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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:02:45 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00498
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name4-Deoxyerythronic acid
Description4-Deoxyerythronic acid is a normal organic acid present in human biofluids (PMIDs 2338430, 3829393, 3525594, 14708889, 1560100, 6725493), derived presumably from L-threonine. (PMID 2947647 ) It has been associated with uremia (PMID 1149237 ) and diabetes mellitus type 1. (PMID 2947647 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+/-)-erythro-2,3-dihydroxybutyric acidHMDB
(R*,r*)-2,3-dihydroxy-butanoateHMDB
(R*,r*)-2,3-dihydroxy-butanoic acidHMDB
(R*,r*)-2,3-dihydroxybutanoateHMDB
(R*,r*)-2,3-dihydroxybutanoic acidHMDB
(R*,s*)-2,3-dihydroxybutanoateHMDB
(R*,s*)-2,3-dihydroxybutanoic acidHMDB
2,3-Dihydroxybutanoic acidHMDB
2,3-erythro-DihydroxybutyrateHMDB
2,3-erythro-Dihydroxybutyric acidHMDB
4-Deoxy-erythronateHMDB
4-Deoxy-erythronic acidHMDB
4-DeoxyerythronateHMDB
4-Deoxytetronic acidHMDB
erythro-2,3-Dihydroxybutyric acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC4H8O4
Average Molecular Weight120.1039
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight120.042258744
IUPAC Name(2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutanoic acid
Traditional Name4-deoxyerythronic acid
CAS Registry Number759-06-8
SMILES
C[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H8O4/c1-2(5)3(6)4(7)8/h2-3,5-6H,1H3,(H,7,8)/t2-,3-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=LOUGYXZSURQALL-PWNYCUMCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. These are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Sub ClassSugar acids and derivatives
Direct ParentSugar acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Sugar acid
  • Short-chain hydroxy acid
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility454.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.2ALOGPS
logP-1.1ChemAxon
logS0.58ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.63ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area77.76 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity24.8 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability10.74 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0uk9-4900000000-e93ff8f7aad0f2c8fdeaView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0udr-9600000000-db7b2d4f0f4a450600e4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4r-9000000000-c6f2a60b94ceef71fa3aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-016r-9700000000-1e769b015c5e815e5fd1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-05di-9200000000-320d571457b8c5b1a0acView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0ab9-9000000000-222ebdab55908e04bc53View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot Available
Normal
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineDetected and Quantified5.0 +/- 3.0 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022077
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17215960
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00498
Metagene LinkHMDB00498
METLIN ID5484
PubChem Compound13120901
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceOwen, L. N. Oxygenation of crotonaldehyde. Journal of the Chemical Society (1943), 563-8.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Kassel DB, Martin M, Schall W, Sweeley CC: Urinary metabolites of L-threonine in type 1 diabetes determined by combined gas chromatography/chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Biomed Environ Mass Spectrom. 1986 Oct;13(10):535-40. [2947647 ]
  2. Bultitude FW, Newham SJ: Identification of some abnormal metabolites in plasma from uremic subjects. Clin Chem. 1975 Aug;21(9):1329-34. [1149237 ]