You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:03 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00631
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB04012
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDeoxycholic acid glycine conjugate
DescriptionDeoxycholic acid glycine conjugate, or Deoxygcholylglycine, is an acyl glycine and a bile acid-glycine conjugate. It is a secondary bile acid produced by the action of enzymes existing in the microbial flora of the colonic environment. In hepatocytes, both primary and secondary bile acids undergo amino acid conjugation at the C-24 carboxylic acid on the side chain, and almost all bile acids in the bile duct therefore exist in a glycine conjugated form (PMID:16949895 ). As a bile salt it acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for absorption and is itself absorbed. It is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
DeoxycholylglycineHMDB
DeoxyglycocholateHMDB
Deoxyglycocholic acidHMDB
GlycodeoxycholateHMDB
Glycodeoxycholic acidHMDB
GlycodesoxycholateHMDB
Glycodesoxycholic acidHMDB
GlycyldeoxycholateHMDB
Glycyldeoxycholic acidHMDB
N-(3a,12a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholan-24-oyl)-glycineHMDB
N-(Carboxymethyl)-3a,12a-dihydroxy-5b-cholan-24-amideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC26H43NO5
Average Molecular Weight449.6233
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight449.314123491
IUPAC Name2-[(4R)-4-[(2S,5R,7R,14R,15R,16S)-5,16-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid
Traditional Name[(4R)-4-[(2S,5R,7R,14R,15R,16S)-5,16-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid
CAS Registry Number360-65-6
SMILES
[H][C@]12CCC3C4CC[C@H]([C@H](C)CCC(=O)NCC(O)=O)[C@@]4(C)[C@@H](O)CC3[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@H](O)C2
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H43NO5/c1-15(4-9-23(30)27-14-24(31)32)19-7-8-20-18-6-5-16-12-17(28)10-11-25(16,2)21(18)13-22(29)26(19,20)3/h15-22,28-29H,4-14H2,1-3H3,(H,27,30)(H,31,32)/t15-,16-,17-,18?,19-,20?,21?,22+,25+,26-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=WVULKSPCQVQLCU-ZMBDPXIHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycinated bile acids and derivatives. These are compounds with a structure characterized by the presence of a glycine linked to a bile acid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentGlycinated bile acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycinated bile acid
  • Glycinated bile acid skeleton
  • Dihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 12-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • N-acyl-aliphatic-alpha amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • N-substituted-alpha-amino acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty amide
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
  • Microbial
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.0027 mg/mLNot Available
LogP2.25RODA,A ET AL. (1990)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0078 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.69ALOGPS
logP2.69ChemAxon
logS-4.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.77ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.18ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area106.86 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity122 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability51.96 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0ik9-0000900000-4a3e850d7237d0106c35View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-01ti-3894300000-fa0e7861362d7bf348bbView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a7i-5910000000-17134bf01487bc71d373View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid Locations
  • Bile
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Prostate
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
27-Hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00720Not Available
Bile Acid BiosynthesisSMP00035map00120
Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX)SMP00315Not Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IISMP00314Not Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IIISMP00318Not Available
Familial Hypercholanemia (FHCA)SMP00317Not Available
Zellweger SyndromeSMP00316Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BileDetected and Quantified>0.01 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified19.19 +/- 13.69 nmol/g of fecesNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
details
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Hepatocellular carcinoma
details
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Liver Cirrhosis
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)FemaleEpithelial ovarian cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022152
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17215983
KEGG Compound IDC05464
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00631
Metagene LinkHMDB00631
METLIN ID5604
PubChem Compound22833539
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27471
References
Synthesis ReferenceParmentier G; Eyssen H Synthesis and characteristics of the specific monosulfates of chenodeoxycholate, deoxycholate and their taurine or glycine conjugates. Steroids (1977), 30(5), 583-90.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. [19212411 ]
  2. Hepner GW, Demers LM: Dynamics of the enterohepatic circulation of the glycine conjugates of cholic, chenodeoxycholic, deoxycholic, and sulfolithocholic acid in man. Gastroenterology. 1977 Mar;72(3):499-501. [832799 ]
  3. Bloch CA, Watkins JB: Determination of conjugated bile acids in human bile and duodenal fluid by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. J Lipid Res. 1978 May;19(4):510-3. [659989 ]
  4. Demers LM, Hepner GW: Levels of immunoreactive glycine-conjugated bile acids in health and hepatobiliary disease. Am J Clin Pathol. 1976 Nov;66(5):831-9. [983991 ]
  5. Demers LM, Hepner G: Radioimmunoassay of bile acids in serum. Clin Chem. 1976 May;22(5):602-6. [1261008 ]
  6. Goto T, Myint KT, Sato K, Wada O, Kakiyama G, Iida T, Hishinuma T, Mano N, Goto J: LC/ESI-tandem mass spectrometric determination of bile acid 3-sulfates in human urine 3beta-Sulfooxy-12alpha-hydroxy-5beta-cholanoic acid is an abundant nonamidated sulfate. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2007 Feb 1;846(1-2):69-77. Epub 2006 Sep 1. [16949895 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Mitochondrial acyltransferase which transfers an acyl group to the N-terminus of glycine and glutamine, although much less efficiently. Can conjugate numerous substrates to form a variety of N-acylglycines, with a preference for benzoyl-CoA over phenylacetyl-CoA as acyl donors. Thereby detoxify xenobiotics, such as benzoic acid or salicylic acid, and endogenous organic acids, such as isovaleric acid.
Gene Name:
GLYAT
Uniprot ID:
Q6IB77
Molecular weight:
18506.33
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which transfers an acyl group to the N-terminus of glutamine. Can use phenylacetyl-CoA as an acyl donor.
Gene Name:
GLYATL1
Uniprot ID:
Q969I3
Molecular weight:
35100.895
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Mitochondrial acyltransferase which transfers the acyl group to the N-terminus of glycine. Conjugates numerous substrates, such as arachidonoyl-CoA and saturated medium and long-chain acyl-CoAs ranging from chain-length C8:0-CoA to C18:0-CoA, to form a variety of N-acylglycines. Shows a preference for monounsaturated fatty acid oleoyl-CoA (C18:1-CoA) as an acyl donor. Does not exhibit any activity toward C22:6-CoA and chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA, nor toward serine or alanine.
Gene Name:
GLYATL2
Uniprot ID:
Q8WU03
Molecular weight:
34277.055
General function:
Involved in glycine N-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which transfers the acyl group to the N- terminus of glycine
Gene Name:
GLYATL3
Uniprot ID:
Q5SZD4
Molecular weight:
32703.3