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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 19:54:49 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:17:25 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0034979
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB34979
Metabolite Identification
Common Namegamma-Ionone
Description(S)-gamma-Ionone is found in fruits. (S)-gamma-Ionone is a constituent of Tamarindus indica (tamarind)
Structure
Data?1563862645
Synonyms
ValueSource
(3E)-4-(2,2-Dimethyl-6-methylenecyclohexyl)-3-buten-2-oneChEBI
gamma-IononChEBI
g-IononeGenerator
γ-iononeGenerator
g-IononGenerator
γ-iononGenerator
(3E)-4-(2,2-Dimethyl-6-methylidenecyclohexyl)but-3-en-2-oneHMDB
4-(2,2-Dimethyl-6-methylenecyclohexyl)-3-buten-2-oneHMDB
4-(2,2-Dimethyl-6-methylenecyclohexyl)-3-buten-2-one, 9ciHMDB
4-(2-Methylene-6,6-dimethylcyclohexyl)-3-buten-2-oneHMDB
FEMA 3175HMDB
gamma-LononeHMDB
laquo gammaraquo -IononeHMDB
Chemical FormulaC13H20O
Average Molecular Weight192.2973
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight192.151415262
IUPAC Name(3E)-4-(2,2-dimethyl-6-methylidenecyclohexyl)but-3-en-2-one
Traditional Nameionone
CAS Registry Number79-76-5
SMILES
CC(=O)\C=C\C1C(=C)CCCC1(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C13H20O/c1-10-6-5-9-13(3,4)12(10)8-7-11(2)14/h7-8,12H,1,5-6,9H2,2-4H3/b8-7+
InChI KeySFEOKXHPFMOVRM-BQYQJAHWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sesquiterpenoids. These are terpenes with three consecutive isoprene units.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassSesquiterpenoids
Direct ParentSesquiterpenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cyclofarsesane sesquiterpenoid
  • Megastigmane sesquiterpenoid
  • Sesquiterpenoid
  • Ionone derivative
  • Alpha,beta-unsaturated ketone
  • Enone
  • Acryloyl-group
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0096 g/LALOGPS
logP3.99ALOGPS
logP3.38ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)19.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity61.02 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability23.25 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00ba-4900000000-f9aafc2b2b7c434052c5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-002f-0900000000-222c25bb3e7a42ab1321JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-004u-3900000000-e1117004acdbca234f89JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-014i-9400000000-3afe7c89edcfe4b080b1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-0900000000-099fc3506ab6ef6a84d0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-0900000000-2c62147e95b324ad1bbbJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-05ed-2900000000-43f9c40d0da2463f54e5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB013579
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4516050
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5363741
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID49250
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .
  6. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.