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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2017-10-23 18:49:13 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000930
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00930
Metabolite Identification
Common Nametrans-Cinnamic acid
DescriptionCinnamic acid has the formula C6H5CHCHCOOH and is an odorless white crystalline acid, which is slightly soluble in water. It has a melting point of 133 degree centigrade and a boiling point of 300 degree centigrade.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2E)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoic acidChEBI
(2E)-3-Phenylacrylic acidChEBI
(e)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoic acidChEBI
(e)-CinnamateChEBI
(e)-Cinnamic acidChEBI
Benzeneacrylic acidChEBI
PHENYLETHYLENECARBOXYLIC ACIDChEBI
trans-3-Phenylacrylic acidChEBI
trans-beta-CarboxystyreneChEBI
trans-CinnamateChEBI
trans-ZimtsaeureChEBI
(2E)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoateGenerator
(2E)-3-PhenylacrylateGenerator
(e)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoateGenerator
BenzeneacrylateGenerator
PHENYLETHYLENECARBOXYLateGenerator
trans-3-PhenylacrylateGenerator
trans-b-CarboxystyreneGenerator
trans-β-carboxystyreneGenerator
(2E)-2-Phenyl-2-propenoateHMDB
(2E)-2-Phenyl-2-propenoic acidHMDB
(e)-3-PhenylacrylateHMDB
(e)-3-Phenylacrylic acidHMDB
(e)-3-Phenylprop-2-enoateHMDB
(e)-3-Phenylprop-2-enoic acidHMDB
trans-3-Phenyl-2-propenoateHMDB
trans-3-Phenyl-2-propenoic acidHMDB
Cinnamic acid, 14C-labeled CPDMeSH
Cinnamic acid, 2-(14)C-labeled CPDMeSH
Cinnamic acid, 3-(14)C-labeled CPDMeSH
Cinnamic acid, (Z)-isomerMeSH
Cinnamic acid, 2-(13)C-labeled CPDMeSH
Cinnamic acid, 3H-labeled CPD (e)-isomerMeSH
Cinnamic acid, 3H-labeled CPD (Z)-isomerMeSH
Cinnamic acid, ion(1-)-(e)-isomerMeSH
Cinnamic acid, sodium saltMeSH
Cinnamic acid, sodium salt(e)-isomerMeSH
Cinnamic acid, sodium salt(Z)-isomerMeSH
Cinnamic acid, (trans)-(e)-isomerMeSH
Cinnamic acid, 14C-labeled CPD (e)-isomerMeSH
Cinnamic acid, ion(1-)MeSH
Cinnamic acid, nickel (+2) saltMeSH
Cinnamic acid, potassium saltMeSH
Cinnamic acid, zinc salt(e)-isomerMeSH
Cinnamic acid, 13C-labeled CPDMeSH
Chemical FormulaC9H8O2
Average Molecular Weight148.1586
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight148.0524295
IUPAC Name(2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid
Traditional Namecinnamic acid
CAS Registry Number140-10-3
SMILES
OC(=O)\C=C\C1=CC=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H8O2/c10-9(11)7-6-8-4-2-1-3-5-8/h1-7H,(H,10,11)/b7-6+
InChI KeyWBYWAXJHAXSJNI-VOTSOKGWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cinnamic acids. These are organic aromatic compounds containing a benzene and a carboxylic acid group forming 3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassCinnamic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCinnamic acids
Direct ParentCinnamic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cinnamic acid
  • Styrene
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Biofluid and excreta:

Source:

  Biological:

    Plant:

