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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 18:59:59 UTC
Update Date2018-03-12 22:06:55 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0034202
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB34202
Metabolite Identification
Common Namealpha-Solanine
Descriptionalpha-Solanine is found in alcoholic beverages. alpha-Solanine is an alkaloid from potato (Solanum tuberosum) and very many other Solanum species (Solanaceae). Responsible for the teratogenicity of sprouting potatoes.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
a-SolanineHMDB
SolanineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC45H73NO15
Average Molecular Weight868.0588
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight867.498020671
IUPAC Name2-{[3-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-({10,14,16,20-tetramethyl-22-azahexacyclo[12.10.0.0²,¹¹.0⁵,¹⁰.0¹⁵,²³.0¹⁷,²²]tetracos-4-en-7-yl}oxy)-5-[(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl)oxy]oxan-4-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol
Traditional Nameα-solanine
CAS Registry Number20562-02-1
SMILES
CC1C2CCC(C)CN2C2CC3C4CC=C5CC(CCC5(C)C4CCC3(C)C12)OC1OC(CO)C(O)C(OC2OC(CO)C(O)C(O)C2O)C1OC1OC(C)C(O)C(O)C1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C45H73NO15/c1-19-6-9-27-20(2)31-28(46(27)16-19)15-26-24-8-7-22-14-23(10-12-44(22,4)25(24)11-13-45(26,31)5)57-43-40(61-41-37(54)35(52)32(49)21(3)56-41)39(34(51)30(18-48)59-43)60-42-38(55)36(53)33(50)29(17-47)58-42/h7,19-21,23-43,47-55H,6,8-18H2,1-5H3
InChI KeyZGVSETXHNHBTRK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as steroidal saponins. These are saponins in which the aglycone moiety is a steroid. The steroidal aglycone is usually a spirostane, furostane, spirosolane, solanidane, or curcubitacin derivative.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSteroidal glycosides
Direct ParentSteroidal saponins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Steroidal saponin
  • Diterpene glycoside
  • Solanidane skeleton
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Diterpenoid
  • Steroidal alkaloid
  • Azasteroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Terpene glycoside
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Alkaloid or derivatives
  • Indolizidine
  • Piperidine
  • Oxane
  • N-alkylpyrrolidine
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Acetal
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Polyol
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Indirect biological role:

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point286 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.62 g/LALOGPS
logP1.29ALOGPS
logP-0.43ChemAxon
logS-3.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.22ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)11.78ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count16ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area240.69 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity216.55 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability96.68 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings9ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0k9t-0209031640-e83f7005c90396a5118bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-052b-0109040200-1a96e39178d96af0cf1bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4j-1209050100-afe02a8bd2ff9f579566View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0fr2-2709122770-f083f6af091813806360View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-1709012310-7dc0b53017f950d2d69dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0002-8809010000-a2432091c3eede4b8230View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012500
KNApSAcK IDC00002262
Chemspider ID230519
KEGG Compound IDC10820
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound262500
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .
  6. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.