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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:30 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00899
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB11608
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAndrostanedione
DescriptionAndrostanedione is a steroid metabolite and a procursor of both testosterone and estrone. It is a product of enzyme 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase [EC 1.1.1.50] in pathway Androgen and estrogen metabolism (KEGG).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(5a)-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
5-alpha-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
5a-Androsta-3,17-dioneHMDB
5a-Androstan-3,17-dioneHMDB
5a-Androstane-3, 17-dioneHMDB
5a-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
5a-AndrostanedioneHMDB
5alpha-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
Androstane-3,7-dioneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC19H28O2
Average Molecular Weight288.4244
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight288.20893014
IUPAC Name(1S,2S,7S,10R,11S,15S)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecane-5,14-dione
Traditional Nameandrostanedione
CAS Registry Number846-46-8
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC(=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC[C@@]2([H])CC(=O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C19H28O2/c1-18-9-7-13(20)11-12(18)3-4-14-15-5-6-17(21)19(15,2)10-8-16(14)18/h12,14-16H,3-11H2,1-2H3/t12-,14-,15-,16-,18-,19-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=RAJWOBJTTGJROA-WZNAKSSCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as androgens and derivatives. These are 3-hydroxylated C19 steroid hormones. They are known to favor the development of masculine characteristics. They also show profound effects on scalp and body hair in humans.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassAndrostane steroids
Direct ParentAndrogens and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Androgen-skeleton
  • 3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • 17-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • Cyclohexanone
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point133.5 - 134.0 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0074 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.4ALOGPS
logP3.97ChemAxon
logS-4.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)19.78ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area34.14 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity82.78 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability33.84 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSsplash10-003u-9711000000-845e34a01c44999f2dedView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-0090000000-decf354145d0bc46e624View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-01vk-4910000000-1f05b00fe5f61dd134c3View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-05ng-9800000000-ef0555e1d54150aaffd2View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Location
  • Testes
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.00036 (0.00020-0.00070) uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022307
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID193520
KEGG Compound IDC00674
BioCyc IDCPD-342
BiGG ID42505
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00899
Metagene LinkHMDB00899
METLIN ID5855
PubChem Compound222865
PDB ID5SD
ChEBI ID15994
References
Synthesis ReferenceMarker, Russell E.; Kamm, Oliver; Jones, David M.; Oakwood, Thomas S. Sterols. VIII. Preparation of androstanedione from allopregnanediol. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1937), 59 614-16.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Karlsson T, Vahlquist A, Kedishvili N, Torma H: 13-cis-retinoic acid competitively inhibits 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid oxidation by retinol dehydrogenase RoDH-4: a mechanism for its anti-androgenic effects in sebaceous glands? Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 28;303(1):273-8. [12646198 ]
  2. Gonzalez-Santos MR, Gaja-Rodriguez OV, Alonso-Uriarte R, Sojo-Aranda I, Cortes-Gallegos V: Sleep deprivation and adaptive hormonal responses of healthy men. Arch Androl. 1989;22(3):203-7. [2757458 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transformation of the potent androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) into the less active form, 5-alpha-androstan-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol). Also has some 20-alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. The biotransformation of the pesticide chlordecone (kepone) to its corresponding alcohol leads to increased biliary excretion of the pesticide and concomitant reduction of its neurotoxicity since bile is the major excretory route.
Gene Name:
AKR1C4
Uniprot ID:
P17516
Molecular weight:
37094.57
Reactions
Androsterone + NAD → Androstanedione + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Androsterone + NADP → Androstanedione + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Converts progesterone to its inactive form, 20-alpha-dihydroxyprogesterone (20-alpha-OHP). In the liver and intestine, may have a role in the transport of bile. May have a role in monitoring the intrahepatic bile acid concentration. Has a low bile-binding ability. May play a role in myelin formation.
Gene Name:
AKR1C1
Uniprot ID:
Q04828
Molecular weight:
36788.02
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Works in concert with the 5-alpha/5-beta-steroid reductases to convert steroid hormones into the 3-alpha/5-alpha and 3-alpha/5-beta-tetrahydrosteroids. Catalyzes the inactivation of the most potent androgen 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5-alpha-DHT) to 5-alpha-androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol). Has a high bile-binding ability.
Gene Name:
AKR1C2
Uniprot ID:
P52895
Molecular weight:
15747.91
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Efficiently catalyzes the reduction of progesterone, androstenedione, 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone and testosterone to 5-beta-reduced metabolites. The bile acid intermediates 7-alpha,12-alpha-dihydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one and 7-alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one can also act as substrates.
Gene Name:
AKR1D1
Uniprot ID:
P51857
Molecular weight:
32889.38
General function:
Involved in 3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Converts testosterone (T) into 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and progesterone or corticosterone into their corresponding 5-alpha-3-oxosteroids. It plays a central role in sexual differentiation and androgen physiology.
Gene Name:
SRD5A2
Uniprot ID:
P31213
Molecular weight:
28407.035
Reactions
Androstanedione + Acceptor → Androstenedione + Reduced acceptordetails
General function:
Involved in 3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Converts testosterone into 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone and progesterone or corticosterone into their corresponding 5-alpha-3-oxosteroids. It plays a central role in sexual differentiation and androgen physiology.
Gene Name:
SRD5A1
Uniprot ID:
P18405
Molecular weight:
29458.18
Reactions
Androstanedione + Acceptor → Androstenedione + Reduced acceptordetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors
Specific function:
Plays a key role in early steps of protein N-linked glycosylation by being required for the conversion of polyprenol into dolichol. Dolichols are required for the synthesis of dolichol-linked monosaccharides and the oligosaccharide precursor used for N-glycosylation. Acts as a polyprenol reductase that promotes the reduction of the alpha-isoprene unit of polyprenols into dolichols in a NADP-dependent mechanism. Also able to convert testosterone (T) into 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
Gene Name:
SRD5A3
Uniprot ID:
Q9H8P0
Molecular weight:
36521.005
Reactions
Androstanedione + Acceptor → Androstenedione + Reduced acceptordetails