Role

Indirect biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point133 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.55 mg/mLNot Available
LogP2.13HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.62 g/LALOGPS
logP2.38ALOGPS
logP2.14ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.51ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity43.06 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability15.43 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (1 TMS)splash10-0ue9-0910000000-4a7bcdfadd383bf577dcView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (1 TMS)splash10-0fb9-6920000000-727a2eb761e6e52fb47dView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-117i-2920000000-f0d9ccc40786362ae4adView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ue9-0910000000-4a7bcdfadd383bf577dcView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0fb9-6920000000-727a2eb761e6e52fb47dView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-117i-2920000000-f0d9ccc40786362ae4adView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0ue9-2900000000-b105b3fcb63636d0d16fView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0fl0-7930000000-f3ac0a061fb66ec84b5dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-0900000000-3107a2a1bec368528f82View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0ufr-6900000000-b0299d34fa9bb16b8258View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-0900000000-4a879de8ea4f3acb0ae2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-88ad8c9c837a057bb2a5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-18280fe18e43043d9e21View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0fb9-9600000000-04d36ba7639bc85e2023View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-a8417274c4493c5b5871View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-d3712417826a69667981View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-0002-0900000000-37c486fa03918355413cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0f6t-0900000000-218a5babf0ab7c31c498View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-88ad8c9c837a057bb2a5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-e3a4fcaa911f14d3790dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0fb9-9600000000-04d36ba7639bc85e2023View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-a8417274c4493c5b5871View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-d3712417826a69667981View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0f6t-0900000000-218a5babf0ab7c31c498View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-f095c04fe81b2890cb1aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-1bb9599f57d5b1c1688bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-0002-0900000000-37c486fa03918355413cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000t-0900000000-f5b771d960092fa83d2cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0uea-0900000000-58b4769b89ab3883fb05View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0udi-6900000000-9f4710d90f0cafac6d7bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-d015607beb5136324414View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0f6t-0900000000-ff32add65ca52cbaae83View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0fb9-3900000000-f2450299b70c3ec0faecView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0f6t-6900000000-77686ecc684f3b46bea6View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Saliva
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
No entries found
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
SalivaDetected and Quantified0.869 +/- 1.14 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
    • Sugimoto et al. (...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound ID549
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB008784
KNApSAcK IDC00000170
Chemspider ID392447
KEGG Compound IDC00423
BioCyc IDCPD-674
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia Linktrans-Cinnamate
METLIN ID5880
PubChem Compound444539
PDB IDTCA
ChEBI ID35697
References
Synthesis ReferenceZhu, Min; Shentu, Chao; Zhou, Zhong Shi. Microwave-assisted base-free synthesis of trans-cinnamic acids using hypervalent iodonium salts. Chinese Chemical Letters (2007), 18(3), 272-274.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Boulat O, Gradwohl M, Matos V, Guignard JP, Bachmann C: Organic acids in the second morning urine in a healthy Swiss paediatric population. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2003 Dec;41(12):1642-58. [PubMed:14708889 ]
  2. Blanquet S, Meunier JP, Minekus M, Marol-Bonnin S, Alric M: Recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing P450 in artificial digestive systems: a model for biodetoxication in the human digestive environment. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003 May;69(5):2884-92. [PubMed:12732562 ]
  3. Sarkissian CN, Shao Z, Blain F, Peevers R, Su H, Heft R, Chang TM, Scriver CR: A different approach to treatment of phenylketonuria: phenylalanine degradation with recombinant phenylalanine ammonia lyase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Mar 2;96(5):2339-44. [PubMed:10051643 ]
  4. Wahl HG, Hong Q, Stube D, Maier ME, Haring HU, Liebich HM: Simultaneous analysis of the di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate metabolites 2-ethylhexanoic acid, 2-ethyl-3-hydroxyhexanoic acid and 2-ethyl-3-oxohexanoic acid in urine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2001 Jul 15;758(2):213-9. [PubMed:11486831 ]
  5. Larue C, Munnich A, Charpentier C, Saudubray JM, Frezal J, Remy MH, Rivat C: An extracorporeal hollow-fiber reactor for phenylketonuria using immobilized phenylalanine ammonia lyase. Dev Pharmacol Ther. 1986;9(2):73-81. [PubMed:3956347 ]
  6. Olivera ER, Carnicero D, Jodra R, Minambres B, Garcia B, Abraham GA, Gallardo A, Roman JS, Garcia JL, Naharro G, Luengo JM: Genetically engineered Pseudomonas: a factory of new bioplastics with broad applications. Environ Microbiol. 2001 Oct;3(10):612-8. [PubMed:11722541 ]
  7. Lee HS, Beon MS, Kim MK: Selective growth inhibitor toward human intestinal bacteria derived from Pulsatilla cernua root. J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Oct;49(10):4656-61. [PubMed:11600003 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
Reactions
trans-Cinnamic acid → 3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-{[(2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoyl]oxy}oxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails