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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2014-12-01 23:10:37 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00169
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameD-Mannose
DescriptionD-Mannose is a carbohydrate. High-mannose-type oligosaccharides have been shown to play important roles in protein quality control. Several intracellular proteins, such as lectins, chaperones and glycan-processing enzymes, are involved in this process. These include calnexin/calreticulin, UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase (UGGT), cargo receptors (such as VIP36 and ERGIC-53), mannosidase-like proteins (e.g. EDEM and Htm1p) and ubiquitin ligase (Fbs). They are thought to recognize high-mannose-type glycans with subtly different structures. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is an important constituent of the innate immune system. This protein binds through multiple lectin domains to the repeating sugar arrays that decorate many microbial surfaces, and is then able to activate the complement system through a specific protease called MBL-associated protease-2. The primary pathway for the formation of L-fucose in procaryotic and eucaryotic cells is from D-mannose via an internal oxidation reduction and then epimerization of GDP-D-mannose to produce GDP-L-fucose. (PMID: 9488699 , 16154739 , 11414367 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. (+)-mannose
  2. (+-)-mannose
  3. Carubinose
  4. D(+)-Mannose
  5. D-Mannopyranose
  6. D-Mannose
  7. DL-mannose
  8. Mannose
  9. Seminose
Chemical FormulaC6H12O6
Average Molecular Weight180.1559
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight180.063388116
IUPAC Name(3S,4S,5S,6R)-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
Traditional NameD-mannose
CAS Registry Number3458-28-4
SMILES
OC[C@H]1OC(O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3-,4+,5+,6?/m1/s1
InChI KeyWQZGKKKJIJFFOK-QTVWNMPRSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassCarbohydrates and Carbohydrate Conjugates
ClassMonosaccharides
Sub ClassHexoses
Other Descriptors
  • Aliphatic Heteromonocyclic Compounds
  • Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Conjugates
  • D-galactopyranose(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • 1,2 Diol
  • Hemiacetal
  • Oxane
  • Primary Alcohol
  • Secondary Alcohol
Direct ParentHexoses
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of High-mannose type N-glycan biosynthesis
  • Component of N-Glycan biosynthesis
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Lysosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point132 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility713.0 mg/mL at 17 °CNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility782.0ALOGPS
logP-2.6ALOGPS
logP-2.9ChemAxon
logS0.64ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area110.38 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity35.92 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability16.14 Å3ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraGC-MSMS/MS1D NMR2D NMR
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Lysosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Breast Milk
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Adrenal Medulla
  • Bladder
  • Epidermis
  • Fibroblasts
  • Intestine
  • Kidney
  • Muscle
  • Myelin
  • Pancreas
  • Placenta
  • Prostate
  • Spleen
  • Testes
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Fructose and Mannose DegradationSMP00064map00051
Galactose MetabolismSMP00043map00052
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified39.0 +/- 7.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
BloodDetected and Quantified64.0 +/- 12.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Breast MilkDetected and Quantified66.4 +/- 2.3 uMAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified64.0 (56.0-72.0) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified24 +/- 13 uMNot SpecifiedBothNormal details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableInfant (0-1 year old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified1010.236 +/- 542.863 uMNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
