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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:02:55 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00549
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGamma-Butyrolactone
DescriptionOne of the furans with a carbonyl thereby forming a cyclic lactone. It is an endogenous compound made from gamma-aminobutyrate and is the precursor of gamma-hydroxybutyrate. It is also used as a pharmacological agent and solvent.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1,2-ButanolideChEBI
1,4-ButanolideChEBI
1,4-LactoneChEBI
4-ButyrolactoneChEBI
4-Deoxytetronic acidChEBI
4-Hydroxybutyric acid lactoneChEBI
ButyrolactoneChEBI
dihydro-2(3H)-FuranoneChEBI
gamma-ButanolactoneChEBI
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid lactoneChEBI
gamma-HydroxybutyrolactoneChEBI
Tetrahydrofuran-2-oneChEBI
4-DeoxytetronateGenerator
4-Hydroxybutyrate lactoneGenerator
g-ButanolactoneGenerator
γ-butanolactoneGenerator
g-Hydroxybutyrate lactoneGenerator
g-Hydroxybutyric acid lactoneGenerator
gamma-Hydroxybutyrate lactoneGenerator
γ-hydroxybutyrate lactoneGenerator
γ-hydroxybutyric acid lactoneGenerator
g-HydroxybutyrolactoneGenerator
γ-hydroxybutyrolactoneGenerator
1-Oxacyclopentan-2-oneHMDB
2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2-FuranoneHMDB
2-OxolanoneHMDB
2-OxotetrahydrofuranHMDB
4,5-dihydro-2(3H)-FuranoneHMDB
4-ButanolideHMDB
4-Hydroxy-butanoateHMDB
4-Hydroxy-butanoic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxy-butanoic acid g-lactoneHMDB
4-HydroxybutanoateHMDB
4-Hydroxybutanoic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxybutanoic acid lactoneHMDB
Butyric acid lactoneHMDB
g-ButalactoneHMDB
g-ButyrolactoneHMDB
g-ButyryllactoneHMDB
gamma-ButalactoneHMDB
gamma-ButyryllactoneHMDB
GBLHMDB
Paint clean gHMDB
tetrahydro-2-FuranoneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC4H6O2
Average Molecular Weight86.0892
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight86.036779436
IUPAC Nameoxolan-2-one
Traditional Namebutyrolactone
CAS Registry Number96-48-0
SMILES
O=C1CCCO1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H6O2/c5-4-2-1-3-6-4/h1-3H2
InChI KeyInChIKey=YEJRWHAVMIAJKC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gamma butyrolactones. These are compounds containing a gamma butyrolactone moiety, which consists of an aliphatic five-member ring with four carbon atoms, one oxygen atom, and bears a ketone group on the carbon adjacent to the oxygen atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassLactones
Sub ClassGamma butyrolactones
Direct ParentGamma butyrolactones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Gamma butyrolactone
  • Oxolane
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-45 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1000.0 mg/mLNot Available
LogP-0.64HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility238.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.11ALOGPS
logP0.15ChemAxon
logS0.44ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area26.3 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity20.31 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability8.23 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-9000000000-4a6de93563809aa51a33View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-9000000000-4a6de93563809aa51a33View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-9000000000-b5163f6eb1e8004e61a9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-7M) , Positivesplash10-004l-9000000000-1066d349a6023c66dd64View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (JEOL JMS-D-3000) , Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-c2f6d51e7b2f9ce1e9f1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-002f-9000000000-d3df175d3315ed446e14View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-004l-9000000000-2fc3f4165b5808b41e93View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
Tissue Location
  • Adipose Tissue
  • Neuron
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.28 +/- 0.16 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB04699
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB003392
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID7029
KEGG Compound IDC01770
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia Link4-Hydroxybutyric acid lactone
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00549
Metagene LinkHMDB00549
METLIN ID5533
PubChem Compound7302
PDB IDGBL
ChEBI ID42639
References
Synthesis ReferenceZhu, Yulei; Li, Yongwang; Xiang, Hongwei; Su, Hualian; Wu, Jiaxiang. Process for preparation of g-butyrolactone with high yield and selectivity. Faming Zhuanli Shenqing Gongkai Shuomingshu (2001), 13 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Fukui Y, Matsusima E, Muramoto K, Nagai N, Ohama K, Yamashita K: Validation of a simple gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method for the determination of gamma-butyrolactone in human plasma. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Feb 25;785(1):73-80. [12535840 ]
  2. Thupari JN, Landree LE, Ronnett GV, Kuhajda FP: C75 increases peripheral energy utilization and fatty acid oxidation in diet-induced obesity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jul 9;99(14):9498-502. Epub 2002 Jun 11. [12060712 ]
  3. Wood M, Laloup M, Samyn N, Morris MR, de Bruijn EA, Maes RA, Young MS, Maes V, De Boeck G: Simultaneous analysis of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid and its precursors in urine using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A. 2004 Nov 12;1056(1-2):83-90. [15595536 ]
  4. Quintanilla RA, Orellana DI, Gonzalez-Billault C, Maccioni RB: Interleukin-6 induces Alzheimer-type phosphorylation of tau protein by deregulating the cdk5/p35 pathway. Exp Cell Res. 2004 Apr 15;295(1):245-57. [15051507 ]
  5. Knust U, Hull WE, Spiegelhalder B, Bartsch H, Strowitzki T, Owen RW: Analysis of enterolignan glucuronides in serum and urine by HPLC-ESI-MS. Food Chem Toxicol. 2006 Jul;44(7):1038-49. Epub 2006 Feb 20. [16488523 ]
  6. Selmaoui B, Aymard N, Lambrozo J, Touitou Y: Evaluation of the nocturnal levels of urinary biogenic amines in men exposed overnight to 50-Hz magnetic field. Life Sci. 2003 Oct 31;73(24):3073-82. [14550848 ]
  7. Oshima I, Saito S, Shiota K, Miyake A, Oka Y, Nakayama R: Kinetic study on disappearance of gamma-butyrolactone-gamma-carbonyl-L-histidyl-L-prolinamide (DN-1417) from plasma using a radioimmunoassay for DN-1417 isobutylamide. J Pharmacobiodyn. 1983 Mar;6(3):202-8. [6410041 ]
  8. Yeatman DT, Reid K: A study of urinary endogenous gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) levels. J Anal Toxicol. 2003 Jan-Feb;27(1):40-2. [12587682 ]