Human Metabolome Database Version 3.5

Showing metabocard for D-Glucose (HMDB00122)

Record Information
Version 3.5
Creation Date 2005-11-16 08:48:42 -0700
Update Date 2013-02-08 17:07:55 -0700
HMDB ID HMDB00122
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB06564
Metabolite Identification
Common Name D-Glucose
Description Glucose is a monosaccharide containing six carbon atoms and an aldehyde group and is therefore referred to as an aldohexose. The glucose molecule can exist in an open-chain (acyclic) and ring (cyclic) form, the latter being the result of an intramolecular reaction between the aldehyde C atom and the C-5 hydroxyl group to form an intramolecular hemiacetal. In water solution both forms are in equilibrium and at pH 7 the cyclic one is the predominant. Glucose is a primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. In animals glucose arises from the breakdown of glycogen in a process known as glycogenolysis. Glucose is synthesized in the liver and kidneys from non-carbohydrate intermediates, such as pyruvate and glycerol, by a process known as gluconeogenesis.
Structure Thumb
Download: MOL | SDF | PDB | SMILES | InChI
Display: 2D Structure | 3D Structure
Synonyms
  1. Roferose ST
  2. (+)-Glucose
  3. Anhydrous dextrose
  4. Cerelose
  5. Cerelose 2001
  6. Clearsweet 95
  7. Clintose L
  8. Corn sugar
  9. CPC hydrate
  10. D(+)-Glucose
  11. Dextropur
  12. Dextrose
  13. Dextrosol
  14. Glucodin
  15. Glucolin
  16. Glucose
  17. Goldsugar
  18. Grape sugar
  19. Meritose
  20. Staleydex 111
  21. Staleydex 95M
  22. Tabfine 097(HS)
  23. Vadex
Chemical Formula C6H12O6
Average Molecular Weight 180.1559
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight 180.063388116
IUPAC Name (3R,4S,5S,6R)-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
Traditional IUPAC Name glucose
CAS Registry Number 50-99-7
SMILES OC[C@H]1OC(O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
InChI Identifier InChI=1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3-,4+,5-,6?/m1/s1
InChI Key WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-GASJEMHNSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Kingdom Organic Compounds
Super Class Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Conjugates
Class Monosaccharides
Sub Class Hexoses
Other Descriptors
  • Aliphatic Heteromonocyclic Compounds
  • Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Conjugates
  • D-galactopyranose(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • 1,2 Diol
  • Hemiacetal
  • Oxane
  • Primary Alcohol
  • Secondary Alcohol
Direct Parent Hexoses
Ontology
Status Detected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction Not Available
Application Not Available
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Lysosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
Physical Properties
State Solid
Experimental Properties
Property Value Reference
Melting Point 146 - 150 °C Not Available
Boiling Point Not Available Not Available
Water Solubility 1200.0 mg/mL Not Available
LogP -3.24 SANGSTER (1994)
Predicted Properties
Property Value Source
Water Solubility 782 g/L ALOGPS
LogP -2.57 ALOGPS
LogP -2.9 ChemAxon
LogS 0.64 ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic) 11.3 ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic) -3 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count 6 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count 5 ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area 110.38 A2 ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count 1 ChemAxon
Refractivity 35.92 ChemAxon
Polarizability 16.09 ChemAxon
Formal Charge 0 ChemAxon
Physiological Charge 0 ChemAxon
Spectra
Gas-MS Spectrum
1H NMR Spectrum
13C NMR Spectrum
MS/MS Spectrum Quattro_QQQ 10
MS/MS Spectrum Quattro_QQQ 25
MS/MS Spectrum Quattro_QQQ 40
MS/MS Spectrum LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10
MS/MS Spectrum LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20
MS/MS Spectrum LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30
MS/MS Spectrum LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40
MS/MS Spectrum LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50
MS/MS Spectrum GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)
MS/MS Spectrum GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)
MS/MS Spectrum GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)
MS/MS Spectrum GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)
MS/MS Spectrum GC-MS
MS/MS Spectrum GC-MS
MS/MS Spectrum GC-MS
[1H,13C] 2D NMR Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Lysosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Breast Milk
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Muscle
  • Bladder
  • Fibroblasts
  • Intestine
  • Neuron
  • Pancreas
  • Placenta
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Epidermis
