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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:03:40 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB01003
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAdenosine phosphosulfate
DescriptionAdenosine phosphosulfate (also known as APS) is the initial compound formed by the action of ATP sulfurylase (or PAPS synthetase) on sulfate ions after sulfate uptake. PAPS synthetase 1 is a bifunctional enzyme with both ATP sulfurylase and APS kinase activity, which mediates two steps in the sulfate activation pathway. The first step is the transfer of a sulfate group to ATP to yield adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS), and the second step is the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to APS yielding 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate (PAPS). In mammals, PAPS is the sole source of sulfate; APS appears to be only an intermediate in the sulfate-activation pathway.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfateChEBI
Adenosine phosphosulfateChEBI
ADENOSINE-5'-phosphosulfATEChEBI
AdenylylsulfateChEBI
APSChEBI
Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfuric acidGenerator
Adenosine 5'-phosphosulphateGenerator
Adenosine 5'-phosphosulphuric acidGenerator
Adenosine 5'-sulphatophosphateHMDB
Adenosine phosphosulphateHMDB
Adenosine sulfatophosphateHMDB
Adenylic acid monoanhydride with sulfurateHMDB
Adenylic acid monoanhydride with sulfuric acidHMDB
Adenylyl sulfateHMDB
Adenylyl sulphateHMDB
Adenylyl-sulfateHMDB
Adenylyl-sulphateHMDB
AMPSHMDB
PhosphosulfateHMDB
PhosphosulphateHMDB
SulfatophosphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H14N5O10PS
Average Molecular Weight427.284
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight427.019898895
IUPAC Name[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]sulfonic acid
Traditional Nameadenosine phosphosulfate
CAS Registry Number485-84-7
SMILES
NC1=NC=NC2=C1N=CN2[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OS(O)(=O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H14N5O10PS/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(24-10)1-23-26(18,19)25-27(20,21)22/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H,18,19)(H2,11,12,13)(H,20,21,22)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=IRLPACMLTUPBCL-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside monophosphates. These are nucleotides consisting of a purine base linked to a ribose to which one monophosphate group is attached.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPurine ribonucleoside monophosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Monosaccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Organic sulfuric acid or derivatives
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Component of Purine metabolism
  • Component of Sulfur metabolism
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.29 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.6ALOGPS
logP-5.8ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-2.1ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.99ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area229.44 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity84.06 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability35.24 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-0912300000-29cd6f42fa9d4c6c4455View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0901000000-018ae7ee1fc1b662ec07View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-861a01467a0191dcd31aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0059-0901600000-785b903b29133cefd0bcView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-003r-3900000000-d2245ba9a6f6bf6d0217View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-056r-9700000000-3f4588ade18801775becView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • Fibroblasts
  • Pancreas
  • Platelet
  • Prostate
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Sulfate/Sulfite MetabolismSMP00041map00920
Sulfite oxidase deficiencySMP00532Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022362
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID9821
KEGG Compound IDC00224
BioCyc IDAPS
BiGG ID34307
Wikipedia Linkamps
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB01003
Metagene LinkHMDB01003
METLIN ID5933
PubChem Compound10238
PDB IDADX
ChEBI ID17709
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Raju U, Kadner S, Levitz M, Kaganowicz A, Blaustein A: Glucosiduronidation and esterification of androsterone by human breast tumors in vitro. Steroids. 1981 Apr;37(4):399-407. [7245287 ]
  2. Mateos-Trigos G, Evans RJ, Heath MF: Effects of P2Y(1) and P2Y(12) receptor antagonists on ADP-induced shape change of equine platelets: comparison with human platelets. Platelets. 2002 Aug-Sep;13(5-6):285-92. [12189014 ]
  3. Chou HC, Lang NP, Kadlubar FF: Metabolic activation of N-hydroxy arylamines and N-hydroxy heterocyclic amines by human sulfotransferase(s). Cancer Res. 1995 Feb 1;55(3):525-9. [7834621 ]