    • Dame, ZT. et al. ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified11.65 +/- 15.42 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified2.5 (0.0-12.6) umol/mmol creatinineNewborn (0-30 days old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.25 (0.0-2.5) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB02944
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB001202
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17893
KEGG Compound IDC00159
BioCyc IDMANNOSE
BiGG ID34085
Wikipedia LinkD-Mannose
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00169
Metagene LinkHMDB00169
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound18950
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID4208
References
Synthesis Reference Sowden, John C.; Fischer, Hermann O. L. Condensation of nitromethane with D- and L-arabinose: preparation of L-glucose and L-mannose. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1947), 69 1963-5.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Wu X, Rush JS, Karaoglu D, Krasnewich D, Lubinsky MS, Waechter CJ, Gilmore R, Freeze HH: Deficiency of UDP-GlcNAc:Dolichol Phosphate N-Acetylglucosamine-1 Phosphate Transferase (DPAGT1) causes a novel congenital disorder of Glycosylation Type Ij. Hum Mutat. 2003 Aug;22(2):144-50. Pubmed: 12872255
  2. Thio CL, Mosbruger T, Astemborski J, Greer S, Kirk GD, O'Brien SJ, Thomas DL: Mannose binding lectin genotypes influence recovery from hepatitis B virus infection. J Virol. 2005 Jul;79(14):9192-6. Pubmed: 15994813
  3. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. Pubmed: 19212411
  4. Lee SH, Nam SY, Chung BC: Altered profile of endogenous steroids in the urine of patients with prolactinoma. Clin Biochem. 1998 Oct;31(7):529-35. Pubmed: 9812172
  5. Shoemaker JD, Elliott WH: Automated screening of urine samples for carbohydrates, organic and amino acids after treatment with urease. J Chromatogr. 1991 Jan 2;562(1-2):125-38. Pubmed: 2026685
  6. Alton G, Hasilik M, Niehues R, Panneerselvam K, Etchison JR, Fana F, Freeze HH: Direct utilization of mannose for mammalian glycoprotein biosynthesis. Glycobiology. 1998 Mar;8(3):285-95. Pubmed: 9451038
  7. Nakagawa F, Schulte BA, Spicer SS: Lectin cytochemical evaluation of somatosensory neurons and their peripheral and central processes in rat and man. Cell Tissue Res. 1986;245(3):579-89. Pubmed: 3757018
  8. Otter M, Zockova P, Kuiper J, van Berkel TJ, Barrett-Bergshoeff MM, Rijken DC: Isolation and characterization of the mannose receptor from human liver potentially involved in the plasma clearance of tissue-type plasminogen activator. Hepatology. 1992 Jul;16(1):54-9. Pubmed: 1618483
  9. Hu P, Parenti G, Keulemans J, Hoogeveen AT: Lysosomal tartrate sensitive acid phosphatase deficiency in cells which contain lysosomal "high uptake forms". Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Mar 16;167(2):520-7. Pubmed: 2322240
  10. Hermentin P, Witzel R, Kanzy EJ, Diderrich G, Hoffmann D, Metzner H, Vorlop J, Haupt H: The hypothetical N-glycan charge: a number that characterizes protein glycosylation. Glycobiology. 1996 Mar;6(2):217-30. Pubmed: 8727793
  11. DeRossi C, Bode L, Eklund EA, Zhang F, Davis JA, Westphal V, Wang L, Borowsky AD, Freeze HH: Ablation of mouse phosphomannose isomerase (Mpi) causes mannose 6-phosphate accumulation, toxicity, and embryonic lethality. J Biol Chem. 2006 Mar 3;281(9):5916-27. Epub 2005 Dec 8. Pubmed: 16339137
  12. Miras MT, Aunis D, Mandel P: Studies on the interaction of dopamine beta-hydroxylase from various sources with phytohaemagglutinins. Clin Chim Acta. 1975 Nov 3;64(3):293-302. Pubmed: 1183043
