You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2009-04-29 14:31:32 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 02:36:59 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0012314
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB12314
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/18:0)
Description3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide is an acidic, sulfated glycosphingolipid, often known as sulfatide. This lipid occurs in membranes of various cell types, but is found in particularly high concentrations in myelin where it constitutes 3-4% of total membrane lipids. This lipid is synthesized primarily in the oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system. Accumulation of this lipid in the lysosomes is a characteristic of metachromatic leukodystrophy, a lysosomal storage disease caused by the deficiency of arylsulfatase A. Alterations in sulfatide metabolism, trafficking, and homeostasis are present in the earliest clinically recognizable stages of Alzheimer's disease.Cerebrosides are glycosphingolipids. There are four types of glycosphingolipids, the cerebrosides, sulfatides, globosides and gangliosides. Cerebrosides have a single sugar group linked to ceramide. The most common are galactocerebrosides (containing galactose), the least common are glucocerebrosides (containing glucose). Galactocerebrosides are found predominantly in neuronal cell membranes. In contrast glucocerebrosides are not normally found in membranes. Instead, they are typically intermediates in the synthesis or degradation of more complex glycosphingolipids. Galactocerebrosides are synthesized from ceramide and UDP-galactose. Excess lysosomal accumulation of glucocerebrosides is found in Gaucher disease. Sulfatides are glycosphingolipids. There are four types of glycosphingolipids, the cerebrosides, sulfatides, globosides and gangliosides. Sulfatides are the sulfuric acid esters of galactocerebrosides. They are synthesized from galactocerebrosides and activated sulfate, 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3'-O-SulphogalactosylceramideHMDB
3-O-SulfO-beta-D-galactosylceramideHMDB
3-O-SulfO-beta-delta-galactosylceramideHMDB
3-O-SulfogalactosylceramideHMDB
Cerebroside 3-sulfateHMDB
Cerebroside 3-sulphateHMDB
Galactosylceramide-sulfateHMDB
Galactosylceramide-sulphateHMDB
GalactosylceramidesulfateHMDB
GalactosylceramidesulphateHMDB
N-[(1S,2R,3E)-2-Hydroxy-1-[[(3-O-sulfO-b-D-galactopyranosyl)oxy]methyl]-3-heptadecen-1-yl]-octadecanamideHMDB
N-[(1S,2R,3E)-2-Hydroxy-1-[[(3-O-sulfO-beta-delta-galactopyranosyl)oxy]methyl]-3-heptadecen-1-yl]-octadecanamideHMDB
SulfatideHMDB
Sulfatide (D18:1/18:0)HMDB
[R-[R*,s*-(e)]]-N-[2-hydroxy-1-[[(3-O-sulfO-b-D-galactopyranosyl)oxy]methyl]-3-heptadecenyl]-octadecanamideHMDB
[R-[R*,s*-(e)]]-N-[2-hydroxy-1-[[(3-O-sulfO-beta-delta-galactopyranosyl)oxy]methyl]-3-heptadecenyl]-octadecanamideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC42H81NO11S
Average Molecular Weight808.158
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight807.553033129
IUPAC Name[(2R,5S,6R)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-{[(2S,3R,4E)-3-hydroxy-2-octadecanamidooctadec-4-en-1-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-4-yl]oxidanesulfonic acid
Traditional NameC18 sulfatide
CAS Registry Number244215-65-4
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)N[C@@]([H])(CO[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@H](O)C(OS(=O)(O)=O)C1O)[C@@](O)([H])\C=C\CCCCCCCCCCCCC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C42H81NO11S/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-18-20-22-24-26-28-30-32-38(46)43-35(36(45)31-29-27-25-23-21-19-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2)34-52-42-40(48)41(54-55(49,50)51)39(47)37(33-44)53-42/h29,31,35-37,39-42,44-45,47-48H,3-28,30,32-34H2,1-2H3,(H,43,46)(H,49,50,51)/b31-29+/t35-,36+,37+,39-,40?,41?,42+/m0/s1
InChI KeyGQQZXRPXBDJABR-XMDONHODSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sulfatides. These are an hydrogen sulfate esters of glycosphingolipids.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSphingolipids
Sub ClassGlycosphingolipids
Direct ParentSulfatides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sulfoglycosphingolipid
  • Glycosyl-n-acylsphingosine
  • Fatty acyl glycoside
  • Fatty acyl glycoside of mono- or disaccharide
  • Alkyl glycoside
  • Hexose monosaccharide
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Fatty amide
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Oxane
  • Fatty acyl
  • Sulfuric acid monoester
  • Sulfate-ester
  • Alkyl sulfate
  • Sulfuric acid ester
  • Organic sulfuric acid or derivatives
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Organoleptic effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00078 g/LALOGPS
logP5.14ALOGPS
logP7.99ChemAxon