  4. Al-Buheissi SZ, Patel HR, Meinl W, Hewer A, Bryan RL, Glatt H, Miller RA, Phillips DH: N-Acetyltransferase and sulfotransferase activity in human prostate: potential for carcinogen activation. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2006 Jun;16(6):391-9. [16708048 ]
  5. Keogh JR, Wolf MF, Overend ME, Tang L, Eaton JW: Biocompatibility of sulphonated polyurethane surfaces. Biomaterials. 1996 Oct;17(20):1987-94. [8894093 ]
  6. Eto Y, Tokoro T, Handa T, Herschkowitz NN, Rennert OM: Acid mucopolysaccharide (AMPS) abnormality in multiple sulfatase deficiency: chemical compositions of AMPS in urine and liver. Pediatr Res. 1982 May;16(5):395-9. [6212904 ]
  7. Slomiany BL, Liau YH, Sarosiek J, Tsukada H, Mizuta K, Rosenthal W, Slomiany A: Sulfation of glycolipids by human gastric mucosa in disease. Digestion. 1987;36(4):246-52. [3475228 ]
  8. Eklund E, Roden L, Malmstrom M, Malmstrom A: Dermatan is a better substrate for 4-O-sulfation than chondroitin: implications in the generation of 4-O-sulfated, L-iduronate-rich galactosaminoglycans. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2000 Nov 15;383(2):171-7. [11185550 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
Converts adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS) and 3'(2')-phosphoadenosine 5'- phosphate (PAP) to AMP. Has 1000-fold lower activity towards inositol 1,4-bisphosphate (Ins(1,4)P2) and inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4)P3), but does not hydrolyze Ins(1)P, Ins(3,4)P2, Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 or InsP6.
Gene Name:
BPNT1
Uniprot ID:
O95861
Molecular weight:
33392.035
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Water → Adenosine phosphosulfate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme with both ATP sulfurylase and APS kinase activity, which mediates two steps in the sulfate activation pathway. The first step is the transfer of a sulfate group to ATP to yield adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS), and the second step is the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to APS yielding 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate (PAPS: activated sulfate donor used by sulfotransferase). In mammals, PAPS is the sole source of sulfate; APS appears to be only an intermediate in the sulfate-activation pathway. Also involved in the biosynthesis of sulfated L-selectin ligands in endothelial cells.
Gene Name:
PAPSS1
Uniprot ID:
O43252
Molecular weight:
70832.725
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Oat gum → Pyrophosphate + Adenosine phosphosulfatedetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Adenosine phosphosulfate → ADP + Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme with both ATP sulfurylase and APS kinase activity, which mediates two steps in the sulfate activation pathway. The first step is the transfer of a sulfate group to ATP to yield adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS), and the second step is the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to APS yielding 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate (PAPS: activated sulfate donor used by sulfotransferase). In mammals, PAPS is the sole source of sulfate; APS appears to be only an intermediate in the sulfate-activation pathway. May have a important role in skeletogenesis during postnatal growth (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PAPSS2
Uniprot ID:
O95340
Molecular weight:
69969.8
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Oat gum → Pyrophosphate + Adenosine phosphosulfatedetails
Adenosine triphosphate + Adenosine phosphosulfate → ADP + Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Mediates the transport of adenosine 3'-phospho 5'- phosphosulfate (PAPS), from cytosol into Golgi. PAPS is a universal sulfuryl donor for sulfation events that take place in the Golgi. May indirectly participate in activation of the NF- kappa-B and MAPK pathways
Gene Name:
SLC35B2
Uniprot ID:
Q8TB61
Molecular weight:
47514.3
General function:
Involved in inositol or phosphatidylinositol phosphatase activity
Specific function:
May play a role in the formation of skeletal elements derived through endochondral ossification, possibly by clearing adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate produced by Golgi sulfotransferases during glycosaminoglycan sulfation (By similarity).
Gene Name:
IMPAD1
Uniprot ID:
Q9NX62
Molecular weight:
38681.15
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Water → Adenosine phosphosulfate + Phosphoric aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Mediates the transport of adenosine 3'-phospho 5'- phosphosulfate (PAPS), from cytosol into Golgi. PAPS is a universal sulfuryl donor for sulfation events that take place in the Golgi. Compensates for the insufficient expression of SLC35B2/PAPST1 during the synthesis of sulfated glycoconjugates in the colon
Gene Name:
SLC35B3
Uniprot ID:
Q9H1N7
Molecular weight:
44592.3