  13. Van der Ploeg AT, Kroos MA, Willemsen R, Brons NH, Reuser AJ: Intravenous administration of phosphorylated acid alpha-glucosidase leads to uptake of enzyme in heart and skeletal muscle of mice. J Clin Invest. 1991 Feb;87(2):513-8. Pubmed: 1991835
  14. Cavallone D, Malagolini N, Monti A, Wu XR, Serafini-Cessi F: Variation of high mannose chains of Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein confers differential binding to type 1-fimbriated Escherichia coli. J Biol Chem. 2004 Jan 2;279(1):216-22. Epub 2003 Oct 21. Pubmed: 14570881
  15. Adlerberth I, Ahrne S, Johansson ML, Molin G, Hanson LA, Wold AE: A mannose-specific adherence mechanism in Lactobacillus plantarum conferring binding to the human colonic cell line HT-29. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1996 Jul;62(7):2244-51. Pubmed: 8779562
  16. Hung CS, Bouckaert J, Hung D, Pinkner J, Widberg C, DeFusco A, Auguste CG, Strouse R, Langermann S, Waksman G, Hultgren SJ: Structural basis of tropism of Escherichia coli to the bladder during urinary tract infection. Mol Microbiol. 2002 May;44(4):903-15. Pubmed: 12010488
  17. Condaminet B, Peguet-Navarro J, Stahl PD, Dalbiez-Gauthier C, Schmitt D, Berthier-Vergnes O: Human epidermal Langerhans cells express the mannose-fucose binding receptor. Eur J Immunol. 1998 Nov;28(11):3541-51. Pubmed: 9842897
  18. Go S, Sato C, Furuhata K, Kitajima K: Oral ingestion of mannose alters the expression level of deaminoneuraminic acid (KDN) in mouse organs. Glycoconj J. 2006 Jul;23(5-6):411-21. Pubmed: 16897182
  19. Burk MR, Troeger C, Brinkhaus R, Holzgreve W, Hahn S: Severely reduced presence of tissue macrophages in the basal plate of pre-eclamptic placentae. Placenta. 2001 Apr;22(4):309-16. Pubmed: 11286566
  20. Sarkar K, Das PK: Protective effect of neoglycoprotein-conjugated muramyl dipeptide against Leishmania donovani infection: the role of cytokines. J Immunol. 1997 Jun 1;158(11):5357-65. Pubmed: 9164956
  21. Kusmierz J, DeGeorge JJ, Sweeney D, May C, Rapoport SI: Quantitative analysis of polyols in human plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. J Chromatogr. 1989 Dec 29;497:39-48. Pubmed: 2625478
  22. Biessen EA, Noorman F, van Teijlingen ME, Kuiper J, Barrett-Bergshoeff M, Bijsterbosch MK, Rijken DC, van Berkel TJ: Lysine-based cluster mannosides that inhibit ligand binding to the human mannose receptor at nanomolar concentration. J Biol Chem. 1996 Nov 8;271(45):28024-30. Pubmed: 8910412
  23. Smith ME: Phagocytic properties of microglia in vitro: implications for a role in multiple sclerosis and EAE. Microsc Res Tech. 2001 Jul 15;54(2):81-94. Pubmed: 11455615
  24. Della Porta M, Danova M, Rigolin GM, Brugnatelli S, Rovati B, Tronconi C, Fraulini C, Russo Rossi A, Riccardi A, Castoldi G: Dendritic cells and vascular endothelial growth factor in colorectal cancer: correlations with clinicobiological findings. Oncology. 2005;68(2-3):276-84. Epub 2005 Jul 7. Pubmed: 16015045
  25. Patnaik SK, Stanley P: Mouse large can modify complex N- and mucin O-glycans on alpha-dystroglycan to induce laminin binding. J Biol Chem. 2005 May 27;280(21):20851-9. Epub 2005 Mar 23. Pubmed: 15788414
  26. Brysk MM, Miller J: Concanavalin A binding glycoprotein in human stratum corneum. J Invest Dermatol. 1984 Mar;82(3):280-2. Pubmed: 6421939
  27. Takahashi I, Takahashi T, Mikami T, Komatsu M, Ohura T, Schuchman EH, Takada G: Acid sphingomyelinase: relation of 93lysine residue on the ratio of intracellular to secreted enzyme activity. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2005 Aug;206(4):333-40. Pubmed: 15997205
  28. Akazawa S, Metzger BE, Freinkel N: Relationships between glucose and mannose during late gestation in normal pregnancy and pregnancy complicated by diabetes mellitus: concurrent concentrations in maternal plasma and amniotic fluid. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1986 May;62(5):984-9. Pubmed: 3958133
  29. Blach-Olszewska Z: Innate immunity: cells, receptors, and signaling pathways. Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz). 2005 May-Jun;53(3):245-53. Pubmed: 15995585
