Human Metabolome Database Version 3.5

Showing metabocard for Glycerol (HMDB00131)

Record Information
Version 3.5
Creation Date 2005-11-16 08:48:42 -0700
Update Date 2013-02-08 17:07:57 -0700
HMDB ID HMDB00131
Secondary Accession Numbers None
Metabolite Identification
Common Name Glycerol
Description Glycerol is an important component of triglycerides (i.e. fats and oils) and of phospholipids. glycerol is a three-carbon substance that forms the backbone of fatty acids in fats. When the body uses stored fat as a source of energy, glycerol and fatty acids are released into the bloodstream. The glycerol component can be converted to glucose by the liver and provides energy for cellular metabolism.
Structure Thumb
Download: MOL | SDF | PDB | SMILES | InChI
Display: 2D Structure | 3D Structure
Synonyms
  1. 1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane
  2. Bulbold
  3. Cristal
  4. E 422
  5. Emery 916
  6. Glyceol Opthalgan
  7. Glycerin
  8. Glycerine
  9. Glyceritol
  10. Glycerol
  11. Glycyl alcohol
  12. Glyrol
  13. Glysanin
  14. IFP
  15. Incorporation factor
  16. Mackstat H 66
  17. Osmoglyn
  18. Pricerine 9091
  19. Propanetriol
  20. RG-S
  21. Trihydroxypropane
  22. Tryhydroxypropane
Chemical Formula C3H8O3
Average Molecular Weight 92.0938
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight 92.047344122
IUPAC Name propane-1,2,3-triol
Traditional IUPAC Name glycerol
CAS Registry Number 56-81-5
SMILES OCC(O)CO
InChI Identifier InChI=1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2
InChI Key PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Kingdom Organic Compounds
Super Class Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Conjugates
Class Sugar Alcohols
Sub Class N/A
Other Descriptors
  • Aliphatic Acyclic Compounds
  • Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Conjugates
  • Glycerols(KEGG)
  • a sugar alcohol(Cyc)
  • carbohydrate(ChEBI)
  • polyol(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • 1,2 Diol
  • Primary Alcohol
  • Secondary Alcohol
Direct Parent Sugar Alcohols
Ontology
Status Detected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Glycerolipid metabolism
  • Component of Glycerophospholipid metabolism
Application Not Available
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
State Liquid
Experimental Properties
Property Value Reference
Melting Point 20 °C Not Available
Boiling Point Not Available Not Available
Water Solubility 1000.0 mg/mL Not Available
LogP -1.76 HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
Property Value Source
Water Solubility 1170 g/L ALOGPS
LogP -1.93 ALOGPS
LogP -1.8 ChemAxon
LogS 1.10 ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic) 13.61 ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic) -3 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count 3 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count 3 ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area 60.69 A2 ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count 2 ChemAxon
Refractivity 20.52 ChemAxon
Polarizability 8.93 ChemAxon
Formal Charge 0 ChemAxon
Physiological Charge 0 ChemAxon
Spectra
Gas-MS Spectrum
1H NMR Spectrum
13C NMR Spectrum
MS/MS Spectrum Quattro_QQQ 10
MS/MS Spectrum Quattro_QQQ 25
MS/MS Spectrum Quattro_QQQ 40
MS/MS Spectrum EI-B (HITACHI M-80)
MS/MS Spectrum GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)
MS/MS Spectrum GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)
MS/MS Spectrum GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)
MS/MS Spectrum GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies )
MS/MS Spectrum GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)
MS/MS Spectrum GC-MS
[1H,1H] 2D NMR Spectrum
[1H,13C] 2D NMR Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Muscle
  • Skeletal Muscle
  • Bladder
  • Neuron
  • Pancreas
  • Placenta
  • Testes
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Thyroid Gland
  • Brain
  • Myelin
  • Prostate
  • Skin
  • Adipose Tissue
  • Nerve Cells
  • Spleen
  • Stratum Corneum
Pathways
Name SMPDB Link KEGG Link
Glycerolipid Metabolism SMP00039 map00561 Link_out
Galactose Metabolism SMP00043 map00052 Link_out
Normal Concentrations
Biofluid Status Value Age Sex Condition Reference
Blood Detected and Quantified
40.0 +/- 19.0 uM Newborn (0-30 days old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
43.0 +/- 9.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Male Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
50.0 +/- 16.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Female Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Blood Detected and Quantified
39.0 +/- 9.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
68.0 (33.0 - 139.0) uM Elderly (>65 years old) Both Comment Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
145.00 (20.00-270.00) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
53.0 (28.0-102.0) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Blood Detected and Quantified
431.6 +/- 100.4 uM Adult (>18 years old) Not Specified Normal
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Detected and Quantified
17.5 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Detected and Quantified
39 +/- 14 uM Not Specified Both Normal
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Detected and Quantified
13.5 (11.0 - 16.0) uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
  • Geigy Scient...
