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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2018-04-16 17:01:37 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000217
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00217
Metabolite Identification
Common NameNADP
DescriptionNicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5-phosphate (NMN) coupled by pyrophosphate linkage to the 5-phosphate adenosine 2,5-bisphosphate. It serves as an electron carrier in a number of reactions, being alternately oxidized (NADP+) and reduced (NADPH). (Dorland, 27th ed.) Hydrogen carrier in biochemical redox systems. In the hexose monophosphoric acid system it is reduced to Dihydrocoenzyme II and reoxidation in the presence of flavoproteins (Dictionary of Organic Compounds).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
beta-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphateChEBI
NADP+ChEBI
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphateChEBI
Oxidized nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphateChEBI
TPNChEBI
Triphosphopyridine nucleotideChEBI
b-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphateGenerator
b-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphoric acidGenerator
beta-Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphoric acidGenerator
β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphateGenerator
β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphoric acidGenerator
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphoric acidGenerator
Oxidized nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphoric acidGenerator
Adenine-nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphateHMDB
b-NADPHMDB
b-TPNHMDB
beta-NADPHMDB
beta-TPNHMDB
Codehydrase IIHMDB
Codehydrogenase IIHMDB
Coenzyme IIHMDB
Cozymase IIHMDB
NAD phosphateHMDB
Nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphateHMDB
Dinucleotide phosphate, nicotinamide-adenineMeSH
NADPHMeSH
Nucleotide, triphosphopyridineMeSH
Phosphate, nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotideMeSH
Chemical FormulaC21H29N7O17P3
Average Molecular Weight744.4129
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight744.083277073
IUPAC Name1-[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-5-[({[({[(2R,3R,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3-hydroxy-4-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)methyl]-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]-3-carbamoyl-1λ⁵-pyridin-1-ylium
Traditional Namenadp(+)
CAS Registry Number53-59-8
SMILES
NC(=O)C1=C[N+](=CC=C1)[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO[P@](O)(=O)O[P@](O)(=O)OC[C@H]2O[C@H]([C@H](OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H]2O)N2C=NC3=C(N)N=CN=C23)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H28N7O17P3/c22-17-12-19(25-7-24-17)28(8-26-12)21-16(44-46(33,34)35)14(30)11(43-21)6-41-48(38,39)45-47(36,37)40-5-10-13(29)15(31)20(42-10)27-3-1-2-9(4-27)18(23)32/h1-4,7-8,10-11,13-16,20-21,29-31H,5-6H2,(H7-,22,23,24,25,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39)/p+1/t10-,11-,13-,14-,15-,16-,20-,21-/m1/s1
InChI KeyXJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-O
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as (5'->5')-dinucleotides. These are dinucleotides where the two bases are connected via a (5'->5')-phosphodiester linkage.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
Class(5'->5')-dinucleotides
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct Parent(5'->5')-dinucleotides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • (5'->5')-dinucleotide
  • Purine nucleotide sugar
  • Purine ribonucleoside 2',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Nicotinamide-nucleotide
  • Pyridine nucleotide
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Nicotinamide
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Pyridinium
  • Pyridine
  • Imidolactam
  • Imidazole
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic cation
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility4.15 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.78ALOGPS
logP-11ChemAxon
logS-2.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.66ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.92ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area364.79 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count13ChemAxon
Refractivity152.87 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability61.01 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-056s-9231470300-9e17b00343fde5427c48View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00dl-0219003700-2f52e3c5db41066a112cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0uk9-0301009000-a3d0c464e56f6e320c80View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00dl-0000090000-c18a7719161c63a71938View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0000009000-1dde5b221786fe375304View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00dl-0209000700-02057593d6470f6a2075View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0uk9-0301109000-bf4996084c09a9176489View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0uk9-0301009000-b3e8d304dfdc4711e0ceView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0000009000-384d275a638928dd40f1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00dl-0000229600-bd164bae0cc54f45b961View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0027900000-25e0180b7638ed18e207View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0a4i-0011953000-c328377f842fac60b55eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0000009000-0ec3670e706b086d382aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00dl-0000109700-df2a731fd5f55e9e7a8eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0a4i-0011953000-981d13d6b50f18ebc910View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0000009000-f9526262833104be0a2eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0000009000-c0cedd489befb2073370View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0002-1000000900-8e9739738c1e21ad0cfbView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000t-0000000900-5168590e47e1994b82e9View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-006y-2910001000-5066541857e9b5d8bbbfView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-1000000900-b0b6966dffa0668455c4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0007-7100000900-fb944feb508487f250a5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-005a-9100000000-2fe9ef99497bf15191d1View in MoNA
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Peroxisome
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
21-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP21)ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
27-Hydroxylase DeficiencyThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase DeficiencyThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