  30. Pietila EM, Tuusa JT, Apaja PM, Aatsinki JT, Hakalahti AE, Rajaniemi HJ, Petaja-Repo UE: Inefficient maturation of the rat luteinizing hormone receptor. A putative way to regulate receptor numbers at the cell surface. J Biol Chem. 2005 Jul 15;280(28):26622-9. Epub 2005 May 18. Pubmed: 15901736
  31. Carchon HA, Jaeken J: Determination of D-mannose in serum by capillary electrophoresis. Clin Chem. 2001;47(7):1319-21. Pubmed: 11427470
  32. Park SH, Pastuszak I, Drake R, Elbein AD: Purification to apparent homogeneity and properties of pig kidney L-fucose kinase. J Biol Chem. 1998 Mar 6;273(10):5685-91. Pubmed: 9488699
  33. Ito Y, Hagihara S, Matsuo I, Totani K: Structural approaches to the study of oligosaccharides in glycoprotein quality control. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2005 Oct;15(5):481-9. Pubmed: 16154739
  34. Jack DL, Klein NJ, Turner MW: Mannose-binding lectin: targeting the microbial world for complement attack and opsonophagocytosis. Immunol Rev. 2001 Apr;180:86-99. Pubmed: 11414367

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G1B
Uniprot ID:
P04054
Molecular weight:
16359.535
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in acid phosphatase activity
Specific function:
A non-specific tyrosine phosphatase that dephosphorylates a diverse number of substrates under acidic conditions (pH 4-6) including alkyl, aryl, and acyl orthophosphate monoesters and phosphorylated proteins. Has lipid phosphatase activity and inactivates lysophosphatidic acid in seminal plasma. Isoform 2: the cellular form also has ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Generates adenosine from AMP which acts as a pain suppressor. Acts as a tumor suppressor of prostate cancer through dephosphorylation of ERBB2 and deactivation of MAPK-mediated signaling.
Gene Name:
ACPP
Uniprot ID:
P15309
Molecular weight:
44565.715
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the initial step in utilization of glucose by the beta-cell and liver at physiological glucose concentration. Glucokinase has a high Km for glucose, and so it is effective only when glucose is abundant. The role of GCK is to provide G6P for the synthesis of glycogen. Pancreatic glucokinase plays an important role in modulating insulin secretion. Hepatic glucokinase helps to facilitate the uptake and conversion of glucose by acting as an insulin-sensitive determinant of hepatic glucose usage.
Gene Name:
GCK
Uniprot ID:
P35557
Molecular weight:
52191.07
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HK3
Uniprot ID:
P52790
Molecular weight:
99024.56
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + D-Mannose → ADP + Mannose 6-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HK2
Uniprot ID:
P52789
Molecular weight:
102379.06
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + D-Mannose → ADP + Mannose 6-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HK1
Uniprot ID:
P19367
Molecular weight:
102485.1
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + D-Mannose → ADP + Mannose 6-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
Specific function:
LPH splits lactose in the small intestine.
Gene Name:
LCT
Uniprot ID:
P09848
Molecular weight:
218584.77
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in deoxyribonuclease activity
Specific function:
Among other functions, seems to be involved in cell death by apoptosis. Binds specifically to G-actin and blocks actin polymerization
Gene Name:
DNASE1
Uniprot ID:
P24855
Molecular weight:
31433.4
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in the detoxification of xenobiotics and in the activation of ester and amide prodrugs. Hydrolyzes aromatic and aliphatic esters, but has no catalytic activity toward amides or a fatty acyl-CoA ester. Hydrolyzes the methyl ester group of cocaine to form benzoylecgonine. Catalyzes the transesterification of cocaine to form cocaethylene. Displays fatty acid ethyl ester synthase activity, catalyzing the ethyl esterification of oleic acid to ethyloleate.