Urine Detected and Quantified
13 (4-19) umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Normal
Urine Detected but not Quantified
Not Applicable Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
20.00 (0.00-40.00) umol/mmol creatinine Adult (>18 years old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
17.0 +/- 43.4 umol/mmol creatinine Infant (0-1 year old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
11.5 +/- 138.5 umol/mmol creatinine Children (1-13 year old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
9.9 +/- 16.8 umol/mmol creatinine Children (1-13 year old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
5.1 +/- 8.8 umol/mmol creatinine Adolescent (13-18 years old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
19.6 +/- 34.9 umol/mmol creatinine Newborn (0-30 days old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
18.9 +/- 351.8 umol/mmol creatinine Infant (0-1 year old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
11.6 +/- 858 umol/mmol creatinine Children (1-13 year old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
3.4 +/- 21.6 umol/mmol creatinine Children (1-13 year old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
6.2 +/- 56.7 umol/mmol creatinine Children (1-13 year old) Both Normal
Urine Detected and Quantified
5.7 +/- 9.8 umol/mmol creatinine Children (1-13 year old) Both Normal
Abnormal Concentrations
Biofluid Status Value Age Sex Condition Reference
Blood Detected and Quantified 133.9 +/- 87.8 uM Adult (>18 years old) Not Specified Heart Transplant
Blood Detected and Quantified 16.0 +/- 6.0 uM Adult (>18 years old) Both Comment Diabetes
Blood Detected and Quantified 5050.00 (1800.00-8300.00) uM Children (1-13 year old) Both Glycerol kinase deficiency
Blood Detected and Quantified 4300.0 (1300.0 +/- 7900.0) uM Children (1-13 year old) Not Specified Glycerol Kinase Deficiency
Urine Detected and Quantified 140.00 (90.00-190.00) umol/mmol creatinine Children (1-13 year old) Both Glycerol kinase deficiency
Urine Detected and Quantified 4000-28000 umol/mmol creatinine Children (1-13 year old) Male Glycerol Kinase Deficiency
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Glycerol kinase deficiency
  • Sjarif DR, Hellerud C, van Amstel JK, Kleijer WJ, Sperl W, Lacombe D, Sass JO, Beemer FA, Duran M, Poll-The BT: Glycerol kinase deficiency: residual activity explained by reduced transcription and enzyme conformation. Eur J Hum Genet. 2004 Jun;12(6):424-32. Pubmed: 15026783 Link_out
    Diabetes mellitus type 2
    • Blomqvist G, Alvarsson M, Grill V, Von Heijne G, Ingvar M, Thorell JO, Stone-Elander S, Widen L, Ekberg K: Effect of acute hyperketonemia on the cerebral uptake of ketone bodies in nondiabetic subjects and IDDM patients. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Jul;283(1):E20-8. Pubmed: 12067838 Link_out
        Associated OMIM IDs
        • 307030 Link_out (Glycerol kinase deficiency)
        • 125853 Link_out (Diabetes mellitus type 2)
        DrugBank ID DB04077 Link_out
        DrugBank Metabolite ID Not Available
        Phenol Explorer Compound ID Not Available
        Phenol Explorer Metabolite ID Not Available
        FoodDB ID FDB000756
        KNApSAcK ID C00001163 Link_out
        Chemspider ID 733 Link_out
        KEGG Compound ID C00116 Link_out
        BioCyc ID GLYCEROL Link_out
        BiGG ID 33915 Link_out
        Wikipedia Link Glycerol Link_out
        NuGOwiki Link HMDB00131 Link_out
        Metagene Link HMDB00131 Link_out
        METLIN ID 105 Link_out
        PubChem Compound 753 Link_out
        PDB ID GOL Link_out
        ChEBI ID 17522 Link_out
        References
        Synthesis Reference Yang, Yifang. Purification of glycerol. Faming Zhuanli Shenqing Gongkai Shuomingshu (2007), 3pp.
        Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Download (PDF)
        General References
        1. Olbermann M, Grunert A, Bassler KH: [Biokinetic characterization of human glycerin utilization] Infusionsther Klin Ernahr. 1977 Apr;4(2):68-70. Pubmed: 558160 Link_out
        2. Titov VN, Lisitsyn DM, Ameliushkina VA, Lupanov VP, Staroverov II, Osipov SG, Kukharchuk VV: [Double bonds of fatty acids, alcohols glycerol, cholesterol and nonpolar serum lipids. Diagnostic value of hypercholesterolemia] Klin Lab Diagn. 2002 May;(5):3-8. Pubmed: 12085703 Link_out
        3. Konig K, Rickels E, Heissler HE, Zumkeller M, Samii M: Artificial elevation of brain tissue glycerol by administration of a glycerol-containing agent. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2001 Apr;94(4):621-3. Pubmed: 11302662 Link_out
        4. Fluhr JW, Mao-Qiang M, Brown BE, Wertz PW, Crumrine D, Sundberg JP, Feingold KR, Elias PM: Glycerol regulates stratum corneum hydration in sebaceous gland deficient (asebia) mice. J Invest Dermatol. 2003 May;120(5):728-37. Pubmed: 12713573 Link_out
        5. Boulat O, Gradwohl M, Matos V, Guignard JP, Bachmann C: Organic acids in the second morning urine in a healthy Swiss paediatric population. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2003 Dec;41(12):1642-58. Pubmed: 14708889 Link_out
        6. Sjostrand M, Gudbjornsdottir S, Holmang A, Strindberg L, Ekberg K, Lonnroth P: Measurements of interstitial muscle glycerol in normal and insulin-resistant subjects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 May;87(5):2206-11. Pubmed: 11994365 Link_out
        7. Sjarif DR, Hellerud C, van Amstel JK, Kleijer WJ, Sperl W, Lacombe D, Sass JO, Beemer FA, Duran M, Poll-The BT: Glycerol kinase deficiency: residual activity explained by reduced transcription and enzyme conformation. Eur J Hum Genet. 2004 Jun;12(6):424-32. Pubmed: 15026783 Link_out
        8. De Haene H, Taes Y, Christophe A, Delanghe J: Comparison of triglyceride concentration with lipemic index in disorders of triglyceride and glycerol metabolism. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2006;44(2):220-2. Pubmed: 16475911 Link_out
        9. Eriksson A, Lindstedt S, Ransnas L, von Wendt L: Deficiency of glycerol kinase (EC 2.7.1.30). Clin Chem. 1983 Apr;29(4):718-22. Pubmed: 6299616 Link_out
        10. Quisth V, Enoksson S, Blaak E, Hagstrom-Toft E, Arner P, Bolinder J: Major differences in noradrenaline action on lipolysis and blood flow rates in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue in vivo. Diabetologia. 2005 May;48(5):946-53. Epub 2005 Mar 19. Pubmed: 15778861 Link_out
        11. Pecora P, Suraci C, Antonelli M, De Maria S, Marrocco W: Blood glycerol meaning in obese patients. Boll Soc Ital Biol Sper. 1981 Dec 15;57(23):2389-93. Pubmed: 7337752 Link_out
        12. Berger C, Sakowitz OW, Kiening KL, Schwab S: Neurochemical monitoring of glycerol therapy in patients with ischemic brain edema. Stroke. 2005 Feb;36(2):e4-6. Epub 2004 Dec 23. Pubmed: 15618446 Link_out
        13. Bulow J, Gjeraa K, Enevoldsen LH, Simonsen L: Lipid mobilization from human abdominal, subcutaneous adipose tissue is independent of sex during steady-state exercise. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2006 Jul;26(4):205-11. Pubmed: 16836692 Link_out
        14. Yaqoob M, Nabi A: Flow injection chemiluminescent assays for glycerol and triglycerides using a co-immobilized enzyme reactor. Luminescence. 2003 Mar-Apr;18(2):67-71. Pubmed: 12687625 Link_out
        15. Coppack SW, Chinkes DL, Miles JM, Patterson BW, Klein S: A multicompartmental model of in vivo adipose tissue glycerol kinetics and capillary permeability in lean and obese humans. Diabetes. 2005 Jul;54(7):1934-41. Pubmed: 15983192 Link_out
        16. Sweatman BC, Farrant RD, Holmes E, Ghauri FY, Nicholson JK, Lindon JC: 600 MHz 1H-NMR spectroscopy of human cerebrospinal fluid: effects of sample manipulation and assignment of resonances. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 1993 Aug;11(8):651-64. Pubmed: 8257730 Link_out
        17. Ross SE, Erickson RL, Gerin I, DeRose PM, Bajnok L, Longo KA, Misek DE, Kuick R, Hanash SM, Atkins KB, Andresen SM, Nebb HI, Madsen L, Kristiansen K, MacDougald OA: Microarray analyses during adipogenesis: understanding the effects of Wnt signaling on adipogenesis and the roles of liver X receptor alpha in adipocyte metabolism. Mol Cell Biol. 2002 Aug;22(16):5989-99. Pubmed: 12138207 Link_out