logS-6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-1.9ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)0.025ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area192.08 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count37ChemAxon
Refractivity217.38 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability97.91 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB028936
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4696849
KEGG Compound IDC06125
BioCyc IDGALACTOSYLCERAMIDE-SULFATE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5771775
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. Divecha N, Irvine RF: Phospholipid signaling. Cell. 1995 Jan 27;80(2):269-78. [PubMed:7834746 ]
  6. Ghosh S, Strum JC, Bell RM: Lipid biochemistry: functions of glycerolipids and sphingolipids in cellular signaling. FASEB J. 1997 Jan;11(1):45-50. [PubMed:9034165 ]
  7. Cevc, Gregor (1993). Phospholipids Handbook. Marcel Dekker.
  8. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 62 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in galactosylceramidase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes the galactose ester bonds of galactosylceramide, galactosylsphingosine, lactosylceramide, and monogalactosyldiglyceride. Enzyme with very low activity responsible for the lysosomal catabolism of galactosylceramide, a major lipid in myelin, kidney and epithelial cells of small intestine and colon.
Gene Name:
GALC
Uniprot ID:
P54803
Molecular weight:
77062.86
General function:
Involved in galactosylceramide sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the sulfation of membrane glycolipids. Seems to prefer beta-glycosides at the non-reducing termini of sugar chains attached to a lipid moiety. Catalyzes the synthesis of galactosylceramide sulfate (sulfatide), a major lipid component of the myelin sheath and of monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol sulfate (seminolipid), present in spermatocytes (By similarity). Also acts on lactosylceramide, galactosyl 1-alkyl-2-sn-glycerol and galactosyl diacylglycerol (in vitro).
Gene Name:
GAL3ST1
Uniprot ID:
Q99999
Molecular weight:
48763.63
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of some glycolipid via the addition of N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) in alpha-1,3-linkage to some substrate. Glycolipids probably serve for adherence of some pathogens
Gene Name:
GBGT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8N5D6
Molecular weight:
40126.9
General function:
Involved in N-acetylglucosaminylphosphatidylinositol de
Specific function:
Involved in the second step of GPI biosynthesis. De-N-acetylation of N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol.
Gene Name:
PIGL
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2B2
Molecular weight:
28530.965
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Converts sphingomyelin to ceramide. Also has phospholipase C activities toward 1,2-diacylglycerolphosphocholine and 1,2-diacylglycerolphosphoglycerol. Isoform 2 and isoform 3 have lost catalytic activity.
Gene Name:
SMPD1
Uniprot ID:
P17405
Molecular weight:
69935.53
General function:
Cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis
Specific function:
Catalyzes the first glycosylation step in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, the transfer of glucose to ceramide. May also serve as a "flippase".
Gene Name:
UGCG
Uniprot ID:
Q16739
Molecular weight:
44853.255
General function:
Involved in galactosyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Necessary for the biosynthesis of the Pk antigen of blood histogroup P. Catalyzes the transfer of galactose to lactosylceramide and galactosylceramide. Necessary for the synthesis of the receptor for bacterial verotoxins.
Gene Name:
A4GALT
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPC4
Molecular weight:
40498.78
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Part of the complex catalyzing the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol, the first step of GPI biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
PIGQ
Uniprot ID:
Q9BRB3
Molecular weight:
65343.25
General function:
Involved in biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Necessary for the synthesis of N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol, the very early intermediate in GPI-anchor biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
PIGA
Uniprot ID:
P37287
Molecular weight:
54126.065
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltr
Specific function:
Part of the complex catalyzing the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol, the first step of GPI biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
PIGH
Uniprot ID:
Q14442
Molecular weight:
21080.415

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 62 proteins in total.