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Record Information
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-06-10 21:22:10 UTC
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameVanillactic acid
DescriptionVanillactic acid is an acidic catecholamine metabolite present in normal human urine (PMID 7524950 ), in normal human CSF (PMID 7914240 ), and increased in the CSF of newborns with neonatal epileptic encephalopathy mimicking aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency (PMID 12200739 ).
3-(3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl)lactic acidHMDB
3-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-lactic acidHMDB
3-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)lactic acidHMDB
3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyllactic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyllactic acidHMDB
b-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)lactic acidHMDB
beta-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)lactic acidHMDB
Vanillyllactic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H12O5
Average Molecular Weight212.1993
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight212.068473494
IUPAC Name2-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)propanoic acid
Traditional Namevanillactic acid
CAS Registry Number2475-56-1
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylpropanoic acids. These are compounds with a structure containing a benzene ring conjugated to a propanoic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassPhenylpropanoic acids
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentPhenylpropanoic acids
Alternative Parents
  • 3-phenylpropanoic-acid
  • Methoxyphenol
  • Methoxybenzene
  • Phenol ether
  • Anisole
  • Phenol
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Benzenoid
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Ether
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
StatusDetected and Quantified
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility4.3 mg/mLALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.37ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area86.99 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity51.9 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability20.58 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-014j-0900000000-286fd6a398d981fb304bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004l-9500000000-e5d908b43c53fa144f04View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00or-9000000000-9c1d1b75d20954fa5e7fView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot Available
  • Not Applicable
UrineDetected and Quantified0.83-1.2 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
UrineDetected and Quantified0.75-0.93 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0933 (0.00-0.187) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite ID972
FoodDB IDFDB022315
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID141152
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkVLA
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00913
Metagene LinkHMDB00913
PubChem Compound160637
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID1240674
Synthesis ReferenceWong, Henry N. C.; Xu, Zun Le; Chang, Hson Mou; Lee, Chi Ming. Compounds from Danshen. 6. A modified synthesis of (±)-b-aryllactic acids. Synthesis (1992), (8), 793-7.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Javors MA, Bowden CL, Maas JW: 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, and homovanillic acid in human cerebrospinal fluid. Storage and measurement by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and coulometric detection using 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyllactic acid as an internal standard. J Chromatogr. 1984 Dec 12;336(2):259-69. [6085084 ]
  2. Mashige F, Ohkubo A, Matsushima Y, Takano M, Tsuchiya E, Kanazawa H, Nagata Y, Takai N, Shinozuka N, Sakuma I: High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of catecholamine metabolites and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in human urine using a mixed-mode column and an eight-channel electrode electrochemical detector. J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl. 1994 Aug 5;658(1):63-8. [7524950 ]
  3. Hyland K, Clayton PT: Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency: diagnostic methodology. Clin Chem. 1992 Dec;38(12):2405-10. [1281049 ]
  4. Muskiet FA, Fremouw-Ottevangers DC, van der Meulen J, Wolthers BG, de Vries JA: Determination of some L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine and dopamine metabolites in urine by means of mass fragmentography. Clin Chem. 1978 Jan;24(1):122-7. [73430 ]
  5. Abdenur JE, Abeling N, Specola N, Jorge L, Schenone AB, van Cruchten AC, Chamoles NA: Aromatic l-aminoacid decarboxylase deficiency: unusual neonatal presentation and additional findings in organic acid analysis. Mol Genet Metab. 2006 Jan;87(1):48-53. Epub 2005 Nov 9. [16288991 ]
  6. Ikeda H, Matsuyama S, Suzuki N, Takahashi A, Kuroiwa M: 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) decarboxylase deficiency and resultant high levels of plasma DOPA and dopamine in unfavorable neuroblastoma. Hypertens Res. 1995 Jun;18 Suppl 1:S209-10. [8529065 ]
  7. Kinoshita Y, Yamada S, Haraguchi K, Takayanagi T, Mori Y, Takahashi T, Haruki E: Determination of vanillylmandelic acid, vanillactic acid, and homovanillic acid in dried urine on filter-paper discs by high-performance liquid chromatography with coulometric electrochemical detection for neuroblastoma screening. Clin Chem. 1988 Nov;34(11):2228-30. [3180413 ]
  8. Jouve J, Bakri D, Herault J, Muh JP: Determination of urinary vanillactic acid and plasma dihydroxyphenylalanine as markers of non-secreting neuroblastoma by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. J Chromatogr. 1991 Jul 5;567(2):331-41. [1939466 ]
  9. Tuchman M, Stoeckeler JS: Conjugated versus "free" acidic metabolites of catecholamines in random urine samples: significance for the diagnosis of neuroblastoma. Pediatr Res. 1988 Jun;23(6):576-9. [3393388 ]
  10. Mashige F, Takai N, Matsushima Y, Ito A, Takano M, Tsuchiya E, Kanazawa H, Nagata Y, Shinozuka N, Wada H, et al.: [Simultaneous determination of catecholamines, serotonin, and their precursors and metabolites in body fluid by an HPLC system with multi-electrode electrochemical detector]. Rinsho Byori. 1994 Jun;42(6):591-9. [7914240 ]
  11. Brautigam C, Hyland K, Wevers R, Sharma R, Wagner L, Stock GJ, Heitmann F, Hoffmann GF: Clinical and laboratory findings in twins with neonatal epileptic encephalopathy mimicking aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency. Neuropediatrics. 2002 Jun;33(3):113-7. [12200739 ]