        18. Foster KJ, Alberti KG, Hinks L, Lloyd B, Postle A, Smythe P, Turnell DC, Walton R: Blood intermediary metabolite and insulin concentrations after an overnight fast: reference ranges for adults, and interrelations. Clin Chem. 1978 Sep;24(9):1568-72. Pubmed: 688619 Link_out
        19. de Araujo Burgos MG, Bion FM, Campos F: [Lactation and alcohol: clinical and nutritional effects] Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2004 Mar;54(1):25-35. Pubmed: 15332353 Link_out
        20. Ekberg NR, Wisniewski N, Brismar K, Ungerstedt U: Measurement of glucose and metabolites in subcutaneous adipose tissue during hyperglycemia with microdialysis at various perfusion flow rates. Clin Chim Acta. 2005 Sep;359(1-2):53-64. Pubmed: 15939412 Link_out
        21. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. Pubmed: 19212411 Link_out

        Enzymes
        Name: Group IIE secretory phospholipase A2
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: PLA2G2E
        Uniprot ID: Q9NZK7 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Aldose reductase
        Reactions:
        Glycerol + NAD(P)(+) unknown Glyceraldehyde + NAD(P)H details
        Glycerol + NAD unknown Glyceraldehyde + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
        Glycerol + NADP unknown Glyceraldehyde + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion details
        Gene Name: AKR1B1
        Uniprot ID: P15121 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 1, muscle isoform
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: CPT1B
        Uniprot ID: Q92523 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 1, liver isoform
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: CPT1A
        Uniprot ID: P50416 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Lipoprotein lipase
        Reactions:
        Glycerol + Fatty acid unknown Triacylglycerol details
        Gene Name: LPL
        Uniprot ID: P06858 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 2, mitochondrial
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: CPT2
        Uniprot ID: P23786 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Monoglyceride lipase
        Reactions:
        1-Acylglycerol + Water unknown Glycerol + Fatty acid details
        Gene Name: MGLL
        Uniprot ID: Q99685 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Annexin A3
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ANXA3
        Uniprot ID: P12429 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Bifunctional 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate synthase 1
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: PAPSS1
        Uniprot ID: O43252 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: LCT
        Uniprot ID: P09848 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: NAGA
        Uniprot ID: P17050 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Alcohol dehydrogenase [NADP(+)]
        Reactions:
        Glycerol + NADP unknown Glyceraldehyde + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion details
        Gene Name: AKR1A1
        Uniprot ID: P14550 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Hormone-sensitive lipase
        Reactions:
        Monoacylglycerol + Water unknown Glycerol + a carboxylate details
        Gene Name: LIPE
        Uniprot ID: Q05469 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Alpha-galactosidase A
        Reactions:
        Galactosylglycerol + Water unknown Beta-D-Galactose + Glycerol details
        Gene Name: GLA
        Uniprot ID: P06280 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Alcohol dehydrogenase class-3
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ADH5
        Uniprot ID: P11766 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Alcohol dehydrogenase 1B
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ADH1B
        Uniprot ID: P00325 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Alcohol dehydrogenase class 4 mu/sigma chain
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ADH7
        Uniprot ID: P40394 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Alcohol dehydrogenase 1A
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ADH1A
        Uniprot ID: P07327 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Alcohol dehydrogenase 6
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ADH6
        Uniprot ID: P28332 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Alcohol dehydrogenase 1C
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ADH1C