  • Brain
  • Myelin
  • Prostate
  • Adrenal Gland
  • Fetus
  • Adipose Tissue
  • Adrenal Cortex
  • Adrenal Medulla
  • Lung
  • Nerve Cells
  • Gonads
  • Gut
  • Eye Lens
  • Mouth
  • Beta Cell
  • Brain Plaques
Pathways
Name SMPDB Link KEGG Link
Glycolysis SMP00040 map00010 Link_out
Galactose Metabolism SMP00043 map00052 Link_out
Gluconeogenesis SMP00128 map00010 Link_out
Glucose-Alanine Cycle SMP00127 Not Available
Lactose Synthesis SMP00444 Not Available
Lactose Degradation SMP00457 Not Available
Transfer of Acetyl Groups into Mitochondria SMP00466 Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Biofluid Status Value Age Sex Condition Reference
Blood Detected and Quantified
5350.0 +/- 120.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
5400.0 (4700.0 - 6100.0) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
3900.0 (2800.0-5000.0) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
5181.0 +/- 394.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
12000.0 +/- 4440.0 uM Children (1-13 year old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
5300.0 (4900.0 - 5700.0) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
4750.0 +/- 184.0 uM Newborn (0-30 days old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
2200.0 (1100.0 - 3300.0) uM Newborn (0-30 days old) Both Normal
  • Wu AHB (2006...
Blood Detected and Quantified
4440.0 +/- 370.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
4570.0 +/- 411.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Male Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
2750.0 (2200.0-3300.0) uM Newborn (0-30 days old) Both Normal
  • Wu AHB (2006...
Blood Detected and Quantified
4470.0 +/- 346.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Female Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
4400.00 (3300.00-5500.00) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
4450.0 (3300.0 - 5600.0) uM Children (1-13 year old) Both Normal
  • Wu AHB (2006...
Blood Detected and Quantified
5450.0 (4200.0 - 6700.0) uM Elderly (>65 years old) Both Normal
  • Wu AHB (2006...
Blood Detected and Quantified
4971.3 +/- 372.8 uM Adult (>18 years old) Not Specified Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
4400.0 (3300.0-5500.0) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
4440.0 +/- 100.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
4470.0 +/- 110.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Normal
Breast Milk Detected and Quantified
4500.0+/- 100.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Female Normal
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Detected and Quantified
2960 +/- 1110 uM Not Specified Both Normal
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Detected and Quantified
5390.0 +/- 1650.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Not Specified Normal
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Detected and Quantified
1720.0 (1560.0-1880.0) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Saliva Detected and Quantified
1-2762 uM Adult (>18 years old) Male Comment normal
Saliva Detected and Quantified
4-389 uM Adult (>18 years old) Male Comment normal
Saliva Detected and Quantified
>10 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
35.6 (10.3-56.7) umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Normal
Urine Detected but not Quantified
Not Applicable Adult (>18 years old) Male Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
15.0 (0.0-50.0) umol/mmol creatinine Newborn (0-30 days old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Urine Detected and Quantified
9.0 (0.0-19.0) umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Urine Detected but not Quantified
Not Applicable Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
16.66-111.07 umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
  • David F. Put...
Urine Detected and Quantified
37.5 (12.5-58.4) umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
31.12 umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Male Normal
  • Shaykhutdino...
Urine Detected but not Quantified
Not Applicable Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Normal
Urine Detected but not Quantified
Not Applicable Adult (>18 years old) Male Comment Normal
Urine Detected but not Quantified
Not Applicable Adult (>18 years old) Male Comment Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
7.0 (0.0-15.0) umol/mmol creatinine Infant (0-1 year old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Urine Detected and Quantified
25.8 +/- 13.82 umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Urine Detected and Quantified
143.14 +/- 399.78 umol/mmol creatinine Infant (0-1 year old) Female Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
0 umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
  • Lorena Ivona...
