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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 18:41:51 UTC
Update Date2018-03-12 22:06:35 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0033923
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB33923
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(±)-erythro-Isoleucine
Description(±)-erythro-Isoleucine is a flavouring ingredient, dietary supplement, nutrient Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are essential amino acids whose carbon structure is marked by a branch point. These three amino acids are critical to human life and are particularly involved in stress, energy and muscle metabolism. BCAA supplementation as therapy, both oral and intravenous, in human health and disease holds great promise. "BCAA" denotes valine, isoleucine and leucine which are branched chain essential amino acids. Despite their structural similarities, the branched amino acids have different metabolic routes, with valine going solely to carbohydrates, leucine solely to fats and isoleucine to both. The different metabolism accounts for different requirements for these essential amino acids in humans: 12 mg/kg, 14 mg/kg and 16 mg/kg of valine, leucine and isoleucine respectively. Furthermore, these amino acids have different deficiency symptoms. Valine deficiency is marked by neurological defects in the brain, while isoleucine deficiency is marked by muscle tremors. BCAA are decreased in patients with liver disease, such as hepatitis, hepatic coma, cirrhosis, extrahepatic biliary atresia or portacaval shunt; aromatic amino acids (AAA)-tyrosine, tryptophan and phenylalanine, as well as methionine-are increased in these conditions. Valine, in particular, has been established as a useful supplemental therapy to the ailing liver. All the BCAA probably compete with AAA for absorption into the brain. Supplemental BCAA with vitamin B6 and zinc help normalize the BCAA:AAA ratio. The BCAA are not without side effects. Leucine alone, for example, exacerbates pellagra and can cause psychosis in pellagra patients by increasing excretion of niacin in the urine. Leucine may lower brain serotonin and dopamine. (±)-erythro-Isoleucine is a dose of 3 g of isoleucine added to the niacin regime has cleared leucine-aggravated psychosis in schizophrenic patients. Isoleucine may have potential as an antipsychotic treatment. Leucine is more highly concentrated in foods than other amino acids. (±)-erythro-Isoleucine is a cup of milk contains 800 mg of leucine and only 500 mg of isoleucine and valine. (±)-erythro-Isoleucine is a cup of wheat germ has about 1.6 g of leucine and 1 g of isoleucine and valine. The ratio evens out in eggs and cheese. (±)-erythro-Isoleucine is one egg and an ounce of most cheeses each contain about 400 mg of leucine and 400 mg of valine and isoleucine. The ratio of leucine to other BCAA is greatest in pork, where leucine is 7 to 8 g and the other BCAA together are only 3 to 4 g. (http://www.dcnutrition.com).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-Methylpentanoic acidChEBI
2-amino-3-Methylvaleric acidChEBI
alpha-amino-beta-Methylvaleric acidChEBI
IChEBI
IleChEBI
ISOLEUCINEChEBI
(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-MethylpentanoateGenerator
2-amino-3-MethylvalerateGenerator
a-amino-b-MethylvalerateGenerator
a-amino-b-Methylvaleric acidGenerator
alpha-amino-beta-MethylvalerateGenerator
α-amino-β-methylvalerateGenerator
α-amino-β-methylvaleric acidGenerator
(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-Methyl-pentanoateHMDB
(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-Methyl-pentanoic acidHMDB
(2S,3S)-a-amino-b-Methyl-N-valerateHMDB
(2S,3S)-a-amino-b-Methyl-N-valeric acidHMDB
(2S,3S)-a-amino-b-MethylvalerateHMDB
(2S,3S)-a-amino-b-Methylvaleric acidHMDB
(2S,3S)-Alph-amino-beta-methylvalerateHMDB
(2S,3S)-Alph-amino-beta-methylvaleric acidHMDB
(2S,3S)-alpha-amino-beta-Merthyl-N-valerateHMDB
(2S,3S)-alpha-amino-beta-Merthyl-N-valeric acidHMDB
(2S,3S)-alpha-amino-beta-MerthylvalerateHMDB
(2S,3S)-alpha-amino-beta-Merthylvaleric acidHMDB
(2S,3S)-alpha-amino-beta-Methyl-N-valerateHMDB
(2S,3S)-alpha-amino-beta-Methyl-N-valeric acidHMDB
(2S,3S)-alpha-amino-beta-MethylvalerateHMDB
(2S,3S)-alpha-amino-beta-Methylvaleric acidHMDB
(S)-IsoleucineHMDB
(S,S)-IsoleucineHMDB
2-amino-3-MethylpentanoateHMDB
2-amino-3-Methylpentanoic acidHMDB
2S,3S-IsoleucineHMDB
erythro-L-IsoleucineHMDB
iso-LeucineHMDB
L-(+)-IsoleucineHMDB
L-IleHMDB
[S-(R*,r*)]-2-amino-3-methylpentanoateHMDB
[S-(R*,r*)]-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acidHMDB
Isoleucine, L-isomerMeSH
AlloisoleucineMeSH
Isoleucine, L isomerMeSH
L-Isomer isoleucineMeSH
Chemical FormulaC6H13NO2
Average Molecular Weight131.1729
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight131.094628665
IUPAC Name(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid
Traditional NameL-isoleucine
CAS Registry Number443-79-8
SMILES
CCC(C)C(N)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H13NO2/c1-3-4(2)5(7)6(8)9/h4-5H,3,7H2,1-2H3,(H,8,9)
