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Record Information
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 17:44:17 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:09:05 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB31599
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Pentanol
Descriptionxi-2-Pentanol is found in alcoholic beverages. xi-2-Pentanol is present in many foodstuffs, e.g. fruits, alcoholic beverages and cheeses.
2-Pentyl alcoholChEBI
Methyl propyl carbinolChEBI
Sec-amyl alcoholChEBI
Sec-N-amyl alcoholChEBI
Sec-pentyl alcoholChEBI
Isoamyl alcohol (primary/secondaryHMDB
Isoamyl alcohol, secondaryHMDB
Methyl butanolHMDB
Potassium t-amylateMeSH
t-Amyl alcoholMeSH
Tert-amyl alcoholMeSH
Chemical FormulaC5H12O
Average Molecular Weight88.1482
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight88.088815006
IUPAC Namepentan-2-ol
Traditional Name2-pentanol
CAS Registry Number6032-29-7
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as secondary alcohols. These are compounds containing a secondary alcohol functional group, with the general structure HOC(R)(R') (R,R'=alkyl, aryl).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassAlcohols and polyols
Direct ParentSecondary alcohols
Alternative Parents
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors

Route of exposure:


Biological location:


Biological role:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting Point-73 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility44.6 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP1.19Not Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility59.7 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)17.8ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity26.55 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.02 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-19815e3dcbfcbbccaa40JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-9000000000-ee11af6c4a561b5c9bbdJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052e-9000000000-f0deb638d3edc45dc66aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-9000000000-0ae80db19f0a4f6f52a0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-19815e3dcbfcbbccaa40JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-9000000000-ee11af6c4a561b5c9bbdJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052e-9000000000-f0deb638d3edc45dc66aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-9000000000-0ae80db19f0a4f6f52a0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00bd-9000000000-a3bfc45a4f28beaf892aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00fs-9300000000-baaea12ff9e62ed7bf43JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-cc4515b70c83fa4565c7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-df91948909c8c4143cb8JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00dl-9000000000-ea6d1efc64a3bd41a96dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-b0aeeb1eafd7d5f3272cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00kr-9000000000-bb0d405de9c11645e924JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00r6-9000000000-2de1088b9048aeb662d9JSpectraViewer | MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0002-9000000000-2b92c1ebfce84d9a189eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Normal Concentrations
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB011151
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID21011
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia Link2-Pentanol
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound22386
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID77518
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
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