4-Hydroxybutyric Aciduria/Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase DeficiencyThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
5-oxoprolinase deficiencyThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simpleNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified19.6 (18.3, 20.8) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified24.4 (21.5, 27.4) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothPellagra details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Pellagra
  1. Creeke PI, Dibari F, Cheung E, van den Briel T, Kyroussis E, Seal AJ: Whole blood NAD and NADP concentrations are not depressed in subjects with clinical pellagra. J Nutr. 2007 Sep;137(9):2013-7. [PubMed:17709435 ]
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB021908
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5675
KEGG Compound IDC00006
BioCyc IDNAD(P)
BiGG ID33488
Wikipedia LinkNicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
METLIN ID5227
PubChem Compound5886
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID18009
References
Synthesis ReferenceSimon, L. M.; Kotorman, M.; Szajani, B. Coenzyme production using immobilized enzymes. I. Preparation, characterization, and laboratory-scale application of an immobilized NAD+ kinase. Enzyme and Microbial Technology (1992), 14(12), 997-1000.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Siddique YH, Beg T, Afzal M: Genotoxic potential of ethinylestradiol in cultured mammalian cells. Chem Biol Interact. 2005 Jan 15;151(2):133-41. [PubMed:15698584 ]
  2. Himmelstein MW, Carpenter SC, Hinderliter PM, Snow TA, Valentine R: The metabolism of beta-chloroprene: preliminary in-vitro studies using liver microsomes. Chem Biol Interact. 2001 Jun 1;135-136:267-84. [PubMed:11397396 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 207 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity
Specific function:
Fatty acid synthetase catalyzes the formation of long-chain fatty acids from acetyl-CoA, malonyl-CoA and NADPH. This multifunctional protein has 7 catalytic activities and an acyl carrier protein.
Gene Name:
FASN
Uniprot ID:
P49327
Molecular weight:
273424.06
Reactions
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP → 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPHdetails
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPHdetails
Butyryl-[acp] + NADP → But-2-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
(3R)-3-Hydroxybutanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADP → Acetoacetyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
(3R)-3-Hydroxydecanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADP → 3-Oxodecanoyl-[acp] + NADPHdetails
(3R)-3-Hydroxyoctanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADP → 3-Oxooctanoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
(3R)-3-Hydroxypalmitoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADP → 3-Oxohexadecanoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
(3R)-3-Hydroxytetradecanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADP → 3-Oxotetradecanoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Dodecanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + NADP → trans-Dodec-2-enoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
(R)-3-Hydroxyhexanoyl-[acp] + NADP → 3-Oxohexanoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Hexanoyl-[acp] + NADP → trans-Hex-2-enoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Octanoyl-[acp] + NADP → trans-Oct-2-enoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Decanoyl-[acp] + NADP → trans-Dec-2-enoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Tetradecanoyl-[acp] + NADP → trans-Tetradec-2-enoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Hexadecanoyl-[acp] + NADP → trans-Hexadec-2-enoyl-[acp] + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in valine and pyrimidine metabolism. Binds fatty acyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ALDH6A1
Uniprot ID:
Q02252
Molecular weight:
57839.31
Reactions
Malonic semialdehyde + Coenzyme A + NADP → Acetyl-CoA + Carbon dioxide + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Malonic semialdehyde + Coenzyme A + NADP → Malonyl-CoA + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transformation of the potent androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) into the less active form, 5-alpha-androstan-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol). Also has some 20-alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. The biotransformation of the pesticide chlordecone (kepone) to its corresponding alcohol leads to increased biliary excretion of the pesticide and concomitant reduction of its neurotoxicity since bile is the major excretory route.
Gene Name:
AKR1C4
Uniprot ID:
P17516
Molecular weight:
37094.57
Reactions
Chlordecone alcohol + NADP → Chlordecone + NADPHdetails
Androsterone + NADP → Androstanedione + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Etiocholanolone + NADP → Etiocholanedione + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholestane + NADP → 7a-Hydroxy-5b-cholestan-3-one + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
5-b-Cholestane-3a ,7a ,12a-triol + NADP → 7a,12a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholestan-3-one + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
17a,21-Dihydroxy-5b-pregnane-3,11,20-trione + Hydrogen Ion + NADPH → Tetrahydrocortisone + NADPdetails
Tetrahydrocortisol + NADP → Dihydrocortisol + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
3a,11b,21-Trihydroxy-20-oxo-5b-pregnan-18-al + NADP → 11b,21-Dihydroxy-3,20-oxo-5b-pregnan-18-al + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Tetrahydrocorticosterone + NADP → 11b,21-Dihydroxy-5b-pregnane-3,20-dione + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
3a,21-Dihydroxy-5b-pregnane-11,20-dione + NADP → 21-Hydroxy-5b-pregnane-3,11,20-trione + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
3a-Hydroxy-5b-pregnane-20-one + NADP → 5a-Pregnane-3,20-dione + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Dihydrotestosterone + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → Androstan-3alpha,17beta-diol + NADPdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
NADPH-dependent reductase with broad substrate specificity. Catalyzes the reduction of a wide variety of carbonyl compounds including quinones, prostaglandins, menadione, plus various xenobiotics. Catalyzes the reduction of the antitumor anthracyclines doxorubicin and daunorubicin to the cardiotoxic compounds doxorubicinol and daunorubicinol. Can convert prostaglandin E2 to prostaglandin F2-alpha. Can bind glutathione, which explains its higher affinity for glutathione-conjugated substrates. Catalyzes the reduction of S-nitrosoglutathione.