Abnormal Concentrations
Biofluid Status Value Age Sex Condition Reference
Blood Detected and Quantified >11100 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Diabetes mellitus
  • World Health...
Blood Detected and Quantified >7000 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Diabetes mellitus
  • World Health...
Blood Detected and Quantified 3743 +/- 1272.9 uM Adult (>18 years old) Not Specified Heart Transplant
Blood Detected and Quantified 5500.0 +/- 160.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Growth hormone deficiency
Blood Detected and Quantified 6000.0 (5000.0 - 6800.0) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
Blood Detected and Quantified 5114.0 +/- 483.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Hyperlipidaemia
Blood Detected and Quantified 1000.0 (0.00-2000.0) uM Children (1-13 year old) Both Glucagon deficiency
Blood Detected and Quantified 1750.00 (500.00-3000.00) uM Children (1-13 year old) Both Hypoadrenocorticism
Blood Detected and Quantified 1750.0 (500.0-3000.0) uM Children (1-13 year old) Both 3-Methyl-crotonyl-glycinuria
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Detected and Quantified 3700.0 (3200.0-4200.0) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Alzheimer's disease
Urine Detected and Quantified 19700.0 umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Diabetes
Urine Detected and Quantified 79600.0 (68300.0-90900.0) umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Diabetes
Urine Detected and Quantified 17,449.11 (137.28 – 129,930.33) umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Type 1 diabetes Mellitus
  • Lorena Ivona...
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Alzheimer's disease
  • Redjems-Bennani N, Jeandel C, Lefebvre E, Blain H, Vidailhet M, Gueant JL: Abnormal substrate levels that depend upon mitochondrial function in cerebrospinal fluid from Alzheimer patients. Gerontology. 1998;44(5):300-4. Pubmed: 9693263 Link_out
      Diabetes mellitus type 2
      • Bales JR, Higham DP, Howe I, Nicholson JK, Sadler PJ: Use of high-resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for rapid multi-component analysis of urine. Clin Chem. 1984 Mar;30(3):426-32. Pubmed: 6321058 Link_out
      • Hoppel CL, Genuth SM: Urinary excretion of acetylcarnitine during human diabetic and fasting ketosis. Am J Physiol. 1982 Aug;243(2):E168-72. Pubmed: 6810706 Link_out
      • World Health Organisation Department of Noncommunicable Disease Surveillance (1999). "Definition, Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus and its Complications"
        Growth hormone deficiency
        • Darzy KH, Murray RD, Gleeson HK, Pezzoli SS, Thorner MO, Shalet SM: The impact of short-term fasting on the dynamics of 24-hour growth hormone (GH) secretion in patients with severe radiation-induced GH deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Mar;91(3):987-94. Epub 2005 Dec 29. Pubmed: 16384844 Link_out
            Acute myelogenous leukemia
            • Tatidis L, Vitols S, Gruber A, Paul C, Axelson M: Cholesterol catabolism in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia and hypocholesterolemia: suppressed levels of a circulating marker for bile acid synthesis. Cancer Lett. 2001 Sep 20;170(2):169-75. Pubmed: 11463495 Link_out
                Hyperlipidemia
                • Sinha S, Misra A, Kumar V, Jagannathan NR, Bal CS, Pandey RM, Singhania R, Deepak: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and single photon emission computed tomography study of the brain in asymptomatic young hyperlipidaemic Asian Indians in North India show early abnormalities. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2004 Aug;61(2):182-9. Pubmed: 15272912 Link_out
                    3-methyl-crotonyl-glycinuria
                        Glucagon deficiency
                            Addison's Disease
                                Associated OMIM IDs
                                DrugBank ID Not Available
                                DrugBank Metabolite ID Not Available
                                Phenol Explorer Compound ID Not Available
                                Phenol Explorer Metabolite ID Not Available
                                FoodDB ID FDB012530
                                KNApSAcK ID Not Available
                                Chemspider ID 5589 Link_out
                                KEGG Compound ID C00031 Link_out
                                BioCyc ID GLC Link_out
                                BiGG ID 33582 Link_out
                                Wikipedia Link Dextrose Link_out
                                NuGOwiki Link HMDB00122 Link_out
                                Metagene Link HMDB00122 Link_out
                                METLIN ID 133 Link_out
                                PubChem Compound 5793 Link_out
                                PDB ID 1A47 Link_out
                                ChEBI ID 4167 Link_out
                                References