Gene Name:
CES1
Uniprot ID:
P23141
Molecular weight:
62520.62
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in carboxylesterase activity
Specific function:
Esterase with broad substrate specificity. Contributes to the inactivation of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Can degrade neurotoxic organophosphate esters.
Gene Name:
BCHE
Uniprot ID:
P06276
Molecular weight:
68417.575
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
GLA
Uniprot ID:
P06280
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Epimelibiose + Water → D-Mannose + Beta-D-Galactosedetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
Specific function:
Plays an important role in the degradation of dermatan and keratan sulfates.
Gene Name:
GUSB
Uniprot ID:
P08236
Molecular weight:
74731.46
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the first committed step in the biosynthesis of complex N-glycans. It controls conversion of high mannose to complex N-glycans; the final hydrolytic step in the N-glycan maturation pathway.
Gene Name:
MAN2A1
Uniprot ID:
Q16706
Molecular weight:
131139.485
Reactions
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails
General function:
Involved in mannosyl-oligosaccharide 1,2-alpha-mannosidase activity
Specific function:
Involved in the maturation of Asn-linked oligosaccharides. Progressively trim alpha-1,2-linked mannose residues from Man(9)GlcNAc(2) to produce Man(5)GlcNAc(2).
Gene Name:
MAN1A2
Uniprot ID:
O60476
Molecular weight:
73002.93
Reactions
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails
Water + → D-Mannose + details
General function:
Involved in mannosyl-oligosaccharide 1,2-alpha-mannosidase activity
Specific function:
Involved in glycoprotein quality control targeting of misfolded glycoproteins for degradation. It primarily trims a single alpha-1,2-linked mannose residue from Man(9)GlcNAc(2) to produce Man(8)GlcNAc(2), but at high enzyme concentrations, as found in the ER quality control compartment (ERQC), it further trims the carbohydrates to Man(5-6)GlcNAc(2).
Gene Name:
MAN1B1
Uniprot ID:
Q9UKM7
Molecular weight:
79579.18
Reactions
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails
Water + → D-Mannose + details
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in mannosyl-oligosaccharide 1,2-alpha-mannosidase activity
Specific function:
Involved in the maturation of Asn-linked oligosaccharides. Progressively trim alpha-1,2-linked mannose residues from Man(9)GlcNAc(2) to produce Man(5)GlcNAc(2).
Gene Name:
MAN1A1
Uniprot ID:
P33908
Molecular weight:
72967.88
Reactions
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails
Water + → D-Mannose + details
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Produces nitric oxide (NO) which is a messenger molecule with diverse functions throughout the body. In the brain and peripheral nervous system, NO displays many properties of a neurotransmitter. Probably has nitrosylase activity and mediates cysteine S-nitrosylation of cytoplasmic target proteins such SRR.
Gene Name:
NOS1
Uniprot ID:
P29475
Molecular weight:
160969.095
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in peroxidase activity
Specific function:
May play an important role in regulating or promoting cell proliferation in some normal and neoplastically transformed cells.
Gene Name:
PTGS1
Uniprot ID:
P23219
Molecular weight:
68685.82
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in manganese ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the initial reaction in O-linked oligosaccharide biosynthesis, the transfer of an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine residue to a serine or threonine residue on the protein receptor. Has a broad spectrum of substrates for peptides such as EA2, Muc5AC, Muc1a, Muc1b and Muc7.