Gene Name:
CBR1
Uniprot ID:
P16152
Molecular weight:
30374.73
Reactions
R-CHOH-R' + NADP → R-CO-R' + NADPHdetails
(5Z,13E)-(15S)-9-alpha,11-alpha,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dienoate + NADP → (5Z,13E)-(15S)-11-alpha,15-dihydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,13-dienoate + NADPHdetails
(13E)-(15S)-11-alpha,15-dihydroxy-9-oxoprost-13-enoate + NADP → (13E)-11-alpha-hydroxy-9,15-dioxoprost-13-enoate + NADPHdetails
Prostaglandin F2a + NADP → Prostaglandin E2 + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol + NADPdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Reduces all-trans-retinal and 9-cis retinal. Can also catalyze the oxidation of all-trans-retinol with NADP as co-factor, but with much lower efficiency. Reduces alkyl phenyl ketones and alpha-dicarbonyl compounds with aromatic rings, such as pyrimidine-4-aldehyde, 3-benzoylpyridine, 4-benzoylpyridine, menadione and 4-hexanoylpyridine. Has no activity towards aliphatic aldehydes and ketones (By similarity).
Gene Name:
DHRS4
Uniprot ID:
Q9BTZ2
Molecular weight:
29536.885
Reactions
R-CHOH-R' + NADP → R-CO-R' + NADPHdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Has low NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase activity towards 4-benzoylpyridine and menadione (in vitro).
Gene Name:
CBR3
Uniprot ID:
O75828
Molecular weight:
30849.97
Reactions
R-CHOH-R' + NADP → R-CO-R' + NADPHdetails
Prostaglandin F2a + NADP → Prostaglandin E2 + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol + NADPdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of a wide variety of carbonyl-containing compounds to their corresponding alcohols with a broad range of catalytic efficiencies.
Gene Name:
AKR1B1
Uniprot ID:
P15121
Molecular weight:
35853.125
Reactions
Glycerol + NADP → Glyceraldehyde + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Beta-D-Galactose + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → Galactitol + NADPdetails
D-Xylitol + NADP → D-Xylose + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
L-Arabitol + NADP → L-Arabinose + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Sorbitol + NADP → Alpha-D-Glucose + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Propylene glycol + NADP → Lactaldehyde + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Isoform 1 may possess glutaredoxin activity as well as thioredoxin reductase activity and induces actin and tubulin polymerization, leading to formation of cell membrane protrusions. Isoform 4 enhances the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptors alpha and beta while isoform 5 enhances the transcriptional activity of the beta receptor only. Isoform 5 also mediates cell death induced by a combination of interferon-beta and retinoic acid.
Gene Name:
TXNRD1
Uniprot ID:
Q16881
Molecular weight:
70905.58
Reactions
Thioredoxin + NADP → thioredoxin disulfide + NADPHdetails
Thioredoxin + NADP → Thioredoxin disulfide + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Hydrogen selenide + NADP + Water → Selenite + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
NADPH + Hydrogen Ion + Methylselenic acid → NADP + Water + Methaneselenoldetails
General function:
Involved in iron ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes a dehydrogenation to introduce C5-6 double bond into lathosterol.
Gene Name:
SC5DL
Uniprot ID:
O75845
Molecular weight:
35300.55
Reactions
Lathosterol + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion + Oxygen → 7-Dehydrocholesterol + NADP + Waterdetails
Episterol + NADP → 5,7,24(28)-Ergostatrienol + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in flavin-containing monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
In contrast with other forms of FMO it does not seem to be a drug-metabolizing enzyme.
Gene Name:
FMO5
Uniprot ID:
P49326
Molecular weight:
32480.04
Reactions
N,N-Dimethylaniline + NADPH + Oxygen → Dimethylaniline-N-oxide + NADP + Waterdetails
Trimethylamine + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion + Oxygen → Trimethylamine N-oxide + NADP + Waterdetails
Tamoxifen + Oxygen + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → Tamoxifen N-oxide + NADP + Waterdetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 207 proteins in total.