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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:33 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB00921
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCholestenone
DescriptionCholestenone is a dehydrocholestanone. It is a product of cholesterol oxidase {EC 1.1.3.6] in the Bile acid biosynthesis pathway (KEGG).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
4-Cholesten-3-oneChEBI
CholestenoneChEBI
(17b)-17-Octylandrost-4-en-3-oneHMDB
3-Oxocholest-4-eneHMDB
D4-Cholesten-3-oneHMDB
D4-CholestenoneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC27H44O
Average Molecular Weight384.6377
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight384.33921603
IUPAC Name(1S,2R,10S,11S,14R,15R)-2,15-dimethyl-14-[(2R)-6-methylheptan-2-yl]tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-6-en-5-one
Traditional Namecholestenone
CAS Registry Number601-57-0
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@H]([C@H](C)CCCC(C)C)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CCC2=CC(=O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H44O/c1-18(2)7-6-8-19(3)23-11-12-24-22-10-9-20-17-21(28)13-15-26(20,4)25(22)14-16-27(23,24)5/h17-19,22-25H,6-16H2,1-5H3/t19-,22+,23-,24+,25+,26+,27-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=NYOXRYYXRWJDKP-GYKMGIIDSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cholesterols and derivatives. These are compounds containing a 3-hydroxylated cholestane core.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassCholestane steroids
Direct ParentCholesterols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cholesterol-skeleton
  • Oxosteroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxo-delta-4-steroid
  • Delta-4-steroid
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Hormones, Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point79 - 82 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.27e-05 mg/mLALOGPS
logP6.57ALOGPS
logP7.68ChemAxon
logS-7.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)19.09ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity119.57 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability49.78 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-0009000000-3ba0c0c4f5b64032e969View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001j-9803000000-0041fa800c684344d6f8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0532-9400000000-d0d60fb4fbca5c06cb01View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Location
  • Gall Bladder
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.079 +/- 0.022 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022319
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID82602
KEGG Compound IDC00599
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB00921
Metagene LinkHMDB00921
METLIN ID3898
PubChem Compound91477
PDB IDK2B
ChEBI ID16175
References
Synthesis ReferenceMori, Susumu. Steroids. IX. A new synthesis of cholestenone and the addition of hypochlorous acid to cholesterol. Nippon Kagaku Kaishi (1921-47) (1952), Pure Chem. Sect. 73 547-9.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Nguyen DH, Taub D: Cholesterol is essential for macrophage inflammatory protein 1 beta binding and conformational integrity of CC chemokine receptor 5. Blood. 2002 Jun 15;99(12):4298-306. [12036855 ]
  2. Nguyen DH, Taub DD: Inhibition of chemokine receptor function by membrane cholesterol oxidation. Exp Cell Res. 2003 Nov 15;291(1):36-45. [14597406 ]
  3. Norlin M, von Bahr S, Bjorkhem I, Wikvall K: On the substrate specificity of human CYP27A1: implications for bile acid and cholestanol formation. J Lipid Res. 2003 Aug;44(8):1515-22. Epub 2003 Jun 1. [12777473 ]
  4. Maeda Y, Kamimura R, Higashi S, Namba K, Tanaka E, Iwamura T, Setoguchi T: A simple, accurate, and sensitive assay method of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate: application for quantitative determination in human breast cyst and duct fluids. Steroids. 2002 Apr;67(5):333-8. [11958788 ]
  5. Weststrate JA, Ayesh R, Bauer-Plank C, Drewitt PN: Safety evaluation of phytosterol esters. Part 4. Faecal concentrations of bile acids and neutral sterols in healthy normolipidaemic volunteers consuming a controlled diet either with or without a phytosterol ester-enriched margarine. Food Chem Toxicol. 1999 Nov;37(11):1063-71. [10566877 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Efficiently catalyzes the reduction of progesterone, androstenedione, 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone and testosterone to 5-beta-reduced metabolites. The bile acid intermediates 7-alpha,12-alpha-dihydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one and 7-alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one can also act as substrates.
Gene Name:
AKR1D1
Uniprot ID:
P51857
Molecular weight:
32889.38
Reactions
5-beta-Cholestan-3-one + NADP → Cholestenone + NADPHdetails