Gene Name:
GALNT1
Uniprot ID:
Q10472
Molecular weight:
64218.52
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity
Specific function:
This receptor binds insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) with a high affinity and IGF2 with a lower affinity. It has a tyrosine-protein kinase activity, which is necessary for the activation of the IGF1-stimulated downstream signaling cascade. When present in a hybrid receptor with INSR, binds IGF1. PubMed:12138094 shows that hybrid receptors composed of IGF1R and INSR isoform Long are activated with a high affinity by IGF1, with low affinity by IGF2 and not significantly activated by insulin, and that hybrid receptors composed of IGF1R and INSR isoform Short are activated by IGF1, IGF2 and insulin. In contrast, PubMed:16831875 shows that hybrid receptors composed of IGF1R and INSR isoform Long and hybrid receptors composed of IGF1R and INSR isoform Short have similar binding characteristics, both bind IGF1 and have a low affinity for insulin
Gene Name:
IGF1R
Uniprot ID:
P08069
Molecular weight:
154791.7
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
General function:
Involved in lysozyme activity
Specific function:
Lysozymes have primarily a bacteriolytic function; those in tissues and body fluids are associated with the monocyte- macrophage system and enhance the activity of immunoagents
Gene Name:
LYZ
Uniprot ID:
P61626
Molecular weight:
16536.9
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Adds the first Dol-P-Man derived mannose in an alpha-1,3 linkage to Man5GlcNAc2-PP-Dol.
Gene Name:
ALG3
Uniprot ID:
Q92685
Molecular weight:
44369.995
General function:
Involved in serine-type endopeptidase activity
Specific function:
Cell surface glycoprotein receptor involved in the costimulatory signal essential for T-cell receptor (TCR)-mediated T-cell activation. Acts as a positive regulator of T-cell coactivation, by binding at least ADA, CAV1, IGF2R, and PTPRC. Its binding to CAV1 and CARD11 induces T-cell proliferation and NF- kappa-B activation in a T-cell receptor/CD3-dependent manner. Its interaction with ADA also regulates lymphocyte-epithelial cell adhesion. In association with FAP is involved in the pericellular proteolysis of the extracellular matrix (ECM), the migration and invasion of endothelial cells into the ECM. May be involved in the promotion of lymphatic endothelial cells adhesion, migration and tube formation. When overexpressed, enhanced cell proliferation, a process inhibited by GPC3. Acts also as a serine exopeptidase with a dipeptidyl peptidase activity that regulates various physiological processes by cleaving peptides in the circulation, including many chemokines, mitogenic growth factors, neuropeptides and peptide hormones. Removes N-terminal dipeptides sequentially from polypeptides having unsubstituted N-termini provided that the penultimate residue is proline
Gene Name:
DPP4
Uniprot ID:
P27487
Molecular weight:
88277.9
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in cytokine receptor activity
Specific function:
High affinity receptor for interleukin-3, interleukin-5 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
Gene Name:
CSF2RB
Uniprot ID:
P32927
Molecular weight:
97334.9
General function:
Involved in heparin binding
Specific function:
Peptides at the N-terminal of HC-II have chemotactic activity for both monocytes and neutrophils
Gene Name:
SERPIND1
Uniprot ID:
P05546
Molecular weight:
57070.2
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
General function:
Involved in eukaryotic cell surface binding
Specific function:
Binds to various kinds of negatively charged substances such as heparin, phospholipids, and dextran sulfate. May prevent activation of the intrinsic blood coagulation cascade by binding to phospholipids on the surface of damaged cells
Gene Name:
APOH
Uniprot ID:
P02749
Molecular weight:
38297.8
General function:
Involved in serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity
Specific function:
Most important serine protease inhibitor in plasma that regulates the blood coagulation cascade. AT-III inhibits thrombin as well as factors IXa, Xa and XIa. Its inhibitory activity is greatly enhanced in the presence of heparin
Gene Name:
SERPINC1
Uniprot ID:
P01008
Molecular weight:
52601.9
