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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:02:47 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00522
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Methylglutaconic acid
Description3-Methylglutaconic acid is an intermediate (as the CoA thioester) in the leucine degradative pathway as well as the mevalonate shunt, a pathway that links isoprenoid metabolism with mitochondrial acetyl-CoA metabolism. (PMID: 7603789 ). 3-methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase is involved in the metabolism process of 3-methylglutaconic acid. 3-Methylglutaconic acid accumulates in patients with a deficiency of this enzyme and a large amount of 3-methylglutaconic acid appear in urine. (Wikipedia).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-MethylglutaconateHMDB
b-MethylglutaconateHMDB
b-Methylglutaconic acidHMDB
beta-MethylglutaconateHMDB
beta-Methylglutaconic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H8O4
Average Molecular Weight144.1253
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight144.042258744
IUPAC Name(2E)-3-methylpent-2-enedioic acid
Traditional Nameβ-methylglutaconic acid
CAS Registry Number5746-90-7
SMILES
C\C(CC(O)=O)=C/C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H8O4/c1-4(2-5(7)8)3-6(9)10/h2H,3H2,1H3,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)/b4-2+
InChI KeyInChIKey=WKRBKYFIJPGYQC-DUXPYHPUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as methyl-branched fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an acyl chain that has a methyl branch. Usually, they are saturated and contain only one or more methyl group. However, branches other than methyl may be present.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentMethyl-branched fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility8.69 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.37ALOGPS
logP0.29ChemAxon
logS-1.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.85ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity33.51 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability13.27 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified<12.42 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 18 years old)Both
Normal
    • BC Children's Hos...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified6.2 (2.8-8.3) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified10.707 +/- 4.243 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified7.5 (3.4-9.5) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified15.86 +/- 6.052 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected and Quantified750.0 (500.0-1000.0) umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Both3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria (TYPE I) details
UrineDetected and Quantified10.714 +/- 4.929 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified12.053 +/- 6.469 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified14.626 +/- 7.998 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified4.5 (0.00-9.0) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency details
UrineDetected and Quantified17.038 +/- 8.547 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified5070.0 (140.0-10000.0) umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Both3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Lyase Deficiency details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency
  1. MetaGene [Link]
3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type I
  1. MetaGene [Link]
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 246450 (3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency)
  • 250950 (3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type I)
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022090
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID1267861
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia Link3-Methylglutaconic acid
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00522
Metagene LinkHMDB00522
METLIN ID5507
PubChem Compound1551553
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID37245
References
Synthesis ReferenceAoyama, Takayuki; Kato, Kazuo; Shimada, Nobuyoshi; Fujii, Akio; Takita, Tomohisa. Production of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho (1986), 3 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Mitchell GA, Jakobs C, Gibson KM, Robert MF, Burlina A, Dionisi-Vici C, Dallaire L: Molecular prenatal diagnosis of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA lyase deficiency. Prenat Diagn. 1995 Aug;15(8):725-9. [7479590 ]
  2. Holme E, Greter J, Jacobson CE, Larsson NG, Lindstedt S, Nilsson KO, Oldfors A, Tulinius M: Mitochondrial ATP-synthase deficiency in a child with 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. Pediatr Res. 1992 Dec;32(6):731-5. [1287564 ]
  3. Costeff H, Elpeleg O, Apter N, Divry P, Gadoth N: 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria in "optic atrophy plus". Ann Neurol. 1993 Jan;33(1):103-4. [8494328 ]
  4. Sheffer RN, Zlotogora J, Elpeleg ON, Raz J, Ben-Ezra D: Behr's syndrome and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. Am J Ophthalmol. 1992 Oct 15;114(4):494-7. [1384336 ]
  5. Kelley RI: Quantification of 3-methylglutaconic acid in urine, plasma, and amniotic fluid by isotope-dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Clin Chim Acta. 1993 Nov 15;220(2):157-64. [8111960 ]
  6. Kelley RI, Kratz L: 3-methylglutaconic acidemia in Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome. Pediatr Res. 1995 May;37(5):671-4. [7603789 ]