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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:02:40 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00439
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Furoylglycine
Description2-Furoylglycine is an acyl glycine. Acyl glycines are normally minor metabolites of fatty acids. However, the excretion of certain acyl glycines is increased in several inborn errors of metabolism. In certain cases the measurement of these metabolites in body fluids can be used to diagnose disorders associated with mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation. Acyl glycines are produced through the action of glycine N-acyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.13) which is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:. acyl-CoA + glycine < -- > CoA + N-acylglycine. Dietary studies show that 2-Furoylglycine precursors are of exogenous origin. Most probably from furan derivatives found in food prepared by strong heating. This may explain the absence of 2-furoylglycine in urine of breastfed children (PMID 4630229 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
N-(2-Furoyl)glycineChEMBL
2-(Furan-2-carbonylamino)acetateGenerator
FurfuroylglycineHMDB
FuroylglycineHMDB
N-(2-Furanylcarbonyl)glycineHMDB
N-(Carboxymethyl)-2-furancarboxamideHMDB
N-2-Furoyl-glycineHMDB
PyromucurateHMDB
Pyromucuric acidHMDB
[[(Furan-2-yl)carbonyl]amino]acetateHMDB
[[(Furan-2-yl)carbonyl]amino]acetic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC7H7NO4
Average Molecular Weight169.1348
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight169.037507717
IUPAC Name2-(furan-2-ylformamido)acetic acid
Traditional Namefuroylglycine
CAS Registry Number5657-19-2
SMILES
OC(=O)CNC(=O)C1=CC=CO1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H7NO4/c9-6(10)4-8-7(11)5-2-1-3-12-5/h1-3H,4H2,(H,8,11)(H,9,10)
InChI KeyInChIKey=KSPQDMRTZZYQLM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as n-acyl-alpha amino acids. These are compounds containing an alpha amino acid which bears an acyl group at its terminal nitrogen atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentN-acyl-alpha amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Furan
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Microbial
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point163 - 165 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility31.7 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility8.76 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.1ALOGPS
logP-0.41ChemAxon
logS-1.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.34ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area79.54 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity38.51 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability15.36 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00dj-5900000000-6cbf6d142c899f9771e5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0002-9000000000-cd57a1cab702e98c875cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0002-9000000000-8b32d656c71fd738f341View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot Available
Normal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineDetected and Quantified7.63 +/- 2.316 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified8.858 +/- 8.282 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified9.95 (2.00-18.66) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified4.0 (0.9-8.4) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified3.6 (0.7-5.8) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected and Quantified8.211 +/- 5.029 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified24.894 +/- 16.09 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022046
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID20549
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00439
Metagene LinkHMDB00439
METLIN ID5428
PubChem Compound21863
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID613373
References
Synthesis ReferenceLaham, Souheil; Potvin, Marc. Metabolism of furfural in the Sprague-Dawley rat. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry (1989), 24(1-2), 35-47.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Pettersen JE, Jellum E: The identification and metabolic origin of 2-furoylglycine and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid in human urine. Clin Chim Acta. 1972 Oct;41:199-207. [4630229 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Mitochondrial acyltransferase which transfers an acyl group to the N-terminus of glycine and glutamine, although much less efficiently. Can conjugate numerous substrates to form a variety of N-acylglycines, with a preference for benzoyl-CoA over phenylacetyl-CoA as acyl donors. Thereby detoxify xenobiotics, such as benzoic acid or salicylic acid, and endogenous organic acids, such as isovaleric acid.
Gene Name:
GLYAT
Uniprot ID:
Q6IB77
Molecular weight:
18506.33
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which transfers an acyl group to the N-terminus of glutamine. Can use phenylacetyl-CoA as an acyl donor.
Gene Name:
GLYATL1
Uniprot ID:
Q969I3
Molecular weight:
35100.895
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Mitochondrial acyltransferase which transfers the acyl group to the N-terminus of glycine. Conjugates numerous substrates, such as arachidonoyl-CoA and saturated medium and long-chain acyl-CoAs ranging from chain-length C8:0-CoA to C18:0-CoA, to form a variety of N-acylglycines. Shows a preference for monounsaturated fatty acid oleoyl-CoA (C18:1-CoA) as an acyl donor. Does not exhibit any activity toward C22:6-CoA and chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA, nor toward serine or alanine.
Gene Name:
GLYATL2
Uniprot ID:
Q8WU03
Molecular weight:
34277.055
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which transfers the acyl group to the N- terminus of glycine
Gene Name:
GLYATL3
Uniprot ID:
Q5SZD4
Molecular weight:
32703.3