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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:09 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00650
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameD-Alpha-aminobutyric acid
DescriptionD-alpha-aminobutyric acid is the D isomer of alpha-aminobutyric acid. The L-form of this amino acid is used in the biosynthesis of ophthalmic acid (a tripeptide analogue of glutathione in which the cysteine group is replaced by L-2-aminobutyrate, which was first discovered and isolated from calf lens). The D-form of this amino acid is a substrate for D-amino acid oxidase. There is little evidence that the D-form of this amino acid is found human biofluids or tissues however what little does exist likely is of bacterial origin.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2R)-2-Aminobutyric acidChEBI
(R)-2-Aminobutanoic acidChEBI
(R)-2-Aminobutyric acidChEBI
alpha-Aminobutyric acidChEBI
D-(-)-2-Aminobutyric acidChEBI
D-2-Aminobutanoic acidChEBI
D-2-AminobuttersaeureChEBI
D-2-AminobutyrateChEBI
D-2-Aminobutyric acidChEBI
(2R)-2-AminobutyrateGenerator
D-a-AminobutyrateGenerator
D-a-Aminobutyric acidGenerator
D-alpha-AminobutyrateGenerator
D-α-aminobutyrateGenerator
D-α-aminobutyric acidGenerator
(R)-2-AminobutanoateGenerator
(R)-2-AminobutyrateGenerator
a-AminobutyrateGenerator
a-Aminobutyric acidGenerator
alpha-AminobutyrateGenerator
α-aminobutyrateGenerator
α-aminobutyric acidGenerator
D-(-)-2-AminobutyrateGenerator
D-2-AminobutanoateGenerator
(2R)-2-AminobutanoateHMDB
(2R)-2-Aminobutanoic acidHMDB
(R)-2-amino-ButanoateHMDB
(R)-2-amino-Butanoic acidHMDB
delta-(-)-2-Aminobutyric acidHMDB
delta-2-AminobutanoateHMDB
delta-2-Aminobutanoic acidHMDB
delta-2-AminobuttersaeureHMDB
delta-2-AminobutyrateHMDB
delta-2-Aminobutyric acidHMDB
delta-alpha-Aminobutyric acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC4H9NO2
Average Molecular Weight103.1198
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight103.063328537
IUPAC Name(2R)-2-aminobutanoic acid
Traditional NameD-2-aminobutyric acid
CAS Registry Number2623-91-8
SMILES
CC[C@@H](N)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H9NO2/c1-2-3(5)4(6)7/h3H,2,5H2,1H3,(H,6,7)/t3-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=QWCKQJZIFLGMSD-GSVOUGTGSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as d-alpha-amino acids. These are alpha amino acids which have the D-configuration of the alpha-carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentD-alpha-amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • D-alpha-amino acid
  • Amino fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Microbial
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility278 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility358.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-2.5ALOGPS
logP-2.3ChemAxon
logS0.54ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.62ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.53ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area63.32 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity25.02 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability10.38 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9100000000-0daee71ea831f7bbc7d9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4l-9000000000-bfbde6993a601589833aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-052f-9000000000-2758c754fa3d1a866313View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-80692ccd320ae9397188View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-0c48c0d7bd360678818dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-3f73f991c6b16f4243deView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-30bd7a490cb370274562View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0uk9-0900000000-4643b2987ca1e5d6835dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-b00f3c9d8e1430fd47d9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-4900000000-4f8fca780d8148405257View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-0e57b77365acd0b22fb6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-aa6a0c5e4a3ee00a68adView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-fade3973755c5e8311cfView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-4b7a0e5c50e7e0b22d32View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-4900000000-8ff7d03a0770e04e7c91View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9100000000-ba75c4a0743928ae4796View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-ce841184a0d4a39e10cbView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-da87cbb3df36c3786e14View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-915c65b6ad120179d86eView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot Available
Normal
  • Not Applicable
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.30 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)BothOral cancer details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)FemaleBreast cancer details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedPancreatic cancer details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedPeriodontal diseases details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012680
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID388757
KEGG Compound IDC02261
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00650
Metagene LinkHMDB00650
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound439691
PDB IDDBB
ChEBI ID28797
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Ohdoi C, Nyhan WL, Kuhara T: Chemical diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jul 15;792(1):123-30. [12829005 ]
  2. Ketting D, Wadman SK, Spaapen LJ, Van der Meer SB, Duran M: Gas chromatography method for the separation of amino acids enantiomers in plasma and urine. Application in a case of short bowel syndrome. Clin Chim Acta. 1991 Dec 31;204(1-3):79-86. [1819475 ]
  3. Lange R, Hui Bon Hoa G, Douzou P, Yagi K: Kinetics of primary interaction of D-amino acid oxidase with its substrate. Biochem Int. 1983 May;6(5):693-8. [6148943 ]