Human Metabolome Database Version 3.5

Showing metabocard for Dihydroandrosterone (HMDB00554)

Record Information
Version 3.5
Creation Date 2005-11-16 08:48:42 -0700
Update Date 2013-05-29 13:27:36 -0600
Secondary Accession Numbers None
Metabolite Identification
Common Name Dihydroandrosterone
Description Dihydroandrosterone is a major metabolite of testosterone. Dihydroandrosterone is the main steroid produced by the immature ovary; at puberty the synthesis of steroids shifts toward 4-ene-3-oxo steroids. testosterone 5a-reduced metabolites, including dihydrotestosterone are produced in the anterior pituitary and the central nervous system. Anabolic androgen steroid (AAS) are one of primary performance-enhancing substances abused by athletes. To defeat doping controls, athletes changed to take endogenous androgens from the application of synthetic AAS. testosterone was one candidate of endogenous androgens abused in sports. testosterone and its relevant steroids in urine is detected and monitored with GC/MS. The abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AS) is a growing problem; however, the effects and mechanisms underlying their addictive effects are not well understood. (PMID: 17112575 Link_out, 6243214 Link_out, 491593 Link_out, 491592 Link_out).
Structure Thumb
Download: MOL | SDF | PDB | SMILES | InChI
Display: 2D Structure | 3D Structure
  1. Adiol
  2. Etiocholane-3a,17b-diol
  3. 3a,17b-Dihydroxy-5a-androstane
  4. 3a,5a-Tetrahydrotestosterone
  5. 3alpha,17beta-Dihydroxy-5alpha-androstane
  6. 5a-Androstane-3a,17b-diol
  7. 5alpha-Androstane-3alpha,17beta-androstanediol
  8. 5alpha-Androstane-3alpha,17beta-diol
  9. Androstane-3a,17b-diol
  10. Etiocholane-3alpha,17beta-diol
  11. Hombreol
Chemical Formula C19H32O2
Average Molecular Weight 292.4562
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight 292.240230268
IUPAC Name (1S,2S,5R,7S,10R,11S,14S,15S)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecane-5,14-diol
Traditional IUPAC Name 5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol
CAS Registry Number 1852-53-5
SMILES [H][C@@]12CC[C@H](O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC[C@@]2([H])C[C@H](O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier InChI=1S/C19H32O2/c1-18-9-7-13(20)11-12(18)3-4-14-15-5-6-17(21)19(15,2)10-8-16(14)18/h12-17,20-21H,3-11H2,1-2H3/t12-,13+,14-,15-,16-,17-,18-,19-/m0/s1
Chemical Taxonomy
Kingdom Organic Compounds
Super Class Lipids
Class Steroids and Steroid Derivatives
Sub Class Androgens and Derivatives
Other Descriptors
  • Aliphatic Homopolycyclic Compounds
  • C19 steroids (androgens) and derivatives(Lipidmaps)
  • Hydroxysteroids
  • androstane-3alpha,17beta-diol(ChEBI)
  • Bicyclohexane
  • Cyclic Alcohol
  • Cyclohexane
  • Decaline
  • Secondary Alcohol
  • Sesquiterpene Backbone
Direct Parent Androgens and Derivatives
Status Detected and Quantified
  • Endogenous
  • Food
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
State Solid
Experimental Properties
Property Value Reference
Melting Point 219 - 221 °C Not Available
Boiling Point Not Available Not Available
Water Solubility Not Available Not Available
LogP Not Available Not Available
Predicted Properties
Property Value Source
Water Solubility 0.019 g/L ALOGPS
LogP 3.56 ALOGPS
LogP 3.2 ChemAxon
LogS -4.18 ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic) 18.3 ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic) -0.76 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count 2 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count 2 ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area 40.46 A2 ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count 0 ChemAxon
Refractivity 84.63 ChemAxon
Polarizability 35.39 ChemAxon
Formal Charge 0 ChemAxon
Physiological Charge 0 ChemAxon
1H NMR Spectrum
[1H,13C] 2D NMR Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Location
  • Skin
Pathways Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Biofluid Status Value Age Sex Condition Reference
Blood Detected and Quantified
0.000475 (0.000352-0.000548) uM Adult (>18 years old) Male Normal
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References None
Associated OMIM IDs None
DrugBank ID Not Available
DrugBank Metabolite ID Not Available
Phenol Explorer Compound ID Not Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite ID Not Available
FoodDB ID FDB022114
KNApSAcK ID Not Available
Chemspider ID 15039 Link_out
KEGG Compound ID Not Available
BioCyc ID Not Available
BiGG ID Not Available
Wikipedia Link Not Available
NuGOwiki Link HMDB00554 Link_out
Metagene Link HMDB00554 Link_out
METLIN ID 5538 Link_out
PubChem Compound 15818 Link_out
PDB ID Not Available
ChEBI ID 36713 Link_out
Synthesis Reference Kieslich, Klaus. 5a-Androstane-3a,17b-diol. Ger. Offen. (1980), 6 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Not Available
General References
  1. Deslypere JP, Vermeulen A: Aging and tissue androgens. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1981 Aug;53(2):430-4. Pubmed: 7251820 Link_out
  2. Rittmaster RS, Zwicker H, Thompson DL, Konok G, Norman RW: Androstanediol glucuronide production in human liver, prostate, and skin. Evidence for the importance of the liver in 5 alpha-reduced androgen metabolism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 Apr;76(4):977-82. Pubmed: 8473413 Link_out
  3. Frye CA: Some rewarding effects of androgens may be mediated by actions of its 5alpha-reduced metabolite 3alpha-androstanediol. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2007 Feb;86(2):354-67. Epub 2006 Nov 15. Pubmed: 17112575 Link_out
  4. Eckstein B, Ravid R: Regulation of ovarian 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity by gonadotropin. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1980 Jan 17;627(2):165-71. Pubmed: 6243214 Link_out
  5. Celotti F, Farina JM, Santaniello E, Martini L, Motta M: Effect of testosterone, its 5 alpha-reduced metabolites and the corresponding propionates on testosterone metabolism--II. In the ventral prostate and in the seminal vesicles. J Steroid Biochem. 1979 Jul;11(1A):221-5. Pubmed: 491593 Link_out
  6. Celotti F, Farina JM, Santaniello E, Martini L, Motta M: Effect of testosterone, its 5 alpha-reduced metabolites and the corresponding propionates on testosterone metabolism. I--In the hypothalamus and in the anterior pituitary. J Steroid Biochem. 1979 Jul;11(1A):215-9. Pubmed: 491592 Link_out