl monophosphate
  • Polyprenyl phosphate skeleton
  • Disaccharide phosphate
  • N-acyl-alpha-hexosamine
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Disaccharide
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Oxane
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Acetamide
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0005 g/LALOGPS
logP8.4ALOGPS
logP21.06ChemAxon
logS-6.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.74ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count14ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area289.33 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count59ChemAxon
Refractivity492.23 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability203.07 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-052f-6010319000-bba7db1d675717edd6f7Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-9221212000-99015c6ad993213c0974Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9111002000-0f6ee3c46488576617a3Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00r6-2191000000-38d90409c07f91c97515Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-08i1-9472452000-1d689f2ac72a31c86e32Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a6v-4940200000-5b29fd9d452ed8b13ef2Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB028790
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC04537
BioCyc IDNN-DIACETYLCHITOBIOSYLDIPHOSPHODOLICHO
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53481378
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Participates in the formation of the lipid-linked precursor oligosaccharide for N-glycosylation. Involved in assembling the dolichol-pyrophosphate-GlcNAc(2)-Man(5) intermediate on the cytoplasmic surface of the ER.
Gene Name:
ALG1
Uniprot ID:
Q9BT22
Molecular weight:
52517.685
Reactions
Guanosine diphosphate mannose + (N-Acetylglucosaminyl)2-diphosphodolichol → Guanosine diphosphate + beta-1,4-D-mannosylchitobiosyldiphosphodolicholdetails