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Transport of phosphorylated lysosomal enzymes from the Golgi complex and the cell surface to lysosomes. Lysosomal enzymes bearing phosphomannosyl residues bind specifically to mannose-6- phosphate receptors in the Golgi apparatus and the resulting receptor-ligand complex is transported to an acidic prelyosomal compartment where the low pH mediates the dissociation of the complex. This receptor also binds IGF2. Acts as a positive regulator of T-cell coactivation, by binding DPP4
Gene Name:
IGF2R
Uniprot ID:
P11717
Molecular weight:
274273.3
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
This protein is a minor sialoglycoprotein in erythrocyte membranes
Gene Name:
GYPB
Uniprot ID:
P06028
Molecular weight:
9795.6
General function:
Involved in immune response
Specific function:
Stimulates lipid degradation in adipocytes and causes the extensive fat losses associated with some advanced cancers. May bind polyunsaturated fatty acids
Gene Name:
AZGP1
Uniprot ID:
P25311
Molecular weight:
34258.5
General function:
Involved in ferric iron binding
Specific function:
The lactotransferrin transferrin-like domain 1 functions as a serine protease of the peptidase S60 family that cuts arginine rich regions. This function contributes to the antimicrobial activity
Gene Name:
LTF
Uniprot ID:
P02788
Molecular weight:
78181.2
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Binds LDL, the major cholesterol-carrying lipoprotein of plasma, and transports it into cells by endocytosis. In order to be internalized, the receptor-ligand complexes must first cluster into clathrin-coated pits. In case of HIV-1 infection, functions as a receptor for extracellular Tat in neurons, mediating its internalization in uninfected cells
Gene Name:
LDLR
Uniprot ID:
P01130
Molecular weight:
95375.1
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Photoreceptor required for image-forming vision at low light intensity. Required for photoreceptor cell viability after birth. Light-induced isomerization of 11-cis to all-trans retinal triggers a conformational change leading to G-protein activation and release of all-trans retinal
Gene Name:
RHO
Uniprot ID:
P08100
Molecular weight:
38892.3
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
AMY2B
Uniprot ID:
P19961
Molecular weight:
Not Available
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in aspartic-type endopeptidase activity
Specific function:
Acid protease active in intracellular protein breakdown. Involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases such as breast cancer and possibly Alzheimer disease
Gene Name:
CTSD
Uniprot ID:
P07339
Molecular weight:
44551.8
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
May regulate cell apoptosis and cell differentiation. Binds beta-galactoside. Binds CD45, CD3 and CD4. Inhibits CD45 protein phosphatase activity and therefore the dephosphorylation of Lyn kinase
Gene Name:
LGALS1
Uniprot ID:
P09382
Molecular weight:
14716.0
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in receptor activity
Specific function:
Putative adhesion molecule that mediates sialic-acid dependent binding to cells. Preferentially binds to alpha-2,3- and alpha-2,6-linked sialic acid. Also binds disialogangliosides (disialogalactosyl globoside, disialyl lactotetraosylceramide and disialyl GalNAc lactotetraoslylceramide). The sialic acid recognition site may be masked by cis interactions with sialic acids on the same cell surface. In the immune response, may act as an inhibitory receptor upon ligand induced tyrosine phosphorylation by recruiting cytoplasmic phosphatase(s) via their SH2 domain(s) that block signal transduction through dephosphorylation of signaling molecules. Mediates inhibition of natural killer cells cytotoxicity. May play a role in hemopoiesis. Inhibits differentiation of CD34+ cell precursors towards myelomonocytic cell lineage and proliferation of leukemic myeloid cells (in vitro)
Gene Name:
SIGLEC7
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y286
Molecular weight:
51142.3
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
General function:
Involved in binding
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent lectin involved in innate immune defense. Binds mannose, fucose and N-acetylglucosamine on different microorganisms and activates the lectin complement pathway. Binds to late apoptotic cells, as well as to apoptotic blebs and to necrotic cells, but not to early apoptotic cells, facilitating their uptake by macrophages. May bind DNA
Gene Name:
MBL2