        Uniprot ID: P00326 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Glutathione S-transferase P
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: GSTP1
        Uniprot ID: P09211 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Glycerol kinase 2
        Reactions:
        Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol unknown ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate details
        Gene Name: GK2
        Uniprot ID: Q14410 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Glycerol kinase
        Reactions:
        Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol unknown ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate details
        Gene Name: GK
        Uniprot ID: P32189 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Beta-galactosidase
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: GLB1
        Uniprot ID: P16278 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: TGF-beta receptor type-2
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: TGFBR2
        Uniprot ID: P37173 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Cytochrome P450 2E1
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: CYP2E1
        Uniprot ID: P05181 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: HPGDS
        Uniprot ID: O60760 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: ADP-ribosylation factor 1
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ARF1
        Uniprot ID: P84077 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Glycophorin-B
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: GYPB
        Uniprot ID: P06028 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Glycodelin
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: PAEP
        Uniprot ID: P09466 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ITPR1
        Uniprot ID: Q14643 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Putative glycerol kinase 3
        Reactions:
        Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol unknown ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate details
        Gene Name: GK3P
        Uniprot ID: Q14409 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: tRNA (cytosine(38)-C(5))-methyltransferase
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: TRDMT1
        Uniprot ID: O14717 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Cardiolipin synthase
        Reactions:
        Phosphatidylglycerol unknown diphosphatidylglycerol + Glycerol details
        Gene Name: CRLS1
        Uniprot ID: Q9UJA2 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Inositol-3-phosphate synthase 1
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ISYNA1
        Uniprot ID: Q9NPH2 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Putative glycerol kinase 5
        Reactions:
        Adenosine triphosphate + Glycerol unknown ADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate details
        Gene Name: GK5
        Uniprot ID: Q6ZS86 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 6
        Reactions:
        Glycerophosphocholine + Water unknown Glycerol + Phosphorylcholine details
        Gene Name: ENPP6
        Uniprot ID: Q6UWR7 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Glycerophosphoinositol inositolphosphodiesterase GDPD2
        Reactions:
        1-(sn-Glycero-3-phospho)-1D-myo-inositol + Water unknown Glycerol + Inositol phosphate details
        Gene Name: GDPD2
        Uniprot ID: Q9HCC8 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA
        Name: Monoacylglycerol lipase ABHD12
        Reactions:
        2-Acylglycerol + Water unknown Glycerol + Fatty acid details
        Gene Name: ABHD12
        Uniprot ID: Q8N2K0 Link_out
        Name: Monoacylglycerol lipase ABHD6
        Reactions:
        2-Acylglycerol + Water unknown Glycerol + Fatty acid details
        Gene Name: ABHD6
        Uniprot ID: Q9BV23 Link_out
        Name: Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B10
        Reactions:
        Glycerol + NAD unknown Glyceraldehyde + NADH + Hydrogen Ion details
        Glycerol + NADP unknown Glyceraldehyde + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion details
        Gene Name: AKR1B10
        Uniprot ID: O60218 Link_out
        Transporters
        Name: Multidrug resistance protein 1
        Reactions: Not Available
        Gene Name: ABCB1
        Uniprot ID: P08183 Link_out
        Protein Sequence: FASTA
        Gene Sequence: FASTA