                                Synthesis Reference Li, Dalin; Ruan, Yi; Song, Wen; Wang, Yongjun. Improved process for producing glucose. Faming Zhuanli Shenqing Gongkai Shuomingshu (2003), 4 pp
                                Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Not Available
                                General References
                                1. Badiee P, Kordbacheh P, Alborzi A, Zeini F, Mirhendy H, Mahmoody M: Fungal infections in solid organ recipients. Exp Clin Transplant. 2005 Dec;3(2):385-9. Pubmed: 16417449 Link_out
                                2. Surdacki A, Nowicki M, Sandmann J, Tsikas D, Boeger RH, Bode-Boeger SM, Kruszelnicka-Kwiatkowska O, Kokot F, Dubiel JS, Froelich JC: Reduced urinary excretion of nitric oxide metabolites and increased plasma levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine in men with essential hypertension. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1999 Apr;33(4):652-8. Pubmed: 10218738 Link_out
                                3. Zhao J, Wu LF: [Study of the causes of fetal growth restriction with unclear etiologies] Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi. 2004 May;39(5):329-33. Pubmed: 15196417 Link_out
                                4. Flynn DM, Fairney A, Jackson D, Clayton BE: Hormonal changes in thalassaemia major. Arch Dis Child. 1976 Nov;51(11):828-36. Pubmed: 1008588 Link_out
                                5. Sokup A, Swiatkowski M, Tyloch M, Skublicki S, Szymanski W, Goralczyk K: [Insulin secretion at the diagnosis of gestational diabetes is lower in multiparas than in primiparas] Ginekol Pol. 2006 Jan;77(1):4-9. Pubmed: 16736954 Link_out
                                6. Subramanian A, Gupta A, Saxena S, Gupta A, Kumar R, Nigam A, Kumar R, Mandal SK, Roy R: Proton MR CSF analysis and a new software as predictors for the differentiation of meningitis in children. NMR Biomed. 2005 Jun;18(4):213-25. Pubmed: 15627241 Link_out
                                7. Roberts E: The importance of being dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (in the blood of primates): a longer and healthier life? Biochem Pharmacol. 1999 Feb 15;57(4):329-46. Pubmed: 9933021 Link_out
                                8. Redjems-Bennani N, Jeandel C, Lefebvre E, Blain H, Vidailhet M, Gueant JL: Abnormal substrate levels that depend upon mitochondrial function in cerebrospinal fluid from Alzheimer patients. Gerontology. 1998;44(5):300-4. Pubmed: 9693263 Link_out
                                9. Kodama H, Okada S, Inui K, Yutaka T, Yabuuchi H: Studies on alpha-ketoglutaric aciduria in type I glycogenosis. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1980 Aug;131(4):347-53. Pubmed: 6936873 Link_out
                                10. Gollan JL, Huang SN, Billing B, Sherlock S: Prolonged survival in three brothers with severe type 2 Crigler-Najjar syndrome. Ultrastructural and metabolic studies. Gastroenterology. 1975 Jun;68(6):1543-55. Pubmed: 805737 Link_out
                                11. Hourd P, Edge JA, Dunger DB, Dalton N, Edwards R: Urinary growth hormone excretion during puberty in type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Diabet Med. 1991 Apr;8(3):237-42. Pubmed: 1828739 Link_out
                                12. Zebrower ME, Kieras FJ, Brown WT: Analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfates. Anal Biochem. 1986 Aug 15;157(1):93-9. Pubmed: 3094400 Link_out
                                13. Commodari F, Arnold DL, Sanctuary BC, Shoubridge EA: 1H NMR characterization of normal human cerebrospinal fluid and the detection of methylmalonic acid in a vitamin B12 deficient patient. NMR Biomed. 1991 Aug;4(4):192-200. Pubmed: 1931558 Link_out
                                14. Sakai T, Suzuki J, Marumo F, Kikawada R: A case of Fanconi syndrome with type 1 renal tubular acidosis. Jpn Circ J. 1981 Oct;45(10):1164-9. Pubmed: 7299995 Link_out
                                15. Rohdewald VP, Rehder J, Mollmann H, Barth J, Derendorf H: [Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of prednisolone following extremely high dosage as prednisolone hemisuccinate] Arzneimittelforschung. 1987 Feb;37(2):194-8. Pubmed: 3580023 Link_out
                                16. Hoppel CL, Genuth SM: Urinary excretion of acetylcarnitine during human diabetic and fasting ketosis. Am J Physiol. 1982 Aug;243(2):E168-72. Pubmed: 6810706 Link_out
                                17. Brodehl J, Oemar BS, Hoyer PF: Renal glucosuria. Pediatr Nephrol. 1987 Jul;1(3):502-8. Pubmed: 3153324 Link_out
                                18. KASER H, COTTIER P, ANTENER I: Glucoglycinuria, a new familial syndrome. J Pediatr. 1962 Sep;61:386-94. Pubmed: 14454131 Link_out
                                19. Bales JR, Higham DP, Howe I, Nicholson JK, Sadler PJ: Use of high-resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for rapid multi-component analysis of urine. Clin Chem. 1984 Mar;30(3):426-32. Pubmed: 6321058 Link_out