Uniprot ID:
P11226
Molecular weight:
26143.3
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in serine-type endopeptidase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is necessary for target cell lysis in cell- mediated immune responses. It cleaves after Asp. Seems to be linked to an activation cascade of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases) responsible for apoptosis execution. Cleaves caspase-3, -7, -9 and 10 to give rise to active enzymes mediating apoptosis
Gene Name:
GZMB
Uniprot ID:
P10144
Molecular weight:
27688.0
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
General function:
Involved in sugar binding
Specific function:
On DCs it is a high affinity receptor for ICAM2 and ICAM3 by binding to mannose-like carbohydrates. May act as a DC rolling receptor that mediates transendothelial migration of DC presursors from blood to tissues by binding endothelial ICAM2. Seems to regulate DC-induced T-cell proliferation by binding to ICAM3 on T-cells in the immunological synapse formed between DC and T-cells
Gene Name:
CD209
Uniprot ID:
Q9NNX6
Molecular weight:
45774.6
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Has antiviral, antibacterial and anticancer activities
Gene Name:
IFNB1
Uniprot ID:
P01574
Molecular weight:
22294.0
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
General function:
Involved in mannosyl-oligosaccharide 1,2-alpha-mannosidase activity
Specific function:
Involved in the maturation of Asn-linked oligosaccharides. Trim alpha-1,2-linked mannose residues from Man(9)GlcNAc(2) to produce first Man(8)GlcNAc(2) then Man(6)GlcNAc and a small amount of Man(5)GlcNAc.
Gene Name:
MAN1C1
Uniprot ID:
Q9NR34
Molecular weight:
70910.025
Reactions
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails
Water + → D-Mannose + details
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
C1r B chain is a serine protease that combines with C1q and C1s to form C1, the first component of the classical pathway of the complement system
Gene Name:
C1R
Uniprot ID:
P00736
Molecular weight:
80118.0
General function:
Involved in peptide receptor activity, G-protein coupled
Specific function:
Receptor for the natriuretic peptide hormones, binding with similar affinities atrial natriuretic peptide NPPA/ANP, brain natriuretic peptide NPPB/BNP, and C-type natriuretic peptide NPPC/CNP. May function as a clearance receptor for NPPA, NPPB and NPPC, regulating their local concentrations and effects. May regulate diuresis, blood pressure and skeletal development. Does not have guanylate cyclase activity
Gene Name:
NPR3
Uniprot ID:
P17342
Molecular weight:
59807.3
General function:
Involved in transcription factor binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of mannose 6-phosphate (M6P) markers on high mannose type oligosaccharides in the Golgi apparatus. M6P residues are required to bind to the M6P receptors (MPR), which mediate the vesicular transport of lysosomal enzymes to the endosomal/prelysosomal compartment.
Gene Name:
GNPTAB
Uniprot ID:
Q3T906
Molecular weight:
143620.765
General function:
Involved in carboxypeptidase activity
Specific function:
Releases C-terminal Arg and Lys from polypeptides
Gene Name:
CPD
Uniprot ID:
O75976
Molecular weight:
152929.9
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed: 17139284
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed: 17016423
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HKDC1
Uniprot ID:
Q2TB90
Molecular weight:
102513.88
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + D-Mannose → ADP + Mannose 6-phosphatedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Catalyzes the first committed step in the biosynthesis of complex N-glycans. It controls conversion of high mannose to complex N-glycans; the final hydrolytic step in the N-glycan maturation pathway.
Gene Name:
MAN2A2
Uniprot ID:
P49641
Molecular weight:
130537.495
Reactions
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Necessary for the catabolism of N-linked carbohydrates released during glycoprotein turnover. Cleaves all known types of alpha-mannosidic linkages.
Gene Name:
MAN2B1
Uniprot ID:
O00754
Molecular weight:
113743.26
Reactions
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
MAN2B2
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2E5
Molecular weight:
113978.29
Reactions
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails
+ Water → + D-Mannosedetails