You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 19:10:25 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:15:50 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB34353
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePhysalin D
DescriptionPhysalin D is found in fruits. Physalin D is a constituent of the famine food Physalis angulata (cutleaf ground cherry)
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC28H32O11
Average Molecular Weight544.5471
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight544.194461866
IUPAC Name5,14,15-trihydroxy-2,9,26-trimethyl-3,19,23,28-tetraoxaoctacyclo[¹⁸,²⁷.0¹,⁵.0²,²⁴.0⁸,¹⁷.0⁹,¹⁴.0²¹,²⁶]nonacos-11-ene-4,10,22,29-tetrone
Traditional Name5,14,15-trihydroxy-2,9,26-trimethyl-3,19,23,28-tetraoxaoctacyclo[¹⁸,²⁷.0¹,⁵.0²,²⁴.0⁸,¹⁷.0⁹,¹⁴.0²¹,²⁶]nonacos-11-ene-4,10,22,29-tetrone
CAS Registry Number54980-22-2
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as physalins and derivatives. These are steroidal constituents of Physalis plants which possess an unusual 13,14-seco-16,24-cyclo-steroidal ring skeleton (where the bond that is normally present between the 13 and 14 positions in other steroids is broken while a new bond between positions 16 and 24 is formed).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassPhysalins and derivatives
Direct ParentPhysalins and derivatives
Alternative Parents
  • Physalin skeleton
  • Oxepane
  • Delta_valerolactone
  • Delta valerolactone
  • Oxane
  • Gamma butyrolactone
  • 3-furanone
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Oxolane
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Lactone
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available

Route of exposure:

Biological location:



Naturally occurring process:


Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting Point286 - 287 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility3.72 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)9.68ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area165.89 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity127.74 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability52.76 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings8ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a4i-2290220000-dceaaec5dd10266c6f2fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00xr-4160119000-10acd363604d5392f38cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-002b-0000090000-e5d3d8d8767be169be56JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-056s-0100090000-8afd5b1247d6edbe4970JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9301130000-6513dab55db981e13316JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-0000290000-9d2b0676b30013a1fbb9JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-002g-0000490000-9cb4b27f439019701925JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0avr-4290700000-d776335c2e5a4c0a4b5aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012715
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID381234
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound431071
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .
  6. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.