                                20. Harada H, Shimizu H, Maeiwa M: 1H-NMR of human saliva. An application of NMR spectroscopy in forensic science. Forensic Sci Int. 1987 Jul;34(3):189-95. Pubmed: 3666622 Link_out
                                21. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. Pubmed: 19212411 Link_out

                                Enzymes
                                Name: Glucokinase
                                Reactions:
                                Adenosine triphosphate + D-Glucose unknown ADP + Glucose 6-phosphate details
                                Gene Name: GCK
                                Uniprot ID: P35557 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Hexokinase-3
                                Reactions:
                                Adenosine triphosphate + D-Glucose unknown ADP + Glucose 6-phosphate details
                                Gene Name: HK3
                                Uniprot ID: P52790 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Hexokinase-2
                                Reactions:
                                Adenosine triphosphate + D-Glucose unknown ADP + Glucose 6-phosphate details
                                Gene Name: HK2
                                Uniprot ID: P52789 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Hexokinase-1
                                Reactions:
                                Adenosine triphosphate + D-Glucose unknown ADP + Glucose 6-phosphate details
                                Gene Name: HK1
                                Uniprot ID: P19367 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Sucrase-isomaltase, intestinal
                                Reactions:
                                Sucrose + Water unknown D-Fructose + D-Glucose details
                                Isomaltose + Water unknown Alpha-D-Glucose + D-Glucose details
                                Neohancoside D + Water unknown D-Fructose + D-Glucose details
                                Gene Name: SI
                                Uniprot ID: P14410 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase
                                Reactions:
                                beta-Lactose + Water unknown Beta-D-Galactose + D-Glucose details
                                Lactose + Water unknown D-Glucose + Beta-D-Galactose details
                                Gene Name: LCT
                                Uniprot ID: P09848 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Neutral alpha-glucosidase AB
                                Reactions:
                                Water + unknown D-Glucose + details
                                Water + unknown D-Glucose + details
                                Gene Name: GANAB
                                Uniprot ID: Q14697 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Glycogen debranching enzyme
                                Reactions: Not Available
                                Gene Name: AGL
                                Uniprot ID: P35573 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: ADP-dependent glucokinase
                                Reactions:
                                ADP + D-Glucose unknown Adenosine monophosphate + Glucose 6-phosphate details
                                Gene Name: ADPGK
                                Uniprot ID: Q9BRR6 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 2
                                Reactions:
                                Uridine diphosphategalactose + D-Glucose unknown Uridine 5'-diphosphate + beta-Lactose details
                                Gene Name: B4GALT2
                                Uniprot ID: O60909 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Alpha-lactalbumin
                                Reactions:
                                Uridine diphosphategalactose + D-Glucose unknown Uridine 5'-diphosphate + beta-Lactose details
                                Gene Name: LALBA
                                Uniprot ID: P00709 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Trehalase
                                Reactions:
                                Trehalose + Water unknown D-Glucose details
                                Gene Name: TREH
                                Uniprot ID: O43280 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Glucose-6-phosphatase
                                Reactions:
                                Glucose 6-phosphate + Water unknown D-Glucose + Phosphoric acid details
                                Gene Name: G6PC
                                Uniprot ID: P35575 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 1
                                Reactions:
                                Uridine diphosphategalactose + D-Glucose unknown Uridine 5'-diphosphate + beta-Lactose details
                                Gene Name: B4GALT1
                                Uniprot ID: P15291 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Alpha-galactosidase A
                                Reactions:
                                Melibiose + Water unknown Beta-D-Galactose + D-Glucose details
                                Melibiose + Water unknown Beta-D-Galactose + D-Glucose details
                                Gene Name: GLA
                                Uniprot ID: P06280 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase
                                Reactions: Not Available
                                Gene Name: GPI
                                Uniprot ID: P06744 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Phosphoglucomutase-1
                                Reactions: Not Available
                                Gene Name: PGM1
                                Uniprot ID: P36871 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Glucosylceramidase
                                Reactions:
                                D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine + Water unknown D-Glucose + N-acylsphingosine details
                                beta-D-Glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramide + Water unknown D-Glucose + N-Acylsphingosine details
                                Gene Name: GBA
                                Uniprot ID: P04062 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Lysosomal alpha-glucosidase
                                Reactions:
                                Sucrose + Water unknown D-Fructose + D-Glucose details
                                Gene Name: GAA
                                Uniprot ID: P10253 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 1
                                Reactions: Not Available
                                Gene Name: SLC2A1
                                Uniprot ID: P11166 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Glucokinase regulatory protein
                                Reactions: Not Available
                                Gene Name: GCKR
                                Uniprot ID: Q14397 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Cytosolic beta-glucosidase
                                Reactions:
                                Prunasin + Water unknown Mandelonitrile + D-Glucose details
                                Prunasin + D-Glucose unknown Amygdalin + Water details
                                Cyanoglycoside + Water unknown Cyanohydrin + D-Glucose details
                                cis-beta-D-Glucosyl-2-hydroxycinnamate + Water unknown Coumaric acid + D-Glucose details
                                Gene Name: GBA3
                                Uniprot ID: Q9H227 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Maltase-glucoamylase, intestinal
                                Reactions:
                                Sucrose + Water unknown D-Fructose + D-Glucose details
                                Neohancoside D + Water unknown D-Fructose + D-Glucose details
                                Gene Name: MGAM
                                Uniprot ID: O43451 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Glucose-6-phosphatase 3
                                Reactions:
                                Glucose 6-phosphate + Water unknown D-Glucose + Phosphoric acid details
                                Gene Name: G6PC3
                                Uniprot ID: Q9BUM1 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Glucose-6-phosphatase 2
                                Reactions:
                                Glucose 6-phosphate + Water unknown D-Glucose + Phosphoric acid details
                                Gene Name: G6PC2
                                Uniprot ID: Q9NQR9 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Neutral alpha-glucosidase C
                                Reactions:
                                Sucrose + Water unknown D-Fructose + D-Glucose details
                                Gene Name: GANC
                                Uniprot ID: Q8TET4 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Non-lysosomal glucosylceramidase
                                Reactions:
                                D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine + Water unknown D-Glucose + N-acylsphingosine details
                                Gene Name: GBA2
                                Uniprot ID: Q9HCG7 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Gene Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Putative hexokinase HKDC1
                                Reactions:
                                Adenosine triphosphate + D-Glucose unknown ADP + Glucose 6-phosphate details
                                Gene Name: HKDC1
                                Uniprot ID: Q2TB90 Link_out
                                Protein Sequence: FASTA
                                Name: Mannosyl-oligosaccharide glucosidase
                                Reactions:
                                Water + unknown D-Glucose + details
                                Gene Name: MOGS
                                Uniprot ID: Q13724 Link_out