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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-10-23 17:31:23 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000522
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00522
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Methylglutaconic acid
Description3-Methylglutaconic acid is an intermediate (as the CoA thioester) in the leucine degradative pathway as well as the mevalonate shunt, a pathway that links isoprenoid metabolism with mitochondrial acetyl-CoA metabolism. (PMID: 7603789 ). 3-methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase is involved in the metabolism process of 3-methylglutaconic acid. 3-Methylglutaconic acid accumulates in patients with a deficiency of this enzyme and a large amount of 3-methylglutaconic acid appear in urine. (Wikipedia).
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC6H8O4
Average Molecular Weight144.1253
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight144.042258744
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number5746-90-7
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H8O4/c1-4(2-5(7)8)3-6(9)10/h2H,3H2,1H3,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)/b4-2+
InChI KeyWKRBKYFIJPGYQC-DUXPYHPUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
ClassificationNot classified
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Biofluid and excreta:

Source:

  Biological:

    Animal:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Cellular process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Chemical reaction:

    Biochemical process:

Physiological effect

Health effect:

  Health condition:

    Metabolism and nutrition disorders:

Role

Indirect biological role:

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0015-9200000000-ff306cede85d252e0d4cView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9340000000-0b493822a103307b8f66View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-002b-2900000000-b6862aeffb1aa9fae1d0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-9300000000-7ab01dfb0b86abdac817View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-3692ceff17a888ae8836View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-5900000000-dc4d4a80a164f3fd1feaView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0007-8900000000-7ece848c8011e4a20200View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a7l-9300000000-8b54483c15a17429b9f8View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
No entries found
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified<12.42 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 18 years old)Both
Normal
    • BC Children's Hos...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified6.2 (2.8-8.3) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified10.707 +/- 4.243 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified7.5 (3.4-9.5) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified15.86 +/- 6.052 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
UrineDetected and Quantified750.0 (500.0-1000.0) umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Both3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria (TYPE I) details
UrineDetected and Quantified10.714 +/- 4.929 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified12.053 +/- 6.469 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified14.626 +/- 7.998 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified4.5 (0.00-9.0) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency details
UrineDetected and Quantified17.038 +/- 8.547 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified5070.0 (140.0-10000.0) umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Both3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Lyase Deficiency details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency
    MetaGene
3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type I
    MetaGene
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 246450 (3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency)
  • 250950 (3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type I)
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022090
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID1267861
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia Link3-Methylglutaconic acid
METLIN ID5507
PubChem Compound1551553
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID37245
References
Synthesis ReferenceAoyama, Takayuki; Kato, Kazuo; Shimada, Nobuyoshi; Fujii, Akio; Takita, Tomohisa. Production of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho (1986), 3 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Mitchell GA, Jakobs C, Gibson KM, Robert MF, Burlina A, Dionisi-Vici C, Dallaire L: Molecular prenatal diagnosis of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA lyase deficiency. Prenat Diagn. 1995 Aug;15(8):725-9. [PubMed:7479590 ]
  2. Holme E, Greter J, Jacobson CE, Larsson NG, Lindstedt S, Nilsson KO, Oldfors A, Tulinius M: Mitochondrial ATP-synthase deficiency in a child with 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. Pediatr Res. 1992 Dec;32(6):731-5. [PubMed:1287564 ]
  3. Costeff H, Elpeleg O, Apter N, Divry P, Gadoth N: 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria in "optic atrophy plus". Ann Neurol. 1993 Jan;33(1):103-4. [PubMed:8494328 ]
  4. Sheffer RN, Zlotogora J, Elpeleg ON, Raz J, Ben-Ezra D: Behr's syndrome and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. Am J Ophthalmol. 1992 Oct 15;114(4):494-7. [PubMed:1384336 ]
  5. Kelley RI: Quantification of 3-methylglutaconic acid in urine, plasma, and amniotic fluid by isotope-dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Clin Chim Acta. 1993 Nov 15;220(2):157-64. [PubMed:8111960 ]
  6. Kelley RI, Kratz L: 3-methylglutaconic acidemia in Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome. Pediatr Res. 1995 May;37(5):671-4. [PubMed:7603789 ]