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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2010-02-22 12:06:16 UTC
Update Date2018-07-16 17:42:16 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0013337
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB13337
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Hydroxyhexadecanoylcarnitine
Description2-hydroxyhexadecanoylcarnitine, also known as a-Hydroxypalmitoylcarnitine, is classified as a member of the fatty acid esters. Fatty acid esters are carboxylic ester derivatives of a fatty acid. 2-hydroxyhexadecanoylcarnitine is considered to be a practically insoluble (in water) and a weak acidic compound. 2-hydroxyhexadecanoylcarnitine is a fatty ester lipid molecule. 2-hydroxyhexadecanoylcarnitine can be found in blood. Within a cell, 2-hydroxyhexadecanoylcarnitine is primarily located in the extracellular space and near the membrane.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-Hydroxy-9(Z)-octadecenoylcarnitineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC25H47NO4
Average Molecular Weight425.654
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight425.350508997
IUPAC Name(3S)-3-[(11Z)-octadec-11-enoyloxy]-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
Traditional Name(3S)-3-[(11Z)-octadec-11-enoyloxy]-4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCCCCC(=O)O[C@@H](CC([O-])=O)C[N+](C)(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C25H47NO4/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-25(29)30-23(21-24(27)28)22-26(2,3)4/h10-11,23H,5-9,12-22H2,1-4H3/b11-10-/t23-/m0/s1
InChI KeyHOAMADDCQBUDDY-JCKUYFFHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as beta hydroxy acids and derivatives. These are compounds containing a carboxylic acid substituted with a hydroxyl group on the C3 carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassHydroxy acids and derivatives
Sub ClassBeta hydroxy acids and derivatives
Direct ParentBeta hydroxy acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid salt
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic zwitterion
  • Organic salt
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility5.4e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP2ALOGPS
logP2.56ChemAxon
logS-7.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.22ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.43 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count21ChemAxon
Refractivity147.4 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability52.75 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot Available
Normal
    details
    FecesDetected and Quantified0.26 +/- 0.14 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    FecesDetected and Quantified0.24 +/- 0.1 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    Not Available
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease ReferencesNone
    Associated OMIM IDsNone
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
    FoodDB IDFDB029400
    KNApSAcK IDNot Available
    Chemspider IDNot Available
    KEGG Compound IDNot Available
    BioCyc IDNot Available
    BiGG IDNot Available
    Wikipedia LinkNot Available
    METLIN IDNot Available
    PubChem Compound53481699
    PDB IDNot Available
    ChEBI IDNot Available
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
    General References
    1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
    2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
    3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
    4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
    5. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.