InChI KeyAGPKZVBTJJNPAG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as isoleucine and derivatives. These are compounds containing isoleucine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of isoleucine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentIsoleucine and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Isoleucine or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Amino acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point275 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility21.4 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP-1.70Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility114 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.7ALOGPS
logP-1.5ChemAxon
logS-0.06ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.79ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.59ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area63.32 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity34.09 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability14.11 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-0a4i-0930000000-e78f845bb2a8d4736476View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-0a4i-0910000000-de9162d149073d0e2a37View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-0a4i-0920000000-599e61f8ccdb6525c7a9View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-0910000000-742e44c426c0d6c2a9acView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-05fr-8910000000-dbb33e0f02ac2ca5feddView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-0920000000-37690f426455ac41e2c2View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-0930000000-e78f845bb2a8d4736476View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-0910000000-de9162d149073d0e2a37View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-0920000000-599e61f8ccdb6525c7a9View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-0910000000-742e44c426c0d6c2a9acView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-QQ (Non-derivatized)splash10-0udi-2392000000-74cca1eb265b8e3d7f43View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-05fr-8910000000-dbb33e0f02ac2ca5feddView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-000i-9100000000-27891dff695c5db53796View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-0910000000-43ec1890f6dbd6aea657View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00b9-9100000000-40bc9ef43da5f18be883View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000i-9200000000-ae8694c0f3e4dcc608f9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-9300000000-8a23b3e62231eb65f80fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00ko-9000000000-ac7e71578d7e1d0e8ce9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-052f-9000000000-2586d4a089921dd977edView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0900000000-5b11521ff6a631376d2bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-3c352f229e4067fcd489View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-8a7ef48fc0c1b6f845c2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-0920000000-2e11aa1c7a5defc386dbView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0900000000-b63ac9cf06eda4c54a81View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-e5b0c8c6b09f541d6dbfView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-d89d16d5c2242e44ec63View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-5de583142c7bdb381c8fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-0900000000-8c75bde35c4a4073ee65View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-0900000000-233a9862f616afea2d17View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-001i-1900000000-375f35065b82b13e6d6eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-00dl-9000000000-d0d4a9f90fe2aca74483View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-0018f47571feaf232ff8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-001r-7900000000-278dc67396114be331baView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-e26c042aa6231eeca071View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-014r-9000000000-b6c1752fd3fbccb3d1c5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-05mo-9000000000-0569c3162621252ed0a8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-3d52b5d56d3fab45276eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - CE-ESI-TOF (CE-system connected to 6210 Time-of-Flight MS, Agilent) , Positivesplash10-001i-0900000000-720554d58264a9cfdb67View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0019-9500000000-00268b2694cde281641bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-4014793e17e0290790a4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-eb9a97a14461e524e76eView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-004r-9000000000-34d4d4cb7042da231eb4View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00167
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012397
KNApSAcK IDC00001374
Chemspider ID6067
KEGG Compound IDC00407
BioCyc IDILE
BiGG ID34887
Wikipedia LinkIsoleucine
METLIN ID5193
PubChem Compound6306
PDB IDILE
ChEBI ID17191
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .