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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:28 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00881
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameXanthurenic acid
DescriptionXanthurenic acid is a metabolite from tryptophan catabolism. It is a substrate of the enzyme methyltransferases [EC 2.1.1.-] in pathway tryptophan metabolism (KEGG).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
XanthurenateKegg
Xanthurenic acidGenerator
8-Hydroxy-4-oxo-1H-quinoline-2-carboxylateGenerator
4,8-Dihydroxy-2-quinolinecarboxylateHMDB
4,8-Dihydroxy-2-quinolinecarboxylic acidHMDB
4,8-Dihydroxy-quinaldateHMDB
4,8-Dihydroxy-quinaldic acidHMDB
4,8-DihydroxyquinaldateHMDB
4,8-Dihydroxyquinaldic acidHMDB
4,8-DihydroxyquinaldinateHMDB
4,8-Dihydroxyquinaldinic acidHMDB
4,8-Dihydroxyquinoline-2-carboxylateHMDB
4,8-Dihydroxyquinoline-2-carboxylic acidHMDB
4-Oxoxanthurenic acidHMDB
8-HydroxykynurenateHMDB
8-Hydroxykynurenic acidHMDB
OxoxanthurenateHMDB
XanthurateHMDB
Xanthuric acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H7NO4
Average Molecular Weight205.1669
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight205.037507717
IUPAC Name4,8-dihydroxyquinoline-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Namexanthurenic acid
CAS Registry Number59-00-7
SMILES
OC(=O)C1=NC2=C(O)C=CC=C2C(O)=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H7NO4/c12-7-3-1-2-5-8(13)4-6(10(14)15)11-9(5)7/h1-4,12H,(H,11,13)(H,14,15)
InChI KeyInChIKey=FBZONXHGGPHHIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as quinoline carboxylic acids. These are quinolines in which the quinoline ring system is substituted by a carboxyl group at one or more positions.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassQuinolines and derivatives
Sub ClassQuinoline carboxylic acids
Direct ParentQuinoline carboxylic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Quinoline-2-carboxylic acid
  • 8-hydroxyquinoline
  • Hydroxyquinoline
  • Pyridine carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Pyridine carboxylic acid
  • Hydroxypyridine
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyridine
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point289 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.63 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.01ALOGPS
logP0.78ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.12ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area90.65 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity50.83 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability19.06 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)splash10-0a4i-0563900000-9a574c7d3effa0b19274View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0a4i-1563900000-1b0b2fc6caac1ac637a5View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-0590000000-e130e584059a7dd08226View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a59-0900000000-bd9a9768f7b716a5eb2bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-003r-5900000000-6120cbfe1c7c51793910View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-0910000000-15a7a4353f513ac53e48View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-0900000000-37c7cba5a7933c291829View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0006-0900000000-fb1104898a85e262eb32View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-1900000000-aa8f1e95e14bd25bb8c4View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-3900000000-693b38057f05e771cc54View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT (LC/MSD Trap XCT, Agilent Technologies) , Positivesplash10-004i-0910000000-1b3d8f0b5d44d2f4f7fbView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Epidermis
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Tryptophan MetabolismSMP00063map00380
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.022 +/- 0.001 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.28 +/- 0.44 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
    • West Cadwell, N.J...
    • Basel, Switzerlan...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified2.0 (0.0 - 4.0) umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified5.537 +/- 6.597 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.10 +/- 0.17 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.17 +/- 0.06 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothHemodialysis details
BloodDetected and Quantified3.0 (2.0 - 4.0) uMChildren (1-13 years old)Not SpecifiedKynureninase deficiency details
UrineDetected and Quantified200.0 (194.0 - 260.0) umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Not SpecifiedKynureninase deficiency details
UrineDetected and Quantified5.643 +/- 3.642 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Hemodialysis
  1. Pawlak D, Pawlak K, Malyszko J, Mysliwiec M, Buczko W: Accumulation of toxic products degradation of kynurenine in hemodialyzed patients. Int Urol Nephrol. 2001;33(2):399-404. [12092667 ]
Kynureninase deficiency
  1. Christensen M, Duno M, Lund AM, Skovby F, Christensen E: Xanthurenic aciduria due to a mutation in KYNU encoding kynureninase. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2007 Apr;30(2):248-55. Epub 2007 Mar 1. [17334708 ]
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022297
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5497
KEGG Compound IDC02470
BioCyc IDXANTHURENATE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkXanthurenic acid
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00881
Metagene LinkHMDB00881
METLIN ID5841
PubChem Compound5699
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID217069
References
Synthesis ReferenceFurst, Arthur; Olsen, Carl J. A convenient synthesis of xanthurenic acid. Journal of Organic Chemistry (1951), 16 412-14.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Igari T, Tsuchizawa M, Shimamura T: Alteration of tryptophan metabolism in the synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1987 Oct;153(2):79-86. [3500530 ]
  2. Calandra P: Research on tryptophan metabolites "via kynurenine" in epidermis of man and mouse. Acta Vitaminol Enzymol. 1975;29(1-6):158-60. [1244085 ]
  3. Bapurao S, Krishnaswamy K: Vitamin B6 nutritional status of pellagrins and their leucine tolerance. Am J Clin Nutr. 1978 May;31(5):819-24. [206127 ]
  4. Shibata K, Fukuwatari T, Murakami M, Sasaki R: Increase in conversion of tryptophan to niacin in pregnant rats. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003;527:435-41. [15206761 ]
  5. Forrest CM, Gould SR, Darlington LG, Stone TW: Levels of purine, kynurenine and lipid peroxidation products in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003;527:395-400. [15206756 ]
  6. Hoes MJ, Loeffen T, Vree TB: Kinetics of L-tryptophan in depressive patients: a possible correlation between the plasma concentrations of L-tryptophan and some psychiatric rating scales. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1981;75(4):350-3. [6803278 ]
  7. Malina HZ, Hess OM: Xanthurenic acid translocates proapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins into mitochondria and impairs mitochondrial function. BMC Cell Biol. 2004 Apr 6;5:14. [15068490 ]
  8. Bapurao S, Raman L, Tulpule PG: Biochemical assessment of vitamin B6 nutritional status in pregnant women with orolingual manifestations. Am J Clin Nutr. 1982 Oct;36(4):581-6. [7124659 ]
  9. Malina HZ: Comment on 'The photosensitiser xanthurenic acid is not present in normal human lenses' by P.G. Hains et al. [Exp. Eye Res. 77 (2003) 547-553]. Exp Eye Res. 2004 Sep;79(3):443-5; author reply 447-8. [15336509 ]
  10. Forrest CM, Kennedy A, Stone TW, Stoy N, Darlington LG: Kynurenine and neopterin levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis during drug treatment. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003;527:287-95. [15206742 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
N5-glutamine methyltransferase responsible for the methylation of the GGQ triplet of the mitochondrial translation release factor MTRF1L.
Gene Name:
HEMK1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y5R4
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Xanthurenic acid + S-Adenosylmethionine → 8-Methoxykynurenate + S-Adenosylhomocysteinedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Probable methyltransferase (By similarity).
Gene Name:
METTL2B
Uniprot ID:
Q6P1Q9
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Xanthurenic acid + S-Adenosylmethionine → 8-Methoxykynurenate + S-Adenosylhomocysteinedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Probable methyltransferase (By similarity).
Gene Name:
METTL6
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCB7
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Xanthurenic acid + S-Adenosylmethionine → 8-Methoxykynurenate + S-Adenosylhomocysteinedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Methyltransferase that may act on DNA.
Gene Name:
WBSCR22
Uniprot ID:
O43709
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
Xanthurenic acid + S-Adenosylmethionine → 8-Methoxykynurenate + S-Adenosylhomocysteinedetails